Spectatorship: the ways film produces
pleasure in an individual viewer.
used by the
If we watch the same
film, can different
What can effect
An audience responds in multiple
ways dependent on their personal
Our personal context is
our own experience,
The Great Train Robbery (1903)
Spectators now will respond
differently to those who watched it
at the time.
Preferred: Spector takes the intended
meaning of the text.
Negotiated: Spectator doesn’t take
the full meaning of the text.
Oppositional: Spectator doesn’t
recognise the meanings in the film.
RESPONSES Social Self
Spectator makes meanings similar to
others with similar ideologies.
Spectator makes intertextual references
based on their own awareness.
Spectator relates film to their own
memories and experiences. Find
personal significance in the film.
Spectator brings their own energy and
intensity to the film that has little to do
with the content of the film.
A2 Film: FM4 – Spectatorship & Documentary