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Present perfect-x-simple-past
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Present perfect-x-simple-past

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • PRESENT PERFECT
    • vs.
    • SIMPLE PAST
  • 2.
    • We use the Present Perfect to talk about a past experience. (no definition of time)
    • Ex: I have been to the United States
    • The important thing is that I HAVE BEEN TO THE USA (not when I went there)
  • 3.
    • We use the Past Simple to talk about a specific time in the past. (definition of time)
    • Ex: I went to the United States last year.
    • The action is finished
    • Ex. I lived in Paris for a year ( I don’t live in Paris now )
  • 4. Right or wrong?
    • I’ve bought a new car last week.
    • I bought a new car. Do you want to see it?
    • I’ve had a toast this morning.
    • I’ve lost my key!
  • 5. ANSWERS
    • I bought a new car last week.
    • I’ve bought a new car. Do you want to see it?
    • I had a toast this morning.
    • I’ve lost my key! (correct)
  • 6. Time expressions + present perfect
    • There are two time expressions that are accepted with the present perfect.
    • I’ve worked here for 20 years.
    • since 1995.
  • 7. Present Perfect
    • Take a look at these sentences:
    • I have lived in the UK.
    • I have lived here since 2007.
    In the first sentence the action is finished. In the second the action continues to be true in the present.
  • 8. Typical mistakes
    • Typical mistake: I live * here since 2007
    • I have lived here since 2007 
  • 9. For or Since
    • We use FOR to indicate a period of time : for seven years, for ages, for a couple of days, for a year.
    • We use SINCE to indicate the moment a long action in the past started : since 1998, since I was a student, since I left university, since my husband died.
  • 10. For or Since?
    • Mary has lived in Barcelona _______ 20 years.
    • They have loved each other _______ the day they met.
    • I’ve known Alice ______ six years.
    • I’ve had this coat ________ I was a student.
  • 11. ANSWERS
    • Mary has lived in Barcelona for 20 years.
    • They have loved each other since the day they met.
    • I’ve known Alice for six years.
    • I’ve had this coat since I was a student.
  • 12. Time expressions + past simple
    • I did it in 1999
    • last week/ last year…
    • two months ago
    • on March 22.
  • 13. For can be used with both past simple and present perfect
    • Ex. I worked on that project for 3 years. (I don’t work on that project anymore)
    • Ex. I’ve worked on that project for 3 years. (I’m still working on that project now)
  • 14. Since can only be used with the present perfect
    •  I’ve known him since we were little.
    •  We divorced since 1998.
    • Can you correct the second sentence?
  • 15. Correction
    • We’ve been divorced since 1998.
    • We divorced in 1998.
  • 16. What are the missing prepositions?
    • I’ve known her ______ years.
    • I met my wife _____ 1995.
    • I last went to the cinema two weeks ______
    • I haven’t been to the cinema ______ ages.
    • I’ve lived in Barcelona _______ 2004.
    • I’ve lived in Barcelona _______ four years.
  • 17. ANSWERS
    • I’ve known her for years.
    • I met my wife in 1995.
    • I last went to the cinema two weeks ago
    • I haven’t been to the cinema for ages.
    • I’ve lived in Barcelona since 2004.
    • I’ve lived in Barcelona for five years.
  • 18. Work by Graziela Peleteiro, visit http://englishlessons.com.br This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Brazil License.