Library Sources for“Assessing Emerging Technologies” Melanie Parlette, BA, MLIS Engineering and IT Liaison Library Resource Centre Conestoga College May 2012
Today we will cover . . .• Why you should use different types of sources (Scholarly Journals, Trade Journals etc.) to get different types of information• What Peer Review is and why it’s important• How you can find articles in an academic database• Different ways you can research after you graduate . . .
Types of SourcesScholarly JournalsPopular MagazinesTrade JournalsConference PapersTechnical ReportsWhat’s the Difference?
Types of SourcesWhat’s the Difference? Scholarly Journals Popular Magazines Trade Journals Conference Papers Technical Reports • Scholarly research • General interest • Industry related • Author is scholar in • Author is often a or projects. articles, information, news field, academic or scholar or a scientist, • Illustrations are entertainment, or and trends. Some researcher engineer, usually charts and information aimed illustrations. • Conference papers government graphs. at the consumer. • Authors are industry tend to be more contractor, or • Authors are Usually colour experts, recent than journal technical personnel. authorities in their photographs and professionals, or articles, but may be • Published by a field. Often illustrations. practitioners who considered less corporation or professors or • Articles are usually are not always authoritative educational researchers. written by magazine identified depending on the institution • Peer review process staff, freelance • Typically no peer review and • Reputation is is in place where the writers, or may be review or refereeing acceptance everything content of an article anonymous. process. process • Typically not peer is reviewed by one • No peer review or • Peer Review Process reviewed or more experts in refereeing process. Examples: may or may not be Example: the field. ComputerWorld, rigorous ECMA Technical Examples: Electronic Report TR/75 Examples: Wired, Popular Engineering Times Example: Standardizing Wireless Networks, Mechanics Proceedings of Information and IEEE/ACM Transactions International Communication on Networking Conference on Systems Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems
What’s a credible source?There may be times when you don’t know exactly where your resource fits. Thistest can help you determine if your information is reliable. Depending on thequestion you are asking, different part of the criteria might be more importantthan others.The CRAAP Test • Currency The timeliness of the information • Relevance The importance of the information for your needs • Authority The source of the information • Accuracy The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information • Purpose The reason the information exists
CRAAP TEST• Activity• The CRAAP Evaluation Tool
What is Peer Review?• When an author submits his or her research article to a scholarly journal, an editor will review it to see if it meets the criteria of that journal. If it does, the editor will send the article out for Peer Review. [Peer Review is the process where other experts in the field will thoroughly review and evaluate the article and the research that was done. They check for accuracy of the information presented, validity and repeatability of the research, quality and appropriateness for the journal.]• Based on the feedback from the experts (i.e. “peers”), the author’s submission will be accepted, rejected or accepted with revisions. It is uncommon to accept a paper with no revisions. In most cases an author will need to make some changes before final publication. Source: Simon Fraser University
Academic Publishing Process A researcher The The editor reviews carries out researcher it and sends it out research submits their to multiple experts paper to a for peer review journal. Sometimes the article might be Open Access is revolutionizing this process. outright rejected PeoplePeople engage withcomment the findings ofon the the articlearticle through socialthrough medialetters to The reviewersthe editor examine the Other article. researchers incorporate the findings in This process may their research be repeated until the article meets the standards of the reviewers. The publisher The and experts researcher The makes some paper is review the paper. edits. published in the journal
How can I do research after graduation? • Open Access (OA) Journals Journals that are freely available online - this term specifically refers to free scholarly journals • www.doaj.org (Peer Reviewed) • http://arxiv.org/ (not Peer Reviewed, although many may be submitted to journals, some very influential pieces can still be found here and may never be submitted to journals) • www.scirus.com comprehensive scientific research tool on the web. Allows you to search for journal content, scientists homepages, courseware, pre-print server material, patents and institutional repository and website information. • Purchase Scholarly journals (can be expensive) • Explore what resources your employer provides (ask colleagues) • Your local public library • Institutional Repositories – online space for collecting, preserving and disseminating digital content usually in research institutions. You can often find pre-prints and other research in these spaces.What’s a Pre-Print? • DSpace at MIT•Draft of a scientific paper that has not yet been published in a peer-reviewed scientific journal.•Publication often takes weeks, months or even years.•The need to quickly circulate current results within a scientific community has ledresearchers to distribute pre-prints.• The immediate distribution of pre-prints allows authors to receive early feedback fromtheir peers, which may be helpful in revising and preparing articles for submission.
Don’t forget to Cite Your Sources!• For help with IEEE, APA and other citation styles check out the “Cite Your Sources” tab in the ITCT “Explore Your Topic Guide”
Get Help!• By Email • firstname.lastname@example.org • email@example.com• Online • AskOn on the LRC Contact Us Page • Or in the ITCT “Explore Your Topic Guide” • Twitter: @Conestogalib_mp• In Person • Visit the LRC • Monday – Friday 7:30 AM – 5:00 PM• By Phone • Information Desk @ 519-748-5220 x3361