Relative clauses

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Relative clauses

  1. 1. Relative Clauses Who? Which? Where? When? Whose? That? ????????
  2. 2. WHERE WHEN WHOSE WHICH WHO Places: The city where I was born Time: A day when you made an important decision Things or people: A film whose main actor is J. Nickolson / A boy whose mother works here. Things: A thing which you use to cut the grass. WHICH can be replaced by THAT* People: A person who you know very well. WHO can be replaced by THAT* * Only when the relative clause is not between commas
  3. 3. Look at these sentences: In one of them you can omit the relative pronoun and the sentence is still correct. This is the room which I like best. This is the room which has the best view. I
  4. 4. 10) Is this the restaurant - you recommended? 9) The film, WHOSE theme song won an Oscar, is based on a true story. 8) The book you - you gave me is great. 7) Can I talk to the girl WHO/ THAT is sitting on the bench? 6) This is the man WHOSE house is on fire. 5) The robber stole the car - the lady had parked in front of the supermarket. 4) I haven't seen Frank, WHOSE wife is your boss, for a long time now. 3) Mandy is the girl - I met on Friday. 2) Yesterday I saw a car WHICH / THAT was really old. 1) This is the boy WHO / THAT had an accident.
  5. 5. ESSENTIAL vs EXTRA INFORMATION <ul><li>A) The students, who passed the exam, are celebrating a party on Saturday. </li></ul><ul><li>B) The students who passed the exam are celebrating a party on Saturday. </li></ul><ul><li>In which sentence did all the students pass the exam? </li></ul><ul><li>In which sentence “who passed the exam” is extra information ? </li></ul><ul><li>In which sentence “who passed the exam” is essential information ? </li></ul>A A B
  6. 6. <ul><li>When the RELATIVE CLAUSE goes between commas it means the information is extra (not necessary). </li></ul><ul><li>Maria, who is my best friend, lives in Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>The book, which is really good, was written in 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>In these clauses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>which and who can’t be replaced by that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>you can never omit the pronoun </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>My brother Rob, ______ lives in Australia, is a doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>who b) that c) which </li></ul><ul><li>We stayed at the hotel ________ you recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>- b) whose c) where </li></ul><ul><li>A friend of mine, _________ father is the manager of the company, helped me to get the job. </li></ul><ul><li>whose b) that c) – </li></ul><ul><li>This morning I met somebody ________ I hadn’t seen for ages. </li></ul><ul><li>which b) - c) whose </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the name of the man ___________ car you borrowed? </li></ul><ul><li>that b) who c) whose </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Clinton, ________ was president of the USA, has only one daughter. </li></ul><ul><li>that b) who c) whose </li></ul><ul><li>This is the place ____________ has the best views. </li></ul><ul><li>which b) where c) – </li></ul><ul><li>His father, ________ is retired, is going to live to California </li></ul><ul><li>a) that b) who c) whose </li></ul>

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