Theories And Intro To Animal Behavior

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  • 1. Start-up: Turn homework into the tray. Have your notebook open, pen/pencil ready, and be prepared to take notes.
  • 2. In science a theory is… Theory – a well-tested explanation that is supported by a lot of evidence (facts)‏ – involves scientist collaboration Scientific Theories are MORE POWERFUL than Laws because they are made up of many different laws. Some scientific theories: -Theory of Gravity -Theory of Plate Tectonics -Theory of Evolution -Germ Theory -Cell Theory -Atomic Theory
  • 3. The Study of Animal Behavior (ethology)‏ 1. What an animal does as it interacts with its environment 2. The evolutionary purpose of why it does it
  • 4. There are Immediate and Ultimate Causes of Behavior Immediate causes – answer “how” questions ex. -how is the behavior initiated? -how long does the behavior last? -who performs the behavior? -when is the behavior performed? Ultimate causes – answer “why” (evolutionary) questions -why does this behavior increase the animal’s likelihood of surviving and reproducing in its environment
  • 5. You are an Ethologist Activity
    • Your task is to study 10 behaviors
    • Identify an immediate cause of the behavior
    • Identify an ultimate cause of the behavior