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Africans and their music


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Africans and their music

  1. 1. African MusicAfrican music has influenced theWestern world.African music has made greatcontributions to world music. Jazz and blues have deep roots in African music, which led to rock and roll, R&B and hip hop.In its purist sense, it imitatesnatures and the realities of life Follows the circle of life Some songs recant the cruel invasion and occupation of foreignersSongs also document history,depict moral values or inspire oneto war
  2. 2. NATURE OF AFRICAN MUSIC Music is used to represent every aspect of life like working, weddings, funerals, festivals, religion, birth, love, initiation and royal ceremonies Musicians at an Ethiopian wedding Maasai music traditionally consists of rhythms provided by a chorus of vocalists singing harmonies while a song leader, or Maasai Jumping Dance olaranyani, sings the melody. The olaranyani is usually the singer who can best sing that song, although several individuals may lead a song.Film Clip
  3. 3. NATURE OF AFRICAN MUSIC Music is also used to reflect social concerns Songs of correct behavior Songs used in rituals, to teach a lesson, to tell a story Songs are also historic, patriotic, and used for healing and mourning In some societies, instruments could only be played by certain people What is the main idea of the story of Abiyoyo?Abiyoyo Clip
  4. 4. Rhythm and BeatPerformance is very important Sometimes more important than the wordsMusic is important part of everyday lifeRhythm and beat are an important partof music Audience contributes by singing, clapping, stamping Percussion dominates many forms of musicDrums are important in everyday life Royal drums have political meaning Used to communicate Film Clip
  5. 5. AFRICAN INSTRUMENTS Most instruments are made of natural materials like dried skins and wood Instruments reflect both the lifestyle and the environment KoraChordophones Three types Bowed (goje (Ghana)) Plucked (kora (Senegal) Ngoni Strummed (ngoni (Mali)) Goje
  6. 6. Idiophones Made of wood or metal and makes sound without using a stringAerophones Instruments that produce Balophone sound through air vibration Horns (shawm (Sudan) Panpipes (Swaziland) Lamellaphone or Mbira whistles are examplesMembranophones Drums made from hollow or empty vessels Heads may be cloth, rubber, or animal skins shawm Used to send messages and for ceremonies and festivals djembe
  7. 7. THE GRIOT AND MUSICAL INFLUENCEThe Griot Much of Africa had an oral rather than written tradition Historical information was passed down from generation to generation by people who remember the facts and tell them to others West African cultures called this oral historian the “griot” Information from the griot has been remarkably accurate and covers a long period of time Many were also accomplished musicians Stories done in song and dance Film Clip
  8. 8. THE GRIOT AND EXTERNAL MUSICAL INFLUENCENon-African Music Influences In schools, children still may sing European songs in European languages Large cities are not immune to Western influences American and European jazz, rock and blues are performed Different parts of Africa have different types of music North African has more middle-eastern influence South Africa has Portuguese influenceExternal musical influence Blues and jazz is a result of African and European fusion