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Lesson 6 2014
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  • 7:30 – 9:58 – 14:22
  • 14:39 – 17:49 & notes from the Jelly Donut scene
  • 28:51
  • http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=j6NqwmP6g4IC&pg=PA162&lpg=PA162&dq=allegiance+film+spectatorship&source=bl&ots=iwzBFhaJLY&sig=oYAhf096XN-5cuA3yX3FonLiKjA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=oUAVT9v1Fsvo8QPt0OjdAw&ved=0CCYQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=allegiance%20film%20spectatorship&f=false
  • Consider that Joker is the only character who has any sort of personal relationship with Pyle – in this scene he shares the views of the group and begins to share their opinion that Pyle is a threat to group stability.
  • Consider that Joker is the only character who has any sort of personal relationship with Pyle – in this scene he shares the views of the group and begins to share their opinion that Pyle is a threat to group stability.
  • We never really give our allegiance to Joker – he is presented as arrogant, intelligent, empathetic but also as a killer.
  • Transcript

    • 1. A2 FILM STUDIES
    • 2. Introduce the second processes of spectatorship: 1. Alignment 2. Allegiance Apply the TWO stages of the spectatorship theory to our focus film “Film Metal Jacket” You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 3. In our exam we must demonstrate how the film as a whole has an effect on us and not concentrate on the effects of individual elements or themes At first the film focuses on Private Pyle but in the second half its focus shifts to Joker We are not analysing the individual characters or their individual journey’s but the film as a whole You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 4. Once we recognise the characters we align with them (or at least some of them) Classical film theory states that alignment is an involuntary and subconscious action If we have more access to the point of view and subjectivity of a character we identify with them – in the sense of endorsing their behaviour and their attitudes It is perfectly possible for a film to align us with the point of view of a homicidal killer or a robot You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 5. We have already established that Kubrick intentionally makes it difficult to align with anyone specific character Loss of identity is established during the opening sequence But we should not assume alignment has not taken place! If not an individual character, who can we align with? You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 6. What is the function of the Boot Camp sequences? The boot camp sequence begins with the head shaving scene and Hartman’s line: “Here you are all equally worthless!” These elements are included to establish the theme of ‘Loss of Identity’ They also help align the characters As a result, the spectator also with the Marine Core Ideology begins to align with the group You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 7. Watch the following sequences and consider the following questions: How are the Marines encouraged to adopt the Core’s ideology? How are the audience encouraged to adopt the same view point? You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 8. The Marines are shot as a consolidated group – not as individuals The mise-en-scene (costumes) reinforce their unity, as do their actions – completing obstacles etc The platoon is shown to develop as a single entity and are repeatedly shown as a unified unit By being denied alignment with one individual, the spectators are encouraged to align with the group through repetition, just like the marines – we share an experience! You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 9. Now watch these scenes involving Private Pyle What function does his character serve to the Marines and spectators? How has Kubrick used ‘FORM’ to alter the audiences’ perception of Pyle You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 10. Private Pyle is continually singled out – both by Hartman (CONTENT) and by the camera (FORM) We are repeatedly shown his weaknesses and are shown reaction shots of the other soldiers when he fails Watch the Soap Beating scene and consider the following: What is the function of this scene? Why do the group ‘punish’ Pyle? You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 11. Allegiance: loyalty or devotion to some person, group, cause, or the like Allegiance, like alignment is constructed by forces outside of our control We are sometimes manipulated into allegiance with characters whose views are ideologically similar to ours in the real world We may also form an allegiance with a character with Patrick Bateman – even though he is a repulsive character You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 12. Allegiance pertains to the moral evaluation of the characters by the spectator Allegiance is another form of ‘identification’ with a character based on a wide range of external factors such as attitudes towards: •Class •Race •Nation •Age •Ethnicity •Gender etc Some people may identify or experience ‘allegiance’ to Pvt. Pyle having experienced similar experiences themselves You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 13. Allegiance may be formed by our understanding of a character’s motivation or a positive evaluation of their anti-social and anarchic moral positions Are we ever provided with the motivations of Individuals? Which motivations are we given? Provide examples from the film to support your points – consider Joker’s narration You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 14. If we say the spectator is encouraged to align, and give allegiance to the group, which scene(s) would you say this (allegiance) takes place in? Watch the scene between Joker and Cowboy and consider: How do the group view Pyle? How are we encouraged to share the same view and give ‘allegiance’? You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 15. Watch the final scene with Private Pyle and consider the role he plays in the narrative How does he encourage allegiance to the group? In what ways are the spectators, and the ‘group’s views of Pyle ‘Aligned’? You must consider FORM AND CONTENT You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 16. Ultimately, Pyle’s character is a narrative device that is used to unite the group At first we are amused, but as his failures grow the group begin to see him as a threat He is seen as a threat to the group and their unity To what? When he fails, they are punished and as spectators, we share in their punishment – by viewing the experience Pyle finally resembles an antagonist and You will learn by the numbers I will teach you! threat to the group
    • 17. Log on to the Mac’s and load the Full Metal Jacket film from Students – Film – Films – FMJ (Use VLC to open the file) Pick a scene or sequence were Joker assists Pyle in his training Analyse how Joker and the spectator are encouraged to view Pyle as a ‘Threat’ to the group and align with the ‘group’s’ view point You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!
    • 18. Write an answer to the following exam question: Most films rely on alignment with a specific character to generate an emotional response with the audience. How true is this for Full Metal Jacket? You must include anlaysis of: 1. ‘Head Shaving’ Scene 2. Boot Camp 3. Private Pyle 4. The Soap beating Scene 5. Joker and Cowboys conversation You will learn by the numbers I will teach you!

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