الإيمان بالملائكة و بيان صفاتهم
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الإيمان بالملائكة و بيان صفاتهم

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الإيمان بالملائكة و بيان صفاتهم الإيمان بالملائكة و بيان صفاتهم Document Transcript

  • ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫و ن‬ ‫‬ ‫אد‬ ‫ و‬ ‫ن وא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫א و‬ ‫א‬ ‫م ‪J‬‬ ‫‪EE‬‬ ‫دא א‬ ‫‪FF‬‬‫‪EE‬‬ ‫قא‬ ‫‪FF‬‬
  • ‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ، ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ ،ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﺁﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ .‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ :‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺭﻛﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺁﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪ ‬ـﻮﻝ‬‫‪  ‬ﺮﺳ ﹸ‬‫ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻧﺰﻝ ِﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺁﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﹼﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻭﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻔ ‪‬ﻕ ﺑ‪‬ـﻴﻦ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ﹸ ﱞ ‪  ‬ﻠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪ ِ ِ    ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﺃ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﺭﺑ ِ‬‫ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺳﻠﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺳﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻃﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺭ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭِﺇﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ـﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼِـﲑ{ )٥٨٢( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﻣ ﺭ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻟ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻟﻔﺖ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ،ﻗﺪﳝﺎ ﻭﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ )) ﻋـﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻷﺑﺮﺍﺭ (( ﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺷﻘﺮ ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﺎﻓﻊ ، ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺺ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ . ﻭﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ...‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﰊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﻤﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ :‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ= ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻢ...‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ= ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳋﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳋ ﹸﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ = ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ...‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ= ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ= ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ = ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ...‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ= ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ= ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ=ﺗﻔﻀﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﺸﺮ= ﺳ ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ....‬ ‫‪‬ﺐ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻋﺸﺮ= ﺃﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺑﲔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﲔ‬
  • ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻋﺸﺮ=ﲦﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ...‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﲨﻌﺖ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﺎﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻹﳝـﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺲ ....‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻭﳐﺮﺟﺔ ، ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺡ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﳐﺘﺼﺮ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺟﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳـﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷـﺮﺓ ،‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺬﻳﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳍﺎﻣﺶ ، ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﻬﺎ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻦ .‬ ‫ﰒ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ .‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻔﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺗﺒﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﺭﺋﻪ ﻭﻧﺎﺷﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻳﻦ .‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﺪ ‪‬ﺍ ﱢ ﹼﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭﺟﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﹼـﻪ ﻋ‪‬ـﺪ ‪‬‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻭ ﻟﻠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ِ ‪  ِ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِﻥ ﻠ ‪ ‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﱢﻠﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮِﻳﻦ{ )٨٩( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ .‬ ‫ﻟﹾ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﲨﻌﻪ ﻭﺃﻋﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺎﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻮﺩ‬ ‫٣ ﺭﺟﺐ ٠٣٤١ ﻫـ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻝ ٦٢/٦ /٩٠٠٢ ﻡ‬
  • ‫‪@ Þëþa@szj½a‬‬ ‫‪@ @áèi@æb¹⁄bi@ÕÜÈní@bß‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﲤﻬﻴﺪ‬‫ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺢ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩﻫﻢ،ﻭﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳋِﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍ ﹸﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﻭﻇﺎﺋﻔﻬﻢ، ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﺋﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﳋ‬‫ﻟﺮ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﳍﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻘـﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ،ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻣـﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱟ‬‫ﺑﺘﺪﺑﲑ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﲪﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳍﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸـﺮ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ،ﻭﳍﻢ ﺻﻼﺕ ﲪﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﻠﻄﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﱰﻝ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﺟﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺃﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ،ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ .‬ ‫===============‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌﺮِﻳﻒ ‪‬ﻢ:‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ِﺑﻔ‪‬ﺘﺤ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻴﻦ ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻗِﻴﻞ : ﻣﺨﻔﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻚ ، ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ٍ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪   ِ    ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺴ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻲ : ﹶﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﺄﹶﻟﻚ ِﺑﺘ‪‬ﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻤﺰﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﹸﻮﻙ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔ ، ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﻠ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﻭﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻟـﻼﻡ‬‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ُْ  ِ ِ   ‬ﻟ ِ ‪   ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻗِﻴﻞ : ﹶﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ِﺑﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ : ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﺧﺬ ِﺑﻘﻮﺓ ، ﻭﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﻞ ﻭﺯِﻧﻪ ﻣﻔﻌ‪‬ـﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﻛﹶـﺖ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ﹲ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻜ ٍ ‪  َْ   ‬ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻤﺰﺓ ِﻟﻜﹾﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﺳِﺘﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻊ ، ﻭﺯِﻳﺪﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇ ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻠﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻐﺔ ﻭِﺇ ‪‬ـﺎ ِﻟ‪‬ﺘﺄﻧِﻴـﺚ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ُ ِ   ِ  ‬ﻣ ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﻣ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ‬‬ ‫١‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫١ - ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ، ﻭﺗﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﺱ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﶈﻴﻂ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٦٠٣ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ .‬
  • ‫ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻼﺡ : ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺟﺴﻢ ﹶﻟﻄِﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍِﻧﻲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺸ ﱠﻞ ِﺑﺄﺷ‪‬ـﻜﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﹶـﺔ ، ﻭﻣﺴ‪‬ـﻜ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ٍ ‪  ٍ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫٢‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ .‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺃ - ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ :‬ ‫ِْ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ : ﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﺘﺤﺮِﻳﻚ ، ﻭ ‪‬ـﻢ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ـﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ ،‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ   ِ   ِ ‬ﻫ ‪ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫ﱡ‪  ِ‬ﹸ ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ِْ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ‪‬ﻳﻘ‪‬ﺘﻀِﻲ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻔﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﺸﻲ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ﻭﻭﺣﺸﻲ٣ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ    ‬‬ ‫ِْ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻼﺣﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ    ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﱡ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺮﻕ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ : ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺧﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ، ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ،‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ِْ ِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ‬ﻘ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻌ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻄِﻴ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : }ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺨﺬ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﻭﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻞ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺩ‬‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ﹶ ﱠ‪  ‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻥ{ )٦٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ، ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ .‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِْ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺏ - ﺍﹾﻟﺠ ‪: ‬‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ : ﺧﻼﻑ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ : ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ، ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﻫ‪‬ـﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫﻠ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫ِِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹸ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﱡ‬ ‫ﱡ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِْ ‬‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺴ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﻻﺳِﺘﺘ‪‬ﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﻮﻥ ، ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﺟﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴ‪‬ﻞ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﺮ .ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ـﺮﺝ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِﻨ ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ِ ‬ﻴ ِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻼﺣﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ .ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻗﻮﺓ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹸﻠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﱡ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫٤‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﺸ ﱡﻞ ِﺑﺄﺷﻜﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﺔ .‬ ‫‪‬ﻜ ﹶ ‪ ِ   ٍ ‬ﹶ ٍ‬‫ﻓﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﻣﻜﺮﻣﻮﻥ،ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺭ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - »‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻘﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺻﻒ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ «٥..‬ ‫ﱡ ِ ‪ِ    ِ  ٍ  ِ ٍ ِ ‬ﻤ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﻳﺪﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺷﺌﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺮﻃﻮﻥ .‬ ‫ٍ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻋِﻨﺪ‪ ‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ*{‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ‬‫)٨٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺼﻠﺖ، ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِـﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﻗ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺠﺮﺟﺎﱐ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٦٠٣ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ - ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ، ﻭﻓﻴﺾ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٤ / ٦ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓـﺔ -‬ ‫ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ، ﻭﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﻷﻛﱪ ﺹ ٠٢ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ - ﺑﲑﻭﺕ .‬ ‫٣ - ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ ١ / ٦١٣ ، ﻭﺍﳌﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﳌﻨﲑ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺮﻭﻕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺹ ٧٢٢ .‬‫٤ - ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ، ﻭﳐﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺡ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ ٢ / ٦٦١ ، ﻭﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﻭﻱ ٤ / ٥٢٢ ﻁ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‬ ‫.‬ ‫٥ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٨٦٧ ( -ﺍﳌﺎﺭﺝ : ﳍﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻂ ﺑﺴﻮﺍﻫﺎ‬
  • ‫ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫==============‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻘِﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥﹸ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : }ﺁﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻧﺰﻝ‬‫‪  ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﺃ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِْ ِ   ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ِْ‬‫ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣِﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣ‪‬ﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺁﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺮﻕ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ‪‬ﻦ ﺭﺳﻠﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﱞ ‪  ‬ﹼ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﻣ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺳﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻃﻌ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼﲑ{ )٥٨٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ ، ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸﹾ ‪ ِ     ‬‬‫: }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨﻮﹾﺍ ﺁﻣِ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻧﺰ‪‬ﻝ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﱠﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻨ ﹼ ِ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ِ ِ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧﺰﻝ ﻣِﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻜﻔﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺿﻞ ﺿﻼﻻ ‪‬ﺑﻌِﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ{‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹼ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ‬ ‫)٦٣١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ.‬‫ﻭﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ : " ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ: ﻳ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤ ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ " ﹶﺃﻥ ﺗ‪‬ﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﷲِ، ﻭﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺘِـﻪِ، ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘﺒِـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ‪ ِ ِ ِ ِ   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫٦‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪِ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮِ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ ﻭﺷﺮﻩ " ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﺻﺪﻗﺖ."‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻓﻮ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺛﹶﺎِﺑﺖ ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﻟِﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻄﻌﻲ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻠﺤﻘﻪ ﺷﻚ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻨ‪‬ـﺎ ﻛﹶـﺎﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ‪  ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺟ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬‫ِﺇ ‪‬ﻧﻜﹶﺎﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ ِﺑﺈﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ، ﺑ‪‬ﻞ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺺ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﱠـﺖ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻵ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻘﺔ٧ .‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ْ ﹸ ﺴ ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫٦ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٠١(‬‫٧ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﺤﺎﻭﻳﺔ ٢ / ١٠٤ ﻁ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٦٠٣ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ - ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ، ﻭﺇﻏﺎﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ ٢ / ٠٢١ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﻁ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﳊﻠﱯ .‬
  • ‫‪@ ïãbrÛa@szj½a‬‬ ‫•‪@ òØöý½a@pbÐ‬‬ ‫‪Ž‬‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﺍ‪‬ﺮﺩ،ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺘـﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﺍﳋﱪ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳋﹶﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍ ﹸﻠﻘﻴﺔ :‬ ‫ﳋ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳋﻠﻘ‪‬ﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ِﻴ ِ‬ ‫١( ﺃﻭﻟﻮ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺔ :‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﺪ ِﻟﱠـﻪ ﻓﹶـﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ﺴ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺭﺳﻠﺎ ﹸﻭﻟِﻲ ﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤﺔ ﻣﹾﺜﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﹸﺛﻠﹶﺎﺙ ﻭﺭﺑ‪‬ﺎﻉ ‪‬ﻳﺰِﻳﺪ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪   ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﺃ‬ ‫ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻗﺪِﻳﺮ{ )١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺎﻃﺮ .‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﳑﻦ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺘﻪ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴﺒ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻰ‪ ‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﺄﹾﻟﺖ ﺯ ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻮِﻟﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﺭ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ) ﻓﻔﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻗﹶﺎﺏ ﻗﻮﺳ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﺩﻧ‪‬ﻰ )٩( ﻓﺄﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪﻩ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ )٠١( ]ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻢ : ٩‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫٨‬ ‫- ١١[ ( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ - - ﺭﺃﹶﻯ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺡ .‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ  ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﱠِ ﱠ ‪  ‬‬ ‫٢( ﻗﺪﺭﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ :‬‫ﻭﻫﺐ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺑﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﰲ ﻗﺼﺔ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺭﺍﺀ }ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗﺨﺬﺕ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻭِﻧﻬﻢ ﺣﺠ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺭﺳ‪‬ﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻤﱠﺜﻞ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺩ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬‫‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺎ{ )٧١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺮﱘ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺿﻴﻒ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴـﻼﻡ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻳ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺟﺂﺀﻭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺑﺸﺮ }ﻫﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻒ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻜﺮﻣﲔ{ )٤٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺭﻳﺎﺕ.ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺩﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﱯ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ. ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬﺪ ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧِﺒﹾﺌﺖ ؛ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔﹶ،ﻓﺠﻌﻞ‬‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻡ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻱ ﹶ‬ ‫٨ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٥٨٤ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٥٤(‬
  • ‫ﻷﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ : ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ،ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ : ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ُ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺤﺪ ﹸ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺙ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺩﺣ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ،ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ : ﺍ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﺍﷲِ،ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ِﺇﻻ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﺣ‪‬ﺘﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺧﻄ‪‬ﺒﺔ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻲ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺒِـﺮ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ﻳ ﻩ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﺔ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ.ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻠ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻤﻲ : ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻷﺑِﻲ ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ : ﻣﻤﻦ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪  َ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٩‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻣﻦ ﹸﺃﺳ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺯ‪‬ﻳﺪ.."‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮٍ،ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:ﻋﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎ ُ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻧﻪ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﺀ ﹶِ ﻣ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺷ‪‬ﻮﺀﺓﹶ،ﻭﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ‪،‬ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ‬‫‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻡ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪     ِ      ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﻨ َ ‪  ‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ‪ ‬ﻮﺩٍ،ﻭﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ‪،‬ﺻﻠﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣ‪‬ﺒﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻳﻌﻨِﻲ‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ ِ      ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻌ ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻧﻔﺴ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﺣ‪‬ﻴﺔ.)ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴـﻠﻢ (٠١-‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻡ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪  َِ  ِ      ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬ﻪ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﲏ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺸﺒﻬﻪ ﺣﲔ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﻵﺩﻣﻴﺔ .‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﹶﺛﻨِﻰ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ ﱠﺎﺏ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - -‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﻄ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ِﺇﺫ ﻃﻠﻊ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﱢﺜﻴ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ﹶﺃﺛﹶـﺮ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹾ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺟﻠﺲ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻓﺄﺳ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﻛ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭﻛ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﻨ ‪  ‬ﺘ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻛﻔ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻓﺨﺬ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ. ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ - - »‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ       ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘِﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺆِﺗﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﻛﹶـﺎﺓ‬‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻮﻡ ﺭﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺤﺞ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻄﻌﺖ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺳﺒِﻴﻼ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺠ‪‬ﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﺄﹸﻟﻪ‬‫ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺼ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ    ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹰ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺼﺪﻗﻪ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻴ‪‬ـﻮﻡ‬‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ِ ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ ﻭﺷﺮﻩ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺣﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ِِ  ِ ‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻓﺈﻥ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻜﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻙ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﹸﻮﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺄﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻞ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺗﻬ‪‬ﺎ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻠﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺭ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪َ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺌ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﺴ ِ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻔﹶﺎﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔ ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻄﹶﺎﻭﹸﻮﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﻓﻠِﺒﹾﺜﺖ ﻣﻠ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻴ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ َ ﺸ ِ ‪‬ﻟ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫٩ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٣٦٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٦٤٦ (‬‫٠١ - ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ - )٤ / ٩٩٦( )٠٣٩٢( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٤٤ ( -ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺏ : ﺍﳋﻔﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﺍﳌﻤﺸﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﻕ‬
  • ‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻟِﻰ » ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺪﺭِﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻞ «. ﻗﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳـﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ     ‬ﺴ ﹸ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﺳ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻜﻢ ﺩِﻳ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ «١١.‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫٣( ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﳍﻢ ﺳﺄﻡ ﻭﻻ ﻋﺠﺰ ﻭﻻ ﻓﺘﻮﺭ ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ :‬‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﻲ‪ ‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﻮﺩ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺼﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻻﻣِﺘﺜﹶﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺨ ‪‬ﻮﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻄﻠﹶـﻖ‬‫‪‬ﻀ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﻄ ‪ ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬ﺒ ِ ِ‬‫ﻷﻭ‪‬ﺍﻣﺮﻩ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﻞ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻗﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫َِ ِ ِ ِ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{‬ ‫ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺻﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻟﹶﻰ :‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  ‬‬‫}ِﺇﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻋِﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺠ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٦٠٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ِ  ‬ﺤ ‪    ‬ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ .‬ ‫٢١‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻘﻄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺩ‪‬ﺍِﺋﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻃﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩِ، ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻵ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻘ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻦ .‬ ‫ْ ِ ﺴ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ﱠِ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ِﻌ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ : " ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﻣﻮﺿِـﻊ‬‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻗﺪﻡ ، ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﺮ ، ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﻛﻒ ، ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺭ‪‬ﺍﻛِﻊ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ٍِ‬ ‫ﹶ ٍِ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ، ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﺟﻤِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺣﻖ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻚ ، ﺇِﻻ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻧﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑﻚ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﻧ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ     ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫٣١‬ ‫".‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺻﻔﻮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻦِ ﻣﺤﺮﺯٍ، ﹶﺃﻥ ﺣﻜِﻴﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺣﺰ‪‬ﺍﻡ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻊ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪ ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ٍ ِ   ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ: " ﻫﻞ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ؟ " ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲِ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ ٍ    ِ   ‬ﺳ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬‫: " ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﻟﺄﺳﻤﻊ ﹶﺃﻃِﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻗﺪﻡ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ‬‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٤١‬ ‫ﺇ ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟ ‪ ،‬ﻭِﺇ ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ "‬ ‫ﻣ ِﺪ ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫١١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٠١ ( -ﺍ ُﻧﻒ : ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺄﻧﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﱂ ﻳﺴﺒﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭ -ﻳﺘﻘﻔﺮ : ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻭﻳﺘﺘﺒﻊ ﻭﳚﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫٢١ - ﺇﻏﺎﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ ٢ / ٢٢١ .‬ ‫٣١ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٢ / ٥٥٢( )٠٣٧١( ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ) ٩٥٠١( ﺣﺴﻦ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫٤١ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ - )٣ / ٧٦١( )٤٣١١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫: " ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻃﺖ ﻭﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ َ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﺫ ‪ ،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻊ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻀﺤﻜ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﻜ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻢ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫٥١‬ ‫ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻟﹶﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺄ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲ "‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻓﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻛﺜﲑﻭ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ﲪﺪﺍ ﻭﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﺎ ﻭﺗﱰﻳﻬﺎ ﻭﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮﻩ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻛﻠﻞ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻞ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪   ِ    ِ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ٍ‬‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺤﺴ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٩١( ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٠٢( {]ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴـﺎﺀ/٩١-‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺤ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ    ِ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫٠٢[‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻴﻊ،ﱂ ﲣﺮﺝ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﱰﻟﺘﻬﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻧـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻳﺪﻳﻨﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﺀ ﻭﻳﺘﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ : » ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻬﺎﺭ ﻻ‬ ‫‪‬ﺤ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ «.. ﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﰱ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺔ،ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻟﹼﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻨﻪ!‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎ،ﻫﻮ : ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭﺍﱏ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺧﻠﻘـﻮﺍ ﻣﻨـﻪ،ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﺔ،ﻓﻠﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ؟ ﻭﱂ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳋﺸﻴﻪ ؟ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‬‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺮﻋ‪‬ﺪ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧِﻴﻔِﺘﻪ « )٣١ : ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ( ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ِِ       ‬‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ،ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ،ﻭﻟﻜﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻬﻢ ﲟﺎﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﻭﻛﻤﺎﻝ ـ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﻻﺀ ﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩﺍ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﻓﻨﺎﺀ ﻓﻴﻪ .. ﻓﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﹼـﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺃﺧﻮﻑ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳉﻼﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻪ ﺃﺭﻫﺐ.!‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ِﺇ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺸ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﻣِـﻦ ﻋِﺒـﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﹶﻤـﺎﺀ «.. ﻓﺎﻟﻌﻠﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ِِ ‪ُ ‬‬ ‫ﻠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ،ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻓﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ،ﻫﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺧﺸﻴﺔ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﻭﻻﺀ ﻟﺬﺍﺗﻪ .. ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﳑﺎ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٦١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻪ،ﻭﻋﻈﻤﺘﻪ ..‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻋِﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻟﹶﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺴﺄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ { )٨٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺼﻠﺖ.‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫٥١ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ - )٣ / ٨٦١( )٥٣١١( ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫٦١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٩ / ٨٥٨(‬
  • ‫ﺃﻱ ﺇﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﱪ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺃﺑﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻄﻮﺍ ﻭﻻﺀﻫﻢ ﺧﺎﻟﺼـﺎ ﻣﻄﻠﻘـﺎ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻪ،ﻓﺎﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰱ ﻏﲎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ،ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺳـﻴﻮﻗﻌﻬﻢ ﲢـﺖ ﻏﻀـﺐ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺟﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﺭﺍ،ﻭﻻ ﳜﺸﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺄﺳﺎ .. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺿﻼﻝ ﻣﺒﲔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ،ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﻔﺎﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺑﺄﺱ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ .. ﻓﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ـ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ـ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﺎ ﳜﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺧﺸﻴﺘﻪ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ،ﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺧﺸﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﻟﹼﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻗﺮ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ .. ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﻗﺮﺑﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻭﺧﺸﻴﺔ،ﻷ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﻳﺸﻬﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻈﻤﺘـﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗـﻪ ﻣـﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻩ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ .. ﻭﺇﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮﺩ،ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳋﺸﻴﺔ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺀ،ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﻓﻬـﻢ‬‫ﻳﺴﺒﺤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ،ﰱ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ،» ﻻ ﻳﺴﺄﻣﻮﻥ « ﻣـﻦ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺴـﺒﻴﺢ،ﻭﻻ‬‫ﳝﹼﻮﻥ،ﺑﻞ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﻧﺸﺎﻃﺎ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ،ﳌﺎ ﳚﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻟﺬﺓ ﻭﺭﺿﺎ ‪‬ـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟـﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٧١‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺃﻧﺴﻬﻢ ﻭﺣﺒﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﰱ ﻣﻨﺎﺟﺎﺓ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ ..‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺣﻜِﻴﻢ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺰ‪‬ﺍﻡٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪِ،ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ : " ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ؟ " ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﻷﺳﻤﻊ ﹶﺃﻃِﻴﻂ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ـﻼﻡ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﺗ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ﻧ َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٨١‬ ‫‪‬ﺗِﺌ ﱠ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ "ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﺍﱐ.‬ ‫‪  ٍ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻂ ‪‬‬ ‫٤( ﻗﺪﺭﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ :‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﻘﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ، ﻣﺜﻞ : ﺗـﺪﺑﲑ‬‫ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ،ﻭﺣﺮﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ،ﻭﺇﻫﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﲔ،ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻭﻗﺒﻀﻬﺎ،ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ،ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻴﺄﰐ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻪ .‬ ‫٥( ﺗﺄﺫﻳﻬﻢ ﳑﺎ ﻳﺘﺄﺫﻯ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﻨﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ :‬ ‫٧١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٢١ / ٣٢٣١(‬ ‫٨١ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٣ / ١٣٣( )١٥٠٣( ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ )٢٥٨( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ )٥٩( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬‫-ﺍﻷﻃﻴﻂ : ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﺯﺩﺣﺎﻣﻬﺎ- ﺃﻁ : ﺻـﻮﺕ ﻭﺍﳌـﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﺮﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﱴ ﺃﺣﺪﺛﺖ ﺻﻮﺗﺎ ﻭﺿﺠﺔ‬
  • ‫- ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﱡﻮﻡ - ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹾﹶ ِ ﺜ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﱠِ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻛﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺼﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﱡﻮﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ‪‬ﺍﺙ - ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﺄ ﱠﻯ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺄ ﱠﻯ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺜ ‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ    ‬ﹶِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﺫ ِﻤ ﹶﺫ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ « ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ.٩١.‬ ‫ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫٦( ﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻛﺤﻮﻥ :‬‫ﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻟﻀﻴﻔﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﺠﻼ ﺣﻨﻴﺬﺍ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫:} ﻫﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻒ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻜﺮﻣﲔ )٤٢( ِﺇﺫ ﺩﺧﹸﻮﺍ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺳﻠﹶﺎﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻠﹶﺎﻡ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻗﻮﻡ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٥٢( ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺍﻍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻌﺠﻞ ﺳﻤﲔ )٦٢( ﻓﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﻟﹶﺎ ﺗ‪‬ـﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ‬ﹶ َ ِ ‪ٍ ِ  ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٧٢( ﻓﺄﻭﺟﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺧِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺑﻐﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ )٨٢({ ]ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺭﻳﺎﺕ : ٤٢ -‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺮ ‪ٍ  ٍ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﻟ‬ ‫٨٢[‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﹶﺮﺍﻍ ﺇِﱃ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻓﹶﺠـﺎﺀ ِﺑﻌﺠ‪‬ـﻞ ﺳ‪‬ـﻤﲔ «..ﺭﺍﻍ ﻷﻫﻠـﻪ : ﺃﻱ ﻣـﺎﻝ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ِ ٍ‬ ‫َ ِ ٍ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ،ﻭﺍﻧﺴﺮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﰱ ﺧﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﺎﺷﻒ ﺿﻴﻔﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻛـﺮﺍﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺇﻋـﺪﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﳍﻢ .. ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻪ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ،ﻭﳛﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻀﻴﻔﻪ ﺃﹼﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ « ؟ ـ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺇﳚﺎﺯ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ..ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻓﻘ ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ،ﻓﻠﻢ ﳝﺪﻭﺍ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻭﱂ ﻳﻘﺒﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ ﺣـﲔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ .. ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻧﻜـﺮﻫﻢ،ﻭﺃﻭﺟﺲ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﺧﻴﻔـﺔ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ : » ﺃﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ؟ «..‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﺄﻭﺟﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺧِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ «..ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﻛـﻼﻡ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﻐ ٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﻟ‬‫ﳏﺬﻭﻑ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ .. » ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻻ ﺗﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ «.. ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﺍ،ﻭﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﺠﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟـﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺍ‪‬ـﺪﺩﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ » ﻓﺄﻭﺟﺲ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻴﻔﺔ « ﺃﻱ ﻓﺎﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﺳﻪ ﺑﺎﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ،ﻭﻗﻮﻯ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﻗﻊ ﰱ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺩﺧﻮﳍﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ،ﻭﻟﻘﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻟﻪ ..‬‫» ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻻ ﲣﻒ ﻭﺑﺸﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﻐﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻢ « ـ ﺃﻱ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﺣﲔ ﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺇﺑـﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﺲ ﻭﺍﳋﻮﻑ،ﺳﻜﻨﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﻋﻪ،ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ : ﻻ ﲣﻒ،ﰒ ﺃﻟﻘﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ‪‬ـﺬﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻌﺪﺓ،ﻭﻫﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﻟﺪ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺷﺒﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ،ﻭﻫﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺫﺍ ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫٩١‬ ‫-ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٨٢١(‬
  • ‫ﺑﻠﻎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ ﻋﺘ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﺃﺧﻠﻰ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﺍﻭﺩﻩ،ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺗﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻋﻘﻴﻤﺎ،ﰒ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻢ ﲡﺎﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻠﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ـ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺫﺍ ﻳﺘﻠ ﹼﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻌﺪﺓ.ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺇﺳﺤﻖ،ﻣﻦ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﺭﺓ .. » ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﻢ «،ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐـﺔ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ،ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺻﻔﺔ ﺑﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺇﺳﺤﻖ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﰱ‬ ‫٠٢‬ ‫ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ﻓ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ‪‬ﻧﺎﻩ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﺣﻠِﻴﻢ « )١٠١ : ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﺎﺕ(.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻐ ٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻓﺨﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺯﻱ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ: ﺍﺗﻔﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸـﺮﺑﻮﻥ‬‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﻨﻜﺤﻮﻥ،ﻳﺴﺒﺤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ،ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳉﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺸـﻴﺎﻃﲔ ﻓـﺈ‪‬ﻢ ﻳـﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﻭﺷﺮﺑﻮﻥ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻈﻢ : "ﺇﻧﻪ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺇﺧﻮﺍﻧﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻦ" ﻭﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻓـﺈ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫١٢‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﺍﻟﺪﻭﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﹶﺃﻓﺘ‪ّ‬ﺘﺨ ﹸﻭﻧ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺫﺭّ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﻪ ﺍ ﹶﺃﻭِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺂﺀ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻭﻧِﻰ{ )ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻒ : ٠٥(..‬ ‫‪ َ ‬ﺩ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﺬ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِّ‬ ‫٧(- ﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺛﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ :‬‫ﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﺷﺪ ﺍﻹﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻭﺻﻔﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﻮﺛـﺔ ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻭﺟﻌﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ِﺇﻧ‪‬ﺎﺛﹰﺎ ﹶﺃﺷﻬ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺷﻬ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ     ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮﻥ{ )٩١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺰﺧﺮﻑ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻟ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻴﺰ : " ﻻ ﻳﻮﺻﻔﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟـﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﻮﺛـﺔ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨـﺎﻛﺤﻮﻥ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳـﻠﻮﻥ‬‫.ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸﺮﺑﻮﻥ،ﻭﺇ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻃﻌـﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺴـﺒﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻬﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻻ ﳝﻠـﻮﻥ،ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫٢٢‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻌﺒﻮﻥ،ﻭﻳﺘﺼﻔﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﳊﺴﻦ،ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻝ،ﻭﺍﳊﻴﺎﺀ،ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ . "‬ ‫٨(- ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻔﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ :‬‫ﳚﻮﺯ ﰲ ﺣﻖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺰﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪﻉ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻫ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺇِﱠﺎ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻭِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ{ )٨٨( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺺ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱡ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﻟ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻓﺼﻌﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﺷ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﻴ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻈ ‪‬ﻭﻥ { )٨٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ﻫ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫٠٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٣١ / ٦١٥(‬ ‫١٢ - ﺍﳊﺒﺎﺋﻚ ﰲ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻚ - )١ / ٨٨( ﻭﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻔﺨﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺯﻯ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )١ / ٢٥(‬ ‫٢٢ - ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻴﺰ ﰲ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ - )١ / ٤٥(‬
  • ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﳑﻦ ﺗﺸﻤﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻷ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻛﲏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ِﺇﱠﺎ ِﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ ﻟ ﹶ‪  ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﹶﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎ{ )٤٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺮﱘ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻴ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٩(- ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﻢ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ : }.. ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺟﻨ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻲ ِﺇﱠـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﻟ ‪  ِ   ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﺫﻛﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﻟﻠ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ{ )١٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺪﺛﺮ،‬ ‫ِ ﹾ ﹾ ‪ِ‬‬‫ﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻹﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﺻﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﺨﺮﺻﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﻣﺮﺿﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻋﻨﺪ ﲰـﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﻭﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﳓﻮ: ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺟﻬﻞ ﰲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺟﻬـﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ، ﻓﻠﺬﻟﻚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻳﻴﻞ.‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ: ﲨﻊ ﺟﻨﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﺳﻢ ﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻌﲑ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺟﻌﻠـﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﳌﺸﺎ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ.‬‫ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺭﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺿﻤﲑ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻒ، ﻭﺗﻌﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳉﻨـﻮﺩ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ . ﻭﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﻔﻲ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﺄﻋﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻭﺻـﻔﺎ‪‬ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻬﺎ ﺑﻘﺮﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﻌﺪﺩ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﺑـﺈﻋﻼﻡ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫٣٢‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻭ‪‬ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ « ﻫﻮ ﺭﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻬﺰﺋﲔ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺧﺮﻳﻦ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻨ ‪   ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﲣﺬﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﺓ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻬﺰﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺨﺮﻳﺔ،ﺣﱴ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺑﻠﻎ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﳝﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﺇﻻ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ،ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳝﻠﻚ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﳉﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻻ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ‬‫ﻋﺸﺮ .. ﻭﻛﺬﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﺿﻠﻮﺍ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻻ ﺣﺼﺮ ﳍﺎ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﺎ ﺇﹼـﺎ ﻫـﻮ ﺳـﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٤٢‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ.‬ ‫٣٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻮﻳﺮ - )٩٢ / ٦٩٢(‬ ‫٤٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥١ / ٩٩٢١(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﻤﻮﺭ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳـﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﻟـﻒ ﻣﻠـﻚ ﻻ‬‫ﻳﻌﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚٍ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : " ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫٥٢‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ "‬ ‫ﺴ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﺩ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﻘ ‪ ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺫﺭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻃﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻊ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﻊ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ     ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪ ُ ‬‬‫ِﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻀﺤﻜ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﻠِﻴﻼ ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﻜ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻠﺬﺫﹾ‪‬ﺗﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸـﺮﺵ‬‫ﻔ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺄ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ «٦٢.‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫٠١( - ﳐﻠﻮﻗﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺭ:‬‫ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ، ﻓﻘﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪       ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﺧﻠﻘﹶﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ‬‫ﱡ ِ ‪   ِ  ٍ  ِ ٍ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺻﻒ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ «. ) ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ( ٧٢.‬ ‫ِﻤ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻮﺹ ﻓِﻲ ﻣﺠ ‪‬ﻮﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺨﹸﻮﻗﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺴﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﺪ ﺼ ‪  ‬ﻤ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﻧ ﹲ ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺪﺭﻙ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤ ‪‬ﺍﺱ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ، ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻣ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﻮ ِ ِْ ِ ‪   ‬ﺴ‬‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺰﻭ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ، ﻣﻄﻬ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻣِﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻴﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ ﺍﻵﺛﹶـﺎﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻄﹶﺎﻳ‪‬ـﺎ ، ﻭﻻ‬‫‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ِ   ‬ﻫ ﹶ ِ ْ ِ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﺼ ﹸﻮﻥ ِﺑﺸﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺼﻒ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ٨٢،ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻔ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ   ِ ٍ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﱠﺜﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ٩٢ .‬ ‫ﹾ ﻠ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹾ ِ ﱠِ‬‫٥٢ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٥ / ٥٥٤() ٥٠٧٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٠٢٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴـﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜـﱰ -‬ ‫)٩٢٤( ﻣﻄﻮﻻ‬ ‫٦٢ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٨٤٢ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬‫ﺃﻃﺖ : ﺍﻷﻃﻴﻂ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻞ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻘﻞ ﺃﲪﺎﳍﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ -ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪﺍﺕ : ﲨﻊ ﺻﻌﺪ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻗـﺎﺕ -‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻀﺪ : ﺗﻘﻄﻊ‬ ‫٧٢ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٧٨٦٧ ( -ﺍﳌﺎﺭﺝ : ﳍﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻂ ﺑﺴﻮﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫٨٢ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﻷﻛﱪ ﳌﻼ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﻱ ﺹ ٠٢ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٣٥٣ .‬ ‫٩٢ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٨٤٣ - ١٥٣ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﺍﺙ - ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ .‬
  • ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺒﲔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺧﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻟﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﳋﻮﺽ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺼﺤﺘﻪ ﻭﺻﺪﻗﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ.‬‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﻣﱴ ﺧﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﳑﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ،ﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺃﻥ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﻵﺩﻡ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻋﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺧﻠِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﻔﻚ‬‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫َ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹰ ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ِﹲ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻘﺪﺱ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ { )٠٣( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪   ِ        ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ: }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺧ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻖ ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻦ ﺻﻠﺼ‪‬ـﺎﻝ ‪‬ـﻦ ﺣﻤ‪‬ـﺈ‬‫ٍﻣ ‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻣ ‪‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﻧ‬‫ﻣﺴ‪‬ﻮﻥ )٨٢( ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺨﺖ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻭﺣِﻲ ﻓﻘ ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﻟﹶـﻪ ﺳ‪‬ـﺎﺟﺪِﻳﻦ )٩٢( {ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﻌ‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺭ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ٍ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺠﺮ‬ ‫١١(- ﻋﻈﻢ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ :‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻈﻢ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ : }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ﻗ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{‬ ‫ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻛﹶـﺮﱘ )٠٤(‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺳ ٍ ِ ٍ‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻮ‪ِ ‬ﺑﻘﻮﻝ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﻋﺮ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ )١٤( ]ﺍﳊﺎﻗﺔ/٠٤، ١٤[ ،ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ‬‫‪ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﱠِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍِ ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫- ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹸﺃﺫﻥ ﻟِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺮﺵ ِﺇﻥ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺷﺤﻤﺔ ﹸﺃﺫﹸِﻧﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻘﻪ ﻣﺴﲑﺓ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻌﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻡ «.) ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ(٠٣.‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ٍ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ   ‬‬‫ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﺗﺒﲔ ﻋﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻓﺎﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ،ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ، ﺇﺫ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻧﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺔ ﻣﺜﲎ ﻭﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﺭﺑﺎﻉ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺎﺡ ُﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻳﺴﺪ ﺍﻷﻓﻖ،ﻭﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺳﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﺟﻨـﺎﺡ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫- ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓِﻰ ‪‬ﻮﺭِﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﹶـﻪ ﺳِـ‪‬ﺘﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﺻ ‪  ِ‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ. ﻓﻌﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﺃﹶﻯ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٠٣ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ)٩٢٧٤( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫ﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺡ ﻛﻞ ﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺡ ﻣ ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺪ ﺳﺪ ﺍﻷﻓﻖ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﻨﺎﺣﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎﻭِﻳﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺪﺭ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﹸﻮﺕ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬ﻗ ِ ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹸ ﱡ ‪ ِ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ُ   ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﹸ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫١٣‬ ‫ِﺑﻪ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ. )ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﲪﺪ (‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫===============‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍ ﹸﻠﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﳋ‬ ‫١- ﺃﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻬﻢ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ :‬‫ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـِﺒ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ‬‫ﻘ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﻫﻢ ِﺑﺄﻣﺮﻩ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ)٧٢({ ]ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ:٧٢[.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫٢- ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻨﻜﻔﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻜﱪﻭﻥ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﹶﻟﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺘ‪‬ﻨﻜِﻒ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻴﺢ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍ ِﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻘﺮ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺴﺘ‪‬ﻨﻜﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪِ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒﺮ ﻓﺴ‪‬ﻴﺤﺸﺮﻫﻢ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ)٢٧١({ ]ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ:٢٧١[‬ ‫‪    ِ    ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ     ‬‬ ‫٣-٤- ﺍﻟﻜﺮﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﱪ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ :} ﻓِﻲ ﺻﺤﻒ ﻣﻜﺮﻣﺔ )٣١( ﻣﺮﹸﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻄﻬﺮﺓ )٤١( ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻱ ﺳﻔﺮﺓ )٥١( ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍﻡ‬‫ِ ٍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻓ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ٍ  ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑﺮﺭﺓ )٦١( {]ﻋﺒﺲ : ٣١ - ٦١[‬ ‫‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻹﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﻴﺔ ) ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﳌﻜﺮﻣﺔ ( ﻣﻌﻈﻤﺔ ﻣﻮﻗﺮ ﹲ،ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﹶـﺪﺭِ،ﻣﻄﻬﺮﺓ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹲ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺓ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ    ِِ  ‬ﹸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻘﹶﺎِﺋﺺ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻀﻼﻻﺕ . ﻭ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍﻡ ِﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺳﻔﺮﺓ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ ِ ِ َ     ِِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹶ ﺸ‬ ‫ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍﻡ ‪‬ﺑﺮﺭﺓ ﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﻬ ‪‬ﻭﻥﹶ،ِﻟ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻡ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﺈ‪‬ﺑﻼﻏﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ .‬ ‫ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ِ ٍ ‪   ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﺮ ﻘ ‪ ِ ُ َ ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳌﹶﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮﺓ ﻫﻢ ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﷲِ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﻭﹶﺃﻃﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶـﺎﺭﹸﻮﻥ ﺫﻧ‪‬ﺒـﺎﹰ،ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﺘﺮ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﺣ ﹶ‬ ‫ِﻓ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ ‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫٢٣‬ ‫ِﺇﺛﹾﻤﺎﹰ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ: " ﺃﻱ: ‪‬ﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻛﺮﱘ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ، ﻭﺃﺧﻼﻗﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﺭﺓ ﻃﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻛﺎﻣﻠـﺔ.‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺧ‬ ‫٣٣‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﺎﻫﻨﺎ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﳊﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻗﻮﺍﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺷﺎﺩ."‬ ‫١٣ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ١٢٨٣( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٢٣ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٩٤٦٥(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﻛﺎﱐ: "ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﺴﻦ : ﻛﺮﺍﻡ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﻲ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﻳﺘﻜﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺑـﻦ‬‫ﺁﺩﻡ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺧﻼ ﺑﺰﻭﺟﺘﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻗﻀﻰ ﺣﺎﺟﺘﻪ،ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﻳﺆﺛﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻌﻬﻢ،ﻭﻗﻴـﻞ‬‫ﻳﺘﻜﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﳍﻢ. ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺭﺓ ﲨﻊ ﺑﺎﺭ .. ﺃﻱ ﺃﺗﻘﻴـﺎﺀ ﻣﻄﻴﻌـﻮﻥ ﻟـﺮ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫٤٣‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻗﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺇﳝﺎ‪‬ﻢ".‬ ‫٥- ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺀ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻄﹶﺎﺀ ﻭﺳﻠ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺣﻤﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ‬‫‪  ٍ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻣﻀﻄﺠِﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻰ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘِﻰ ﻛﹶﺎﺷﻔﹰﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻓﺨﺬ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻗﹶ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺑﻜﺮ ﻓﹶـﺄﺫﻥ ﻟﹶـﻪ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾﹶ ﹶ ﺑ ﹾٍ ﹶِ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ِﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﺄﺫﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻛﹶﺬِﻟﻚ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﺄﺫﻥ‬‫ﹾﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓﺠﻠﺲ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻭﺳ ‪‬ﻯ ِﺛﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻭﻻ ﹶﺃﹸﻮﻝ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓِﻰ ﻳ‪‬ـﻮﻡ‬‫‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﻗ ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻮ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪ - ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺤﺪﺙ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﺮﺝ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﺩﺧﻞ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺑﻜﺮ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻬ‪‬ﺘﺶ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ‬‫ِ ٍ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶﻤ ‪    ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﺑ ﹾ ٍ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ      ‬‬‫ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻬﺘ‪‬ﺶ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓﺠ‪‬ﻠﺴﺖ ﻭﺳﻮ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺛﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻻ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﹶ ‪    ِ      ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪     ‬‬ ‫٥٣‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺳ‪‬ﺘﺤِﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﻞ ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺘﺤِﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ «.‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ِ‪ ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٦- ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻔﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺼﻴﺔ :‬‫‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ - ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ - ﻋﻦ ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺏ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻮﺕ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻗﺘﻨﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﺛﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﺒﺪ ﺃﻭ ﺗﻌﻈﻢ ﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﻭﲡﻨﺒﺎﹰ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﺒﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺛﻨﻴﲔ،ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﺘﱰﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﻊ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻﻲ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﻴﺘﺎ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﻠﺐ ﺃﻭ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ.‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺳ‪‬ـﻤﻌﺖ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ِ ﱠ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﺒ ٍ‬‫ﻃﻠﺤﺔ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻠﹾـﺐ ﻭﻻ‬‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﻮﺭﺓ ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪‬ﺎﺛِﻴﻞ «٦٣ .‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺻ ‪‬ﹸ‬ ‫٣٣ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ - )٨ / ١٢٣(‬ ‫٤٣ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮ - )٧ / ٠٢٤( ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻨﲑ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٠٣ / ٦٦(‬ ‫٥٣ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٦٣٦ ( -‪‬ﺘﺶ : ﺗﻐﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻠﺴﺔ‬ ‫٦٣ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٢٢٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٣٦٥(‬
  • ‫- ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻃﻠﺤﺔ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ - ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻠﺐ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻮﺭﺓ « ٧٣.‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﺻ ‪‬ﹲ‬‫- ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻃﻠﺤﺔ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ َ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻠﺐ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪‬ﺎﺛِﻴﻞ «.‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ِﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺨِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬‫ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻠﺐ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪‬ﺎﺛِﻴﻞ «. ﻓﻬﻞ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﺫﻛﺮ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ ﻻ ﻭﹶﻟﻜِـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺳﺄﺣﺪﹸﺛﻜﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻓِﻰ ﻏﺰﺍِﺗﻪ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﺕ ‪‬ﻧﻤﻄﹰﺎ ﻓﺴ‪‬ﺘﺮ‪‬ﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺪﻡ‬‫ِ ﹶﹶﻤ ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻓﺮﺃﹶﻯ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻤﻂ ﻋﺮﻓﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻓِﻰ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻓﺠﺬ‪‬ﺑﻪ‪ ‬ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻫ‪‬ﺘﻜﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﻟﹶـﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺘ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﻠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺄﻣﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻧﻜﺴﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻄﲔ «. ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻓﻘﻄﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻭﺣﺸﻮ‪‬ﺗﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِﻴﻔﹰﺎ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺐ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹾ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﱢ ‪‬‬ ‫٨٣‬ ‫ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻰ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮﺍﻥ،ﻭﺍﳌﻀﻤﺦ ﺑِﺎﻟﺰﻋﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍﻥِ،ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺐ ﻭﺟﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮ : ﻓﻌﻦ ﺍﺑ‪‬ـﻦ ‪‬ﺑﺮﻳ‪‬ـﺪﺓﹶ،ﻋﻦ‬‫‪   ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃﺑِﻴـﻪِ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒـﻲ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ : ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛـﺔ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻘﹾـﺮ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜـﺔ : ﺍﻟﺴﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﹸ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻀـﻤﺦ‬‫ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬ﹾ ﻥ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫٩٣‬ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟﺰﻋﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍﻥِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺋ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺐ.‬ ‫ﺾ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋ ‪‬ﺎﺭ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻳ‪‬ﺎﺳﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺛﻼﹶﺛﺔ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟِﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹲ ﹶ ﹾ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ ﹶﹸ ِ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻤ ِ ِ ِ ٍ ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻀﻤﺦ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺨﹸﻮﻕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺐ ِﺇﻻ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﺿﺄ «٠٤.‬ ‫‪    ‬ﻠ ِ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫٧-ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﺮ‪‬ﻢ :‬‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﻭﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﻣﻄﻠﻘﺔ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻌﺼـﻴﺔ ﻣﺘﻌﺒـﺪﻭﻥ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ـﺎﺱ‬‫ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﻗ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ـﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٦(‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ﻳ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ.‬ ‫٧٣ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٢٣٣ (‬ ‫٨٣ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٤٦٥ ﻭ٢٤٦٥( -ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻂ : ﻧﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻂ ﺭﻗﻴﻖ ﻛﺎﻟﻘﻄﻴﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫٩٣ - ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ) ٤٠٨١ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ) ٠٦٠٣( ﻭﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﻷﺳﺘﺎﺭ - )٣ / ٤٥٣( )٩٢٩٢( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫٠٤ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ - ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٨١٤( ﺣﺴﻦ‬
  • ‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺑِﺎﷲِ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺘِـﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘﺒِـﻪ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ـﻠﻪِ،ﺍﻋﻤﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﻄﹶﺎﻋ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻟﹶﻰ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ِ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪  ‬ﺳ ِ ‪ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ‬‫ﻣﻌﺼ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻣ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺃﹶﻫﻠﻜﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻘﻮ‪‬ﻯ،ﻭﻋﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓﹶـﺮﺽ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ـﺎﻫﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ُ  ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹼ ﹾ ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱢﻤ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﻨ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻫﻢ ِﺑﻄﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﷲ ِﻟ‪‬ﻨﻘ ﹸﻭﻫﻢ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺟﻬ‪‬ﻨﻢ‪،‬ﺍﻟﺘِﻲ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ﻜ ﹸ ‪‬ﻗ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺮ ‪ ِ ِ   ‬ﺘ ِﺬ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮﺓِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳊﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﹸ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻼﻅ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﹶﺃﺷ ‪‬ﺍﺀ َﻋﻠﹶـﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ـﺎِﻟ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﻔ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﺓ ‪ ‬ﻘ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹶ ﹲ ‪ ِ  ‬ﻨ ِﺪ ُ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫١٤‬ ‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ِﺑﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ِﺑﻪ .‬ ‫‪ِ  ٍ    ‬ﺭ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ    ‬‬‫ﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ ﺍﳌﻐﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺘﻪ ﻭﻗﻮﺗﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ : ﺇ‪‬ـﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫»ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ« ﻓﻘﺮﺭ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﻄﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻌﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ. ﻓﻬﻢ ﺇﺫﻥ ﻣﺰﻭﺩﻭﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻘﺪﺭﻭﻥ ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛـﻞ ﻣـﺎ‬‫ﻳﻜﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺇﻳﺎﻩ. ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻛﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻘﺮ،ﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﺰﻭﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠـﻪ ﺳـﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﺓ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻤﺔ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻓﻼ ﳎﺎﻝ ﻟﻘﻬﺮﻫﻢ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻐﺎﻟﺒﺘﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٢٤‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻀﻌﻮﻓﲔ!‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻭﻥ ﷲ ﺑﺎﻷﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﺪﺍﻧﻴﺔ : ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﹼ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ‬‫ﻫﻮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﹸﺃﻭﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻗﹶﺂِﺋﻤﺎ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﺴﻂ ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﻫﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰِﻳﺰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜِﻴﻢ{ )٨١( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ ﺁﻝ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻟ ِ ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪     ‬‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ.‬‫ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺍﳌﺘﻔﺮﺩ ﺑﺎﻹﳍﻴﺔ، ﻭﻗﺮﻥ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﺑﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ، ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺟﻞ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﱢ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﺗﻮﺣﻴﺪﻩ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻭﻗﻴﺎﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺪﻝ، ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﺰ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﳝﺘﻨﻊ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺷـﻲﺀ‬ ‫٣٤‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺍﺩﻩ، ﺍﳊﻜﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ.‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﻬﻢ ﷲ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﺴﻬﻢ ﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﻭﻟﹶـﻪ‬‫‪ ‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕِ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺤﺴِـ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٩١(‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ِ    ِ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ ‪    ِ  ِ  ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٠٢( ]ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ : ٠٢،٩١[ {‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺤ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬ ‫١٤ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٣١١٥(‬ ‫٢٤ - ﰱ ﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٦ / ٨٥٧٣(‬ ‫٣٤ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )١ / ٧١٣(‬
  • ‫ﻭﷲ ﺟﻤِﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺨ‪‬ﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽِ،ﺧﻠﹾﻘﺎ ﻭﻣﻠﹾﻜـﺎ ﻭﺗ‪‬ـﺪﺑِﲑﹰﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻓﺎﹰ،ﻭﺇﺣﻴﺎﺀ‬‫ً‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﹰ ‪ً  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺴ‪‬ﺎﺑﺎ . . . ‪‬ﻭﻥﹶ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻷﺣﺪ ﰲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺷ‪‬ﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻄﹶﺎﻥ .‬ ‫ﺩ ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ٌ ‬ﹾ ٍ‬ ‫ِ ﹰ‬‫ﹶﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ : ِﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔﹶ،ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺷﺮﻓﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰﹸﻟ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬِﻢ،ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻌﻈ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺗ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻭﻻ‬‫ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻤ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻪ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫٤٤‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﻜﱡﻮﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﻮﻥﹶ،ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﻮﻗﻔﹰﻮﻥ .‬ ‫ِﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺒ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣﻜﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻋِـﻞ ﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫ﹲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺧﻠِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺃﹶ‪‬ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﻔﻚ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﺤﻤ‪‬ـﺪﻙ‬‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫َ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹰ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺪﺱ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ { )٠٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ.‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﺼﻼﺓ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻱ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﺻﻔﻮﻓﺎ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺣﺎﻛﻴﺎ ﻗﻮﳍﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﹸﻮﻡ )٤٦١( ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨﺤﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﱡﻮﻥ )٥٦١( ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﹶـ‪‬ﻨﺤﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫‪  ‬ﺤ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻧ‬ ‫‪‬ﻧ ‪  ‬ﺼﻓ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﻨ ﻟ ‪    ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫)٦٦١( ]ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﺎﺕ : ٤٦١ - ٦٦١[.‬‫ﻭِﺇﻥ ِﻟﻜﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﻭﺯﻫ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِـﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻻ‪‬ﻧِﺘﻬ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ـﺮ ﺍﷲِ،ﺧ ‪‬ـﻮﻋﺎ‬‫‪‬ﻀ ﹰ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ﹸ ﱟ ِﻨ ‪  ‬ﹰ ﹶ‬‫ِﻟﻌﻈﻤِﺘﻪِ،ﻭﺧ ‪‬ﻮﻋﺎ ِﻟﻬ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒِﺘﻪ .ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨﻘﻒ ﺻ ﹸﻮﻓﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﺯﻝ ﺍﻟﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍﻣ‪‬ﺎﺕِ،ِﻟﻜﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹸ ﱟ ِﻨ‬ ‫ِ ﻄ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺸ ﹰ ‪  ِ ‬ﻧ ِ ‪ ‬ﻔ ﹰ‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰِﹶﻟﺔ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ ‪‬ﺍﻫ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻣﺮ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺨ ﱠﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹲ ﹶ ‪‬ﺪ ‪   ‬ﹲ ﹶ ‪‬ﻄ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﺣﺬ‪‬ﻳﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﻓﻀﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ِﺑﹶﺜﻼﺙ ﺟﻌﻠﹶـﺖ ‪‬ـ ﹸﻮﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﻨ ِ ﹶ ٍ ‪  ِ‬ﺻ ﻔ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻛﺼ ﹸﻮﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺟﻌﻠﺖ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻛﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺟﻌﻠﺖ ﺗ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻃ ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻟﹶـﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻬ‬ ‫َ ‪  ‬ﹸﱡ ‪ِ   ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻔ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻧﺠﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ «. ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﺧﺼﻠﺔ ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ. ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ (٥٤ .‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ِ ِ َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪‬‬‫ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨﻘﻒ ﺻ ﹸﻮﻓﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻤﺠﺪ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﻨﺰﻫﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻘﹶﺎِﺋﺺِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺤﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﻴـﺪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺏ ‪   ‬ﻩ ‪ِ     ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﻔ ﹰ‬ ‫٦٤‬ ‫ﹶﻟ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﺧ‪‬ﺎﺿ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻷﻣﺮﻩ .‬ ‫ِﻌ ﹶ َ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻪ ﹸﹶ ُ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺳﻤﺮ‪‬ﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِﻰ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﹸـﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﺍﻓﻌِـﻰ‬ ‫ﻛ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻜﻢ ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺫﻧ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﺷﻤﺲ ﺍﺳﻜ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺁﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﻠﻘﹰـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ٍ   ٍ  ‬ﹸﻨ‬‫ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِﻰ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﻛﻢ ﻋﺰِﻳﻦ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻻ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ـ ﱡﻮﻥ ﻛﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ـﻒ‬‫ﺼ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﺼ ﻔ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫٤٤ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٢٥٤٢(‬ ‫٥٤ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٩١١(‬ ‫٦٤ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ١٣٨٣(‬
  • ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ «. ﻓﻘﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﺗ‪‬ﺼﻒ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ‪‬ﻳِﺘ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹸﻮﻑ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ «٧٤.‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻔ ‪  ُ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺻ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻤﺮﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﻤﻮﺭ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻫﻮ ﳛﻜﻲ ﺭﺣﻠـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺮﺍﺝ : )ﺭﻓﻊ ِﻟﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻓﺴﺄﹾﻟﺖ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ـﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ـﻮﺭ‬‫‪  ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫‪     ِ ‬ﻤ ﺭ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٨٤‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻰ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚٍ،ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ(‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﺩ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ ِ ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ : ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺫﺭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇ‪‬ـﻰ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻃﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣﻮﺿِـﻊ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪   ُ ‬‬‫ﺃﹶﺭ‪‬ﺑﻊ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ِﺇﻻ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﻊ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ِﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻀﺤﻜ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﻠِﻴﻼ ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﻜ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻢ‬‫ﹶ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ     ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻠﺬﺫ‪‬ﺗﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺮﺵ ﻭﹶﻟﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺄ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ «٩٤.‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪    ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﱠﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺧﺸﻴﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﻟﺮ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺇﺷﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﻳ‪‬ـﺪِﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻔ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﱠﺎ ِﻟﻤﻦ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻭ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺸ‪‬ﻴِﺘﻪ ﻣﺸﻔ ﹸﻮﻥ { )٨٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ.‬ ‫‪‬ﻫ ‪ِ   ِ    ‬ﻘ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶﻌ ﹶ ﻟ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻳﻨﻔﺬﻭﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﻗ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫===============‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫٧٤ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٩٩ (‬‫ﺍﳊﻠﻖ : ﲨﻊ ﺣﻠﻘﺔ -ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ : ﲨﻊ ﴰﻮﺱ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻔﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱴ ﻻ ﺗﺴﺘﻘﺮ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺴﻜﻦ ﻟﺸﻐﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﺪ‪‬ﺎ -ﺍﻟﻌﺰﻳﻦ : ﲨﻊ ﻋـﺰﺓ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﳊﻠﻘﺔ ﺍ‪‬ﺘﻤﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫٨٤ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٠٢٣ (‬ ‫٩٤ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٨٤٢ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬‫ﺃﻃﺖ : ﺍﻷﻃﻴﻂ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻞ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻘﻞ ﺃﲪﺎﳍﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ -ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪﺍﺕ : ﲨﻊ ﺻﻌﺪ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻗـﺎﺕ -‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻀﺪ : ﺗﻘﻄﻊ‬
  • ‫ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﱰﻟﺔ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ،ﻭﳍﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺯﻝ ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺗـﺔ. ﻗـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﹸﻮﻡ { ]ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﺎﺕ:٤٦١[ .‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﻨ ﻟ ‪    ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ: ﻭﻣﺎ ﻣﻨﺎ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺇﻻ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ، ﻭﺇﻧﺎ ﻟﻨﺤﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻔﻮﻥ ﺻـﻔﻮﻓﹰﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٠٥‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻃﺎﻋﺘﻪ، ﻭﺇﻧﺎ ﻟﻨﺤﻦ ﺍﳌ ﱢﻫﻮﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻠﻴﻖ ﺑﻪ.‬ ‫ﱰ‬‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻌ‪‬ﺎﺫ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺭﻓﹶﺎﻋﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺍﻓﻊ ﺍﻟﺰﺭﻗﻰ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻴﻪ - ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺑ‪‬ـﺪﺭ -‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ٍ ‪  ِ    ِ ‬ﹶ ﺑ ‪ٍ  ِ   ِ ‬‬‫- ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻌ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ‪‬ﺑﺪﺭ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻣِـﻦ ﹶﺃﻓﻀ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫‪‬ﺪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ َ ِ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ - ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ‪‬ﻧﺤﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺪ ‪‬ﺑﺪﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ « ١٥.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ِ   ِ    ‬ﹶ ﹶِ‬ ‫‪   ِ ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻭﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻭﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬ ‫١- ﻣﻘﺎﻡ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﺍﺻﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻓﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺃﻣﻴﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺣﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻔﲑﹰﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎﺋـﻪ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭﻭﺻﻔﻪ ﺑﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﱂ ﻳﺼﻒ ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ .‬‫* ﻓﺴﻤﺎﻩ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻗﻞ ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺱ ﻣِﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﹶﺜ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﹸ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪       ِ ‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﻫﺪ‪‬ﻯ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ{ ]ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ:٢٠١[.‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ‪    ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬‫* ﻛﻤﺎ ﺷﺮﻓﻪ ﻓﺨﺼﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭﻗﺪﻣﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺻﻐﺖ ﻗﹸﻮ‪‬ﺑﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻈﹶﺎﻫﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﻟﹶﺎﻩ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ‬‫ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹸﻠ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ِ       ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹾ ﺘ‬ ‫ﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻇﻬﲑ{ ]ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ:٤[.‬ ‫‪   ِ   ‬ﹶﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫* ﻭﻣﺪﺣﻪ ﺑﺴﺖ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻪ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ - ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺳ ٍ‬‫ﻛﺮﱘ)٩١(ﺫِﻱ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺫِﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻣﻜﲔ)٠٢(ﻣﻄﹶﺎﻉ ﹶﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﻣِـﲔ)١٢({ ]ﺍﻟﺘﻜـﻮﻳﺮ:٩١-‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪ٍ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ِ ٍ‬‬ ‫ﹶِ ٍ‬ ‫١٢[.‬‫‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ِﺑﺠﻤِﻴﻊ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻛﻢ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ   ِ     ِ ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹾ ‪ُ ‬‬‫ِﺑﻜﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔﹰ،ﻭﻻ ﺍﻓِﺘﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﷲِ،ﻭ‪ِ‬ﺇ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻗﻮﻝ ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ﻭﺣ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺑ‪‬ﻪ ِﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳـﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻴـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻧ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶِ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹶ ﹾ ٍ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ . ﻭﻭﺻﻒ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻛﺮ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻱ ﻋﺰِﻳﺰ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ .‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹲ ﹶ ِﱘ ‪ِ     ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪    ‬‬ ‫٠٥ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٨ / ٤٥١(‬ ‫١٥ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٩٩٣ (‬
  • ‫ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ‪ ‬ﹸﻭ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﳊﻔﻆ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ـﺪ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﺫ ﹸ ‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳋﻄﺈ ﻭﻫﻮ ﹸﻭ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰﹶﻟﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﹶﺃﻱ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫ِ ‪    ِ  ‬ﹲ ِ ‪   ِ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪   ‬ﺫ ٍ ‪ ِ ٍ ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰﹶﻟﺔ ﺭﻓِﻴﻌﺔ . ‪‬ﺗﻄِﻴﻌﻪ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺼﺪ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺮﺟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭﹾﺃِﻳﻪِ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﻣِـﲔ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﺭ ﹶ ‪ِ   ِ   ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﹲ‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻼﻍ ﻭ‪‬ﺣﻲ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻻِﺗﻪِ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﻋﺼﻤﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻩ ِﺑﻪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﹶﻟﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳋﻄﺈ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ِ   ِ    ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِ  ِ ُ     ‬‬ ‫٢٥‬ ‫.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ: } ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻛﺮﱘ { ﻳﻌﲏ: ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺬﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺳ ٍ ﹶ ِ ٍ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻟﺘﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﻛﺮﱘ، ﺃﻱ: ﻣﻠﻚ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ، ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﳌﻨﻈﺮ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ، ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ. ﻗﺎﻟﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ، ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻌﱯ، ﻭﻣﻴﻤﻮﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻣﻬ‪‬ﺮﺍﻥ، ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻦ، ﻭﻗﺘﺎﺩﺓ، ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺑﻴﻊ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺑﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ، ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ.‬‫} ﺫِﻱ ﻗﻮﺓ { ﻛﻘﻮﻟﻪ } ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮ‪‬ﻯ ﹸﻭ ﻣﺮﺓ ]ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﻮ‪‬ﻯ[ )٥( { ]ﺍﻟـﻨﺠﻢ: ٥، ٦[،‬ ‫‪‬ﱠ ‪    ‬ﹸ ﺫ ِ ‪ ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ٍ‬‬‫ﺃﻱ: ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﳋﻠﹾﻖ، ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻄﺶ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ، } ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺫِﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻣﻜﲔ { ﺃﻱ: ﻟﻪ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺔ ﻋﻨـﺪ‬ ‫‪ٍ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻭﻣﱰﻟﺔ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﺔ.‬ ‫} ﻣﻄﹶﺎﻉ ﹶﺛﻢ { ﺃﻱ: ﻟﻪ ﻭﺟﺎﻫﺔ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺴﻤﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻣﻄﺎﻉ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻸ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ.‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﺘﺎﺩﺓ: } ﻣﻄﹶﺎﻉ ﹶﺛﻢ { ﺃﻱ: ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﺍﺕ، ﻳﻌﲏ: ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﻨﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ، ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺷﺮﺍﻑ، ‪‬ﻌﺘ‪‬ﲎ ﺑﻪ، ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺐ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ.‬ ‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ: } ﹶﺃﻣﲔ { ﺻﻔﺔ ﳉﱪﻳﻞ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺎﻧﺔ، ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﺟﺪﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻳﺰﻛﻲ ﻋﺒـﺪﻩ‬ ‫ِ ٍ‬‫ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻠﻜﻲ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺯﻛﻰ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ ﳏﻤـﺪﺍ ﺑﻘﻮﻟـﻪ: } ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٣٥‬ ‫ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣ‪‬ﺒﻜﻢ ِﺑﻤﺠ‪‬ﻮﻥ {‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﻨ ٍ‬ ‫٢- ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ - ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﻗﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻣﻊ ﺟﱪﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﻭﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺩﻋﺎﺋﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺘﺎﺣﻪ ﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ‬‫ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻮﻑ : ﺳﺄﹾﻟﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ِﺑﺄﻯ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ -‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ٍ   ِ ِ    ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ِ‬‫- ‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘِﺘﺢ ﺻﻼ‪‬ﺗﻪ‪ِ ‬ﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﺍﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﺻﻼ‪‬ﺗﻪ » ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﺏ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫٢٥ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٦٩٦٥(‬ ‫٣٥ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ - )٨ / ٨٣٣(‬
  • ‫ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ ﻭﺇِﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻴﻞ ﻓﹶﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺸﻬ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ‪‬ﺗﺤ ﹸـﻢ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ   ِ   ِ  َ ِ   ‬ﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻙ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻫﺪﻧِﻰ ِﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺧ‪‬ﺘﻠﻒ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ِﺑﺈﺫِﻧﻚ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﻬﺪِﻯ ﻣﻦ‬‫‪ِ    ِ ِ  ِ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬‬ ‫ﻧ ِ ‪ِ ‬ﻔ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺻﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻴﻢ «٤٥.‬ ‫ِ ٍ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ُ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻧﺎﺻﺐ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺍﺀ ﳉﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﺩﻋﻮﺍ ﻣﻮﺍﻻﺓ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻣﻌﻠﻠـﲔ ﻋـﺪﺍﻭ‪‬ﻢ‬‫ﳉﱪﻳﻞ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻳﺄﰐ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺪﺓ ﻭﺳﻔﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻣﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪ٍ ‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺳﻼﻡ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔﹶ،ﻓﺄﺗ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻠﻚ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺛﻼﺙ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻬﻦ‬‫ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ﻩ ﹶ ﹶ ﻧ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬‫ِﺇﻻ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ ‪ }،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ { ﹶﺃﻭﻝﹸ ﹶﺃﺷﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﻃﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻪ‪ ‬ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻯ ﺷ‪‬ـﻰﺀ‬‫‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﺴ ‪   ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ٍ ﹾ ﹸﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ﻰ‬‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﹶﻟﺪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺑِﻴﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻯ ﺷﻰﺀ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻉ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺧﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻟﻪ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧِﻰ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ٍ    ِ‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬‫ِﺑﻬﻦ ﺁِﻧﻔﹰﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ « . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺫﹶﺍﻙ ﻋﺪﻭ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ِ ‪    ‬ﻬ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹸ‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬‫- - » ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﹶﺃﺷﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎﺭ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺸﺮ‪ ‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺸﺮﻕ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻐﺮﺏ . ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ‬ﻣ‬ ‫ﻣ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻨ ‪ِ ِ    ِ ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﻃﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﺰﻳ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﻛِﺒﺪ ‪‬ﻮﺕ . ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﹶﻟﺪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻏﺸﻰ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶِ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ٍ ﹾ ﹸﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ِ ﺣ ٍ ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﹶﺃﺓﹶ ﻓﺴ‪‬ﺒﻘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺅﻩ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﹶﻟ ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺅﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ « . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ـﻬﺪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ـﻚ‬‫‪ ‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻪ ‪   ‬‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ . ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻗﻮﻡ ‪‬ﺑﻬ ‪ِ،‬ﺇﻥ ﻋﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ِﺑﺈﺳﻼﻣِﻰ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺴﺄﹶﻟﻬﻢ‬‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﱠ ِ ﱠ ﻬ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺖ ﹾ ‪ِ‬ﻤ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﻮﻧِﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻙ‪،‬ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻭﺩﺧﻞ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪ ‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ - - » ﹶﺃﻯ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ َ ِ ﻬ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺳﻼﻡ « . ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻤﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻤﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ . ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﱠِ ‪  ‬ﹶٍ‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﹶﺃﻓﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﹶﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ « . ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﺎﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ . ﻓﺨ‪‬ـﺮﺝ‬‫ﹶ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠ ‪،‬ﻭﹶﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺷ‪‬ـﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠﻪ ‪    ‬ﱠ ‪    ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺷﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ . ﻭﻭﻗ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪ٥٥ .‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶﻌ‬‫ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﲢﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﻛـﻞ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻄﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﲢﻴﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻷﺑﺪﺍﻥ،ﻭﺑﻌﻤﻠﻬﻤﺎ ﺗﺘﻜﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﳌﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﳍﻴﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫٦٥‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ".‬ ‫٤٥ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٤٨١ (‬ ‫٥٥ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٢٣٣ (‬ ‫٦٥ - ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )١ / ٢٤١( ﻭﳌﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺪﺓ ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺇﻏﺎﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ ﻻﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻢ : ٢/٧٢١-٨٢١ .‬
  • ‫٣- ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﰲ ﺩﻋﺎﺋﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻭﻗﺮﻧﻪ ﲜﱪﻳﻞ ﻭﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺮ‬‫ﺃﻧﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﻔﺦ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﺎﻓﻆ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ :- ﺍﺷﺘﻬﺮ ﺃﻥ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ‬ ‫٧٥‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻧﻘﻞ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳊﻠﻴﻤﻲ ﺍﻹﲨﺎﻉ.‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ ﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻟﹾـ‪‬ﺘﻘﻢ‬‫ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻹﺫﻥ ﻣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ «. ﻓﻜﺄﹶﻥ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹶﺛﻘﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ِ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫- ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ » ﹸﻮﹸﻮﺍ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭِﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﻛِﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻛﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ «٨٥.‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻗ ﻟ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪     ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠﹾ‬ ‫٤- ﲪﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ :‬‫ﻋﺮﺵ ﺍﷲ ﳐﻠﻮﻕ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻳﻠﻴﻖ ﺑﻌﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻓﺈﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻮﱠﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻘﻞ ﺣﺴﺒِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ‬ ‫ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻋ‪‬ﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻛﻠﺖ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺭﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻈِﻴﻢ)٩٢١({ ]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ:٩٢١[.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠﹾ ‪ِ  ِ        ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﲝﻤﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻳﺴﺒﺤﻮﻥ ﲝﻤﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ـﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪          ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ِ    ِ  ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﻨ‬‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪ ‬ﻮﺍ ﺳ‪‬ـﺒِﻴﻠﻚ ﻭﻗﻬِـﻢ ﻋ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍﺏ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫‪   ِ  ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪    ٍ  ‬ﹰ ‪ِ ‬ﹾ ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﺑ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺤِﻴﻢ{ )٧( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻏﺎﻓﺮ.‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﲪﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ }ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤِـﻞ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺵ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣِﺌﺬ ﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ { )٧١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳊﺎﻗﺔ .‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﹲ‬‫ﻭﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ - ﻋﻈﹶﻢ ﺧﻠﻖ ﲪﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ. ﻓﻌﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ - -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﱠِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹸﺃﺫﻥ ﻟِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ِﺇﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺷ‪‬ـﺤﻤﺔ‬‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﹶ‬ ‫ﹸﺃﺫﹸِﻧﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻘﻪ ﻣﺴﲑﺓ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻌﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻡ «٩٥.‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ٍ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫٥- ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ :‬ ‫٧٥ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ﻻﺑﻦ ﺣﺠﺮ - )١١ / ٨٦٣(‬ ‫٨٥ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨١٦٢ ( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ.‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ‬ ‫٩٥ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ - ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٢٧٤ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫ﷲ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﻳﺸﻴﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﲰﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟـﺎﺀ ﰲ‬‫ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺯﺏ ﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺭ: "… ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺨﺮﺝ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻛﺄﻃ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﺭِﻳﺢ ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ـﺮﺝ ﺑِـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶﹶ ﹾ ِ ٍ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺄ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺟ‪‬ﻨﺪ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ِﺇﻻ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶـﺎﻝ :‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾﺗ ﹶ ‪ ِ  َ ِ   ٍ  ‬ﱠ ﻟ‬‫ﻓﻼ ﹲ،ِﺑﺄﺣﺴﻦ ﹶﺃﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪ ‬ﻮﺍ ِﺑﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﻴﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ     ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶﻥ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﺘ ﻬ ِ‬‫ﻣﻘﺮ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﻰ ﺑِﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﺍﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﲔ }ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﻙ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹾ ﺒ ِ ‪ِ ‬ﱢ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺑ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻣﺮﹸﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻘﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ{ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﲔ"٠٦ .‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﱢﻴ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﻗ ‪      ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺑ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ِ  ِ ‬ﱢ ‪‬‬ ‫٠٦ - ﻣﺴﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺎﻟﺴﻲ - )٢ / ٤١١( )٩٨٧( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫@@@‪@ @ sÛbrÛa@szj½a‬‬ ‫‪@ òØöý½a@ÞbàÇc‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ‪‬ﻴﻢ : " ﺩ‪‬ﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺻﻨ‪‬ﺎﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﻛﻠﹶـﺔ ِﺑﺄﺻ‪‬ـﻨ‪‬ﺎﻑ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﹲ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺨﹸﻮﻗﹶﺎﺕ ، ﻭﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠـﻞ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻛ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻛ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ِ ‪    ‬ﻛ‬‫ﺑِﺎﻟﺮﺣﻢ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗﺪﺑ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻄﻔﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳِﺘﻢ ﺧﻠﻘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ، ﹸﺛﻢ ﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ـﺪ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ِﻟﺤﻔﻈِـﻪ ،‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ِ ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪    ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﺘ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹸ‬‫ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﻟﺤﻔﻆ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤ‪‬ﻠﻪ ﻭِﺇﺣﺼ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻪ ﻭﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑِﺘﻪ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ ‪‬ـﺆ‪‬ﺍﻝ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ِ ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ ِ  ِ   ‬ﻛ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻛ ﺴ‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﻷﻓﻼﻙ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺮ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻤﺮ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ،‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻛ َْ ﹾ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻛ‬‫ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﺇِﻳﻘﹶﺎﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌﺬِﻳﺐ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺗﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻭﻭ ﱠﻞ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ـﺔ . ﻭﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺗﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ِ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻛ ﻨ ِ ‪   ِ  ِ ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻛ‬‫ﻭﻏﺮ‪‬ﺍﺳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋﻤ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﹶﻋﻈﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻟﹶﻰ ، ﻭﻣِـ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ : }‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹰ‬ ‫‪ِ َْ   ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﺳﻼﺕ ﻋﺮﻓﹰﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻟﹾﻌ‪‬ﺎﺻﻔﹶﺎﺕ ﻋﺼﻔﹰﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺷﺮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﻧﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺭﻗﹶﺎﺕ ﻓﺮﻗﹰﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﻠﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺫﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍ {‬ ‫ِ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ِ ﹾ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﻨ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫)ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻼﺕ / ١ - ٥ ( ،ﻭﻣِـ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ : } ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺯﻋ‪‬ـﺎﺕ ﻏﺮﻗﹰـﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺷِـﻄﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻧﺸ‪‬ـﻄﹰﺎ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﻨِ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺤ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻘﹶﺎﺕ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻘﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﺪ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ { ) ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﻋـﺎﺕ / ١ - ٥ ( ،‬ ‫ﺴ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺴ‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ : } ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﱠﺎﺕ ﺻ ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺍﺟﺮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺯﺟﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﻟ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺫﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍ { )ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﺎﺕ / ١ -‬ ‫ﺼ ﻓ ِ ‪‬ﻔ ﺰ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﺘ ِ ِ ﹾ‬ ‫‪  ِ‬‬ ‫٣(.‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ : ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺬﹶﺍﺏ ، ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻭﻛﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﺤﻤ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ، ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ‬‫‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹲ‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹲ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱢﻠ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﺪ ﻭﻛﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﺴﺒِﻴﺢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻘﺪِﻳﺲ ، ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻣِـﻦ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ـﻨ‪‬ﺎﻑ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶِﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱢﻠ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺼِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ .‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ‬‫ﻭﹶﻟﻔﻆ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺭ‪ ‬ﻮﻝ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻔﺬ ﻷﻣﺮ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ ، ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺷﻲﺀ ، ﺑ‪‬ﻞ ﺍﻷﻣ‪‬ـﺮ‬‫َْ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹲ ‪ ‬ﱢ ﹲ َِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ﹶﹶ ‪ٌ   ِ  َْ  ِ   ‬‬‫ﻛﻠﻪ ِﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪِ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ ‪‬ﺎﺭ ، ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻔ ﹸﻭﻥ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩ } ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴِﺒ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟﹾﻘﻮ‪‬ﻝ ﻭﻫﻢ ِﺑﺄﻣﺮﻩ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﹸﱡ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ﹶﻬ ِ ‪   ‬ﱢﺬ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻘ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻔ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﻻ ِﻟﻤﻦ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺸ‪‬ﻴِﺘﻪ ﻣﺸ‪‬ـﻔ ﹸﻮﻥ { )‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ    ِ   ‬ﻘ ﹶ‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻌ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ / ٧٢ ، ٨٢ ( ، } ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺎﹸﻮﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ { )ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻓ ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ / ٠٥ ( ، } ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ { ) ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ / ٦‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫(.‬
  • ‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇﻻ ِﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ ، ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻔﻌ‪‬ﻞ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ ِﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ِﺇﺫِﻧﻪ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﺰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ِ‬‫ﻭﺭﺅﺳ‪‬ﺎﺅﻫﻢ ﺍﻷﻣﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻼﺙ : ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ، ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ ، ﻭِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻴﻞ ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﺑ‪‬ـﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺪ‬‫ﺑ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  َْ      ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻮﻑ: ﺳﺄﹾﻟﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ِﺑﺄﻯ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳﻔﺘ‪‬ـِﺘﺢ‬‫ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ   ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ِ‬‫ﺻﻼ‪‬ﺗﻪ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﺍﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﺻﻼ‪‬ﺗﻪ » ﺍﻟﻠ ‪‬ـﻢ ﺭﺏ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴـﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠﻬ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ ﻭِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻴﻞ ﻓﹶﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺸﻬ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ‪‬ﺗﺤ ﹸـﻢ ﺑ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ   ِ   ِ  َ ِ   ‬ﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻙ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻫﺪﻧِﻰ ِﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺧ‪‬ﺘﻠﻒ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ِﺑﺈﺫِﻧﻚ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﻬﺪﻯ ﻣ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ    ِ ِ  ِ‬ﹾ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﻧ ِ ‪ِ ‬ﻔ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺻﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻴﻢ «١٦.‬ ‫ِ ٍ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻮ ‪‬ﻞ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻪ‪ِ ‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﻮِﺑ‪‬ﻴِﺘﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺎﺻﺔ ِﻟﻬﺆﻻﺀِ ﺍﻷﻣﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻼﹶﺛﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﻛﻠﲔ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ .‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﹶ َْ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﱠِ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻣﻮﻛﻞ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ِﺑﻪ ﺣﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹸﻮﺏ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﺡ ، ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ ﻭ ﱢﻞ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﻄﺮ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﺑﻪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻛ ﹶ ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹸﻠ ِ ‪ ِ  َْ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹲ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺣﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹾﺤ‪‬ﻴﻮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ، ﻭِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻴﻞ ﻣﻮﻛﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ِﺑﻪ ﺣﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ﹲ ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ َْ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٢٦‬ ‫‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻤ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻬﻢ .‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻳﻮﺿﺢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺎﺱ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ٍ  ِ ِ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ِﻟﺠ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ » ﹶﺃﻻ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻭﺭﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻛﹶﺜﺮ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻭﺭﻧ‪‬ﺎ « ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺰﹶﻟﺖ }ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺑِـﺄﻣﺮ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹸ ﻟ ﹶ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﺰ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﻤ ﺰ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﹶﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ‪‬ـﻚ ‪‬ﻧﺴِـ‪‬ﺎ{ )٤٦( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻣﺮﱘ.٣٦.‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺄﰐ :‬ ‫١- ﺇﻋﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮﺍﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ :‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻊ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﻳﻌﻤﺮﻭ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﺠﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ. ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ :- " ..ﻓﺮﻓﻊ ِﻟﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻓﺴﺄﹾﻟﺖ‬‫ﹶ ‪     ِ‬ﻤ ﺭ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫١٦ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٤٨١(‬ ‫٢٦ - ﺇﻏﺎﺛﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ ٢ / ١٢١ - ٢٢١ .‬ ‫٣٦ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨١٢٣ (‬
  • ‫ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻳﺼﱢﻲ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚٍ،ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻟﹶـﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻤ ﺭ ‪‬ﻠ ِ ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٤٦‬ ‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ .."‬ ‫ﻌ ﺩ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺫﺭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻃﺖ ﻭﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﹶﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻊ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿِـﻊ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻬﺘ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ َ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ِﻟﻠﻪ. ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻀﺤﻜ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﻠِﻴﻼ ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﻜ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ﻢ ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻠﺬﺫ‪‬ﺗﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ﱠ ِ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺮﺷ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭﹶﻟﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺄ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ «. ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮﺩﺩﺕ ﹶﺃ‪‬ـﻰ ﻛﻨ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠِ ‪   ِ ‬ﻧ‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‪    ِ ‬‬ ‫٥٦‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺮﺓ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻀﺪ.‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹰ ‪  ‬‬ ‫٢- ﺗﺪﺑﲑ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ :} ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺯﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻏﺮﻗﹰﺎ )١( ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺷﻄﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻧﺸ‪‬ـﻄﹰﺎ )٢( ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﺎِﺑﺤ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ )٣(‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﻨ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻨ ِ ِ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﻓﹶﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻘﹶﺎﺕ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻘﹰﺎ )٤( ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﺪ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ )٥( { ]ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﻋﺎﺕ : ١ - ٥[‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺴ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ﻏﺮ‪‬ﻗﺎ ﺍﺳﻢ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻏﺮﻕ،ﻭﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺇﻏﺮﺍﻗﺎ. ﻭﺍﻹﻏـﺮﺍﻕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸـﻲﺀ،ﺍﳌﺒﺎﻟﻐﺔ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹰ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ ‪‬ﺎﻳﺘﻪ،ﻳﻘﺎﻝ : ﺃﻏﺮﻕ ﻓﻼﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ،ﺇﺫﺍ ﺃﻭﻏﻞ ﻓﻴﻪ،ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ﻧﺰﻉ ﻓـﻼﻥ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺱ ﻓﺄﻏﺮﻕ،ﺃﻯ : ﺑﻠﻎ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺪ ﺣﱴ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺼﻞ.‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﺪﺭﻳﺔ،ﻻﻟﺘﻘﺎﺋﻪ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ،ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻸﻟﻔﺎﻅ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ،ﻭﻫﻲ : » ﻧﺸﻄﺎ « ﻭ» ﺳﺒﺤﺎ « ﻭ» ﺳﺒﻘﺎ «.‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻌﲎ : ﻭﺣﻖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﱰﻋﻮﻥ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﺴـﺎﺩﻫﻢ،ﻧﺰﻋﺎ ﺷـﺪﻳﺪﺍ،ﻳﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻳﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻠﻈﺔ.‬‫ﻭﻳﺸﲑ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﰲ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩﺓ،ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - : ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﺗ‪‬ﺮﻯ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﻰ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﺍ،ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﻀﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺩ‪‬ﺑﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭ ﹸﻭﹸﻮﺍ ﻋ‪‬ﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺮِﻳﻖ.‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪‬ﺟ ‪       ‬ﺫ ﻗ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬ﻓ‬ ‫٤٦ - ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٠٢٣( ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﻏﲑﳘﺎ ﻣﻄﻮﻻ ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ - )٥١ / ٧٥( ) ١٢٣١١(‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫٥٦ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٣٣٤ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬‫ﺃﻃﺖ : ﺍﻷﻃﻴﻂ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻞ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻘﻞ ﺃﲪﺎﳍﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ -ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪﺍﺕ : ﲨﻊ ﺻﻌﺪ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻗـﺎﺕ -‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻀﺪ : ﺗﻘﻄﻊ‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺷِﻄﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻧﺸ‪‬ﻄﺎ : ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ. ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺷـﻄﺎﺕ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ِ ﹰ‬ ‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺸﻂ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ،ﻭﺍﳋﻔﺔ ﰲ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﺸﻲﺀ،ﻭﻣﻨﻪ ﺍﻷﻧﺸﻮﻃﺔ،ﻟﻠﻌﻘﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺴـﻬﻞ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻬﺎ،ﻭﻳﻘﺎﻝ : ﻧﺸﻄﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﻟﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺌﺮ - ﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺿﺮﺏ - ﺇﺫﺍ ﻧﺰﻋﺘﻬﺎ ﺑﺴﺮﻋﺔ ﻭﺧﻔﺔ.‬‫ﺃﻯ : ﻭﺣﻖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﺸﻄﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﺴﺮﻋﻮﻥ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻋﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﲞﻔـﺔ‬‫ﻭﺳﻬﻮﻟﺔ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﳍﻢ - ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻜﺮﱘ - : ﻳﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻄﻤِﺌ‪‬ﻨﺔ. ﺍﺭﺟﻌِﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹾ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺇِﱃ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﺭﺍﺿ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻣﺮﺿ‪‬ﻴﺔ.‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹰ ‪ ِ ‬ﹰ‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - : ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺑِﺤﺎﺕ ﺳﺒ‪‬ﺤﺎ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺛﺎﻟﺚ ﺑﻄﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺛﺎﻟﺜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻮﺍﺋﻒ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ‬ ‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗﺴ ـﺒﺢ ﰲ ﻫ ـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜ ـﻮﻥ،ﺃﻯ : ﺗﻨﻄﻠ ـﻖ ﺑﺴ ـﺮﻋﺔ ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴ ـﺬ ﺃﻣ ـﺮ ﺍﻟﻠ ـﻪ - ﺗﻌ ـﺎﱃ -‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ ـ ﹼـ‬ ‫ـ ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫ـ‬ ‫،ﻭﻟﺘﺴﺒﻴﺤﻪ،ﻭﲢﻤﻴﺪﻩ،ﻭﺗﻜﺒﲑﻩ،ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﺴﻪ.‬‫ﺃﻯ : ﻭﺣﻖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺴﺮﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﻘﻞ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻋﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺍ،ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻠﻔﻬﻢ‬ ‫- ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﺑﻪ،ﻭﻟﺘﺴﺒﻴﺤﻪ ﻭﺗﱰﻳﻬﻪ ﻋﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻧﻘﺺ ...‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - : ﻓﹶﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺑِﻘﺎﺕ ﺳﺒ‪‬ﻘﺎ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺭﺍﺑﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﺗﺴﺒﻖ ﻏﲑﻫـﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺴ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ‬‫ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ -،ﺇﺫ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻖ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻩ : ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺋﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﲑ ﻣﻌﻪ،ﻭﻳﺴـﺒﻘﻪ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻮﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﰲ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﲔ : ﹸﻭﻟِﺌﻚ ‪‬ﺴﺎﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﺃ ‪ ‬ﻳ ِﻋ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻴ‪‬ﺮﺍﺕ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻟﹶﻬﺎ ﺳﺎِﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ.‬ ‫ﻘ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﺪ‪‬ﺮﺍﺕ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺮﹰﺍ ﺍﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﺧﺎﻣﺴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻣﻦ ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻔﻬﻢ ﺗﺪﺑﲑ ﺷـﺄﻥ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑ ِ‬‫ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ،ﻭﺗﻨﻈﻴﻢ ﺃﺣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﺑﲑ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ،ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍ‪‬ﺎﺯ،ﻷﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺑﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮﻩ ﻭﺗﺪﺑﲑﻩ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ : ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﺍﳌﻬﻢ،ﻭﺗﻨﻮﻳﻨﻪ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻈﻴﻢ،ﻭﻧﺼﺒﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻔﻌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﻆ ﺍﳌﺪﺑﺮﺍﺕ.‬‫ﺃﻯ : ﻭﺣﻖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﺗﺒﻮﻥ ﺷﺌﻮﻥ ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ،ﻭﻳﻨﻈﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻣﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺮﻳﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻜﻠﻔﻬﻢ‬ ‫٦٦‬ ‫- ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ‪‬ﺎ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ)٤({ ]ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ:٤[.‬ ‫ِ ﹾ ِ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶﹸ ﺮ ‪‬‬‫٦٦ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ-ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥١ / ٣٦٢( ﻭ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﺝ ٤ ﺹ ٣٩٦ﻭ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﺝ ٥ ﺹ ٢٧٣ ﻭﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ - )٨١ / ٠٩٢(‬
  • ‫ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻳﱰﻟﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻋﺎﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺸﺮ ﺍﻷﻭﺍﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ .‬ ‫٣- ﺣﺮﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ :‬‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻮﻛﻠﺔ ﲝﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺣﺮﺍﺳﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﲔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬ ‫} ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻤﺴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺌﺖ ﺣﺮﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺷﻬﺒ‪‬ﺎ)٨({ ]ﺍﳉﻦ:٨[.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ َ   ‬ﹶ ‪       ِ   ‬‬ ‫٧٦‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻃﱯ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : "ﺃﻱ ﺣﻔﻈﺔ ﻳﻌﲏ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ".‬‫‪‬ﻳﺨِﺒﺮ‪ ‬ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺣﲔ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﻣﺤ ‪‬ﺪﹰﺍ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻻﹰ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥﹶ،ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ﻣﻦ‬‫‪ ِ‬ﹶ ُ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹸ‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻤ‬ ‫‪ُ ‬‬‫ﺍﳉﻦ ِﺇﺫ ﻣﻠﹶﺌﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺣﺮ‪‬ﺳﺎ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪﺍﹰ،ﻭﺣﻔﻈﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻤِﻴﻊ ﹶﺃﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻃﺮﺩﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﹸِ‪  ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ُ  ِ ِ‬ﹰ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻋﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﹶﺌﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺮﹸﻮﺍ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺷ‪‬ﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥِ،ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﻦ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻃﻠﹶﺒﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ِ‪ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ِ ‬ﻗ ‪  ِ ٍ   ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ُ  ‬‬ ‫‪ِِ ‬‬‫ﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ) ﹶﻟﻤﺴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ( ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺮﺕ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺗﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺬِﻟﻚ ﻓﻮﺟﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶـﺪ ﻣﻠﺌﹶـﺖ ﺣﺮ‪‬ﺳـﺎ‬‫‪   ِ ‬ﹰ‬ ‫‪ َ    ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫٨٦‬ ‫ﺷﺪِﻳﺪﺍﹰ،ﻭﺷ ‪‬ﺒﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺮﺳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﹸﻞ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﻧﺐٍ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪‬ﻨﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺳِﺘﺮ‪‬ﺍﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻊ .‬ ‫‪ِ ِ  ِ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻬ ﹰ ‪  ِ   ‬ﱢ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٤- ﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ :‬‫ﺃﺣﺎﻁ ﺍﷲ ﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﲟﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﳛﻔﻈﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺒﻠﻐﻮﺍ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺔ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﻓﻠﹶـﺎ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻏ‪‬ﻴِﺒﻪ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ‪‬ﺍ)٦٢( ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬ﺳ ٍ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﺭﺻﺪ‪‬ﺍ)٧٢(ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻌﻠﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﺎﺕ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺎﻁ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺣﺼ‪‬ـﻰ ﹸـﻞ ﺷ‪‬ـﻲﺀ‬‫‪ٍ‬‬ ‫ﻛ ﱠ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻐ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻋﺪﺩ‪‬ﺍ)٨٢({ ]ﺍﳉﻦ:٦٢-٨٢[ .ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }.. ﻓﺈ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫ﹶِﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﺭﺻﺪ‪‬ﺍ)٧٢( { ]ﺍﳉﻦ:٧٢[ " ﹶﺃﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺼﻪ ِﺑﻤﺰِﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪ ِ    ‬ﱢ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪   ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻟﱠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺎِﻧ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺣ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﻪ "٩٦.‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻠ ‪ ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬ ‫٧٦ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻃﱯ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٩١ / ١١(‬ ‫٨٦ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٣٣٣٥(‬ ‫٩٦ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ - )٨١ / ٠٣(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱٍ،ﻗﻮﹸﻟﻪ : ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣِـﻦ ﺧﻠﻔِـﻪ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬ﺳ ٍ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪    ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺒ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻟ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﺭﺻﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻫﻲ ﻣﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬ﱢ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸﺃﺭﺳﻞ ِﺑﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﺫِﻟﻚ ﺣﲔ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻟِ‪‬ﻴﻌﻠﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﺎﺕ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ".٠٧.‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻐ ِ‬ ‫٥- ﺳﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺐ ﻭﺇﻧﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﺮ :‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺇﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺸﺎﻫﺪﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺳﲑ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺐ ﻭﺗﻨﻘﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻗﺪ ﻳﻈﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﻥ ﻫـﺬﺍ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺀ ﻧﻔﺴﻬﺎ،ﺃﻭ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻴﺎﺀ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﺼﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻮﺟﻬﻬـﺎ،ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻷﻣـﺮ ﻏـﲑ‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻫﺪ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻀﺒﻂ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﺴﲑﻩ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺧﺎﻟﻘﻬﺎ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ.‬‫ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﺃﻗ‪‬ﺒﻠﺖ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﺳﻢ ‪‬ﻧﺴﺄﹸﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ـﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫َ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺒ ٍ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻬ ‪‬‬‫ِﺇﻥ ﹶﺃﺟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎﻙ‪،‬ﻭﺻﺪﻗﻨ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨﺎ ِﺑﻚ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﺄﺧﺬ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺧﺬ ِﺇﺳ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪِ،ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻭﻛِﻴ ﹲ،ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﹶﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ‪‬ﺗﻨ‪‬ـﺎﻡ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ     ‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻞ ﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾِ ﻟ‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻗﻠ‪‬ﺒﻪ "،ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﺗﺆ‪‬ﻧﺚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﹶﺃﺓ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ؟ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ : " ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻘِـﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻩ ‪  ‬ﹶﹾ ‪ ‬ﻟ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀَﺍﻥِ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﹶﺃﺓ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺁ‪‬ﻧﹶﺜﺖ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﹶﺃﺓ ﹶﺃﺫﻛﺮﺕ " ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ   َ ِ   ُ ‬ﹾ ﹶ‪  ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ   َ ِ   ُ ‬‬‫: ﺻﺪﻗﺖ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻮ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻣ‪‬ﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻮﻛﻞ ﺑِﺎﻟﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ‬‫ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﹲ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﻟ ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ   ِ   ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺼﺮﻓﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻴﺚ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ " ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺕ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﺯﺟﺮﺓ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﺴ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ َ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻟ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺯﺟﺮﻩ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬﻲ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺣ‪‬ﻴﺚ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩ "،ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﺻﺪﻗﺖ . ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺮﻡ ِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻟ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﺘ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻜﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺪﻭ‪،‬ﻓﹶﺎﺷ‪‬ﺘﻜﹶﻰ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺠﺪ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻤﻪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﹸﻟ ‪‬ـﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﺑِـﻞ‬‫‪ ‬ﻟ ﺤ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِِ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻠﺬِﻟﻚ ﺣﺮﻣﻬ‪‬ﺎ "،ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﺻﺪﻗﺖ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔِ،ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ‬‫ﹾ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﻟ ﹶﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶِ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻲ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﹶﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﺮﺳ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻲِ،ﻓﹶﻤﻦ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣ‪‬ﺒﻚ ؟ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻘﻴ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫‪  ِ    ‬ﹶِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹶِ ‪‬‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﹶﺎﻡ " ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ـﺰﻝ ﺑِـﺎﹾﻟﺤﺮﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﺫﻟِـﻚ‬‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِﹸ‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﻟ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻋﺪﻭﻧ‪‬ﺎ،ﹶﻟﻮ ﻗﻠﺖ : ﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﻄﺮ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎﻙ‪،‬ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ : }ﻗﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪     ‬ﱠ ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹸﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﺪ ‪‬ﺍ ﱢﻟﺠ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ ﻗﻠِﺒﻚ ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﺼ ‪‬ﻗﺎ ﱢﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻫﺪ‪‬ﻯ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ‬‫‪     ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ﹼ ِ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻭ ِ ﹶ ﹶِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫١٧‬ ‫{ )٧٩( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ"‬ ‫٠٧ - ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻣِﻊ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ﻟِﻠﻄ‪‬ﺒﺮﻱ )١٩٥٢٣ ( ﻭ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ - )٨ / ٧٤٢( ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﹾِِ ﹸ ِ ﱠِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫١٧ - ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻜِﺒﲑ ﻟِﻠﻄ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍِﻧﻲ )١٦٢٢١ ( ﻭﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٠٤٣ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬
  • ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺟﻞ ِﺑﻔﻠﹶﺎﺓ ﻣِﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽِ،ﻓﺴﻤﻊ ﺻﻮﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ‬‫‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹲ ﹶ ٍ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫: ﺍﺳﻖ ﺣ‪‬ﺪِﻳﻘﺔ ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥٍ،ﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﻓﺮﻍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀﻩ ﻓِﻲ ﺣﺮﺓٍ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺷﺮﺟﺔ ﻣِـﻦ ِﺗﻠﹾـﻚ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶِ ‪   ‬ﹲ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹶ ﺤ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺏ ﹶﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ َ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍﺝ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻮﻋ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻛﻠ ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀَ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺣﺪِﻳﻘِﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻮﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫َ‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﹸﱠﻪ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ِﺑﻤﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻪِ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺳﻤﻚ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥ - ِﻟﻠِﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﺳﻤﻊ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ‬‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ﹲ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬‫- ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ِﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺴﺄﹸﻟﻨِﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺳﻤِﻲ ؟ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺻﻮﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺴ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﻧ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺅﻩ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﺍﺳﻖ ﺣﺪِﻳﻘﺔ ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥٍ،ﻟِﺎﺳﻤﻚ‪،‬ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺼ‪‬ﻨﻊ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﺃ ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺇﺫ ﻗﻠﹾـﺖ‬‫ﹶ ﻣ ﹾﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ‬‫ﻫﺬﹶﺍ،ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻈﺮ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﻣِ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺗﺼﺪﻕ ِﺑﹸﺜﻠِﺜﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺁﻛﻞ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻲ ﹸﺛﻠﺜﹰﺎ،ﻭﹶﺃﺭﺩ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺛﻠﺜﹶـﻪ "‬ ‫ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِﻧ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫٢٧‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺚ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻘﺎﺀ :‬‫ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻄﺮ ﺟﻠﻴﺎ ﰲ ﺳﻮﻕ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺎﺏ ﻭﺇﻧﺰﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﻄﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﻛﻦ ﺍﻟﱵ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﳉﺄ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻃﺎﻟﺒﲔ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﻴﺎ ﺑﺼﻼﺓ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺴﻘﺎﺀ،ﳑﺎ ﻳﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺎﺏ ﻳﺴـﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﱡ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻄﺮ ﻳﱰﻝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺑﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ )ﺍﺳﻖ ﺣﺪﻳﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻼﻥ( .‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻓﻌﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻮﻑ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ﺳ‪‬ـﺄﹾﻟﺖ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ٍ   ِ ِ    ِ ‬‬‫- ‪‬ﻳﻔﹾ‪‬ﺘِﺘﺢ ﺻﻼ‪‬ﺗﻪ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﺃﹸﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ِﺑﺄﻯ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠِ‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺇِﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﺍﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﺻﻼ‪‬ﺗﻪ » ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﺏ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴـﻞ ﻭِﺇﺳ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﺍﻓِﻴﻞ ﻓﹶـﺎﻃﺮ‬‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﺍﻟﹾﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺸﻬ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻜﻢ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻙ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﻧ ِ ‪ِ ‬ﻔ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ِ  ِ   ِ  َ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻫﺪﻧِﻰ ِﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺧ‪‬ﺘﻠﻒ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ِﺑﺈﺫِﻧﻚ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﻬﺪِﻯ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ ﺻِـﺮ‪‬ﺍﻁ ﻣﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻴﻢ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫ٍ‪‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫‪ِ    ِ ِ  ِ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫«)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ (٣٧.‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺬﺍ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﺇﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ .‬ ‫٦- ﺍﳌﻮ ﱠﻞ ﺑﺎﳉﺒﺎﻝ :‬ ‫ﻛﹸ‬‫٢٧ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٦٦٧ ( -ﺍﳊﺮﺓ : ﺃﺭﺽ ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺠﺎﺭﺓ ﺳﻮﺩﺍﺀ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ -ﺍﳌﺴﺤﺎﺓ : ﺃﺩﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺸـﺮ ﻭﺍﳉـﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ -ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺟﺔ : ﻣﺴﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﺀ‬ ‫٣٧ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٧٤٨١(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺎﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﺳﻲ ﻣﻠﹶﻜﺎﹰ،ﻫﻮ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳉﺒﺎﻝ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻋﺮﻭﺓ ؛ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺯﻭﺝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﱯ ﺣﺪﹶﺛ‪‬ﺘ ‪،‬ﺍﱠ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻟِﻠ‪‬ﻨﱯ : ﻫﻞ ﺍﺗ‪‬ـﻰ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻪ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪     ‬‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺪ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﹸﺍﺣﺪ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﹶﻟﻘِﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻘِﻴ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﺷﺪ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﺖ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ  ِ   ِ  ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻘِﻴﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻘ‪‬ﺒﺔ ِﺇﺫ ﻋﺮﺿﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴِﻲ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ‪‬ﻳﺎﻟِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﹸﻼﻝ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻲ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﻛ ٍ ﹶﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺩ ‪،‬ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻘﺖ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻬ ‪‬ﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻭﺟﻬِﻲ،ﻓﻠﻢ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻔﻖ ِﺇﻻ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﹶـﺮﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺐِ،ﻓﺮﻓﻌ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻤ ‪    ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﱠ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺕ ﹶﹶ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﺭﹾﺍﺳِﻲ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺴﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺍﻇﻠ‪‬ﺘﻨِﻲ،ﻓ‪‬ﻨﻈﺮﺕ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳ ﹸ،ﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﻧِﻲ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺳ‪‬ﻤﻊ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ﻞﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ‬‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ ﹶﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﻣﻠﹶـﻚ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺒ‪‬ـﺎﻝ ِﻟﺘ‪‬ـﺎﻣﺮﻩ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺷِـﹾﺌﺖ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺩ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬‫ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﻧِﻲ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻓﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻠ ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎﻣﺤﻤ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﺫﹶﺍِﻟﻚ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺷِـﹾﺌﺖ ِﺇﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶﻲ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺪ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ‬‫: ‪‬ﺑﻞ ﺍﺭ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺻ‪‬ﻼِﺑﻬﻢ‬‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬ﺟ ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺷﹾﺌﺖ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻃِﺒﻖ‪ ‬ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻻﺧﺸ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻦ ؟ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﱯ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ. «٤٧ .‬ ‫‪    ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ  ِ     ‬‬ ‫٧- ﺣﺮﺍﺳﺔ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺟﺎﻝ :‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﲢﺮﺱ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺪﺟﺎﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻤﺎ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺲ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻟﹶـ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣِـﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻠﹶـﺪ ِﺇﻻ ﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻄﺆﻩ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫ِ ٍ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ،ِﺇﻻ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔﹶ،ﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ﺲ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ِﻧﻘﹶﺎِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻘﺐ ِﺇﻻ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﻓﲔ‪،‬ﻳﺤﺮ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﹸﺛﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ‬ﺳ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺟ ﻝ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﺮﺟﻒ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺛﻼﺙ ﺭﺟﻔﹶﺎﺕٍ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻛﹶﺎﻓﺮ ﻭﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﻓﻖ «٥٧ .‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱠ ِ ٍ ‪ٍ ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺐ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ : ﻫﻮ ﺍﳋﺮﻕ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻠﺪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳉﺪﺍﺭ ﺃﻭ ﳓﻮﳘﺎ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﻘﺎﺏ ﲨﻊ ﻧﻘﺐ. ﻭﻋﻨـﺪﻣﺎ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻧﻘﺐ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ، ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻜﺔ ﳏﺎﻃﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﻘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻞ ﺭﺋﻴﺴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻜﺔ،ﻭﻟﻠﻤﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﻷﻧﻘﺎﺏ .‬‫: " ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻠﺪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻄﺆﻩ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶٍ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ِ ِ ٍ ‪   ُ  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫٦٧‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻝ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ "‬ ‫‪‬ﺟ ﹸ ﻟ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫٤٧ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٣٢٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٥٧٤(‬‫-ﺍﻻﺳﺘِﻔﺎﻗﺔ : ﺍﺳﺘِﻔﻌﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻓﺎﻕ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﺟﻊ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ‪‬ﻐﻞ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻋﺎﺩ ﺇﱃ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ - ﺍﻷﺧﺸﺒﺎﻥ : ﺍﳉﺒﻼﻥ ﺍﳌﻄِﻴﻔﺎﻥ ﲟﻜﺔ ،‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﺷ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﳘﺎ ﺃﺑﻮ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺲ ﻭﺍﻷﲪﺮ ، ﺳ ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﻟﺼﻼﺑﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﻭﻏﻠﻆ ﺣﺠﺎﺭ‪‬ﻤﺎ -ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺐ : ﻇﻬﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺼﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﲏ‬ ‫‪‬ﻤ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫٥٧ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٨٨١ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٧٥٧(‬ ‫٦٧ - ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺎﻛﻬﻲ - )٢ / ٣٦٢( )٣٨٤١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫: ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻠﺪٍ ِﺇﻻ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﻄﺆﻩ ﺍﻟـﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻝ ِﺇﻻ ﻣ ﱠـﺔ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺟ ﹸ ﱠ ‪‬ﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔﹶ،ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ‪‬ﻧﻘﺐ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻻ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﻓﲔ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺮ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﺨﺔﹶ،ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﺟﻒ‬‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﱢ ‪  ‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺛﻼﺙ ﺭ‪‬ﺟﻔﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻛﹶﺎﻓﺮ ﻭﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﻓﻖ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ    ٍ ‬ﹸ ﱡ ِ ٍ ‪ٍ ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲٍ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺮ ‪‬ـﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﻼ‬‫ﹶﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺟ ﻝ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻭﻻ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﻥ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺟ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻄ ﻋ ﹸ ﹾ َ ﱠ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ‪‬ﺑﻜﺮﺓﹶ،ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻴﺢِ،ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣﺌِـﺬ ﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒﻌﺔ‬‫‪‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹾ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٧٧‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ."‬ ‫ٍ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱢ ٍ ‪‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫٨- ﺍﳌﻮ ﱠﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺣﻢ ﻭﺗﺼﻮﻳﺮ ﺍﻷﺟ‪‬ﺔ :‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻛﹸ‬‫ﺛﺒﺖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﲔ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚٍ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‪،‬ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟ ﱠ،ﻗﺪ ﻭ ﱠـﻞ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﻞ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻛ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﺑِﺎﻟﺮﺣﻢ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﹶﺃﻱ ﺭﺏ ‪‬ﻧﻄﻔ ﹲ،ﹶﺃﻱ ﺭﺏ ﻋﻠﻘ ﹲ، ﹶﺃﻱ ﺭﺏ ﻣﻀ‪‬ـﻐ ﹲ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹶﺔ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶﺔ ‪    ‬ﺔ ﹶ ِ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻘﻀﻲ ﺧﻠﻘﹰﺎ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ : ﹶﺃﻱ ﺭ ‪،‬ﺫﻛ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧﺜﹶﻰ ؟ ﺷﻘ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ؟ ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟـﺮﺯﻕ ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻲ ‪   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺏ ﹶ ﹶﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫٨٧‬ ‫ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻷﺟﻞ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺑﻄﻦ ﹸﺃﻣﻪ."‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ َ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺣﺪﺩﺕ ﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻠـﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺼـﻮﻳﺮ،ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮ ﻭﺍﳉﻠﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻈﻢ ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺲ )ﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﻡ ﺃﻧﺜﻰ(،ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻴﻨﺘﻘﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻴـﺎﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻵﺩﻣﻴﺔ. ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺍﻟﺰ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻜﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻣﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻭ‪‬ﺍِﺛﻠﺔ ﺣﺪﹶﺛﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺳﻤﻊ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩٍ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻘﻰ ﻓِﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻄﻦ ﹸﺃﻣﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺴﻌِﻴﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻋﻆ ِﺑﻐﻴ‪‬ـﺮﻩ.‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ      ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِِ ‬‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﻌ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ِ     ِ ‬‬‫ﻓﺄﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺣﺬ‪‬ﻳﻔﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﹶﺃﺳِﻴﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻔﹶـﺎﺭﻯ ﻓﺤﺪﺛﹶـﻪ‬‫ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ ‪  ِ ِ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬‫ِﺑﺬﻟِﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻘﹶﻰ ﺭﺟﻞ ِﺑﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻌﺠ‪‬ـﺐ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻌ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹲ ‪ ٍ   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻣﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻄﻔﺔ ِﺛ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﹶـﺔ‬‫ﹰ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾﹶِ ِ ‪  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶِﻧ ‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻓﺼﻮﺭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺳﻤﻌﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺼﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﻠﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﺤﻤﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋﻈﹶﺎﻣﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺛﻢ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ        ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ     ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ﹶﺃﺫﻛﺮ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧﺜﹶﻰ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﻀِﻰ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻠﻚ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ﹶﺃﺟﻠﻪ. ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸـﻮﻝ‬‫َ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫٧٧ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٥١ / ٤١٢( )٣٠٨٦- ٥٠٨٦( ﻭﺟﻠﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﲔ‬‫٨٧ - ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ - )٣ / ٥٤( )٥٩٥١( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨١٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ -)٠٠٩٦ (‬
  • ‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ﺭﺯﻗﻪ. ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﻀِﻰ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ‬‫َ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫٩٧‬ ‫ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺑِﺎﻟﺼﺤِﻴﻔﺔ ﻓِﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺰِﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺃﻣﺮ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻘﺺ «.‬ ‫ِ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ِِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺣﺬ‪‬ﻳﻔﺔ ﺑﻦ ﹸﺃﺳ‪‬ﻴﺪٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ،‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ : " ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻣ‪‬ـﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻄﻔﹶـﺔ ِﺛ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ـﺎﻥ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ،ﻓﺼﻮﺭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺳﻤﻌﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺼﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﻠﹾـﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﺤﻤﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪    ِ        ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻌ ﹶ ﹶﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻈﻤﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺫﻛﺮ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧﺜﹶﻰ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﻀِﻲ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ‪ ‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠ ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻝ :‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶﻚ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺏ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‪  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺭﺯﻗﻪ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﻀِﻲ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺼﺤِﻴﻔﺔ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩِ،ﻓﹶﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺰِﻳﺪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺃﻣﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶﻚ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٠٨‬ ‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻘﺺ ".‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬‫.ﻭﻗﺪ ﺷﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻨﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺮﺍﺣﻞ ﺗﻄﻮﺭ ﺍﳉﻨﲔ ﻭﻣﺸﺎﻫﺪﺓ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺃﺣﻮﺍﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺭﺣﻢ ﺃﻣﻪ ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﺍﻷﺟﻬﺰﺓ ﺍﳌﺼﻨﻮﻋﺔ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ،ﳑﺎ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ ﺁﻳـﺔ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﺠﺰﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ .‬ ‫٩- ﺍﳌﻮ ﱠﻠﻮﻥ ﲝﻔﻆ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ :‬ ‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺒﲏ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺣﻔﻈﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﻷﺑﺮﺍﺭ،ﳛﻴﻄﻮﻧﻪ ﺑـﺎﳊﻔﻆ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻋﺎﻳـﺔ‬ ‫ﱠﹶ‬‫ﻓﻴﻨﺠﻮ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻮﻉ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ ﻭﺍﻵﻓﺎﺕ،ﻭﻟﻮﻻ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳌﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻄﺎﻉ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌـﻴﺶ ﰲ ﺃﺭﺽ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻃﺮ،ﻭﺍﳌﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺣﻮﺵ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﺮﺳﺔ،ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻭﺍﺣﻒ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻣﺔ،ﻭﺍﳊﺸﺮﺍﺕ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺭﺓ ،ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺎﻛﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﺷﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﺭﺓ، ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻃﻐﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸـﺮ، ﻭﻣﻌﺘـﺪﻭﻥ،‬‫ﻭﻇﻠﻤ‪‬ﺔ، ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺨﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﳌﻬﻠﻜﺔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﻫﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺮﺳﻞ‬‫‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِِ ِ  ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻢ ﺣﻔﻈﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﺘﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻓ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺭﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ{ )١٦( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪    ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﻃ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﻜ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‬‫ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ، ﻓﻤﺎ ﺩﺍﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻛﺎﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻣﺔ، ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﺪﺍﻓﻊ ﻋﻨﻪ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ‬‫ﺃﺣﺪ ِﺑﺸ‪‬ﺮ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺎﻳﺔ ﺃﺟﻠﻪ ﲣﹼﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻪ، ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﻭﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ }ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ‬‫ﱠ ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﻮﻡ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻐ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻘﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻮﺀًﺍ ﻓﻼ ﻣﺮﺩ ﹶﻟﻪ{ ]ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ: ١١[‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ِِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﺘ ‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫٩٧ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٩٨٦ (‬ ‫٠٨ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٣ / ٤٩٢( )٢٧٩٢( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﻭﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﷲ ﻫﻼﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﺒﺎﺕ ﺗﺘﺨﻠﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ، ﻷ‪‬ـﺎ ﻻ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺩ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ. ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﻘﺒﺎﺕ.‬‫ﻭﺇﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺍﳊﻔﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺒﻬﻢ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺇﺣﺼﺎﺀ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺣﻔﻈﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺸﺮ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺏ،ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩﺓ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ » ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻒ ‪‬ﻧﺸﺮﺕ « .‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳊﻔﻈﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ » ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﻟﹶﺤﺎﻓﻈﲔ. ﻛِﺮﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎِﺗِﺒﲔ.‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ « ﻭﳓﻦ ﻧﺆﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻧﻌـﺮﻑ ﺻـﻔﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﻻ ﻧـﺘﺤﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫١٨‬ ‫ﺑﺂﺭﺍﺋﻨﺎ.‬‫ﻓﻬﻮ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮ ﻭﻫﻢ ﲢﺖ ﺳﻴﻄﺮﺗﻪ ﻭﻗﻬﺮﻩ. ﻫﻢ ﺿـﻌﺎﻑ ﰲ ﻗﺒﻀـﺔ ﻫـﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﳍﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻧﺎﺻﺮ. ﻫﻢ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ. ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻬﺮ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﻢ. ﻭﻫﻢ ﺧﺎﺿﻌﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻘﻬﻮﺭﻭﻥ ..‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﻮﺩﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ ﻟﻸﻟﻮﻫﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ .. ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻨﻄﻖ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬‫- ﻣﻬﻤﺎ ﺗﺮﻙ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﻳﺔ ﻟﻴﺘﺼﺮﻓﻮﺍ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻟﻴﻌﺮﻓﻮﺍ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻟﻴﻘﻮﻣﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﳋﻼﻓﺔ - ﺇﻥ‬‫ﻛﻞ ﻧﻔﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺎﺳﻬﻢ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻛﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺧﺎﺿﻌﺔ ﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﲟـﺎ ﺃﻭﺩﻋـﻪ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻛﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﻻ ﳝﻠﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳜﺎﻟﻔﻮﻩ. ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﳚﺮﻱ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺑﻘـﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﺣﱴ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﻭﺍﳊﺮﻛﺔ!‬‫»ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﺣﻔﻈﺔ« ..ﻻ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺺ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻧﻮﻋﻬﻢ .. ﻭﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺃﺧـﺮﻯ ﺃ‪‬ـﻢ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ‬‫ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﳛﺼﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﺪﺭ ﻋﻨﻪ ..ﺃﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻓﺎﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﻫﺮ ﻫﻮ ﺇﻟﻘـﺎﺀ‬‫ﻇﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻗﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺷﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻧﻔﺲ. ﻇﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﻮﺭ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ ﻏﲑ ﻣﻨﻔﺮﺩﺓ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ،ﻭﻏﲑ‬‫ﻣﺘﺮﻭﻛﺔ ﻟﺬﺍ‪‬ﺎ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ. ﻓﻬﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﻔﻴﻆ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﳛﺼﻲ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺮﻛﺔ ﻭﻛـﻞ ﻧﺄﻣـﺔ‬‫ﻭﳛﻔﻆ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺼﺪﺭ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ .. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻔﻴﻞ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻨﺘﻔﺾ ﻟـﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﻴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫٢٨‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻱ ﻭﺗﺴﺘﻴﻘﻆ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺧﺎﳉﺔ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺟﺎﺭﺣﺔ ..‬ ‫١٨ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻏﻰ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٧ / ٧٤١(‬ ‫٢٨ - ﰱ ﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٢ / ٢٢١١(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﻣ ِ ‪   ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﹼ ِ ﱠ ﹼ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ِﺑﻘﻮﻡ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻐ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻘﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻮﺀًﺍ ﻓﻼ ﻣﺮﺩ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻭِﻧﻪ ﻣِـﻦ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹼ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﹶ ‪     ‬ﻬ ﻣ ﺩ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ِِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﺘ ‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻝ{ )١١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ‬ ‫ٍ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ : " ﹶﺃﻱ ِﻟﻠﻌ ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶﺔ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻗ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺣﺮ‪‬ﺱ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﱠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭﺣﺮ‪‬ﺱ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮﻧ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺒ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺩﺛﹶﺎﺕ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻗﹶﺐ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶﺔ ﺁﺧ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﻟﺤﻔﻆ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻣِـﻦ ﺧﻴ‪‬ـﺮ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺷ‪‬ـﺮ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺮ ﹶ ِ ﹾ ِ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻓﹶﺎﹾﺛﻨ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻤِﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺸﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺒ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺐ ﺍﻟﹾـ‪‬ﻴﻤِﲔ‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺐ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﺁﺧﺮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔﻈﹶﺎِﻧﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﺮﺳ‪‬ـﺎِﻧﻪ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾﺘ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾﺘ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣِﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍِﺋﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﺧ‪‬ﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗ ‪‬ﺍﻣﻪ ﻓﻬﻮ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﻦ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﹶﺃﻣﻠﹶﺎﻙ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ﺔ ﺁﺧﺮِﻳﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﺑ‪‬ـﺪﻟﹰﺎ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸﺪ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺣ‪‬ﺎﻓﻈﹶﺎﻥ ﻭﻛﹶﺎِﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀَ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤِﻴﺢ ﻋﻦ ﻫ ‪‬ﺎﻡ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺪﹶﺛﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﻫﺮﻳ‪‬ـﺮﺓ‬‫‪  ‬ﺑ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻤ ِ ِ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - :» ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻗ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِـﻴﻜﹸﻢ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻞ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹲ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹶﺒ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻭﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺮِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺮﺝ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪِ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺑ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺄﹸﻟﻬﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﺗ ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪     ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻯ‪‬؟ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪     ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪      ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫٣٨‬ ‫«.‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ِﺇ‪‬ﺎﻛﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌ ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻔﹶـﺎﺭﻗﻜﻢ‬‫ِﹸ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻳ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪    ِ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِﺇﻻ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻂ ﻭﺣﲔ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻀِﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﺤ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻛﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ «٤٨.‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ‬ﻴ ‪   ‬ﹾ ِﻣ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﱠ ِ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱٍ،ﻗﻮﹸﻟﻪ : " ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ : ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ،ﻓﹶﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ : ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﻘ ﹸ ِ ﹾ ِ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱢ ‪ِ   ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺒ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ،ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ "‬ ‫ﱠ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶﹸ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺮ : ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ : ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻔﻈ ﹸ،ﻭﺣﻔﻈﻬﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﺔ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﻳ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ٍ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ "‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠِ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻣﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫﺪٍ،ﻓِﻲ ﻗﻮِﻟﻪ : ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : "‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ِ ‬ﱢ ‪   ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻔﻈﺔ ﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ "‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ ‪ ِ   ِ  ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫٣٨ - ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ ﻟﻠﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١ / ٤٦٤( )١٧٢٢( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )‬ ‫٥٥٥( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٦٤١(‬ ‫٤٨ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٣٠٣ ( ﺣﺴﻦ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬
  • ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻣﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫﺪٍ،ﻓِﻲ ﻗﻮِﻟﻪ : ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺣﻔﻈﺔ‬‫ٍ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹲ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ِ ‬ﱢ ‪  ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱢ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ " ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ‪‬ﺗﺤﻔﻈﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺮﺱ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ    ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻣﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫﺪٍ،ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻮﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔﻈﻪ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﻧﻮﻣﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻘﻈِﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ‬‫‪  ِِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﹲ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺈ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻮ‪‬ﺍ ‪،‬ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺷﻲﺀ ‪‬ﻳﺄِﺗِﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺮِﻳﺪﻩ ِﺇﱠﻟﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀﻙ‪ِ،‬ﺇﱠﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺼِﻴ‪‬ﺒﻪ " *‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﹸ ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﻡ ﹶ ِ ‪ ٌ   ‬ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻛﻌﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺣﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﺠﱠﻰ ﻟِﺎ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻬﻞ ﻭﺣﺰﻥٍ،ﹶﻟﺮﺃﹶﻯ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱡ ‪      ٍ  ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ِ ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺫﻟ ـﻚ ﺷ ـﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔ‪،‬ﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻥﱠ ﺍﻟﻠ ـﻪ ﻭﻛ ـﻞ ِﺑﻜ ـﻢ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜ ـﺔ ﻳ ـﺬ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋ ـ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻓ ـﻲ‬ ‫ﱠـ ‪  ‬ﱠـ ﹶ ﹸـ ‪  ‬ﹶـ ﹰ ‪‬ـ ﹸﺑ ﹶ ‪‬ـ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ـ‬ ‫ﹶِـ ‪ ‬ـ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻌﻤﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻣﺸﺮِﺑﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻋﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍِﺗﻜﻢ‪ِ،‬ﺇﺫﻥ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﺨﻄﻔ‪‬ﺘﻢ "‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱢ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻣﺠﻠﺰٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍﺩ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﺼ‪‬ـﱢﻲ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ :‬ ‫ﻠ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫َ ‪  ‬ﹲ ِ ‪  ِ   ِ ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﻪ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﺣ‪‬ﺘﺮﺱ‪،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍﺩ ‪‬ﻳﺮِﻳ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻗ‪‬ﺘﻠﻚ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : " ِﺇﻥ ﻣﻊ ﻛﻞ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻠﻜ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔﻈﹶﺎِﻧﻪ ﻣ ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِﻤ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺪ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶِ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻘﺪﺭ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺧﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨ ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺟﻞ ﺟ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ "‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ َ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﻪ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﹲ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﹸﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔﹶ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺩﻣﻲ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻮﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻭﺩ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻠﻤﻪ ِﻟﱠـﺬِﻱ‬ ‫ِ ‪    ‬ﻟ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﹲ ﺬ ‪   ‬ﺘ ‪   ِ‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٥٨‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭ ﹶﻟﻪ " . ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺁﺧ ‪‬ﻭﻥ : ﻣﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ : ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ "‬ ‫ﹸ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶﻈ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻏﻲ : " )ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻌ ﱢﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ( ﺃﻱ ﻟﻺﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻗﺒﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻘ ‪   ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ‬‫: ﺣﺮﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺣﺮﺱ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻀﺎﺭ ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻗﺒﻮﻥ ﺃﺣﻮﺍﻟﻪ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻗﺐ ﻣﻼﺋﻜـﺔ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺁﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﳊﻔﻆ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﲑ ﺃﻭ ﺷﺮ،ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ،ﻓﺎﺛﻨﺎﻥ ﻋـﻦ ﺍﻟـﻴﻤﲔ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﻜﺘﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ،ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﲔ ﻳﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺸـﻤﺎﻝ ﻳﻜﺘـﺐ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺎﺕ،ﻭﻣﻠﻜﺎﻥ ﺁﺧﺮﺍﻥ ﳛﻔﻈﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﳛﺮﺳﺎﻧﻪ،ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺋﻪ ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺪﺍﻣـﻪ،ﻓﻬﻮ ﺑـﲔ‬ ‫ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺃﻣﻼﻙ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺁﺧﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﺑﺪﻻ،ﺣﺎﻓﻈﺎﻥ ﻭﻛﺎﺗﺒﺎﻥ ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻗ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ‬‫ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺀ ﰱ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞِ،ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻭﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺮِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺮﺝ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺑ‪‬ـﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪       ‬ﺗ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹲ‬ ‫٥٨‬ ‫-ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻣِﻊ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ﻟِﻠﻄ‪‬ﺒﺮﻱ ) ١٧٤٨١-٨٨٤٨١ (‬ ‫ﹾِِ ﹸ ِ ﱠِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬
  • ‫ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺄﹸﻟﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﻋﻠ ‪،‬ﻛﻴ‪‬ـﻒ ﺗ‪‬ـﺮﻛ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺩِﻱ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸـﻮﻥ : ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﻨ‪‬ـﺎﻫﻢ ﻭ ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶﻢ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٦٨‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥﹶ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ.‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ ‪      ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﲢﺼﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﺬﺭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻮﻋﻪ ﰱ ﺍﳌﻌﺎﺻـﻲ‬‫ﺧﻴﻔﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﻮﻥ ﻭﻳﺰﺟﺮﻩ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﻗﺪﺍﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺑﻘﺎﺕ ﻛﻤـﺎ‬‫ﳛﺬﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻉ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺣﻀﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻰ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻪ ﰱ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻣ ‪‬ﺧﺮ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺭﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺩﺍﻋﻴﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺗﺮﻛﻪ.‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳊﻔﻈﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻌﻴﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺛﺒﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﳝﻜﻦ ﺇﺣﺼﺎﺅﻫﺎ ﺑﺂﻻﺕ ﺩﻗﻴﻘﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺪﻉ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﺇﻻ ﲢﺼﻴﻪ،ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺻـﺒﺤﺖ‬‫ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﰱ ﺍﳌﺪﻥ ﺗﻌﺪ ﺑﺎﻵﻻﺕ )ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺍﺩﺍﺕ( ﻓﺎﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺸـﺮﺑﻮ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻬﺮﺑﺎﺀ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻳﻀﻴﺌﻮﻥ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﳍﻢ ﲢﺼﻰ ﻭﺗﻌﺪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻳﻨﺎﺭ،ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺁﻻﺕ ﲢﺼـﻰ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﳌﺴﺎﻓﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻘﻄﻌﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﰱ ﺳﲑﻫﺎ،ﻭﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﲢﺼﻰ ﺗﻴﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﻣﺴﺎﻗﻂ ﺍﳌﻴﺎﻩ ﺇﱃ‬‫ﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﺍﻵﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﺗﺘﺮﻙ ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﻭﻻ ﻛـﺒﲑﺓ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﻤـﺎﻝ ﺇﻻ ﺗﻜﺘﺒـﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺼﻴﻬﺎ.‬‫ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻭﻛﺸﻔﺖ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻏﺎﺋﺒﺎ ﻋﻨﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰱ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺗﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺃ‪‬ﻤـﺎ ﺗﺼـﺪﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻳ‬‫ﻟﻨﻈﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ،ﻭﻭﺳﻴﻠﺔ ﺣﺎﻓﺰﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺮﺍﻑ ﲟﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻓﻴﻪ ﳑﺎ ﳜﻔﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﺎﺩﻳﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﻻ ﻳﻘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇﻻ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺮﻭﻧﻪ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﲔ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺬﻋﻨﻮﻥ ﺇﻻ ﲟﺎ ﻳﻘﻊ ﲢﺖ ﺣﺴﻬﻢ،ﻭ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ﻗـﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻞ )ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﰱ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺻﻨﻮﺍﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻗﺎﻥ،ﻭﺻﺪﻳﻘﺎﻥ ﻻ ﳜﺘﻠﻔﺎﻥ(.‬‫)‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ( ﺃﻱ ﻫﻢ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺇﺫﻧﻪ ﻭﲨﻴﻞ ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺘـﻪ ﻭﻛﻼﺀﺗـﻪ،ﻓﻜﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﺴﻮﺳﺎﺕ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺑﺎ ﳏﺴﻮﺳﺔ ﺭﺑﻂ ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺴـﺒﺒﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﲝﺴـﺐ ﻣـﺎ ﺍﻗﺘﻀـﺘﻪ‬‫٦٨ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٥٥ ( ﻭ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٦٤١ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒـﺎﻥ - )٥ / ٩٢(‬ ‫)٧٣٧١(‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺣ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻢ : ﻓِﻲ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﺢ ِﺑﺄﻥ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻓِﻲ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺮ ، ﻭﺣِﻴ‪‬ﻨِﺌﺬ ‪‬ﺗﺼﻌﺪ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪     ٍ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ِﹸ ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ، ﺿﺪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻋﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻏ ‪‬ﻭﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ.‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ِ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ِ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸﺮ ِ ‪ِ  ‬‬
  • ‫ﺣﻜﻤﺘﻪ،ﻓﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﳉﻔﻦ ﺳﺒﺒﺎ ﳊﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻌﲔ ﳑﺎ ﻳـﺪﺧﻞ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ،ﻓﻴﺆﺫﻳﻬﺎ،ﻛـﺬﻟﻚ ﺟﻌـﻞ ﻟﻐـﲑ‬‫ﺍﶈﺴﻮﺳﺎﺕ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺑﺎ،ﻓﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺑﺎ ﻟﻠﺤﻔﻆ،ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻻ ﲣﻠﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﳌﺼﺎﱀ.‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺟﻌﻞ ﳊﻔﻆ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ ﻛﺮﺍﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﺗﺒﲔ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺪﺭﻯ ﻣﺎ ﻗﻠﻤﻬﻢ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻣﺪﺍﺩﻫﻢ ؟‬‫ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺘﻬﻢ ؟ ﻭﺃﻳﻦ ﳏﻠﻬﻢ ؟ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺣﻜﻤﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ؟ ﻣﻊ ﺃﻥ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻧﺴـﺎﻥ‬‫ﻛﺎﻑ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻜﻤﺔ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻋﻠـﻢ ﺍﻹﻧﺴـﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻪ ﳏﻔﻮﻇﺔ ﻟﺪﻯ ﺍﳊﻔﻈﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺃﺟﺪﺭ ﺑﺎﻹﺫﻋﺎﻥ ﳌﺎ ﻳﻠﻘﺎﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻮﺍﺏ ﻭﻋﻘﺎﺏ ﻳـﻮﻡ‬ ‫٧٨‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﺎﺏ.‬ ‫٠١- ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ :‬‫ﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻜﲔ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻦ ﳝﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﴰﺎﻟﻪ ﻣﻼﺯﻣﲔ ﻟﻪ،ﻻ ﻳﻔﺎﺭﻗﺎﻧﻪ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ، ﳛﺼﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﻟﻪ ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻪ، ﺑﻞ ﻭﻳﻌﻠﻤﺎﻥ ﳘﻪ ﺑﺎﳊﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠﻔﻆ ﻣِﻦ ﻗﻮﻝ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﺭﻗِﻴﺐ ﻋﺘِﻴﺪ{ )٨١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻕ‬ ‫ﹾِ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﻟ ‪    ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺷﺎﺭﺡ ﻟﻮﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺪﻳﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻦ ﳝﲔ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﻦ ﴰﺎﻟﻪ .. ﻓﻬﻤﺎ ﻭﺍﻗﻔـﺎﻥ‬‫ﻟﻺﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺻﺎﺩ .. ﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻔﻆ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺇﻻ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘـﻮﻝ » ﺭﻗﻴـﺐ « ﺃﻱ‬‫ﻣﺮﺍﻗﺐ،ﻳﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ،ﻭﻳﺴﺠﻠﻪ،ﻭﻫﻮ » ﻋﺘﻴﺪ « ﺃﻱ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺎ ﻻ ﻳﻐﻴﺐ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ .. ﻭﻟـﻴﺲ‬‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﻭﻋﺘﻴﺪ،ﺍﲰﲔ ﻟﻠﻤﻠﻜﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ،ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻼﻥ ﺑﻪ،ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺻﻒ ﻟﻜـﻞ‬‫ﹼ‬ ‫٨٨‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ،ﻓﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﺭﻗﻴﺐ ﻳﻘﻆ،ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺃﺑﺪﺍ ..‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻛﻨ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺪﻭ ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ ﱠﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ‬‫‪‬ﺳ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻱ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻔ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ،ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﻛﻢ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻣ‪‬ﻠﻚ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻤِﻴِﻨﻚ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺣﺴﻨ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ِ  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ    ‬ﹶ ٍ‬‫ﹶﺃﻣﲑ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻛِﺘ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﻋﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ،ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻋﻤﻠﺖ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹰ ﹸ ‪ ِ     ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹰ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻱ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻤﲔ : ﹶﺃﻛ‪‬ﺘﺐ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﻟﻌﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻓﹶـﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﱠ ‪  ِ   ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﺘ ﺏ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ِ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﹶﺛﻠﹶﺎﺛﹰﺎ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪،‬ﺍﻛ‪‬ﺘﺐ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺭﺍﺣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪،‬ﻓِﺒﹾﺌﺲ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮِﻳ ‪،‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻗﻞ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍﻗ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻟﻠﻪِ،ﻭﹶﺃﻗﻞ ﺍﺳِﺘﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀﻩ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬ﻪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻦ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪ِ  َ  ‬ﻨ‬‫٧٨ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻏﻰ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٣١ / ٦٧( ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٧‬ ‫/ ٠٨(‬ ‫٨٨ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٣١ / ٩٧٤(‬
  • ‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠﻔﻆ ﻣﻦ‪ ‬ﻗﻮﻝ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﺭﻗِﻴﺐ ﻋﺘِﻴﺪ ﻭﻣﻠﻜﹶـﺎﻥِ ﻣِـﻦ ﺑ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻳ‪‬ـﺪ‪‬ﻳﻚ ﻭﻣِـﻦ‬‫ِ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ﹸ ِ ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﻟ ‪      ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﺧﻠﻔﻚ‪،‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ : ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻌﻘﺒ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮﻧ‪‬ﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﻗﹶﺎِﺑﺾ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ﻘ ﹸ ﱠ ‪    ‬ﱢ ‪   ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺻ‪‬ﻴِﺘﻚ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺗﻮ‪‬ﺍﺿﻌﺖ ﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﻓﻌﻚ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺗﺠ‪‬ﺒﺮﺕ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﻗﺼ‪‬ـﻤﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﻠ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺷﻔ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔﻈﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﹶﺎﺓ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﺤﻤﺪٍ،ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻓِﻴﻚ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫‪   ‬ﻴ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﺪﺧﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﻓِﻴﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﻓﻬﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻣﻠﹶﺎﻙ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺁﺩﻣ ‪،‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪    ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ‬ﻲ ِﻟ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ِﻟﺄﻥ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﻯ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﻓﻬﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ﻋﺸ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺮ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫٩٨‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺁﺩﻣ ‪،‬ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻠِﻴﺲ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﻭﹶﻟﺪﻩ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ "‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ‬ﻲ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ‬‫ِ ﹸ‪ٍ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﻌ ٍ‬‫ِﺇﻻﱠ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻪ ﻗﺮِﻳ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ «. ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻭِﺇ‪‬ـﺎﻯ ِﺇﻻ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ‬‫ﻟ ‪ ‬ﻳ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻳ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱢ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫٠٩‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻨِﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﺄﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻧِﻰ ِﺇﻻ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ «.‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﻛﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻞ ‪‬ﺗﻜﺬ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺑِﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻳﻦ )٩( ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﹶﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﻓﻈﲔ )٠١( ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶـﺎِﺗِﺒﲔ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻠ ﹾ ﹶ ﱢ ﺑ ﹶ ﺪ ِ‬ ‫)١١( ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ )٢١( { ]ﺍﻻﻧﻔﻄﺎﺭ : ٩ - ٢١[‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻓﻈﻮﻥ،ﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺱ،ﻭﺑﺘﺴﺠﻴﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺧﲑ ﺃﻭ ﺷـﺮ .. ﻭﻫـﻢ‬ ‫١٩‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﺍﳌﻜﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﻔﻀﻠﻪ ﻭﺇﺣﺴﺎﻧﻪ،ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺗﺒﻮﻥ ﳌﺎ ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ..‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺃﻯ : ﻭﺇﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻥ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻜﻢ،ﻭﻳﺴﺠﻠﻮ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ،ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﳍﻢ‬‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻣﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﱰﻟﺔ ﺍﳊﺴﻨﺔ،ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﻜﺘﺒﻮﻥ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻜﻢ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ،ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﻌﻠﻤـﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﻌﺎﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﻌﻠﻮ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﺀ ﺃﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺃﻡ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ،ﺻﻐﲑﺓ ﺃﻡ ﻛﺒﲑﺓ.‬‫ﻓﺎﳌﻘﺼﻮﺩ ‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳝﺔ : ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺚ ﺣﻖ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﺴﺎﺏ ﺣﻖ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺀ ﺣﻖ،ﻭﺃﻥ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻣﺴﺠﻠﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺗﺴﺠﻴﻼ ﺗﺎﻣﺎ،ﺑﻮﺍﺳﻄﺔ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺼﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﹼـﻪ ﻣـﺎ ﺃﻣـﺮﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺆﻣﺮﻭﻥ.‬ ‫٩٨ - ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻣﻊ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ﻟِﻠﻄ‪‬ﺒﺮﻱ )٢٥٤٨١ ( ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻧﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﹾِِ ﹸ ِ ﱠِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٠٩ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٨٢٧ (‬‫ﹶﺃﺳﻠﻢ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻩ ِﺇﻻﱠ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ ، ﻻ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻢ‬‫ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺘ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺣ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻢ : ﻓِﻲ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺩﻟِﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼﻄﻔﹶﻰ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻛﹶﺎﻓﺮ‪‬ﺍ.ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٤١ / ٧٢٣(‬ ‫ِ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫١٩ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥١ / ٣٨٤١(‬
  • ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻧﺴـﺎﻥ،ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻯ ﺷـﻲﺀ ﺗﻜـﻮﻥ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ،ﻭﻣﱴ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ ... ﻓﻤﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﳚﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ،ﻣـﻊ‬‫ﺗﻔﻮﻳﺾ ﻛﻨﻬﻬﺎ ﻭﻛﻴﻔﻴﺘﻬﺎ ﻭﺩﻗﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺮﺩ ﺣـﺪﻳﺚ ﺻـﺤﻴﺢ ﻋـﻦ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٢٩‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺼﻮﻡ ﻳﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ‪     ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻯ ِﺑﺴ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﺗﻜ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪِ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫ‪‬ﻢ ِﺑﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﻠﹶـﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﺒ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٣٩‬ ‫ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ «.‬ ‫ﹾﺒ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪  ‬ﹰ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﻋﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼﹶ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ِﺑﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻓﻠﹶـﻢ‬‫ٍﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪     ‬ﺳ ِ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﻥﹾ ﺗ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶﺎﻣ ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨ ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫‪‬ﺤ ‪ ‬ﻪ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪  ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪   ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‬‫ﻫﻢ‪ ‬ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ِﺑﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ِﺑﻌﺸﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻣﺜﹶﺎِﻟﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪   ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﻣِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﺿﻌﻒ.‬ ‫‪ٍ ِ ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺝِ،ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪   َ ِ ‬‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔﹰ،ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﺗﻜ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣﹾﺜﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶـﺈﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِﹾ ‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِﹶ‬ ‫ﹾﺒ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﺒ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﺘ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃﺟﻠِﻲ،ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﺈﻥ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻞ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔﹰ،ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺣﺴﻨ‪‬ﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ‬‫ﹾﺒ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﺒ ‪  ‬ﹰ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﺒ ‪   ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻣﺜﹶﺎِﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﻣِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﺿﻌﻒ.‬ ‫‪ٍ ِ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ : ﻋﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻟﹶﻰ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫ‪‬ـﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺪِﻱ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌ‪‬ﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻋﺸﺮ ﺣﺴﻨ‪‬ﺎﺕٍ،ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻫﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ‬ ‫٤٩‬ ‫ِﺑﺴ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﹶﻟﻢ ﹶﺃﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪﺓ.‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹰ‬ ‫‪     ٍ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬‫٢٩ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ-ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥١ / ٣١٣( ﻭ ﰱ ﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٦ /‬ ‫١٥٨٣(‬ ‫٣٩ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٤٣ (‬ ‫٤٩ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٢ / ٥٠١( )١٨٣-٣٨٣( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺣ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻢ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ : ﻗﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ِﺑﻪ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻋﺰﻡ ، ﻓﺴ ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰﻡ ﻫ ‪‬ﺎ ، ﻷﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰﻡ ِﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻢ‬‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻤ ‪   ‬ﻤ َ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ٍ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ‬‫، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻓِﻲ ﹸﻟﻐِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻄﻠﻖ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍﺀﺓ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻳﺔ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍﺀﺓ ، ﻷﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﺀ ، ﻷ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫َ ِ َ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪َ ِ    ‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾِ ‪ ِ َ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺧ‪‬ﺎﻃﺮ ﻻ ﺣﻜﻢ ﹶﻟﻪ ، ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤ‪‬ﺘﻤﻞ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ِﻟﻤﻦ ﻫ‪‬ﻢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ، ﻭِﺇﻥ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺰﻡ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻋﻤﻠﹶـﻪ ِﻟﻔﻀ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪     ‬ﹸ ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ      ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ‬
  • ‫: " ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺐ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻤﲔ ﹶﺃﻣﲔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﹸﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ِﺑﺤﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻛِﺘ‪‬ﺒﺖ ِﺑﻌﺸﺮ ﹶﺃﻣﺜﹶﺎِﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ، ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻓﺄﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﺸ ِ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ   ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻤﲔ: ﹶﺃﻣﺴﻚ‪ ،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻤﺴﻚ ﺳﺖ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕٍ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕٍ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ‬‫ﹶِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ‬‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫٥٩‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ، ﻭِﺇﻥ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻛِﺘ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪﺓ "‬ ‫َ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ َ ِ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﹸﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔﹶ، ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ : " ِﺇﻥ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﺸﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﺮﻓﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻠﻢ ﺳِـﺖ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ " ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻳﺔ..ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎﺕ - ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺨﻄﺊ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻲﺀِ، ﻓﹶـﺈﻥ ﻧ‪‬ـﺪﻡ‬‫ِ ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫ٍ ‪ ِ ِ   ِ ِ  ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ٍ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫٦٩‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﻣﻨ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨ ‪ ،‬ﻭِﺇﱠﺎ ﻛِﺘ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪﺓ "‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻪ ‪ ‬ﻟ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : " ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺣ‪‬ﺎﻓﻈ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺮﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﻔﻈﹶﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﹶﺃﻭ ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﺼﺤِﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺁﺧﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍ " ِﺇﱠـﺎ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ِﻟﻠﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ:‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ِِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ٍ  ٍ ‬ﹶ ِ‪ُ ‬‬‫ﹸﺃﺷﻬﺪﻛﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ ﻗﺪ ﻏﻔﺮﺕ ِﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤِﻴﻔﺔ " ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻥ " ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﻔﻈﹶـﺎ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﻫ ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﺻﺤ‪‬ﻴﻔِﺘﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﺧﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍ، ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋ‪‬ـﺰ ﻭﺟ‪‬ـﻞ: ﹸﺃﺷ‪‬ـﻬﺪﻛﻢ‬‫ِ‪ ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ِِ ‪ ‬ﻟ ﹶ ُ ‪  ‬ﱠ‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫٧٩‬ ‫ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺘِﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ ﻗﺪ ﻏﻔﺮﺕ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻃﺮﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤِﻴﻔﺔ "‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫١١- ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﺔ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ :‬‫ﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻜﻞ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻗﺮﻳﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﳋﲑ ﻭﻳﺮﻏﺒﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ،ﻭﻗﺮﻳﻨﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉـﻦ ﻳـﺄﻣﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺸﺮ ﻭﳛﺜﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ‪‬ﻌ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬‫- » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ِﺇﻻ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻪ ﻗﺮِﻳ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ «. ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ‬‫ﻟ ‪ ‬ﻳ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪ ٍ   ِ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱢ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎﻯ ِﺇﻻ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻨِﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﺄﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻣﺮﻧِﻰ ِﺇﻻ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ «٨٩.‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻳ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ، ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻮﻓِﻴﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ِﻟﻺﺳﻼﻡ ﻓﻀﻞ ‪‬ﺗﻔﻀﻞ ِﺑﻪ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ، ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻢ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭﹶﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻀﻞ ، ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪  ِ   ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹲ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ِ    ِ ِ    ِ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹲ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻫﻢ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻮ ﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ، ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎﻥﹶ ﻋﺪﻻ ، ﻭﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﻗﺪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻖ ﻋﺪﹶﻟﻪ ، ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭﺣﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻘﺖ ﻏﻀ‪‬ﺒﻪ ، ﻓﻤِـﻦ‬‫‪  ‬ﹰ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ   ِ ِ  ‬ﻤ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﻭﺭﺣﻤِﺘﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺻ‪‬ﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻠﻮﻍ ، ﻭ‪‬ﻛ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ،‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ     ِ ِ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ِ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻠ ‪ٍ    ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻭﻻ ﻓﺮﻕ.‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫٥٩ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٩ / ١٧٢( )٨٤٦٦ -٩٤٦٦( ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫٦٩ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٠٥٦٦ ( ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫٧٩ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٩ / ٤٧٢( )٢٥٦٦ ( ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬ ‫٨٩ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٨٢٧ (‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻭﺿﺢ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺴـﺎﻥ ﻭﻛـﺬﻟﻚ ﻋﻼﻗـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴﻄﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻌﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇﻥ ﻟِﻠﺸ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻤﺔ ﺑِﺎ‪‬ﺑﻦ‬‫ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬ﹰ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﻌ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺁﺩﻡ ﻭِﻟﻠﻤﻠﻚ ﹶﻟﻤﺔ ﻓﺄ ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻤﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﻓﺈِﻳﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﺑِﺎﻟﺸﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻜﺬِﻳﺐ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻤﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻓﺈِﻳﻌ‪‬ـﺎﺩ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹶﹶﻣ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﺸ ِ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬ﻣ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ‬‫ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺼﺪِﻳﻖ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻓﻤﻦ ﻭﺟﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓﻠﻴ‪‬ﻌﻠﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻭﺟﺪ ﺍﻷﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ‬ ‫‪      ِ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪ ُ       ‬‬‫ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻌﻮﺫ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟِﻴﻢ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﺮﹶﺃ }ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻘﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﹸﻢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻔﺤﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﹼ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻛ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹾ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪  ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﻌﺪ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻭﻓﻀﻼ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳﻊ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ{ )٨٦٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ«٩٩.‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﻛ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹰ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹼ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫٢١- ﺗﻮﰲ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺑﲏ ﺁﺩﻡ :‬‫ﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻠﻜﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩ ﻋﻨﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻳﺔ ﺁﺟﺎﳍﻢ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ: }ﹸـﻞ‬‫ﻗ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﺎ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻜﻢ ﹸﺛﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ{ )١١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﺠﺪﺓ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱢ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻓ ﻛ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬‫ﺗﻮﻓﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻲﺀ : ﺍﺳﺘﻴﻔﺎﺅﻩ ﻭﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﻛﺎﻣﻼ ﻭﺍﻓﻴﺎ،ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻮﰱ ،ﻷﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﺒ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ ﻳﺴﺘﻮﰱ ﺍﳊﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ،ﺩﻭﻥ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻧﻘﺼﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ـ ﻭﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻗﻞ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻜﻢ « ــ ﺇﺷـﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫‪‬ﱢﹶ ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﻓ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬‫ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳛﻞ ‪‬ﻢ،ﻟﻴﺲ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻘﺎﺀ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ،ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﻃﺎ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻈﻨـﻮﻥ ﻭﻛﻤـﺎ ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻋﺮﻫﻢ :‬‫ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻳﺎ ﺧﺒﻂ ﻋﺸﻮﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺼﺐ ﲤﺘﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﲣﻄﻰﺀ ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺮﻡ ﻭﻛﹼﺎ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺑﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺍﳊﻜﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﻢ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﻜﻞ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺃﺟﻼ ﳏﺪﻭﺩﺍ،ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺃﺟﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺴﺘﺄﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﺳـﺎﻋﺔ‬‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺪﻣﻮﻥ .. ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻳﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻣﻬﻤﺘﻪ ﻫﻰ ﻗﺒﺾ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻷﺟﺴﺎﺩ،ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺴﺘﻮﰱ ﺃﺟﻠﻬﺎ .. ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ،ﻟﻪ ﺃﻳﻀـﺎ‬‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ،ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ .. ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﻋﻄﻰ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ،ﰒ ﺳﻠﺒﻬﺎ،ﻻ ﻳﻌﺠﺰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻄﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺳﻠﺐ!‬‫» ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﺗﻜﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪِ،ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻨﺘ‪‬ﻢ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍﺗﺎ ﻓﺄﺣ‪‬ﻴﺎﻛﻢ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻤِﻴ‪‬ﺘﻜﻢ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻴِﻴﻜﻢ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺟ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ «‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹶﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫٠٠١‬ ‫)٨٢ : ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ(.‬‫٩٩ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٥٢٣ ( ﺣﺴﻦ ﻭﺻﺢ ﻭﻗﻔﻪ ﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺃﻯ ﻓﻠﻪ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟـﺮﺃﻱ -ﺍﻟﱠﻤـﺔ :‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱰﻭﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ‬ ‫٠٠١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )١١ / ٣١٦(‬
  • ‫ﻭﺃﺳﻨﺪ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﻫﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﰲ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ،ﻷﻧﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﺄﻣﻮﺭ ﺑﻘﺒﺾ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ. ﻭﺃﺳـﻨﺪﻩ‬‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ - ﺗﻌﺎﱃ - ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﺇِﺫﺍ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻓ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻷ‪‬ﻢ ﺃﻋﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻛﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺃﺳﻨﺪﻩ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ - ﺇﱃ ﺫﺍﺗﻪ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮ‪‬ﱠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﺣﲔ ﻣﻮﺗِﻬﺎ ﻷﻥ ﻛـﻞ ﺷـﻲﺀ‬ ‫ﱠ‪ ‬ﻓ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫١٠١‬ ‫ﻛﺎﺋﻨﺎ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ،ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻘﻀﺎﺋﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﻩ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻪ ﺃﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻳﺴﺎﻋﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻭ‪‬ﻫﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﻫﺮ ﻓﻮﻕ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺮﺳِـﻞ‬‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪   ِِ ِ  ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻢ ﺣﻔﻈﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﺘﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻓ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺭﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ{ )١٦( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪    ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﻃ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﻜ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ.‬‫ﺃﻯ : ﺣﱴ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﺣﺘﻀﺮ ﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﻭﺣﺎﻥ ﺃﺟﻠﻪ ﻗﺒﻀﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﻪ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻨﺎ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺣﺎﻟـﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺘﻮﺍﻧﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﺄﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﻣﻬﻤﺘﻬﻢ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻵﻟﻮﺳﻰ : ﻭﺣﱴ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ : ﺣ‪‬ﺘﻰ ﺇِﺫﺍ ﺟﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺒﺘﺪﺃ ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍﻟﻜـﻼﻡ‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﲡﻌﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻃﻴﺔ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﳌﺎ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﺎ،ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻗﻴﻞ : ﻭﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ‬‫ﺣﻔﻈﺔ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﳛﻔﻈﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻜﻢ،ﺣﱴ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺍﻧﺘﻬﺖ ﻣﺪﺓ ﺃﺣـﺪﻛﻢ ﻭﺟـﺎﺀﺕ‬‫ﺃﺳﺒﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻭﻣﺒﺎﺩﻳﻪ ﺗﻮﻓﺘﻪ ﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﻔﻮﺽ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺫﻟﻚ،ﻭﺍﻧﺘـﻬﻰ ﻫﻨـﺎﻙ ﺣﻔـﻆ‬‫ﺍﳊﻔﻈﺔ. ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺳﻞ - ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺃﺑﻮ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ - ﺃﻋـﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ .‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳉﻤﻞ : ﻓﺈﻥ ﻗﻠﺖ : ﺇﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺁﻳﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ : ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﺣﲔ ﻣﻮﺗِﻬﺎ ﻭﺛﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻓ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬‬‫: ﻗﻞ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻜﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﱵ ﻣﻌﻨﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻝ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻓ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺭﺳﹸﻨﺎ ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﺍﳉﻤـﻊ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬ﱢﹶ ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﻓ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﺑﲔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ؟.‬‫ﻓﺎﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺘﻮﰱ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺣﻀﺮ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑﻘﺒﺾ ﺭﻭﺣﻪ،ﻭﳌﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺃﻋﻮﺍﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻴﺄﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑـﱰﻉ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺒـﺪ ﻣـﻦ‬‫١٠١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ-ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )١١ / ٨٤١( ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﻏﻰ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫- )١٢ / ٨٠١(‬
  • ‫ﺟﺴﺪﻩ،ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳊﻠﻘﻮﻡ ﺗﻮﱃ ﻗﺒﻀﻬﺎ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ،ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻓﺘ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫٢٠١‬ ‫ﺭ‪‬ﺳﹸﻨﺎ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺑﻠﻔﻆ ﺍﳉﻤﻊ ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻤﺎ ﻟﻪ .‬‫‪‬ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺯﺏ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﺧﺮﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻲ ﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺯﺓ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪  ِ ٍ   ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﺳ ِ ِ‬‫ِﺇﹶﻟﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ‪‬ﺒﺮِ، ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠﺤﺪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻓﺠﻠﺲ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ،ﻭﺟﻠﺴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﻮﹶﻟﻪ ﻛﺄﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺅﺳﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻄ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪،‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﺭ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻤ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﻭﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻜﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻓﺮﻓﻊ ﺭﹾﺃﺳﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ:" ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻌِﻴ ﹸﻭﺍ ﺑِﺎﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺒ‪‬ـﺮِ، ﻓﹶـﺈﻥ‬‫ِﱠ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﻋ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺬ ِ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻦ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻧ‪‬ﻘﻄﹶﺎﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ، ﻭِﺇﻗﺒ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮﺓِ ‪‬ﻧﺰﻟﹶﺖ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﹲ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ٍ ِ ‪   ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺑِﻴﺾ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺟ‪‬ﻮﻩِ، ﻭﻛﺄﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺸﻤﺲ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺣ‪‬ﻮﻁ ﻣﻦ ﺣ‪‬ﻮﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔِ، ﻭﻛﻔﻦ ﻣﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ﱠ ‪‬ﺟ ‪          ‬ﻨ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬‫ﻛﻔﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺠﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺼﺮِ، ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺠِﻲﺀ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺠﻠﺲ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﹾﺃﺳِـﻪ‬‫ُ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﺘ ‪ِ   ِ  ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﺘ ‪ ِ‬ﺴ ِ ‪    ‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻄ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﺍﺧﺮﺟِﻲ ﺇِﻟﹶﻰ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺿﻮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺨﺮﺝ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺴِﻴﻞ‬‫‪ ٍ  ِ  ِ  ِ ٍ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬‫ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺴِﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻄﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻘﹶﺎﺀِ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺄﺧﺬﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺧﺬﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ﻃﺮﻓﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ‬ ‫ِ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﺘ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻳﺄﺧﺬﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﻌﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻔﻦِ، ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻮﻁِ، ﻭﳜﺮ‪‬ﺝ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﺄﻃ‪‬ﻴﺐ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺤﺔ ﺭِﻳـﺢ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ﹾ ِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻣﺴﻚٍ، ﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻇﻬﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺮ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺑﻤﻠﺄ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﻩ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﻳﺢ‬‫ِِ ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪    ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﻟ ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒ ﹸ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ: ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻦ‪ ‬ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥ ِﺑﺄﺣﺴﻦ ﹶﺃﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺴ ‪‬ﻰ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬﻲ‬‫‪ ‬ﺘ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻤ‬ ‫ﱠ ﺔ ﹶﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹸ ﹸ ﹸ ِ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  ‬‬‫ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻔﺘ‪‬ﺢ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺸ‪‬ﻴﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻣﻘﺮ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﻠِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺑ‬‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬﻲ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ: ﺍﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ﻓِﻲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﲔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺴ ِ‬ ‫ِﱢ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ُ ‪    ‬ﱠ ﹾ ﺒ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔِ، ﻭﹶﺃﻋِﻴ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﹶﺭﺽ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻘ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺃﻋِﻴﺪ‪‬ﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺃﺧ‪‬ـﺮﺟﻬﻢ ﺗ‪‬ـﺎﺭﺓ‬‫ِ ‪   ‬ﹰ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶِﻧ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺴ ‪  ‬ﺪ ‪‬‬‫ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺟﺴﺪﻩِ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ: ﻣﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ‪‬؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﺭ‪‬ـﻲ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﻘ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺭ ‪‬‬‫ﺍ ُ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ: ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺩِﻳ‪‬ﻨﻚ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﺩِﻳِﻨﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﺳﻠﹶﺎ ‪ ،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ‪‬؟‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﻡ ﹶﻘ ِ ‪   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﷲ ﹶﻘ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻫﻮ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲِ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ: ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺭِﻳﻚ‪‬؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﻗﺮ‪‬ﹾﺃﺕ ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻓﹶﺂﻣ‪‬ﻨﺖ ِﺑﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪    ِ  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻘ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﺳ ﹸ‬‫ﻭﺻﺪﻗ ‪ ،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻱ ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪِﻱ ﻓﹶﺎﻓﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔِ، ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟِﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﹾ ِﺷ ‪    ِ ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ   ِ ٍ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾﺖ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔِ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻓ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﺣﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻃِﻴِﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ، ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺢ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩ ﻣﺪ ‪‬ﺑﺼﺮﻩِ،‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِِ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹾﺤ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﻃ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻳﺢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ: ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪ ‬ﺑِﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺮﻙ ﻓﻬﺬﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻮ ‪‬ـﻚ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻱ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ ِ    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ِ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫٢٠١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ-ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥ / ٣٩( ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺸﺎﻑ ﺝ ٢ ﺹ ٣٣ ﻭ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻵﻟﻮﺳﻰ ﺝ ٧‬ ‫ﺹ ٦٧ ﻭﺣﺎﺷﻴﺔ ﺍﳉﻤﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﻼﻟﲔ ﺝ ٢ ﺹ ٠٤.‬
  • ‫ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ‪‬ﻮﻋﺪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ‪‬؟ ﻓﻮﺟﻬﻚ ﺍﻟﹾﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻲ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮِ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺎ ﻋﻤﹸـﻚ‬‫‪ ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪     ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺗ ‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﺭﺏ ﹶﺃﻗﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﺭﺏ ﹶﺃﻗﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺭﺟﻊ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻲ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻲ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺼ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺘ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻘﻄﹶﺎﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ، ﻭِﺇﻗﺒ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮﺓ ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ‬‫ِ ٍ ِ ‪   ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶﹲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺍﹾﻟﻮ ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻭﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ ‪‬ﻮﺡ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺠﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺼﺮِ، ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺄِﺗ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﻠﺲ‬‫ﺳ ‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ‪    ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﺘ ‪ِ‬ﺴ ِ ‪     ‬ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﹾﺃﺳﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒِﻴﹶﺜﺔ ﺍﺧﺮﺟِﻲ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺳﺨﻂ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻏﻀِﺒﻪ" . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:" ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻔﺮﻕ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِِ  ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬‫ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﺰﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ، ﻭﻣﻌﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺐ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ‪‬ﻭﻕ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﺰﻉ ﺍﻟﺴ ﱡﻮﺩ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻮﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺒﹸـﻮﻝ‬‫ِ ‪‬ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻔ ‪  ‬ﺼ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪       ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺄﺧ ﹸﻭ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﻌﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ِﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ ‪‬ﻮﺡ" . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:" ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺟِﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﺟِـﺪﺕ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶٍ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺴ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺬ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺮ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﻠﺄ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒِﻴﺜﹶـ ﹸ؟‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬ﺮ ‪  ‬ﺔ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﻟ ﻟ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ: ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥ ِﺑﺄﻗﺒ‪‬ﺢ ﹶﺃﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺴ ‪‬ﻰ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬﻲ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺘ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻤ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ٍ ﹶﹾ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺘ‪‬ﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﹶﻟ ‪ ،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﺮﹶﺃ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ } ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻪ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫{ ]ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ: ٠٤[ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﹾﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ: ﺍﻛ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺠﲔ‬‫ِ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹾﺒ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِِ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ُ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻔﻠﹶﻰ، ﻭﹶﺃﻋِﻴ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻌِﻴﺪﻫﻢ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶِﻧ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺪ‬‫‪‬ﻧﺨﺮﺟﻬﻢ ﺗ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ" . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:" ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻄﺮﺡ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻪ ﻃﺮﺣ‪‬ﺎ، ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﺮﹶﺃ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : } ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﹰ ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺸﺮﻙ ﺑِﺎﷲ ﻓﻜﺄ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ { ]ﺍﳊﺞ: ١٣[ ﺍﻟﹾﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔﹶ، ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺟﺴﺪﻩ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺄﺗِﻴﻪ‬‫‪ ِِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺭ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ِ   ِ  ‬‬‫ﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺠﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ: ﻣﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ‪‬؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﻫ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻫ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﺩﺭِﻱ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺩِﻳ‪‬ـﻚ‪‬؟‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﻘ ِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﻘ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﻫ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻫ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﺩﺭِﻱ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫ‪‬ﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ‪‬؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﻫ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻫ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻟﹶﺎ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹸ ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶﻘ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺩﺭِﻱ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻱ ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺬﺏ ﻓﹶﺎﻓﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭِ، ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟِﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭِ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻓ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻪ‬‫ﹾﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ   ِ ٍ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِﺷ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﺴ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺳ ‪‬ﻮﻣﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻀ‪‬ﻴﻖ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻒ ﻓِﻴـﻪ ﹶﺃﺿ‪‬ـﻠﹶﺎﻋﻪ" .‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ﹶ ﹾ ِ ِ ‪    ‬ﻤ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺘ ‪ِ  ِ ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:" ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻗﺒِﻴﺢ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨِﺘﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻳﺢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑِﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺀﻙ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣﻚ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻱ‬ ‫ﺴ ُ ‪    ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ‬ﹲ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬ﺮ ِ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ‪‬ﻮﻋﺪ" . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:" ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻓﻮﺟﻬﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺟﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺠِﻲ ﺑِﺎﻟﺸ ‪‬؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸـﻮﻝ: ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﺮ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ِ     ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺗ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒِﻴ ﹸ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ: ﺭﺏ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﺭﺏ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ" ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻬﻘِـﻲ ﺭﺣﻤ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﺚ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫٣٠١‬ ‫ﺍﷲ:"‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ :‬ ‫٣٠١ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )١ / ٠١٦( )٠٩٣ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ‬
  • ‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﺣﺎﻥ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ ﰒ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺎﻣﻮﺍ،ﺃﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ﻣﻼﺋﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺗﺒﺸﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺗﻄﻤﺌﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺻﺎﺋﺮ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ .ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:} ِﺇﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﹶﺃﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺰ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِـﻲ ﻛﻨ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻢ‬‫ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻣ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻟ ﻓ ‪  ‬ﻧ ‪ ِ ‬ﺮ‬‫‪‬ﻮﻋ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٠٣( ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﹶﺃﻭِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﺅﻛﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧِﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻬِﻲ‬ ‫‪  ِ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﺗ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻥ )١٣( ‪‬ﻧﺰﻟﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻏ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺭﺣِـﻴﻢ )٢٣( { ]ﻓﺼـﻠﺖ : ٠٣ -‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶﻔ ٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫٣٣[‬‫ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺑِﺎﷲِ،ﻭﹶﺃﺧﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓﹶ،ﻭﹶﺛ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ) ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ( ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﻨ‪‬ـﺰﻝ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫‪‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫َ‪ ‬ﹶﺼ ‪   ِ ‬ﺘ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻣ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻨ‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﻟﺘِﻲ ‪‬ﻳﺮِﻳ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﻻ ﺧﻮﻑ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻣ ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ِ ‬ﻤ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ِ ِ ِ  ِ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻘﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﹶﻣﺮ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓِ،ﻭﻻ ﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺰ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﻠ ﹸﻮﻩ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎﻝ ﻭﺯﻭﺝ‬‫ٍ ‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠﻔ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِﻣ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪   ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻧ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﻭﹶﻟﺪٍ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ِﺑﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﳉ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺘِﻲ ﻭﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﷲ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺭﺳﻠﻪ .‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ُ  ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺮ ‪  ‬ﺧ ِ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ : ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻛ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀﻛﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﳊﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﻟـﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ـﺪﺩ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪    ِ  ‬ﺮ ‪    ‬ﹸﻨ ‪ َ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﺧﻄﹶﺎﻛﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻠﻬﻤﻜﻢ ﺍﳊﹶ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺮﺷﺪﻛﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﺍﳋ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻭﺭِﺿﺎ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻭﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ‪‬ﻧ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾِ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻖ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻵﺧِﺮﺓِ،‪‬ﻧﺆﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺣﺸﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﹶ‪‬ﺒﺮِ،ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺨﺔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻮﺭِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒﻌ‪‬ـﺚ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ    ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻮﺭِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻮﺻﻠﻜﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﳋﻠﺪِ،ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻜﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺟ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ﺘﻬِﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻠ ﱠﺍﺕ‬‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹶﺬ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ِ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺸ ‪ ‬ﻧ ِﹸ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻌِﻴﻢِ،ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﻨﻮﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻄﻠ‪‬ﻮﻥ .‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾﹸ ﺒ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫٤٠١‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﺩ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍﻣﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻮ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﻐ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﺣِﻴﻢ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ُ   ِ ِ  ِ ‬ﻔ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳋﻄﻴﺐ : " ﻓﺎﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺣﺪﻩ،ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﻻ ﻧﻌﺒﺪ ﺇﳍﺎ ﻏﲑﻩ،ﻭﻻ ﻧﺘﺨﺬ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻣﻌﻪ ﺷﺮﻛﺎﺀ،ﰒ ﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺇﳝﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ،ﻗﺪ ﻋﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﲟﻘﺘﻀﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﻘﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻳـﺪﻋﻮ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ،ﻣﻦ ﺍﻣﺘﺜﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺄﻣﺮ ﺑﻪ،ﻭﺍﺟﺘﻨﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﻬﻰ ﻋﻨﻪ ـ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨـﻮﻥ ﺗـﺘﱰﻝ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﲪﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﻛﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ،ﻓﻴﻠﻘﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛـﻞ ﻣﻄﻠـﻊ ﻣـﻦ ﻣﻄـﺎﻟﻊ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ،ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺍﺋﺪﻫﺎ،ﲟﺎ ﳝﻸ ﻗﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﺃﻣﻨﺎ ﻭﺳﻜﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﺭﺿﺎ،ﻗﺎﺋﻠﲔ ﳍـﻢ :ﺃﹼـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﲣﺎﻓﻮﺍ ﳑﺎ ﺃﻧﺘﻢ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻭﺟﺰﺍﺀ،ﻭﻻ ﲢﺰﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﺋﺖ ﻓﺎﺗﻜﻢ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ،ﻓﻘﺪ‬‫ﺃﺧﺬﰎ ﺧﲑ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﻭﺇﻧﻪ ﻟﻜﻰ ﻳﺄﻧﺲ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٤٠١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٧٢١٤(‬
  • ‫ﻳﻠﻘﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻷﻭﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ،ﻳﻜﺸﻒ ﳍﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ،ﺇﺫ ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ـ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺸﻌﺮ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ـ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﳍﻢ،ﲡﻤﻊ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺀ ﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻪ .. ﻓﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺇﺧﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ‪ ‬ﻳﺤﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﺑِـﻪ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪          ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ِ    ِ  ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﻨﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﹾﻤﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫‪ِ   ‬ﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺑ ‪   ِ ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪    ٍ  ‬ﹰ ‪ ِ ‬ﹰ ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﺑ‬ ‫ﺳﺒِﻴﻠﻚ ﻭﻗﻬﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺤِﻴﻢ « )٧ : ﻏﺎﻓﺮ(.‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﰒ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺟﻨﺪﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻠﻮﻥ ﰱ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻣـﻊ ﺍﳌﻘـﺎﺗﻠﲔ ﰱ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﻮﺣِﻲ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﺇِﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺜ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﹶِ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾﻳ‬‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺳﺄﹾﻟﻘِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﻗﹸﻮﺏ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺐ ﻓﹶﺎﺿﺮ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋ‪‬ﻨﺎﻕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﺮ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣِـ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﺮ ‪ ِ    ‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﺑ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎﻥ « )٢١ : ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ( ..‬ ‫ﹸﱠ ٍ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ﺘﻬِﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻥ «.ﺍﻟﻀﻤﲑ ﰱ » ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‪‬‬‫« ﻟﻠﺠﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﰱ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ‪‬ﻮﻋ ‪‬ﻭﻥ « .. ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺗ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﺮ‬‫ﺃﺑﺸﺮﻭﺍ ‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺸﺘﻬﻰ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻣـﺎ ﺗـﺪﻋﻮﻥ،ﺃﻱ ﻣـﺎ‬‫ﺗﺘﻤﻨﻮﻥ،ﳑﺎ ﻳﻄﻮﻑ ﲞﻴﺎﻟﻜﻢ،ﻭﻳﻘﻊ ﰱ ﻋﺎﱂ ﺍﻷﻣﺎﱏ،ﻓﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺘﻤﻨﻮﻧﻪ ﲡﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﺣﺎﺿـﺮﺍ ﺑـﲔ‬‫ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻜﻢ ..ﻭﺇﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺃﻫﻨﺄ ﻟﻺﻧﺴﺎﻥ،ﻭﻻ ﺃﺳﻌﺪ ﻟﻘﻠﺒﻪ،ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﳚﺪ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻤﻨﺎﻩ ﺣﺎﺿﺮﺍ ﺑـﲔ‬‫ﻳﺪﻳﻪ،ﻓﺘﻠﻚ ﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻌﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﻄﻠﻘﺔ،ﺍﳋﺎﻟﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺷﺎﺋﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻮﺍﺋﺐ ﺍﳊﺮﻣﺎﻥ،ﺍﻟﻜﹼﻰ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳉﺰﺋﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ‪‬ﻧﺰﻟﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻏ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺭﺣﻴﻢ « ﺃﻱ ﻣﱰﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻔﻮﺭ ﺭﺣﻴﻢ،ﻗﺪ ﺃﻋﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻭﻗـﺪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶﻔ ٍ ‪ٍ ِ ‬‬‫ﻏﻔﺮ ﻟﻜﻢ ﺫﻧﻮﺑﻜﻢ،ﻭﺃﻧﺰﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﱰﻝ ﺭﲪﺘﻪ .. ﻭﻣﻦ ﻧﺰﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌـﱰﻝ ﻓﻬـﻮ ﰱ ﺿـﻴﺎﻓﺔ ﺭﺏ‬ ‫٥٠١‬ ‫ﻛﺮﱘ،ﻳﻨﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ .. "‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺎﺯﺏ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﺎﺭ ﺁﻧﻔﺎ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ..‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺬﻳﺐ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ :‬‫٥٠١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٢١ / ٣١٣١( ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻮﺳﻴﻂ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ-ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ‬ ‫- )٢١ / ٠٥٣( ﻭﰱ ﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥ / ١٢١٣(‬
  • ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻇﻠﻢ ﻣﻤﻦِ ﺍﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﺬﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹸﺃﻭﺣﻲ ِﺇﹶﻟﻲ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻮﺡ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ‬‫‪ ‬ﹼ ِ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ِ ‬ﻳ ‪ٌ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﹸﻧﺰﻝ ﻣﹾﺜﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﺇﺫ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﻏﻤﺮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ﻈ ﻤ ﹶ ﹶ‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹼ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺄ ِ ﹸ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍﹾ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺰﻭﻥ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﹼـﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ِ  ‬ﺟ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪      ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻬ ِ ﻛ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ِﻄ‬ ‫ﻏﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭ ﹸﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺁﻳ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٣٩( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻛ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺽ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﺍﳌﺼﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺼﲑ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻇﺎﱂ،ﺣﲔ ﺗﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﺃﻳﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﲑﺓ ﰱ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ،ﲝﻠﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﻣﺮﻫﺎ،ﻭﺑﻠﻬﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﻋﺒﺜﻬﺎ،ﻭﺇﺫ ﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻑ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ،ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ‬‫ﳝ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻻﻧﺘﺰﺍﻉ ﺛﻮﺏ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻠﺒﺴﻪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳉﺴﺪ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﳝﺸـﻰ ﰱ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﳐﺘﺎﻻ ﻓﺨﻮﺭﺍ،ﳛﺴﺐ ﺃﻥ ﻣﺎﻟﻪ ﺃﺧﻠﺪﻩ .. ﻭﻣﺎ ﻫﻰ ﺇﻻ ﳊﻈﺎﺕ،ﻳﻌﺎﰿ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﻜﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ،ﺣﱴ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺟﺜﺔ ﻫﺎﻣﺪﺓ،ﻛﺄﻧﻪ ﻟﻘﻰ ﻣﻠﻘﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ،ﺑﻞ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻳﺼﺒﺢ ﺳـﻮﺃﺓ ﳚـﺐ ﺃﻥ ﲣﺘﻔـﻰ‬‫ﻭﺗﺘﻮﺍﺭﻯ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻧﻈﺎﺭ،ﻭﺗﻐ‪‬ﺐ ﰱ ﺑﺎﻃﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ .. ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻓﺤﺴﺐ،ﺑﻞ ﺇﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ ﺑﺪﺀ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﳌﺮﺣﻠﺔ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺓ،ﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﻏﲑ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ .. ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﻴﺒﻌﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ،ﻭﻳﻠﺒﺲ ﺛﻮﺏ‬‫ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ،ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻻ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻄﻠـﻖ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﺮﺍﺡ،ﻳﻠﻬﻮ ﻭﻳﻌﺒﺚ،ﺑـﻞ ﻟﻴﻠﻘـﻰ ﺑـﻪ ﰱ‬ ‫ﺴ‬‫ﺟﻬﻨﻢ،ﻭﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﻮﺩﺍ ﳉﺤﻴﻤﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺘﺴﻌﺮ! ﻭﰱ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﹶﺃﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ « ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﺟ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﻠﺰﻡ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳛﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻟﻘﺒﺾ ﺃﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﲔ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻠـﻮﻥ‬‫ﺑﻘﺒﺾ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ،ﳛﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﲔ ﲪﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺰﺍﻋﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﻧﻔﺴـﻬﻢ،ﻭﺇﻋﻄﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﳍـﻢ‬‫ﺑﺄﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ،ﻭﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺗﻨﻜﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﺇﺫﻻﻝ ﻭﻗﻬﺮ ﳍﻢ،ﺑﺄﻥ ﳛﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﲪﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻧﺘﺰﺍﻉ ﺣﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺑﺄﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ‬ ‫.. ﻫﻜﺬﺍ » ﹶﺃﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ «.. ﻭﻫﻞ ﻳﻌﻄﻰ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺑﻴﺪﻩ ؟‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﺟ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﻷﻫﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻛﺜﲑﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺘﺰﻋﻬﺎ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻗﻬﺮﺍ ﻭﻗﺴﺮﺍ،ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺑﻴﺪﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫٦٠١‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺰ ﺷﻰﺀ ﳝﻠﻜﻪ،ﺑﻞ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻰﺀ ﳝﻠﻜﻪ ..‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﻰ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﻀﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺩﺑ‪‬ـﺎﺭﻫﻢ‬‫ﹶ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪‬ﺟ ‪       ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬ﻓ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﹸﻭﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺮِﻳﻖ{ )٠٥( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪‬ﺫ ﻗ ‪ِ   ‬‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﺑﻄﺮﺍ ﻭﺭﺛﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ،ﻣﻦ ﺑـﻼﺀ‬ ‫ﹼ‬‫ﻭﻧﻜﺎﻝ ﰱ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺑﺪﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺴﺘﻮﱃ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫٦٠١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٤ / ١٤٢(‬
  • ‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻫﻮ ﻭﺍﳋﻴﻼﺀ .. ﻓﻬﺎﻫﻢ ﺃﻭﻻﺀ ﻳﺘﻠ ﹼﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﻌﺎﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﻫﻬﻢ،ﻭﺍﻟﻀـﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﻘ‬ ‫ﺰ‬ ‫ﺃﺩﺑﺎﺭﻫﻢ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﻌﺒﻴﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﺇﻣﺎﺋﻬﻢ ..!‬‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﻌ ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻌﺔ ؟ ﻭﺃﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﳉﺎﻩ ؟ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻛﻠﻪ،ﻭﻟﺒﺴﻮﺍ ﺛﻮﺏ ﺍﳋـﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻬﺎﻧﺔ،ﻭﻧﺰﻟﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺳﻮﺃ ﳑﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﺭﻗﺎﺀ .. ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﻴﺪ ﻭﺇﻣﺎﺀ!‬‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﻳﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻟﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻔﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﻫﻬﻢ،ﻭﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻷﺭﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﺧـﺬ‪‬ﻢ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻛﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺩﺑﺎﺭﻫﻢ،ﺃﻳﺪﻳﺎ ﺧﻔ‪‬ﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺮﻯ،ﻷ‪‬ﺎ ﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﻭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺳﻠﻄﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ـ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﺎ ﺷ ‪‬ﻫﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻮﻩ ﺑﻀﺮﺑﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻮﻑ،ﻭﺭﻛﻠﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺩﺑـﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﹼ‬‫ﺑﺄﺯ ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻣﺎﺡ،ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﻳﺪ ﺭﺁﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﺃﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﲔ،ﻭﺷﻬﺪﻭﺍ ﺁﺛﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﺃﻓﻌﺎﳍﺎ ﰱ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺩﺓ‬ ‫ﺟ ﺮ‬‫ﺍﳌﺘﻜﱪﻳﻦ .. ﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻳﺪﻱ ﺃﻭﻟﺌـﻚ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﺳـﺘﺮﻫﺒﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﺑﺰﻫـﻮﻫﻢ‬ ‫٧٠١‬ ‫ﻭﺧﻴﻼﺋﻬﻢ،ﻭﻏﻤﺰﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﰱ ﻗﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﺮﺽ ﺑﻘﻮﺍﺭﺹ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﻢ،ﻭﺳﲕﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ.‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻟﱪﺍﺀ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ .‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫٣١- ﺳﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﻮﺗﻰ ﰲ ﻗﺒﻮﺭﻫﻢ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﺍﻟﹾﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻓِﻰ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩِ،ﻭ‪‬ـﻮﱢﻟﻰ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﺗ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺫﻫﺐ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺴﻤﻊ ﻗﺮﻉ ِﻧﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻬﻢ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻓﺄﻗﻌ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻻﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ‬‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﺘ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ‬‫ﻓِﻰ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ - - ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝﹸ ﹶﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮﹸﻟﻪ . ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﻧ ﹸـﺮ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪      ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﺳ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻈ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻘ‬ ‫‪ٍ  ِ   ‬‬‫ﻣﻘﻌ‪‬ﺪﻙ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺪﹶﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻘﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌ‪‬ـﺎ -‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ ‪  ‬ﱠ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ‪ِ   ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮ - ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨ‪‬ﺎﻓﻖ - ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻻ ﹶﺃﺩﺭِﻯ،ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﹶﺃﹸﻮﻝ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ . ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻻ ﺩﺭ‪‬ﻳﺖ‬‫ِ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻗ ﹸ ﻘ ﹸ ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ‬‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻠ‪‬ﻴﺖ . ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻀﺮﺏ ِﺑﻤﻄﺮﻗﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺪِﻳﺪ ﺿﺮ‪‬ﺑﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹸﺃﺫ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺼِﻴﺢ ﺻ‪‬ﻴﺤﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻤﻌﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻠِﻴﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ     ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪   ٍ  ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹰ ‪ِ     ‬‬ ‫ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻘﻠ‪‬ﻴﻦ « ٨٠١.‬ ‫ﱠ ﹶﹶ ِ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺯﺏ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠِﻢ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺳِﺌﻞ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ‪‬ﺒﺮ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ،ﻓﺬِﻟﻚ ﻗﻮﹸﻟﻪ }‪‬ﻳﹶﺜ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺑِـﺖ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ‪  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﺜ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٧٠١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥ / ٥٣٦(‬ ‫٨٠١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨٣٣١(‬
  • ‫ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺎﺀ{ )٧٢( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ  ِ‬ﱡ ﹼ ‪ ‬ﻈ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹼ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ٩٠١.‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗِﺒﺮ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ـﺪﻛﻢ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ـﺎ ﹸ،ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻣﻠﻜﹶـﺎﻥ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﻥ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﹶﺃﺳﻮﺩ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﹶﺃﺯﺭﻗﹶﺎﻥِ،‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻷﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ : ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﻜﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮ : ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻜ ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻻﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ِﲑ ﹶ ﻘ ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ َ ‪ِِ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ؟ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﹶـﺎﻥ ﻣﺆﻣﻨ‪‬ـﺎ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ : ‪‬ـﻮ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺪ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﹶ ﻫ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ    ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹲ ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶِ ﹾ‬‫ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮﹸﻟ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮﹸﻟ ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻻﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ : ِﺇﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟ‪‬ﻨﻌﻠﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ‬‫‪ ‬ﺳ ﻪ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪       ‬ﺳ ﻪ ﹶ ﻘ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸﻨ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺢ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻌﲔ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻮﺭ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ :‬ ‫‪    ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِِ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ِ‬‫‪‬ﻧﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻛ‪‬ﻨﻮﻣﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻻ ‪‬ﻮﻗﻈﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﹶﺃﺣﺐ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﺒﻌﹶﺜﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣِـﻦ ﻣﻀ‪‬ـﺠﻌﻪ‬‫‪ِِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻳ ِ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ِ ِ  ‬ﺘ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺮ ِ‬‫ﺫِﻟﻚ. ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﻓﻘﹰﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻻ ﹶﺃﺩﺭِﻱ ﻛﻨ‪‬ـﺖ ﹶﺃﺳ‪‬ـﻤﻊ ﺍﻟ‪‬ـﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸـﻮﻥ ﺷ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ،ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻨﺖ‬‫ﹶﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﹸﻮﹸﻟ ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻻﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ : ِﺇﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨﻌﻠﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ِﻟﻸﺭﺽ : ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺘِﺌﻤِـﻲ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪِ،ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻠ‪‬ﺘِﺌﻢ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻗ ﻪ ﹶ ﻘ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸﻨ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ َ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٠١١‬ ‫ﻋﻠﹶ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻒ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺿﻼﻋ ‪،‬ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺰ‪‬ﺍﻝ ﻣﻌﺬﱠﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻌﹶﺜﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻀﺠﻌﻪ ﺫِﻟﻚ."‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﺘ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ِ     ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﺘ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫٤١- ﺇﺑﻼﻍ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻭﺣﻜﻤﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳐﱪﹰﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ : ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰِﻳﻞ ﺭﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ )٢٩١( ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ِﺑﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﹾـﺄﻣﲔ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫)٣٩١( ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻗﻠِﺒﻚ ِﻟ‪‬ﺘ ﹸـﻮﻥ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨ‪‬ـﺬﺭِﻳﻦ )٤٩١( ِﺑﻠﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻥ ﻋﺮﺑِـﻲ ‪‬ـِﺒﲔ )٥٩١(‬ ‫ٍ ‪  ‬ﻣ ٍ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹾ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ/٢٩١-٦٩١[‬‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺺ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﺔ، ﻟﹶﻤ ﱠﻝ ﻣِﻦ ﺧﺎﻟﻖ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ، ﻭﻣﺎﻟـﻚ‬ ‫ﱰ‬ ‫ﹸ ِ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻛﻠﻪ، ﻧﺰﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ، ﻓﺘﻼﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ - ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ - ﺣﱴ ﻭﻋﻴﺘﻪ ﺑﻘﻠﺒﻚ ﺣﻔﻈﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻭﻓﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ؛ ﻟﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣِﻦ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﳜ ‪‬ﻓﻮﻥ ﻗﻮﻣﻬﻢ ﻋﻘﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ، ﻓﺘﻨﺬﺭ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﱰﻳﻞ ﺍﻹﻧـﺲ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻦ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ. ﻧﺰﻝ ﺑﻪ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ ﻋﺮﺑﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﺿﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﲎ، ﻇـﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟـﺔ، ﻓﻴﻤـﺎ‬ ‫١١١‬ ‫ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺇﺻﻼﺡ ﺷﺆﻭﻥ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺩﻧﻴﺎﻫﻢ.‬ ‫٩٠١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٩٦٤ (‬ ‫٠١١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٧ / ٦٨٣( )٧١١٣( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫١١١‬ ‫-ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٦ / ٣٤٤( ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٦٠٠٣(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺭﻓِﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﹸﻭ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ‪‬ﻳﻠﻘِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺩﻩ‬‫ِ ‪ِِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ    ‬ﺫ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ﺮ ‪ ِِ   ِ ‬‬ ‫ِﻟ‪‬ﻨﺬﺭ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻠﹶﺎﻕ{ )٥١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻏﺎﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ ِ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻲ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﻌﺖ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﺑﺎﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎﺗﻪ، ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻔﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪ‪‬ﺭﻩ،‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺭﲪﺘﻪ ﺑﻌﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺭﺳﻼ ﻳﻠﻘﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟـﻮﺣﻲ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳛﻴﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ، ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻧﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺼﲑﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ؛ ﻟﺘﺨ ‪‬ﻑ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﺗﻨﺬﺭﻫﻢ ﻳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫٢١١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻠﺘﻘﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﻭﻥ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﺑﺎﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻭﻇﻴﻔﺔ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ.‬ ‫٥١- ﲪﻞ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ :‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻧﺺ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺮﺵ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﲢﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶـﻚ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﺮﺵ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻓﻮﻗﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣِﺌﺬ ﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ { )٧١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳊﺎﻗﺔ .‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﹲ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺟﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻧﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻈ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻷﺭﺽِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﻞ ﻋﺮﺵ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ‬‫‪ ِ  َ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫٣١١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻴ‪‬ﻮﻡ ﺍﳌ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺭ ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﺍﳋﻼِﺋﻖ ﹶﺛﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶﻬ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺅ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹲ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺑِﺤﻤﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬِـﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﺑِـﻪ‬‫‪ِ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪          ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ِ     ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﹾﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫ﹾِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﺑ‬ ‫‪ِ   ‬ﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪    ٍ  ‬ﹰ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺳﺒِﻴﻠﻚ ﻭﻗﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺤِﻴﻢ{ )٧( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻏﺎﻓﺮ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ     ِ ِ ‬‬‫ِﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﺮﺵ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻣِـﻦ ﺣﻮﻟِـﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ِ    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻫ ‪ ِ    ‬ﻫ ﹶ َ‬‫‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ِﻧﻌﻤﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﻻِﺋﻪِ،ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺗِﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻐﻔِـﺮ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ‪ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬‫ﻟِﻠﻤﺴﻴِﺌﲔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﺃﻗﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻋ ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ِﺑﻪِ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﳋﲑِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺮﻙ‬‫‪  ِ  ِ    ‬ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﺑ ‪ ‬ﹾﹶﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ﻧ‬ ‫٤١١‬ ‫ﺍﳌ‪‬ﻨﻜﺮِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﻨﺐ ) ‪‬ﻳﻘِﻲ ( ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎِﺋِﺒﲔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨِﻴِﺒﲔ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ .‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶِ ﺘ ‪     ‬ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫٦١- ﺭﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ، ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ :‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫٢١١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٨ / ٨٠٣(‬ ‫٣١١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٨١٢٥(‬ ‫٤١١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٩١٠٤(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻃﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﲔ ‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻮﻇﺎﺋﻒ ﺍﺳﻢ ﺍﳋﺰﻧﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭﺳِـﻴﻖ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺟﻬ‪‬ﻨﻢ ﺯﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ُﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﺘﺤﺖ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺧﺰ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺄِﺗﻜﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﺀ ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬‫ﺭﺳﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﺁَﻳ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺬ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻜﻢ ِﻟﻘﹶﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣﻜﻢ‪ ‬ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺑﻠﹶﻰ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﺣﻘﺖ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹲ ِ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ  ‬ﺭ ﹸ ‪ ِ  َ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻟ‬‫ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮِﻳﻦ )١٧( ﻗِﻴﻞ ﺍﺩﺧﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﺟﻬ‪‬ﻨﻢ ﺧ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺪِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﺒﹾﺌﺲ ﻣﺜﹾـﻮ‪‬ﻯ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻦ )٢٧( ﻭﺳِﻴﻖ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﻘﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺯﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ُﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻓِﺘﺤﺖ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺀ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺧﺰ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﻃ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺩﺧﹸﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺪِﻳﻦ )٣٧( { ]ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺮ/١٧-٣٧[،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ :}ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻋﺪﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺑ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺟﻬﻢ ﻭﺫﺭ‪‬ـﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ِ    ِ َ  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﻳ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ‪   ٍ   ‬ﻠ‬‫‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺏ )٣٢( ﺳﻠﺎﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺻ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺗﻢ ﻓِﻨﻌﻢ ﻋﻘﺒ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟـ ‪‬ﺍﺭ )٤٢( {‬ ‫ﺪِ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ﱢ ٍ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ/٣٢، ٤٢[‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ ِﻟﺨﺰ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﺟﻬ‪‬ﻨﻢ ﺍﺩ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭﺑ‪‬ﻜﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺨﻔﻒ ﻋ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻨ ِ ‪    ِ  ‬ﻋ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﱢ ‪  ‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺬﹶﺍﺏ )٩٤( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺄﺗِﻴﻜﻢ ﺭﺳﻠﻜﻢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺑﻠﹶﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﺩ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﺩﻋ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫ﻟ ‪‬ﻋ ‪ُ  ‬‬ ‫ِ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻟ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮِﻳﻦ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺿﻠﹶﺎﻝ )٠٥( ]ﻏﺎﻓﺮ/٩٤ -٠٥[ { .‬ ‫‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻟ‬‫ﻭﺧﺺ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺑﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺰﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ :} ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴﺪﻉ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﻳﻪ )٧١( ﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻨﺪﻉ ﺍﻟﺰﺑ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻴ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹾ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫)٨١( ]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ/٧١-٩١[{‬‫ﻭﺭﺅﺳﺎﺀ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺩﺭ‪‬ﺍﻙ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻘﺮ )٧٢( ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﻘِﻲ ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﺬﺭ )٨٢( ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺍﺣﺔ ِﻟﻠ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ )٩٢( ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ )٠٣( ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ‪‬ـﺎﺭ ِﺇﱠـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ﻟ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻮ ‪‬ﹲ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺪ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺔ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻘﻦ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﹸﻭ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺰﺩ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪   ‬ﹾ ِ ‪   ‬ﻟ ِ ﹰ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ ‪   ِ ‬ﺃ ﺗ ِ ‪    ‬‬‫ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ِﺇﳝ‪‬ﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺗ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﹸﻭ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭِﻟ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﻗﹸـﻮِﺑﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ـﺮﺽ‬‫‪    ‬ﺃ ﺗ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸﻠ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫َ ‪‬ﻨ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﻣﹶﺜﻠﹰﺎ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ‪‬ﻳﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻳ‪‬ﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻬﺪِﻱ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﹶـﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﱠ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﱡ ﱠ‪   ُ     ُ   ‬‬ ‫ِﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺭﺑ‪‬ﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻲ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﻟﻠ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ )١٣( ]ﺍﳌﺪﺛﺮ/٧٢-٢٣[{ .‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ‪   ‬ﻟ ‪  ِ   ‬ﻟ ِ ﹾ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﺯﻋﻴﻤﻬﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺎﺩﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻚ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻘﺾ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻜﻢ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎﻛﹸﻮﻥ {‬ ‫ِﺜ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫)ﺍﻟﺰﺧﺮﻑ : ٧٧(‬
  • ‫-»‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﺧﺎﺯﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ، ﻓﻌ‪‬ﻦ ﺳﻤﺮﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ﺭﺟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻴ‪‬ﺎﻧِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻻ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ‪‬ﻮﻗﺪ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺧ‪‬ـﺎﺯﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﻭﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳ ﹸ،ﻭﻫ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫ِ ﻞ ‪‬‬ ‫ِﹸ ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻳ ِ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ « )ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ(٥١١ .‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫٧١-ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﳎﺎﻟﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ِﺇﻥ ِﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻓﻀﻼ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪‬ﻴ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ﱠِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻣﺠ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺲ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻭﺟ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻣﺠﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻗﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻭﺣﻒ ‪‬ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻌﻀ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺄﺟِﻨﺤِﺘﻬﻢ‬‫ِ ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺪ ‪            ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱢ ﹾ ِ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﺪ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻤﻠﹸﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺗﻔﺮﹸﻮﺍ ﻋﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﺻﻌ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ -‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ     ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ‪‬ﻗ ‪ ‬ﺟ ‪ِ  ‬ﺪ‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﹶﺌ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺄﹸﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺟﹾﺌ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻟﹸﻮﻥ ﺟﹾﺌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪     ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻬﻠﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ.ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﺄﹸﻮﻧِﻰ‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‬ ‫َ ‪  ِ ‬ﺤ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﺮ ‪  ‬ﱢﻠ ‪   ‬ﺪ ‪  ‬ﹶﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺟ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻚ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﻨﺘِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻻ ﹶﺃﻯ ﺭﺏ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﻨﺘِـﻰ‬ ‫ﻟ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﹶﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪‬ﹶﻟ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺠ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻣﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺠ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻨِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭﻙ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺭِﻯ‬ ‫ﻟ ِ ‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ِ  ‬ﲑ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ِ ‬ﲑ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻻ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭِﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻗﺪ ﻏﻔﹶـﺮﺕ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫ﹶ ﹶﻘ ﹸ ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻬ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ِ   ‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ ﹶ ﹶﹶﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻓﺄﻋﻄ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﺄﹸﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﺃﺟﺮ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺍ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓﻴ‪ ‬ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﺏ ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻼﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺧ ﱠﺎﺀ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹲ ‪  ‬ﻄ ٌ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶﻟ ‪ِ     ‬ﻤ ‪ ‬ﺭ‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ ﻓﺠﻠﺲ‪ ‬ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ﻏﻔﺮﺕ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻘﹶﻰ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﺟﻠِﻴﺴﻬﻢ «.)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪     ِ ‬‬ ‫٦١١‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻢ (‬‫، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﻥ ِﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ ﻛ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ‪‬ـﺎﺱ ،‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪  ‬ﹸﺘ ِ ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ، ﻋﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺳ ِ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕ ، ‪‬ﻳﻠﹾ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ، ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻭﺟ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻗﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺬﻛ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻨ‪‬ـﺎﺩﻭ‪‬ﺍ :‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِﺴ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱢ ﹾ ِ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱡ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻄﻓ ﹶ‬‫ﻫﻠﻤﻮﺍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺣ‪‬ﺎﺟِﺘﻜﻢ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺤ ﱡﻮﻥ ِﺑﻬﻢ ِﺑﺄﺟِﻨﺤِﺘﻬﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺄﹸﻟﻬﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ ‪‬ـﻮ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻔ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻱ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻤﺠ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ‬‫ﺤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﺮ ‪   ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻫﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻧِﻲ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ﻻ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻧِﻲ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶﻘ ﻟ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬‫: ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻙ ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻚ ﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﹶﺃﻛﹶﺜﺮ ‪‬ﺗﺴﺒِﻴﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺗ‪‬ﺤﻤِﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻤﺠِﻴـﺪ‪‬ﺍ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸـﻮﻝ : ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮﻧِﻲ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻓﻬﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ﻻ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻟ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻟ‬ ‫٥١١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٦٣٢٣ (‬ ‫٦١١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٥١٠٧ (-ﺍﻟ ﹸﻀﻞ : ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺯﺍﺋﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﻔﻈﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻔ‬
  • ‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﺃﹶﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﺣﺮﺻ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ـﺪ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬‬‫ﻃﻠﺒ‪‬ﺎ ، ﻭﹶﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﻏ‪‬ﺒﺔ ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻭﻣﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌﻮ ﹸﻭﻥ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻭﻫ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹰ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬ﺫ ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ﻻ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ : ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ؟ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ﻟﹶـﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ‬‫ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ ، ﻭﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﻫﺮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ، ﻭﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﺧﻮﻓﹰﺎ ، ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ : ﹸﺃﺷﻬﺪﻛﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫‪          ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﱠ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻧ‬ ‫ﻧ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻗﺪ ﻏﻔﺮﺕ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ. ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ : ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺟ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫َ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫٧١١‬ ‫ِﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺟﺔ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻘﻰ ﺟﻠِﻴﺴﻬﻢ." )ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ(‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ُ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﻷﻏﺮ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ‪ ‬ﺷﻬﺪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺪﺭﻯ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ـﻬﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪ َ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ٍ ِ  ‬‬‫- ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻳﺬﻛ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺣ ﱠـﺖ ِﺑﻬِـﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹾ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﻔ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻭﻏﺸ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﺖ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻜِﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭﺫﻛﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓِﻴﻤﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ «.)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣـﺬﻱ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪     ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ   ‬‬ ‫٨١١‬ ‫(‬ ‫٨١- ﻭﺿﻊ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺘﻬﺎ ﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﻟﻪ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻛِﺜﲑ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻊ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻓِﻰ ﻣﺴﺠﺪ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀﻩ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫‪    ِ ِ ِ   ِ  ‬ﹶ َ‪   ‬ﹲ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِﹶ ٍ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﺟﹾﺌ‪‬ﺘﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ - - ﻟِﺤﺪِﻳﺚ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐﻨِﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺪﹸـﻪ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﻧ ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﺳ ِ‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﹾﺌﺖ ِﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺟﺔ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶِﻧ ‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺳﻠﻚ ﻃﺮِﻳﻘﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻪ ﻃﺮِﻳﻘﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻀ‪‬ـﻊ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾﹸ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺿ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻄﹶﺎِﻟﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﻦ ﻓِـﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬‫َ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ِﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪    ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﺍﹾﻟﺤِﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺟﻮﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺪ ﻛﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻤ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺮ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻮ‪‬ﺍﻛﺐ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺭﹶﺛﺔ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮ‪‬ﺭﹸﻮﺍ ﺩِﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺩﺭﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺭﹸﺛﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﹾـﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ َ ‪  ‬ﹸ َ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ َ َ ‪ ‬ﺛ‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﹶﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﹶﺃﺧﺬ ِﺑﺤﻆ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻓﺮ «)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ(٩١١.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱟ ِ ٍ‬ ‫٩١ – ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﻮﻛﻞ ﺑﺎﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭ :‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫٧١١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ)٨٠٤٦ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٣ / ٩٣١( )٧٥٨(‬ ‫٨١١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ)٥٠٧٣ ( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٩١١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰉ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٣٤٦٣ ( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺛﺎﻟﺚ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻔﻀﻠﲔ ﺍﳌﺘﻘﺪﻡ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﻢ . ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﺣﺪ ﲪﻠـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺵ . ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ : ﻗﺮﻥ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ ﻳﻨﻔﺦ ﻓﻴﻪ . ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮِﻭ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﺻِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺟ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫َ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠِ ِ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫٠٢١‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻋﺮ‪‬ﺍِﺑﻰ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻗﺮﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ ﻓِﻴﻪ «.)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ (‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﺼ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‪‬ﹲ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫- » ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺘﻘﻢ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣﺐ‬‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺪﺭﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪  ِ   ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮﻥ ﻭﺣﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﺻﻐ‪‬ﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻈﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ         ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻧ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹸﻮﹸﻮﺍ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭِﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﻛِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻛﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﻗ ﻟ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪     ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻠ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫«)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ (١٢١.‬‫ﻭﻳﻨﻔﺦ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ ﺛﻼﺙ ﻧﻔﺨﺎﺕ : ﻧﻔﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺰﻉ،ﻭﻧﻔﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﻖ،ﻭﻧﻔﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﻌـﺚ .‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻓﻔﺰﻉ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﻟ ‪َ  ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ِ ﹶﹶِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ { )ﺍﻟﻨﻤﻞ : ٧٨( .‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﻧﻔﺨﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺰﻉ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺨﺘﲔ ﺍﻷﺧﺮﻳﲔ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻮﺭ‬‫ﺼ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬‫ﻓﺼﻌﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻢ ﻗﻴ‪‬ﺎﻡ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﻟ ‪ َ  ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶِ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻈ ‪‬ﻭﻥ { )ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺮ : ٨٦( .‬ ‫ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫٠٢- ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺯﻭﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﻤﻮﺭ :‬‫- ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹸﺃﺗِﻴﺖ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﻕ - ﻭﻫﻮ ﺩ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺾ ﻃﻮِﻳﻞ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻐﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻀ‪‬ﻊ ﺣ‪‬ﺎﻓﺮﻩ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﻰ ﻃﺮﻓﻪ ... ﻭﻓﻴﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻋ‪‬ـﺮﺝ ِﺑﻨ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺩ ﹶ ‪  ِ   ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓﻘِﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ. ﻗِﻴﻞ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻚ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﺴ ‪  ِ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ﹸ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫- ﻣﺴ‪‬ـِﻨﺪ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫-. ﻗِﻴﻞﹶ ﻭﻗﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ. ﻓﻔِﺘﺢ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺈ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ -‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶِ‬‫ﻇﻬﺮﻩ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ .. «‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻤ ِ ‪    ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ﻌ ﺩ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٢٢١‬ ‫)ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ (‬ ‫٠٢١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٧١٦٢ ( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫١٢١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ١٥٥٣ ( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫٢٢١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٩٢٤ (‬
  • ‫-»‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺻﻌﺼﻌﺔ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻓﻴﻪ .... ﻓﹶﺄ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔﹶ،ﻗِﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻗِﻴﻞ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ . ﻗِﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻚ ﻗِﻴﻞ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ . ﻗِﻴﻞ‬‫‪ َ ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹸ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﹸﺃﺭﺳﻞ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﺮﺣﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻪِ،ﻭِﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺠِﻰﺀ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ . ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ‪،‬ﻓﺴﻠﻤﺖ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ َ ُ    ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻣﺮﺣﺒ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺑ‪‬ﻦ ﻭ‪‬ﻧِﺒ ‪،‬ﻓﺮﻓﻊ ِﻟﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻓﺴﺄﹾﻟﺖ ﺟِ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮﺭ‬‫‪  ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ٍ ِ ِ    ‬ﻰ ﹶ ‪     ِ‬ﻤ ﺭ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٣٢١‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻰ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚٍ،ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ‪« ،‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﺩ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ ِ ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺘﻪ :‬ ‫١٢- ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻎ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ‬‫- » ِﺇﻥ ِﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺣﲔ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻧِﻰ‬ ‫َ ‪ ِ ‬ﱢﻐ‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪‬ﻴ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﹸﺃﻣﺘِﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ « )ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺋﻲ (٤٢١ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬‫ﻓﻬﺆﻻﺀ ﻫﻢ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﺬﻛﺮ ﻭﻇﺎﺋﻔﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﲰﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﳑـﻦ ﻳـﺘﻌﲔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﲟﺪﻟﻮﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﰲ ﺣﻘﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ .‬ ‫٣٢١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ)٧٠٢٣ (‬ ‫٤٢١ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٠٩٢١( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫‪@ ÉiaŠÛa@szj½a‬‬ ‫‪@ âýŽÛa@áèîÜÇ@õbîjãþaë@òØöý½a‬‬ ‫١- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺍﶈﺎﻭﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺟﺮﺕ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻸ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﲔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﺳـﺘﺨﻼﻑ‬‫ﺁﺩﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻠﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻋﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺧﻠِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶـﺎﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹰ ﻟ‬ ‫ِﹲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﻔﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﺤﻤ‪‬ﺪﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻘﺪﺱ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ـﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻧ‬ ‫‪   ِ       َ   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‬‫ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ )٠٣( ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﺁﺩﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻛﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧِﺒﹸﻮﻧِﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﹸﱠ ‪        ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﺌ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ِﺑﺄﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻫﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ِﺇﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺩﻗﲔ )١٣( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ﺘﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ِِ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜِﻴﻢ )٢٣( ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺁﺩﻡ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧِﺒﹾﺌﻬﻢ ِﺑﺄﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒﺄﻫﻢ ِﺑﺄﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ ﹶﺃﻗﻞ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ‬‫‪    ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺃﹶﻋﻠﻢ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻜ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﻥ )٣٣( }]ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ :‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٠٣ - ٣٣[.‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺫﻛﺮ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺟﺎﻋﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻗﻮ‪‬ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺨﹸـﻒ ‪‬ﺑﻌ ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫َ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﻀ ﻬ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ ‪     ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﻧ ‪ ِ ‬ﹲ‬‫‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ﻀﺎﹰ،ﻗﺮ‪‬ﻧﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻗﺮﻥٍ،ﻭﺟِﻴﻼ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺟِﻴﻞٍ،ﹸﺃﻣﻜﻦ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬـﺎ،ﻭﹶﺃﺟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ ‪‬ـﻠﻄﹶﺎﻥ‬‫‪‬ﺳ ﹾ ٍ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﱢ‪ ‬ﻬ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪  ‬ﹰ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬﺎ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﹶﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺘﻌﻠﻤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻜﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻖ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﻠﻒ ﺍﻟـﺬِﻱ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ ِ ِ    ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﻮﺟﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﻔﻚ ﺍﻟﺪﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ . ﻓﺈﻥ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﹶﻟﻘﺼ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺤﻦ‬‫ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻴ ‪    ِ  ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ َ   ِ   ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪﻙ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺼﱢﻲ ﹶﻟﻚ ) ‪‬ﻧﻘﺪﺱ ﹶﻟﻚ (،ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺼﺪﺭ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻔﺴ‪‬ﺎﺩ . ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫‪ِ   ‬ﻨ ٌ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ِ    ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﺭﺍﺕ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺘﻢ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺟﻌ‪‬ـﻞ ﻓِـﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻷَﻧﺒﻴـﺎﺀ‬‫َ‬ ‫ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﺮ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺼ ‪‬ﻳﻘﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺸﻬ‪‬ﺪﺍﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺤﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳋﹶﺎﺷﻌﲔ .‬ ‫ِِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺪ ِ ‪ َ  ‬ﺼ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺑﺈﺛﹶﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔ‪‬ﺘﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﹶﻼﻗﻞ ﻭﺷﻦ ﺍﳊ ‪‬ﻭﺏِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺨﺮِﻳﺐ‬‫ِ ِ ‪   ‬ﹸﺮ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫َ ‪ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِﺮ ﹶ ِﻘ ﹶ ﹾ ِﺪ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﻭﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻷَﺭﺣ‪‬ﺎﻡِ،ﻭﺍﻹﺳ‪‬ﺎﺀﺓ ﺇِﱃ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ِﺑﻪ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺗﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍﺣﻢ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻢ .‬ ‫ﻬ‬ ‫‪ ِ ُ ‬ﻨ ِ ‪ٍ    ‬‬ ‫ِ َِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭ ‪‬ﺆﻻﺀ ﻫﻢ ﺍﳋﹶﺎﺳ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻷ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ . ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺼ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇِﱃ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﻋﻈِـﻴﻢ ﻳ‪‬ـﻮﻡ‬‫‪‬ﻫ ﹶ ِ ‪ِ  ‬ﺮ ﹶ َ ‪   ‬ﻣ ﹶ ِ ‪ِ  ِ ِ    ‬ﲑ ﹶ ‪  ٍ  ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ .‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ‬‬
  • ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺁﺩ‪‬ﻡ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﹶﺃﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺷﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻛﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ : ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﹶﺃﺻﻨ‪‬ﺎﻑ ﺍﳊﻴ‪‬ﻮﺍﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫َ‪ ِ   ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ُ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ  َ َ   ‬ﹸﱢ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻬﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳉ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒﺤﺮ . . ﻭﺫﹶﻭﺍﺗِﻬﺎ ﻭﺧﺼ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺼﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻬﺎ . . ﹸﺛﻢ ﻋﺮﺽ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺴ‪‬ـﻤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺕ‬‫‪ ِِ    ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ : ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧِﺒﹸﻮﻧِﻲ ِﺑﺄﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺷﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﻥ ﻛﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺩﻗﲔ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺘﻘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ  َ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ِِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺌ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﲏ ﹶﻟﻢ ﹶﺃﺧﹸﻖ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ‪‬؟‬ ‫ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ : ‪‬ﺗﱰﻩ ﺍﺳﻤﻚ ﻳ‪‬ﺎﺭﺏ ) ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻚ ( ِﺇ‪‬ﻨﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻌ‪‬ﻠﻢ ِﺇﻻ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﺘ‪‬ﻨﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺷﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫ِِ َ ‪ُ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﱠ‪      ‬‬‫ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻌﺮﹸﻬﺎ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ﻠِﻴﻢ ِﺑﻜﻞ ﺷ‪‬ﻲﺀٍ،ﺍﳊﻜِﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺧﻠﻘﻚ ﻭﹶﺃﻣﺮﻙ‪،‬ﻭﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠِﻴﻤﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ﺎ ُ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﻌﻚ‬‫ﺀ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ   ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻓ ‪   ‬ﹸ ﱢ‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺗِﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ُ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ ﻵﺩﻡ : ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻫﻢ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺁﺩﻡ ِﺑﺄﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺷﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻫﻢ . ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﻇﻬﺮ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺁﺩﻡ‬‫‪        ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  َ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪     ‬ﻤ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ُ‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺮﺩﻩ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺷﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ : ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ ﹶﺃﹸـﻞ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﻗ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ُ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪ َ ِ   ِ    ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶِ‬‫ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﲏ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻫﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳋﻔﻲ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﺳﺮﻛﻢ ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻼﻧِﻴـ‪‬ﺘﻜﻢ ) ﹶﺃﻱ‬‫ﹸ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ  َ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻈ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻇﻬ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺑﺄﹾﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨِﺘﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮِﻟﻬﻢ‪ ‬ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﻓِﻴﻬﺎ (،ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻨ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻢ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹸ‬‫‪‬ﺗﻜ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ) ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺤﻮ ﻗﻮِﻟﻬﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺨﻠﻖ ﺧﻠﹾﻘﺎ ﹶﺃﻛﺮﻡ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺤﻦ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ـﻖ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ َ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹰ ﹾ ‪ ِ ٍ   ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾﻤ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﺑﺎﳋﻼﻓﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺨﹸﻮﻕ (،ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻄﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﺇِﺑﻠﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺴ‪‬ـﺪ ﻭﻣﺨ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻔﹶـﺔ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫‪ ٍ   ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ِ   ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻠ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹶ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫٥٢١‬ ‫ﻷَﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ .‬ ‫ِ ِ‬‫ﻭﻣﻀﺖ ﻣﺸﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ ﻓﺨﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﺼﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﲪـﺈ ﻣﺴـﻨﻮﻥ،ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘـﻪ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ٍ‬‫ﻳﺴﺠﺪﻭﺍ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺳﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﺸﺮﹰﺍ ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺡ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ﻧ‬‫ﺧ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻖ ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﺼ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻤﺈ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﻮﻥ)٨٢(ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺨﺖ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻭﺣِﻲ ﻓﻘ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﹶﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ  ‬ﺭ‬ ‫‪   ِ  ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﻨ ٍ‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪِﻳﻦ)٩٢(ﻓﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﺟﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ)٠٣(ِﺇﱠـﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻠِـﻴﺲ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ـﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ـﻊ‬‫ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹸﱡ ‪   ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪِﻳﻦ)١٣({]ﺍﳊﺠﺮ:٨٢-١٣[ .ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺫﻛﺮ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ـﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ : ِﺇ‪‬ـﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ ‪     ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪‬ﺑ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺴ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﺳﺄﺧﻠﻖ ‪‬ﺑﺸ‪‬ﺮﹰﺍ ) ﻫﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ ( ﻣﻦ ﻃﲔ ﻳ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺲ ‪‬ﻳﺼﻠﺼﻞ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻧﻘﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻴﺪِ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻣِـﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒ ﹸ،ﻃِﻴﻨـﺎ‬‫ﹰ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻞ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ٍ ِ  ِ    ‬ﹾ ِ ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺭﻃِﺒﺎ ) ﺣﻤﺄ ( ﻣ‪‬ﺘﻐ‪‬ﺮﺍﹰ،ﻣﺴﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ ) ﻣﺴ‪‬ﻮﻥ ( .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﻴ ‪    ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ ٍ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ‪ ‬ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻵﺩﻡ‪،‬ﺳﺠ‪‬ﻮﺩ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻈِﻴﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓٍ،ﺣِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺠ ِ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﹶ ﺳ ﺠ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ‪ُ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺴ ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻔﺦ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ .‬ ‫‪‬ﻮ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫٥٢١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٧٣(‬
  • ‫ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌﺎ ﻷﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓﺴﺠ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻵﺩﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ .‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ َ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺪ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺸﺬ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺠ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺍﻣِﺘﺜﹶﺎﻻ ﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ِﺇﻻ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻠِﻴ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﺪ ﺭﻓﺾ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺠﻮﺩ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﺪﹰﺍ ﻭﻛﻔﹾﺮﹰﺍ‬ ‫ﱠ ﺲ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺴ ‪   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﹰ َ‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩﹰﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳِﺘﻜﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭﹰﺍ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﻓﺴﺎﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻮﻟﹶﻰ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻼ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِﻲ،ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻠِﻴ ‪،‬ﻻ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﻙ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪِﻳﻦ ﺍﳌﻤ‪‬ﺘِﺜﻠﲔ ﻷﻣﺮِﻱ؟‬ ‫ﺲ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﺴ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪َ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﱠ ﹰ‬‫ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻠِﻴﺲ ِﻟﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻏﻴ‪‬ﺮ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺘﻌﺪ ﻟِﻠﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ِﻟﻤﺨﹸﻮﻕ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻣِﻦ ﻃﲔ ﻳ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﺘﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﺠ ِ ‪ ‬ﻠ ٍ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ   ٍ ٍ ِ ُ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﻮﺩﻩ . ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﻠِﻴﺲ ﺑِﺎﳋ ‪‬ﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌ‪‬ﻨﺰﹶﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺘِﻲ ﻛﹶـﺎﻥ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﳌﹶـﻺ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ِ     ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ُ  ‬‬ ‫٦٢١‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﻠﹶﻰ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻄ ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ) ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻡ ﺑِﺎﻟﺸﻬﺐ - ﺭﺟِﻴﻢ ( .‬ ‫َ ‪     ‬ﹾﺮ ‪   ِ ِ     ِ ‬ﺟ ‪  ِ   ‬‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ‪‬ـﻮﺭِﺗﻪِ، ﹸﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﺳِـ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﺻ ‪ ‬ﻃ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﺍﺫﻫﺐ ﻓﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹸﻭﹶﻟِﺌﻚ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻔﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟﹸﻮ ‪،‬ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﱢ ‪  ‬ﺃ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﻠ ﺱ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹶﻤ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺤ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ‪،‬ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺤ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺤ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﻳِﺘﻚ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ‬‫ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶِ‬ ‫‪‬ﻴ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ . ﻓﺰ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ،ﻓﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻮﺭﺓ ﺁﺩﻡ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺰﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖ ﻳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻨﻘﺺ‬‫ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﺩ ‪     ‬ﹸ ﱠ ﹶ ﹸ ﱡ ‪    ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺻ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻵﻥ « ٧٢١.‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺘ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺣ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻢ : ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪ ‬ﺗﻌﻠﻖ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻜﻢ ﺻﻨ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﹾﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺧﺬ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﻨﻊ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﹶﺃﻫ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ٍ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ  ِ     ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﺑ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺪِﻳﺚ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﺤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﻦ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺬ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺧ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻔﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺄﻥ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺴﺖ ‪‬ﺗﺨﹸﻮ‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸﺑ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻠ‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻨﺴﺐ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﻭ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺁﺩﻡ‪،‬ﻓﺈﻥ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﺇِﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻛﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ،ِﺇﺫ }ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸﹾ ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ُ ِِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻛﻤﹾﺜﻠﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ{،ﻭِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﻧﺴِ‪‬ﺒﺖ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺁﺩﻡ ‪‬ﺗﻌ ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎِﺋﺪﺓِ،ﻷ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻻ ﺷﻚ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸـﻞ ﺷ‪‬ـﻲﺀ‬‫‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺮ ‪  َ  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﻛ ﱠ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ِ ِ ‪  ٌ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺻﻮﺭِﺗﻪ ﻻ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻮﺭﺓ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ.‬ ‫‪ ِ     ِ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺻ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ‬‫ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻤﻠﻖ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻞ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺋﻪِ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻮﺓِ،ﻭﺳﺄﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻮﻓِﻴﻖ ِﻟﺈﺻ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻬﺪ‪‬ﺍﻳ‪‬ـﺔ ﻟِﻠﻄﺮِﻳـﻖ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ   ِ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﹸﻟ ‪‬ﻭﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﻨﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼﻄﻔﹶﻰ ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﻭﻟﹶﻰ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺡ ﻓِﻲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﺤﻠِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﻦ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﺰ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺠﻬﻞ ﻣﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺟﻬﻞ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺑِﺎﻟﺸﻲﺀِ ﺩ‪‬ﺍﻻ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ِﻟﺠﻬﻠﻪ ِﺑﻪ.‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﻩ ‪    ‬ﹸ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ِ ِ ِ     ‬‬ ‫٦٢١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ١٣٨١(‬ ‫٧٢١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٢٢٦ (‬
  • ‫ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺻﺤﺖ ﻣِـﻦ ﺟﻬ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻘﹾـﻞ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﻀ‪‬ـﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻻ‬‫ﺩ ‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ‪‬ﻧ ﹸﻮﻝ : ِﺇﻥ ﹶﺃﺧﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼﻄﻔﹶﻰ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺗ ‪،‬ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﺴﺦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻞ ِﻟﻜﻞ ﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﻣﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﻌﹸﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠ ‪،‬ﻭﻓﺼ‪‬ـﻞ ﺻ‪‬ـﺤِﻴﺢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻘ ﹸ،‪‬ﻳﻌﻘﹸـﻪ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﻞ ‪ِ ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ ﱢ ‪    ٍ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶﻢ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ.‬ ‫ﻤ ﹶ‬‫ﻓﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﻮِﻟﻪ : ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻮﺭِﺗﻪ : ِﺇﺑ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ـﺎِﺋﺮ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪    ‬ﺻ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺭ‪‬ﺍﺟﻌﺔ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺁﺩﻡ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎِﺋﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺁﺩﻡ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﺿ‪‬ﺎﻓِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺭﺉ‬‫ِِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺩ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ُ ِ ‪‬ﹲ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ‬‫ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ - ﺟﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺒﻪ ِﺑﺸﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺨﹸﻮﻗﲔ - ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ ﺟﻌ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ ٍ    ‬ﻠ ِ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻫﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﻣِﻲ ِﺑﺬﹶﺍِﺗﻪ ﺍﺟِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﺜﹶﻰ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﹶِ ﹸ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻨ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ِ‬‫ﻗﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭﺣﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﺜﹶﻰ،ﺛﹸﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﺫِﻟﻚ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻘﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﺪﺓٍ،ﹸﺛﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻀ‪‬ـﻐﺔِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﱠ ﹶِ‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭﺓِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻤ ‪‬ﻭﺩ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ ‪‬ﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻗﹶـﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭﻩِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺿ‪‬ـﺎﻉِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻄﹶـﺎﻡِ،ﹸﺛﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﺪ ِ‬ ‫ﺼ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮ‪‬ﺍِﺗﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺧﺮ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺣﺴﺐ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺣﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤِﻨ‪‬ﻴﺔ ِﺑﻪ. ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻭﺻﻒ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺤﺮﻙ ﺍﻟ‪‬ـﺎﻣِﻲ‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ ِ ‪ ِ        ِ ِ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ    ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ِﺑﺬﹶﺍِﺗﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲِ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻮﺭِﺗﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭ ﹸﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍﻋ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻃ ‪ِ ‬ﺘ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﺻ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻘﺪﻣﻪ ﺍﺟِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﺜﹶﻰ،ﹶﺃﻭ ﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﹶﺃﻭ‪ ‬ﻗﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻭ ‪‬ﺗﻐ‪‬ـِﻴﲑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻩ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ﹾ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﹶ ِ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ‬‫ﻋﻠﻘﺔ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣﻀﻐﺔﹰ،ﹶﺃﻭ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺴِﻴﻤﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺑ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻛﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪِ،ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻪ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪         ‬ﻩ ﹶﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻜﻦ ‪‬ﻧﻄﻔﺔ ﻓﻌﻠﻘﺔﹰ،ﻭﻻ ﻋﻠﻘﺔ ﻓﻤﻀﻐﺔﹰ،ﻭﻻ ﻣﻀﻐﺔ ﻓﺮﺿِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻻ ﺭﺿِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻔﻄِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻻ ﻓﻄِﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹰ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﺸ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺣ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ ﺿﺪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻋﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺪِﻳﺚ ﺣﺸﻮ‪‬ﻳﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺮ ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹸ ﹶ ِ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ   ِ   ‬ﹲ ‪‬ﻭ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ ﹶ‬ ‫٨٢١‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻘﹸﻮﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺪ ‪‬ﻭﻥ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺠ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻋﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﻘﻀﻰ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺗﻮﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﺴﻠﻪ ﻭﺩﻓﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﺑﻲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻛﻌ‪‬ـﺐٍ،ﻋ‪‬ﻦ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬‫ِﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻮﻓﻲ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻏﺴﻠ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟﺤ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﹶﻟ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻫﺬﻩ ﺳ‪‬ﻨﺔ‬‫ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﻪ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻤ ‪ ‬ﱢ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٩٢١‬ ‫ﺁﺩﻡ ﻓِﻲ ﻭﹶﻟﺪﻩ "‬ ‫‪ِِ   ‬‬ ‫٢- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﺒﺸﺮ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺑﺈﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﲢﻤﻞ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺑﻠﻮﻏﻪ ﺍﻟﻜـﱪ‬‫ﻭﺑﻠﻮﻍ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ .ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﺕ ﺭﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺳﻠﹶﺎﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   َ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫٨٢١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٤١ / ٣٣(‬ ‫٩٢١ - ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﺭﻙ ﻟﻠﺤﺎﻛﻢ )٤٠٠٤( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ ) ٧٠٢٥( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻠﹶﺎ ‪ ‬ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟِﺒﺚ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻌﺠﻞ ﺣﻨِﻴﺬ )٩٦( ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺃﹶﻯ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻬﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺼﻞ ِﺇﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ‪‬ﻧﻜِـﺮﻫﻢ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ َ ِ ‪ٍ  ٍ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻡﹶ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﻭﺟﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺧِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻗﻮﻡ ﹸﻮﻁ )٠٧( ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻪ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻤﺔ ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺖ‬‫‪   ‬ﹲ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﻟ ٍ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻧ ‪ِ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪   ِ    ‬ﹶﹰ ﻟ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺈﺳﺤ‪‬ﺎﻕ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍﺀ ِﺇﺳﺤ‪‬ﺎﻕ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ﹸﻮﺏ )١٧( ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻠﺘ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﹶﺃِﻟﺪ ﻭﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ ‪‬ﻮﺯ ﻭﻫﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺠ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ِ   ِ    ِ  ‬ﻘ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻌﻠِﻲ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﹶﻟﺸﻲﺀ ﻋﺠِﻴﺐ )٢٧( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻌﺠِﺒﲔ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﺣﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺮﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫ﻟ ‪ ِ   ِ   ‬ﱠِ ‪    ‬ﱠِ ‪  ‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ٌ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺣﻤِﻴﺪ ﻣﺠِﻴﺪ )٣٧(]ﻫﻮﺩ : ٩٦ - ٣٧[.‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ‬‬‫ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻳﺒﺸﺮﻭﻧﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺯﻭﺟﺘﻪ ﺑﺈﺳﺤﺎﻕ، ﻭﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ ﺑﻌـﺪﻩ، ﻓﻘـﺎﻟﻮﺍ:‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺳﻼﻣ‪‬ﺎ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲢﻴﺘﻬﻢ: ﺳﻼﻡ، ﻓﺬﻫﺐ ﺳﺮﻳﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﺎﺀﻫﻢ ﺑﻌﺠﻞ ﲰﲔ ﻣﺸﻮﻱ ﻟﻴـﺄﻛﻠﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻪ.‬‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺼِﻞ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﺗﺎﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ، ﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬‫ﻣﻨﻬﻢ، ﻭﺃﺣﺲ ﰲ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﺧﻴﻔﺔ ﻭﺃﺿﻤﺮﻫﺎ، ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ -ﳌﺎ ﺭﺃﺕ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺈﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ-‬ ‫: ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ﺇﻧﺎ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺭﺑﻚ ﹸﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻹﻫﻼﻛﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﻭﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ -ﺳﺎﺭﺓ- ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻗﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﺘﺮ ﺗﺴﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ، ﻓﻀﺤﻜﺖ ﺗﻌﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﳑـﺎ‬‫ﲰﻌﺖ، ﻓﺒﺸﺮﻧﺎﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺄ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﺘﻠﺪ ﻣِﻦ ﺯﻭﺟﻬﺎ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻭﻟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻳﺴﻤﻰ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ،‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻌﻴﺶ ﻭﻟﺪﻫﺎ، ﻭﺳﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﳍﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺇﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﺣﻔﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﻪ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻌﻘﻮﺏ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺳﺎﺭﺓ ﳌﺎ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﺮﺕ ﺑﺈﺳﺤﺎﻕ ﻣﺘﻌﺠﺒﺔ: ﻳﺎ ﻭﻳﻠﺘﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﱄ ﻭﻟﺪ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻋﺠﻮﺯ، ﻭﻫـﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺸ‬‫ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺨﻮﺧﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﱪ؟ ﺇﻥ ﺇﳒﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﻣِﻦ ﻣﺜﻠﻲ ﻭﻣﺜﻞ ﺯﻭﺟﻲ ﻣﻊ ﻛﱪ ﺍﻟﺴـﻦ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺸﻲﺀ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﳍﺎ: ﺃﺗﻌﺠﺒﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻗﻀﺎﺋﻪ؟ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺎﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻌﺸﺮ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﺖ‬ ‫٠٣١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻮﺓ. ﺇﻧﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﲪﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﻓﻌﺎﻝ، ﺫﻭ ﻣﺠ‪‬ﺪ ﻭﻋﻈﻤﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ.‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﻛﺎﱐ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ :- ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﻭﺭﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﺘﺒﺸﲑﻩ ‪‬ﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳌـﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﻈﻨـﻬﻢ‬ ‫١٣١‬ ‫ﺃﺿﻴﺎﻓﺎ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻭﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻭﺇﺳﺮﺍﻓﻴﻞ - ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ ﻋﺸﺮ.‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫٣- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬ ‫٠٣١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٤ / ٩٤(‬ ‫١٣١ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮ - )٣ / ٣٦٤(‬
  • ‫ﻋﻦ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ـﺎﺱ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ـﺬ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﹾﻤ‪‬ﻨﻄﹶـﻖ ﻣِـﻦ ﻗﺒ‪‬ـﻞ ﹸﺃﻡ‬‫‪ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ُ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺒ ٍ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ٍ  ِ ِ  ‬‬‫ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹶ،ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺨﺬﺕ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻄﻘﹰﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌﻔﻰ ﹶﺃﹶﺛﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓﹶ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺇِ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴ ‪،‬ﻭﺑِﺎ‪‬ﺑِﻨﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ِﺇﺳ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻢ ‪‬‬ ‫‪َ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﱢ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻰ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺿﻌﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﺿﻌﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺩﻭﺣﺔٍ،ﻓﻮﻕ ﺯﻣ‪‬ﺰﻡ ﻓِﻰ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴ‪‬ـﺠﺪِ،ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ‬‫‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪   ِ    ‬ﺘ ‪     ِ ِ  ِ    ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬‬‫ِﺑﻤﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣِﺌﺬ ﹶﺃﺣ ‪،‬ﻭﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ﺲ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ٌ،ﻓﻮﺿﻌﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻨ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻭ ﻭﺿﻊ ﻋِ‪‬ﻨﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺮ‪‬ﺍﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻤﺮ ﻭﺳِـﻘﹶﺎﺀ‬‫ً‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ    ‬‬ ‫ﺀ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ٌ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗ ﱠﻰ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻄﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻌ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﹸﺃﻡ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺬﻫﺐ ﻭ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﺮﻛﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‪    ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﺀ ‪ ‬ﹶﻔ‬‫ِﺑﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩِﻯ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻓِﻴﻪ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﻭﻻ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺫﻟِﻚ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ،ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻔِـﺖ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٌ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺁﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻙ ِﺑﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ . ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ِﺇﺫﹰﺍ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻀ‪‬ﻴﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ . ﹸﺛﻢ ﺭﺟﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻖ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻨِ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻴﺚ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺮﻭ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﺒﻞ ِﺑﻮﺟﻬﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ـﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ِِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬‫ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪِ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ) ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺳﻜ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﻳﺘِﻰ ِﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﺫِﻯ ﺯﺭﻉ ( ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻎ ) ‪‬ﻳﺸﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﺘ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ٍ ﹶِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫( . ﻭﺟﻌﻠﺖ ﹸﺃﻡ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺿﻊ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹶ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺸﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺪ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻘﹶﺎﺀ ﻋﻄﺸﺖ ﻭﻋﻄﺶ ﺍ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﺟﻌﻠﺖ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﻈﺮ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻠ ‪‬ﻯ - ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻠﹶـ‪‬ﺒﻂ - ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻘﹶـﺖ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﻮ‬ ‫‪ ِ    ِ  ِ ‬‬‫ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﻈﺮ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﻮﺟﺪﺕ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﹶﺎ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ‪‬ﻳﻠِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻣﺖ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﺒﻠﺖ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫َ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹾ‪ٍ   ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩﻯ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﻈﺮ ﻫﻞ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ‪‬ﺍ،ﻓﻬ‪‬ﺒﻄﺖ ﻣﻦ‪،‬ﺍﻟﺼﻔﹶﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩﻯ ﺭﻓﻌﺖ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﺘ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹾ‬‫ﻃﺮﻑ ﺩِﺭﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺳﻌﺖ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ـﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺠ ‪‬ـﻮﺩِ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺟ‪‬ـﺎﻭﺯﺕ ﺍﻟﹾـﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩﻯ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻬ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ِ       ِ   ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﻭﺓﹶ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻣﺖ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻈﺮﺕ ﻫﻞ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ‪‬ﺍ،ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪ ‬ﹶﺃﺣﺪ‪‬ﺍ،ﻓﻔﻌﻠﺖ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﻣ ‪‬ﺍﺕ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﺮ ٍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - » ﻓﺬِﻟﻚ ﺳﻌﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ « . - ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ـﺮﻓﺖ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻤ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻨ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺒ ٍ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﻭﺓ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺻﻮﺗ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺻﻪ . ‪‬ﺗﺮِﻳﺪ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺗ‪‬ﺴﻤﻌﺖ‪،‬ﻓﺴﻤﻌﺖ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻀ‪‬ـﺎ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻗﹶـﺪ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪     ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺳﻤﻌﺖ‪ِ،‬ﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻙ ﻏﻮ‪‬ﺍﺙ . ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻰ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚِ،ﻋ ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺯﻣﺰﻡ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﺒﺤﺚ ِﺑﻌﻘﺒِـﻪ - ﹶﺃﻭ‬‫‪   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹲ ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺑﺠﻨ‪‬ﺎﺣﻪ - ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻇﻬﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ُ،ﻓﺠﻌﻠﺖ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻮﺿﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻜﺬﹶﺍ،ﻭﺟﻌﻠﺖ ‪‬ﺗﻐﺮﻑ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺘ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺀ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﻘ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓِﻰ ﺳﻘﹶﺎِﺋﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﺭ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻐﺮﻑ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - » ﻳ‪‬ـﺮﺣﻢ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺒ ٍ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﻔ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ِ ِ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺃﻡ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﺯﻣﺰﻡ - ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻐﺮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ - ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﺯﻣ‪‬ـﺰﻡ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫ﱠ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  ِ   ‬‬‫ﻣﻌِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ « . - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺸﺮ‪‬ﺑﺖ ﻭﹶﺃﺭﺿﻌﺖ ﻭﹶﻟﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻻﹶ ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻴﻌﺔﹶ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﻓ ‪  ‬ﹶِ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪        ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﻠﻪِ،‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻰ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻼ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻀِﻴﻊ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ . ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺗﻔﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬‫‪ِ َ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶﻡ ﺑ ﻩ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺍِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺔِ،‪‬ﺗﺄﺗِﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺄﺧﺬ ﻋﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻤِﻴِﻨﻪ ﻭﺷﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻪِ،ﻓﻜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﺮﺕ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﺭﻓﻘﺔ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ﺮ ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺘ ‪   ِ   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﹲ ‪‬‬
  • ‫ﺟﺮﻫﻢ - ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺮﻫﻢ - ﻣﻘِﺒﻠﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮِﻳﻖ ﻛﺪ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺰﹸﻮﺍ ﻓِﻰ ﹶﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣ ﱠـﺔ،ﻓﺮﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﻜ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪      ‬ﹸ ٍ ِ ‪      ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ‪‬ﻟ‬‫ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻔﹰﺎ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﻥﱠ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﺋﺮ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻭﺭ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀٍ،ﹶﻟﻌﻬ‪‬ـﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﹾـﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩِﻯ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِﻴـﻪ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻄ ‪ ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻟ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ٌ،ﻓﺄﺭﺳﹸﻮﺍ ﺟﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺟﺮ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻴﻦِ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻓﺮﺟ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓﹶـﺄﺧﺒ‪ ‬ﻭﻫﻢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻓﺄﻗ‪‬ﺒﹸﻮﺍ،ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ﻭﹸﺃﻡ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﹾ ﻠ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻌ‬ ‫ﺀ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ِ ‬ﻳ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬‬‫ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺄﺫِﻧﲔ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻙ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪،‬ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﻻ ﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫ﹾ ِﹶ ِ ‪ ِ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﻟ ﹾﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ . ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - » ﻓﺄﹾﻟﻔﹶﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹸﺃﻡ ِﺇﺳ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹶ،ﻭﻫﻰ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ﻟ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺒ ٍ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﺤﺐ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ « ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺰﹸﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﺃﺭﺳﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺰﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻫ‪‬ـﻞ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺕ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻟ ‪    ‬ﺘ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻟ ‪  ‬ﻠ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﺷﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻼ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠﱠﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﺠﺒ‪‬ﻬﻢ ﺣﲔ ﺷ ‪،‬ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺩﺭﻙ ﺯﻭ ‪‬ﻮﻩ‬‫ِ ‪     ‬ﹶﻡ ‪     ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ        ‬ﺐ ﹶﹶﻤ ‪    ‬ﺟ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃﺓ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺗﺖ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺇِﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹶ،ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴ ‪،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺰﻭﺝ‪ِ ‬ﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻄﹶـﺎِﻟﻊ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﺘ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻢ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﻪ ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻢ ‪   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ َ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪    ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺠﺪ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹶ،ﻓﺴﺄﻝ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺧﺮﺝ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻐِﻰ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ . ﹸﺛﻢ ﺳﺄﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﺸﻬﻢ ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶـِﺘﻬﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ    ِ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬‫ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ِﺑﺸ ‪،‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻓِﻰ ﺿِﻴﻖ ﻭﺷﺪﺓ . ﻓﺸﻜﺖ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺯﻭﺟﻚ ﻓﹶﺎﻗﺮﺋِﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ‬‫َ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ٍ ‪ ٍ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻼﻡ‪،‬ﻭﹸﻮﻟِﻰ ﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﺑ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪ . ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴ ﹸ،ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺁ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﻞ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻗ ‪    ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶﹶﻤ َ ‪ ‬ﻞ ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ َ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪،‬ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﻴ‪‬ﺦ ﻛﺬﹶﺍ ﻭﻛﺬﹶﺍ،ﻓﺴﺄﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻚ ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺗ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺳﺄﹶﻟﻨِﻰ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﺸﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺗﻪ‬‫‪   َ   ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﻪ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻰ ﺟﻬﺪ ﻭﺷﺪﺓ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻬﻞ ﹶﺃﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎﻙ ِﺑﺸ‪‬ـﻰﺀ ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻧِـﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﻗﹾـﺮﹶﺃ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻚ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ  ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﺑ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻚ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺫﹶﺍﻙ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻭﻗﺪ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻧِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃﻓﹶﺎﺭﻗﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻘِـﻰ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠِـﻚ .‬ ‫ﹶ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ِﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻓﻄﻠﻘﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺰﻭﺝ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﹸﺃﺧ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻯ،ﻓﻠِﺒﺚ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﹸـﻢ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ـﺎﻫﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻓﻠﻢ‬‫‪  ‬ﺪ ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫َ ﻠ ‪‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﱠ ﹶ ‪  ِ    ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺠﺪ ‪،‬ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃِﺗﻪِ،ﻓﺴﺄﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺧﺮﺝ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻐِﻰ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻭﺳ‪‬ـﺄﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﻩ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﺸﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌِﺘﻬﻢ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻭﺳﻌﺔ . ﻭﹶﺃﹾﺛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻃﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻣﻜﻢ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ   ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪    ٍ  ٍ    ‬ﱠِ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﺮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺭﻙ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎﺀ .‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ُ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‪   ِ ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - » ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻜﻦ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣِﺌﺬ ﺣ ‪،‬ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻓِﻴﻪ « . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ٍ     ‬ﺐ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ     ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨﹸﻮ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ِﺑﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻣﻜﺔ ِﺇﻻ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮ‪‬ﺍﻓﻘﹶﺎﻩ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈِﺫﹶﺍ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺯﻭ ‪‬ـﻚ ﻓﹶـﺎﻗﺮﺋِﻰ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫َ ‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ   ‬ﱠ ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‪،‬ﻭﻣﺮِﻳﻪ ‪‬ﻳﹾﺜِﺒﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﺑ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪِ،ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻧ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶﻤ َ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪   ٍ   ِ ‬‬‫ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺦ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔِ،ﻭﹶﺃﹾﺛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﺴﺄﹶﻟﻨِﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻚ ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺗ ‪،‬ﻓﺴﺄﹶﻟﻨِﻰ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﺸﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ـﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪        ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺗ ‪ ‬ﻧ‬‫ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎﻙ ِﺑﺸﻰﺀ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪،‬ﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﻘﺮﹸﺃ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‪،‬ﻭﻳ‪‬ﺄﻣﺮﻙ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﹾﺜِﺒﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﺑ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻚ‬‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪     ٍ   ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺫﹶﺍﻙ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒ ﹸ،ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻧِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃﻣﺴﻜﻚ . ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﻟِﺒﺚ ﻋ ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠ ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ـﺪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫َ ﱠﻪ ‪َ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﺔ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ‬
  • ‫ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻯ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒﻼ ﻟﹶﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺖ ﺩﻭﺣﺔ ﻗﺮِﻳﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻣﺰﻡ‪،‬ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺁﻩ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﺼ‪‬ﻨﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ ‪ ٍ      ‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ‬ﹶﹶﻤ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ‬‫‪‬ﻳﺼ‪‬ﻨﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻟﺪ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻮﹶﻟﺪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻮﹶﻟﺪ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻟﺪِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴ ﹸ،ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻧِﻰ ِﺑﺄﻣﺮ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﹶﺎﺻ‪‬ﻨﻊ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻞ ﱠ ﱠ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻙ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻨِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﹸﺃﻋِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻚ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻧِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑِﻨﻰ ﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎ . ﻭﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ﺎﺭ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﱠ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻛﻤﺔ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺗﻔﻌﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﻮﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻌ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺭﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮ‪‬ﺍﻋﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖِ،ﻓﺠﻌﻞ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ٍِ   ٍ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻰ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓِ،ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻰ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻔﻊ ﺍﹾﻟِﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠﺮ ﻓﻮﺿﻌﻪ ﹶﻟ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ    َ ُ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻰ،ﻭِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﻭﹸﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓﹶ،ﻭﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻻﻥ ) ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺖ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤِﻴﻊ‬‫‪ ‬ﺴ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ِ ‪    ِ ‬ﻘ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ ( . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺠﻌﻼ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒِﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻳ‪ ‬ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖِ،ﻭﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻻﻥ ) ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇ‪‬ـﻚ‬‫‪  ‬ﻘ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِﻨ ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﺘ ﺪ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤِﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠِﻴﻢ ( .‬ ‫‪    ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ - ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ - - »‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺒ ٍ‬‫‪‬ﻳﺮﺣﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﹸﺃﻡ ِﺇﺳﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋِﻴﻞﹶ،ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﺯﻣﺰﻡ - ﺃﹶﻭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻐﺮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ - ﹶﻟﻜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬‬‫ﻣﻌِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﹶﺃﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﺟﺮﻫﻢ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺄﺫِﻧﲔ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻙ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ ﻭﻻ ﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ . ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ِ ﻟ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﻟ ﹾﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ﹶ ِ ‪     ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫٣٣١‬ ‫‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ « .‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٤- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻟﻮﻁ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ‬‫ﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺇﱃ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻹﺧﺒﺎﺭﻩ ‪‬ﻼﻙ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﺍﳌﻜﺬﺑﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﺼـﺮﻳﻦ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬‫ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺎﺏ ﺃﻓﻀﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺍﺣﺶ،ﻭﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺠﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺍﺏ .ﻗـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﺕ ﺭﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻮﻃﹰﺎ ﺳِﻲﺀ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﻭﺿ‪‬ﺎﻕ ِﺑﻬﻢ‪ ‬ﺫﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻳ‪‬ـﻮﻡ ﻋﺼِـﻴﺐ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫َ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻤ َ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﻟ‬‫)٧٧( ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﻩ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺮ‪ ‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻫﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎﺗِﻲ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ   ِ‬‬ ‫‪  َ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻋ ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻫﻦ ﹶﺃﻃﻬﺮ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨﺰ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻔِﻲ ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺭﺷِﻴﺪ )٨٧( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻘﹶـﺪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﱠ‪ِ   ‬‬‫ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻖ ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺮِﻳﺪ )٩٧( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻟِﻲ ِﺑ ﹸـﻢ ﹸـﻮﺓ ﹶﺃﻭ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﻜ ‪ ‬ﻗ ‪‬ﹰ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪      ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ‬‬‫ﺁﻭِﻱ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭﻛﻦ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ )٠٨( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻮﻁ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﹶﻟﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﻓﺄﺳ‪‬ـﺮ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠِـﻚ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻟ ﻟ ﹸ ﻧ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ   ‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬‫٢٣١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٦٣٣ ( ﺃﻃﺮﺍﻓﻪ ٨٦٣٢ ، ٢٦٣٣ ، ٣٦٣٣ ، ٥٦٣٣ ﲢﻔﺔ ٩٣٤٥ ، ٠٠٦٥ -‬ ‫٥٧١/٤ -ﻳﺘﻠﺒﻂ : ﻳﺘﻠﻮﻯ‬ ‫٣٣١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨٦٣٢ (‬
  • ‫ِﺑﻘِﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻔﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﺣ ‪ِ ‬ﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻚ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ـﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﻣﻮﻋِـﺪﻫﻢ‬‫‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﻟ ‪    ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﻘﺮِﻳﺐ )١٨( }]ﻫﻮﺩ : ٧٧ - ١٨[‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹶ ٍ‬‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻨﺎ ﻟﻮﻃﹰﺎ ﺳﺎﺀﻩ ﳎﻴﺌﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻏﺘﻢ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ؛ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﺭﺳـﻞ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﷲ، ﻓﺨﺎﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ، ﻭﻗﺎﻝ: ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺑﻼﺀ ﻭﺷﺪﺓ.‬‫ﻭﺟﺎﺀ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻳﺴﺮﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻟﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔ، ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣِﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﳎﻴﺌﻬﻢ ﻳﺄﺗﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺷﻬﻮﺓ ﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻟﻘﻮﻣﻪ: ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺑﻨﺎﰐ ‪‬ﺗﺰ ‪‬ﺟﻮﻫﻦ ﻓﻬﻦ ﺃﻃﻬﺮ ﻟﻜﻢ ﳑﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ،‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻭ‬‫ﻭﲰﺎﻫﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﺗﻪ؛ ﻷﻥ ﻧﱯ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﲟﱰﻟﺔ ﺍﻷﺏ ﳍﻢ، ﻓﺎﺧﺸﻮﺍ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺍﺣﺬﺭﻭﺍ ﻋﻘﺎﺑﻪ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﻔﻀﺤﻮﱐ‬‫ﺑﺎﻻﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺿﻴﻔﻲ، ﺃﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺫﻭ ﺭﺷﺪ، ﻳﻨﻬﻰ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺭﻛـﻮﺏ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺣﺸـﺔ،‬ ‫ﻓﻴﺤﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺫﻟﻚ؟‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻟﻪ: ﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺣﺎﺟﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺭﻏﺒـﺔ، ﻭﺇﻧـﻚ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ، ﺃﻱ ﻻ ﻧﺮﻳﺪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ﻭﻻ ﺭﻏﺒﺔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻧﻜﺎﺡ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ ﺣﲔ ﺃﺑﻮﺍ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔ: ﻟﻮ ﺃﻥ ﱄ ﺑﻜﻢ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻭﺃﻧﺼﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻌﻲ، ﺃﻭ ﺃﺭﻛﹶﻦ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺸﲑﺓ‬ ‫ﲤﻨﻌﲏ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ، ﹶﻟﺤﻠﺖ ﺑﻴﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﺑﲔ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ.‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ: ﻳﺎ ﻟﻮﻁ ﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺭﺑﻚ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﹶﻨﺎ ﻹﻫﻼﻙ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ، ﻭﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻦ ﻳﺼـﻠﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴـﻚ،‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﻓﺎﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺃﻧﺖ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻚ ﺑﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﺃﺣـﺪ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻩ؛ ﻟـﺌﻼ‬‫ﻳﺮﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺍﺏ ﻓﻴﺼﻴﺒﻪ، ﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺗﻚ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺧﺎﻧﺘﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺳﻴﺼﻴﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺻﺎﺏ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٤٣١‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ، ﺇﻥ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﻫﻼﻛﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﻋﺪ ﻗﺮﻳﺐ ﺍﳊﻠﻮﻝ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ : ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺫﻛﺮﻩ: ﻭﳌﺎ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻨﺎ ﻟﻮﻃﹰﺎ، ﺳﺎﺀَﻩ ﻣ‪‬ﺠﻴـﺌﻬﻢ = ﻭﻫـﻮ‬‫"ﻓﻌﻞ" ﻣﻦ "ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺀ" =)ﻭﺿﺎﻕ ‪‬ﻢ (،ﲟﺠﻴﺌﻬﻢ)ﺫﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎ(، ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻭﺿﺎﻗﺖ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻏﻤﺎ ﲟﺠﻴﺌﻬﻢ .‬ ‫ﹶ‪‬‬‫ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺳﺎﺀﻩ ﳎﻴﺌﻬﻢ، ﻭﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺇﺗﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔ، ﻭﺧﺎﻑ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ، ﻓﻀﺎﻕ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺟﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﲟﺠﻴﺌﻬﻢ ﺫﺭﻋ‪‬ـﺎ، ﻭﻋﻠـﻢ ﺃﻧـﻪ‬ ‫٥٣١‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺤﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳌﺪﺍﻓﻌﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺿﻴﺎﻓﻪ، ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻗﺎﻝ:)ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺼﻴﺐ(.‬ ‫٤٣١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٤ / ٧٥(‬ ‫٥٣١ - ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﻱ - )٥١ / ٧٠٤(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳋﻄﻴﺐ :‬‫" » ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺭﺳﹸﻨﺎ ﹸﻮﻃﺎ ﺳِﻲ ﺀ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺿﺎﻕ ِﺑﻬِﻢ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﻋﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺼِﻴﺐ «.ﺳﻰﺀ‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ‬ ‫َ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻤ َ ‪  ‬ﻠ ﻟ ﹰ‬‫‪‬ﻢ : ﺃﻱ ﺳﺎﺀﻩ ﻭﺁﳌﻪ ﻧﺰﻭﳍﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ،ﻭﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﺅﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ.ﻭﺿﺎﻕ ‪‬ﻢ ﺫﺭﻋﺎ : ﺃﻱ ﺃﺣﺲ ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺰ ﻋﻦ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﲪﺎﻳﺘﻬﻢ،ﻷﻧﻪ ﻳﺘﺼ ‪‬ﻯ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻟﻘﻮﻣﻪ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ .. ﻭﺃﺻﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﻌﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﰱ ﺗﻨﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ ..ﰒ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﻠﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻤﺎﻻ ﳎﺎﺯﻳﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺪﻻﻟـﺔ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻗـﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻹﻧﺴـﺎﻥ ﺃﻭ‬‫ﻋﺠﺰﻩ،ﺣﺴﺐ ﻃﻮﻝ ﺫﺭﺍﻋﻪ ﺃﻭ ﻗﺼﺮﻫﺎ.ﻭﺍﻹﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺑﺎﳌﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻠﻘﺎﺓ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻟـﻮﻁ ﳊﻤﺎﻳـﺔ‬‫ﺿﻴﻮﻓﻪ،ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺁﳌﻪ ﻭﺃﻭﺟﻌﻪ،ﻭﺿ‪‬ﻖ ﻣﺴﺎﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺓ ‪‬ﻢ ﰱ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ،ﻓﻘﺎﻝ : » ﻫـﺬﺍ ﻳ‪‬ـﻮﻡ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻋﺼِﻴﺐ « ﺃﻱ ﻳﻮﻡ ﻗﺎﺱ،ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺲ،ﳌﺎ ﺳﻴﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﻓﻴـﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺣـﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﻣﺰﻟﺰﻟﺔ،ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻪ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺄﺯﻕ،ﻭﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﺑﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﳎﺎﻻ ﻓﺴﻴﺤﺎ ﻟﻠﺼﺮﺍﻉ ﺑﲔ ﺟﺒﻬﺘﲔ ﻏـﲑ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻜﺎﻓﺌﺘﲔ!‬‫» ﻭ‪‬ﺟﺎﺀﻩ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻛﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺌﺎﺕِ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻫ ‪‬ﻻﺀ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎﺗِﻲ ﻫﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﺆ ِ‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻋ ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻴ‬‫ﹶﺃﻃﻬﺮ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻔِﻲ .. ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺭﺷِﻴﺪ «.ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻣـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺰ ِ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﺗﻮﻗﻌﻪ ﻟﻮﻁ .. ﻭﻫﺎ ﻫﻰ ﺫﻯ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺻﻔﺔ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺑﻴﺘﻪ،ﻭﲢ ﹼﻢ ﺍﻷﺑﻮﺍﺏ .. ﻓﻴﻘـﺘﺤﻢ ﺍﻟﻘـﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻄ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﺳﺮﺍﻋﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺟﻬﺔ،ﻳﺘﺴﺎﺑﻘﻮﻥ ﻹﺩﺭﺍﻙ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺪ،ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﻠﺖ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ! » ﻭ‪‬ﺟﺎﺀﻩ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ « ﺃﻱ ﻳﺴﺮﻋﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﰱ ﺧ ﹼﺔ ﻭﻃﻴﺶ.ﻭﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺗﺒﻠﻎ‬ ‫ﻔ‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻋ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺎﻫﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﻮﻡ .. ﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻴﺄﺗﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔ ﰱ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺒﺎﻻﺓ،ﻭﻻ ﺳﺘﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻴﺎﺀ! ﻳﺄﺗﻮ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻬﺮﺓ ﻭﰱ‬‫ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﲨﺎﻋﻴﺔ،ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﳚﺪ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﺣﺮﺟﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺤﻴﺎﺀ! ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺪﹼﻰ ﻭﺍﻹﺳـﻔﺎﻑ ﰱ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻋﺎﱂ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ،ﺇﱃ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻻ ﻳﱰﻝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺎﱂ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻥ .. ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﺄﰉ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺑﻌـﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺘﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺄﻧﺜﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺮﺃﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺑﲎ ﺟﻨﺴﻪ! ﺑﻠﻪ ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻟﻪ ﺑﺬﻛﺮ!‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﱂ ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺋﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﳊ‪‬ﺔ،ﺇﻻ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻨﻒ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺫﻝ ﺍﳋﺴﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ! ـ ﻭﰱ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻛﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺌﺎﺕ « ﻋﺮﺽ ﻟﺴﲑﺓ ﻫـﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ،ﻭﻓﻀـﺢ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻴ ِ‬‫ﳌﺨﺎﺯﻳﻬﻢ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻳﻮﻣﻪ،ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺩﺍﺀ ﺗﻌﺎﻃﺎﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ،ﻓﻜﺎﻥ‬‫ﻃﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻏﻠﺒﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ،ﺣﱴ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺻﺎﺭ ﻋﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﺄﻟﻮﻓﺔ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ،ﻭﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﺮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ،ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺜﲑ‬‫ﺃﻱ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﳋﺰﻱ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺤﻴﺎﺀ ..ﻭﻗﺪ ﻋ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻌﺎﻃﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺒ‬
  • ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻟﻪ،ﺩﻭﻥ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﲰﻪ،ﺗﻘ ‪‬ﺯﺍ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﺻﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻟﻸﻓﻮﺍﻩ ﺃﻥ ﺗﺘﻠﻔﻆ ﺑـﻪ،ﻭﻟﻸﲰﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺰ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ..ﻭﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ،ﻓﻘﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺑﻮﺻﻔﻪ ﲨﻌﺎ .. ﻫﻜﺬﺍ : » ﺍﻟﺴـﻴﺌﺎﺕ «‬‫ﻟﻠﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﻨﻜﺮ ﻏﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﺮ ﹼﺐ،ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﺳﻴﺌﺔ،ﺑﻞ ﻫﻮ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ،ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻨﻜﺮﺍ،ﺑﻞ ﻫـﻮ‬ ‫ﻛ‬‫ﻣﻨﻜﺮﺍﺕ! ـ ﻭﰱ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻳﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻫ ‪‬ﻻﺀ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎﺗِﻲ ﻫﻦ ﹶﺃﻃﻬﺮ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ « ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﳍـﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﺆ ِ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺃﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺷﻬﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻠﻨﺴﺎﺀ .. ﻻ ﻟﻠﺮﺟﺎﻝ،ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﺒﻴﻌﻰ ﻟﻠﺤﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ ..‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻬﻮ ـ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ـ ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﺑﺒﻨﺎﺗﻪ،ﻭﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻔﻒ ﺑﺎﻟﺰﻭﺍﺝ ﺑﺎﳌﺮﺃﺓ ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺼـﺎﻝ‬‫‪‬ﺎ،ﺣﱴ ﻳﻌ ﹼﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺎﺏ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ،ﻭﺍﻻﺗﺼﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ ..ﻭﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﻁ ﳍﻢ : » ِﺇ‪‬ﻜﻢ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﺄ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﹾﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻘﻜﻢ ﺑِﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ‪ ‬ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻌـﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ ﹶﺃِﺇ‪‬ﻧ ﹸـﻢ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾﺗ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ ٍ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﺄ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺟﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘﻄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﺒِﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺄ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﻧﺎﺩِﻳﻜﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﻜﺮ « )٨٢ ـ ٩٢ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻮﺕ(.‬ ‫ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾﺗ ﹶ ﺮ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶﻌ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾﺗ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﰱ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﻟﻮﻁ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ : » ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺄ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﹾﺮﺍﻥ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻌـﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ‬‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾﺗ ﹶ ﱡ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺬ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺧﻠﻖ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺯ‪‬ﻭﺍﺟﻜﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻞ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﹶـﻮﻡ ﻋـﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻥ « )٥٦١ ـ ٦٦١ :‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﺩ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ(.‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻔِﻲ ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺭﺷِﻴﺪ «..ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺰ ِ‬ ‫ﻘ ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫: ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻣﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺬ ﹼﺮﻫﻢ ﻟﻮﻁ ﺑﺎﲰﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ،ﻭﻳﺪﻋﻮﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻘﻮﺍﻩ ؟‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ : ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻣﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ،ﳌﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻠﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳ ‪‬ﻠﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ .. ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ ﻳﺮ ‪ ‬ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ،ﻭﻳﻘﻴﻢ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻠ ﺩ‬ ‫ﺠ‬‫ﻭﺍﺯﻋﺎ ﻳﺰﻋﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﳜﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻓﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺇﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺘﻬﻢ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﺘﺪﹼﻮﺍ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘـﺪﹼﻰ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﻒ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﳊﻴﻮﺍﻥ.‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻫﻨﺎ،ﺇﳕﺎ ﻫﻮ ﲣﻮﻳﻒ ﳍﻢ،ﻭ‪‬ﺪﻳﺪ ﺑﻘﻮﺓ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﺇﻥ ﱂ ﻳﺘﻘﻮﻩ،ﻭﻳﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﻮﺍ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻃﺮﻳـﻖ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ .. ﻭﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﲡﺎﻫﻞ ﻹﻧﻜﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ،ﺇﺫ ﻻ ﻣﻌﺘﱪ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻹﻧﻜـﺎﺭ ﰱ ﻭﺟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻻﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺋﻤﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻪ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫» ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﻘﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻣﺎ ﻟﹶﻨﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎِﺗﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻖ ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺮِﻳﺪ «.ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ »‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪      ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬‫ﻟﻮﻁ « ﻣﺎ ﺩﻋﺎﻫﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ،ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻦ ﺑﻨﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﻼﺋﻲ ﻋﺮﺿﻬﻦ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ،ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪‬‬
  • ‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺻﺎﺭﻓﺎ ﳍﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺇﺗﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ! ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺇﻧﻜﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﰱ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﺎﺀﺓ ﻭﺍﳋ ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠ ‪‬ﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺀ ..‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫ﺴ‬‫» ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻣﺎ ﻟﹶﻨﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎِﺗﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻖ « ﺃﻱ ﺇﻧﻚ ﱂ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﺟﺪﻳﺪﺍ ﻟﺘﺼـﺮﻓﻨﺎ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬‫ﻋﻤﺎ ﻧﻄﻠﺐ .. ﻓﺄﻧﺖ ﺗﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎﻟﻨﺎ ﰱ ﺑﻨﺎﺗﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻖ،ﻭﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﳕﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﺰﻭﺝ ‪‬ﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺍﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫.. ﻓﺎﻟﺘﺰﻭﺝ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻭﺑﻴﻨﻚ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺘﻔﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ ﲨﻴﻌـﺎ ..‬‫ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻋﻨﺪﻙ ﻟﻨﺎ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﻄﻠﺒﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻮﻑ ؟ » ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺮِﻳﺪ « ! ﻓﻬـﻞ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﰱ ﺑﻨﺎﺗﻚ ﺃﻭ ﺑﻨﺎﺕ ﻏﲑﻙ ﻣﺎ ﳛﻘﻖ ﻟﻨﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺮﻳﺪﻩ ؟‬‫ﻭﻻ ﳚﺪ ﻟﻮﻁ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺎﻫﺔ ﺟﻮﺍﺑﺎ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺮﻯ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﺑﻀﻴﻮﻓﻪ ﻣﺮ ‪‬ﺍ ..» ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻮ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻥ ﻟِﻲ ِﺑﻜﻢ ﻗﻮﺓ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺁﻭِﻱ ﺇِﱃ ﺭﻛﻦ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ « !!‬ ‫‪‬ﹾٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹰ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻭﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﻟﻮﻁ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ،ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺭﻛﺒﻮﺍ ﺭﺀﻭﺳﻬﻢ،ﻓﺎﻧﻘﻠﺒﺖ ﰱ ﺃﻋﻴﻨـﻬﻢ ﺃﻭﺿـﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ،ﻭﺗﻐﲑﺕ ﻣﻌﺎﳌﻬﺎ ؟ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﲔ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻷﺧﺬ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻳـﺪﻳﻬﻢ ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻟﻌﺎﻣﻠـﻬﻢ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﺏ ﺍﳌﺴﻌﻮﺭﺓ .. ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺃ‪‬ﻰ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺓ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ،ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﲨﻴﻌﺎ ﺣﺮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ..‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺗﻪ!!‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻌﲔ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ،ﻭﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻏﻴﺎﺛﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﹼﻴﺎﺫ ﺑﻪ،ﺣﱴ ﻳﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻟﻀﻴﻔﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺯﻟﲔ ﰱ ﲪﺎﻩ ؟‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﲡﻰﺀ ﳒﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ،ﻭﺗﻔﺘﺢ ﻟﻠﻮﻁ ﺃﺑﻮﺍﺏ ﺣﺼﻦ ﺣﺼﲔ ﻳﺄﻭﻯ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﲔ ﺗﱰﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺻﻮﺍﻋﻖ ﺍﳍﻼﻙ،ﻓﺘﺄﱏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﰱ ﳊﻈﺔ ﺧﺎﻃﻔﺔ!‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋﺠﺐ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ » ﻟﻮﻁ « ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺮﻫﻴﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﻃﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﻌﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛـﺎﻥ‬‫ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻋﻨﻪ،ﻭﺍﳊﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻟﻪ .. ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻇﻦ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻗﻌﻮﺍ ﻟﻘﻤﺔ ﺳﺎﺋﻐﺔ ﻷﻳﺪﻯ ﻫـﺆﻻﺀ‬ ‫ﻀ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻵﲦﲔ،ﻫﻢ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺠﺪﺓ!‬‫» ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﹸﻮﻁ .. ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ .. ﹶﻟﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ .. ﻓﺄﺳﺮ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠﻚ ِﺑﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ..‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﻟ ﻟ ﹸ ﻧ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻔﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻚ .. ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﹶﺻﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ .. ِﺇﻥ ﻣﻮﻋِـﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒﺢ ..‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﺼ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﻟ ‪    ‬ﺒ‬‫ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﻘﺮِﻳﺐ «.ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻮﻁ،ﻓﻌﺮﻑ،ﻣﻦ ﻫﻢ ؟ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺍﻷﻣـﺮ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ٍ‬
  • ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﻟﻪ ؟ ﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﳌﻬﻠﻜﺎﺕ ﻟﻘﻮﻣﻪ،ﻭﻟﻴﺨﺮﺟﻮﻩ ﻣـﻦ ﺑـﲔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ،ﺣﱴ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺳﻴﺤﻞ ‪‬ﻢ.‬ ‫ﹼ‬‫» ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ « ﻭﺇﺫ ﻛ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ،ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻢ » ﹶﻟﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ « ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻴﻌﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻠﺼﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﻨ‬ ‫ﻧ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻨﺎ،ﻭﻳﻨﺘﺰﻋﻮﻧﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻙ ..‬‫» ﻓﺄﺳﺮ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠﻚ ِﺑﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﱠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻔﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻚ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﹶﺻـﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﻟ ‪    ‬ﺒ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫«..ﺳﺮﻯ،ﻭﺃﺳﺮﻯ،ﺃﻱ ﺳﺎﺭ ﻟﻴﻼ .. ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ،ﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻗﺒﻴﻞ ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ.‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻟﻮﻁ،ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﺑﺄﻫﻠﻪ ﰱ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ،ﺃﻱ ﻗﺒـﻞ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺎﺡ،ﻭﺃﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻮﺭﺍﺀ،ﺣﻴﺚ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺧﻠﻔﻮﻫﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﻇﻬﻮﺭﻫﻢ‬‫..ﻭﰱ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﻔﺎﺕ ﺇﱃ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻭﻣـﻦ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ،ﺇﺷـﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺃ‪‬ـﺎ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺇﰒ،ﻭﻣﺒـﺎﺀﺓ‬‫ﻓﺴﻖ،ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺸﺎﻋﺮﻩ ﳓﻮﻫﺎ،ﻓﻼ ﻳﺘﺒﻌﻬﺎ ﺑﺼﺮﻩ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬـﺎ ﻧﻈـﺮﺓ‬‫ﻭﺩﺍﻉ .. ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻣـﻊ ﻛـﻞ ﻣﻨﻜـﺮ ..ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﺘﺰﻟـﻪ،ﻭﻳﻌﺘﺰﻝ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﻃﻨﻪ،ﻭﺍﳌﺘﻌﺎﻣﻠﲔ ﺑﻪ .. ﻓﻼ ﳛﻮﻡ ﺣﻮﻟﻪ،ﻭﻻ ﳝﺮ ﺑﺪﺍﺭﻩ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﺼﻞ ﺑﺄﻫﻠﻪ .. ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻣﺮﺽ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺧﺒﻴﺚ،ﻳﻌﻠﻖ ﺩﺍﺅﻩ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺪﻧﻮ ﻣﻨﻪ ..ﺃﻭ ﻳﺘﻨﻔﺲ ﰱ ﺍﳉﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻔﻮﺡ ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺘﻪ ﻓﻴﻪ! .. ﻭﳍﺬﺍ‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﱮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺣﲔ ﻣ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺑﺪﻳﺎﺭ ﲦﻮﺩ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﰱ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺗﺒﻮﻙ ـ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺃﻥ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﳚ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﰱ ﺍﻟﺴﲑ،ﻭﺃﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺘﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻃﻦ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻐﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺣﻮﺍﺳﻬﻢ ﻋﻨـﻬﺎ،ﺣﱴ ﻻ ﻳـﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ .. ﺷﺄ‪‬ﻢ ﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺷﺄﻥ ﻣﻦ ﳝﺮ ﲜﺜﺚ ﻣﺘﻌﻔﻨﺔ،‪‬ﺐ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺭﻳﺢ ﺧﺒﻴﺜﺔ،ﻓﻴﺴـﺪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺃﻧﻔﻪ،ﻭﻳﻨﻄﻠﻖ ﻣﺴﺮﻋﺎ ﺣﱴ ﻳﱪﺣﻬﺎ .. ﻭﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺩﺭﺱ ﻋﻤﻠﻰ ﻟﻠﺘﺸﻨﻴﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻪ.‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﰱ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻚ « ﺇﺷﺎﺭﺓ ﺇﱏ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻻ ﲤﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﺃﹼﺎ ﺗﻠﺘﻔﺖ،ﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻫﻰ ﻣﻘﻬﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻻﻟﺘﻔﺎﺕ،ﻭﺍﳋﺮﻭﺝ ﻋﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻰ،ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﳌﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﳍﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻼﻙ .. »‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﹶﺻﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ «.. ﻷ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﲟﺸـﺎﻋﺮﻫﺎ ﻭﻋﻮﺍﻃﻔﻬﺎ،ﻭﳍـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺘـﺖ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺒ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ،ﻭﺧﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ. ﺑﺄﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﺃﺣﺪ ﳑﻦ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻊ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ .. ﻭﱂ ﺗﻔـﺮ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻔﺮ ﺍﳌﺮﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﺀ ﻃﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ،ﺃﻭ ﻣﻜﺮﻭﻩ ﺃﺣﺎﻁ ﺑﻪ،ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺧﺬﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﲟﺎ ﺃﺧـﺬ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻵﲦﲔ .. ﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ،ﻭﺣﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ : » ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﹶﺻﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ «.‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺒ‬ ‫‪‬‬
  • ‫» ِﺇﻥ ﻣﻮﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ .. ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﻘﺮِﻳﺐ «.. ﻭﰱ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺗﻄﻤﲔ ﻟﻠﻮﻁ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣـﺎ ﺑﻴﻨـﻪ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ٍ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ِ‬‬‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺳﻴﻨﺘﻬﻰ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻴﻠﺘﻪ ﺗﻠﻚ .. ﰒ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺣـﺚ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻟﻠﻮﻁ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﺎﺩﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﳜﺮﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳـﺔ ﻭﻣﻌـﻪ ﺑﻘﻴـﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ،ﺣﱴ ﻳﺒﺘﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﻧﻔﺠﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻬﻮﻝ،ﻣﻊ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺧﻴﻮﻁ ﻣـﻦ ﺿـﻮﺀ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ .. » ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﻘﺮِﻳﺐ ؟ « ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﻬﺎﻡ ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺮﻯ،ﲟﻌﲎ ﺃﻻ ﺗـﺮﻯ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺼـﺒﺢ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ٍ‬‫ﻗﺮﻳﺐ .. ﻓﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺳﺮﻉ،ﻭﺧﺬ ﺃﻫﺒﺘﻚ ﻟﻠﺨﺮﻭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ،ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺭﻛﻚ ﺍﻟﺼـﺒﺢ،ﻭﺗﻘﻊ‬ ‫ﻴ‬ ‫٦٣١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﻗﻌﺔ! "‬‫ﻭﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺍﺏ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ :} ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺁﻝ ﹸﻮﻁ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﺳﹸﻮﻥ )١٦( ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧ ﹸـﻢ ﻗﹶـﻮﻡ‬‫ﹶ ﻜ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻤ َ ﹶ ﻟ ٍ ‪  ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٢٦( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺑﻞﹾ ﺟﹾﺌﻨ‪‬ﺎﻙ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻤ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٣٦( ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﺩﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ِﻗ ﹶ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﻧ‬ ‫ﻧ ِ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٤٦( ﻓﺄﺳﺮ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠﻚ ِﺑﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗِﺒﻊ ﹶﺃﺩﺑ‪‬ﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻔِﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻣ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺣﻴ‪‬ـﺚ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﻀ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬‫‪‬ﺗﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٥٦( ﻭﻗﻀ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺩ‪‬ﺍِﺑﺮ ﻫﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ﻣﻘ ﹸﻮﻉ ﻣﺼِﺒﺤﲔ )٦٦( ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻫ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪َ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹾﻄ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺸ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٧٦( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇﻥ ﻫﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻔِﻲ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻔﻀ ‪‬ﻮﻥ )٨٦( ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨ ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬‫ﻘ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﺰ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﺤ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٩٦( ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﻨﻬﻚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ )٠٧( ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻫﺆﻟﹶﺎﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎﺗِﻲ ِﺇﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﻋﻠﲔ )١٧( ﹶﻟﻌﻤﺮﻙ‬‫‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ِِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ ِ ِ    ‬‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﹶﻟﻔِﻲ ﺳﻜﺮِﺗﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ )٢٧( ﻓﺄﺧﺬ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﻴﺤﺔ ﻣﺸﺮﻗﲔ )٣٧( ﻓﺠﻌﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻓﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ِﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ ‬ﻬ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﻣﻄﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺣﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺳ ‪‬ﻴﻞ )٤٧( ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂﻳ‪‬ﺎﺕ ِﻟﻠﻤ‪‬ﺘﻮ ‪‬ـﻤﲔ )٥٧( ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ٍ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ِ ‬ﺠ ٍ‬ ‫ﹶﻟِﺒﺴﺒِﻴﻞ ﻣﻘِﻴﻢ )٦٧( ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ )٧٧( ]ﺍﳊﺠﺮ : ١٦ - ٧٧[ {‬ ‫ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ٍ ٍ ‬‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ « ﺃﻱ ﰱ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﺨﻠﻔﺎﺕ ﺁﻳﺔ ﳌﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺴـﺘﻌﺪﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻟﻺﳝﺎﻥ،ﺣﲔ ﺗﻠﻮﺡ ﻟﻪ ﺩﻻﺋﻞ ﺍﳊﻖ،ﻭﺗﺒﺪﻭ ﻟﻪ ﺷﻮﺍﻫﺪﻩ ..‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺇﻋﺠﺎﺯ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻣﺎ ﳒﺪﻩ ﰱ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺑﲔ ﻓﺎﺻﻠﱴ ﺍﻵﻳﺘﲔ ﰱ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ِﺇﻥ‬‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂﻳﺎﺕ ِﻟﻠﻤ‪‬ﺘﻮﺳﻤﲔ « ﻭﰱ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ «.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ ﹾ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫. ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﺮﺍﺭ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻑ :‬‫ﺃﻭﻻ : ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺘﻮ ‪‬ﻤﲔ ـ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﻠﻨﺎ ـ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺒﺼﺮ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺼـﲑﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻓـﺬﺓ ـ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻜﺸﻒ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻇﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﺍﻷﺷﻴﺎﺀ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻜﺸﻒ ﻟﻐﲑﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ..‬ ‫٦٣١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٦ / ٧٧١١(‬
  • ‫ﻓﻬﻢ ﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ،ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﲔ ﻳﺮﻯ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ ﺁﻳﺔ .. » ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂﻳﺎﺕ ِﻟﻠﻤ‪‬ﺘﻮﺳﻤﲔ « ﻭﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫ٍ ﹾ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﲢ ‪‬ﺙ ﺑﻪ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﲔ ..‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻭﺛﺎﻧﻴﺎ : ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ،ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﰱ ﻛﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻟﻺﳝﺎﻥ ـ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ،ﻻ ﳛﺘﺎﺟﻮﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﱪﺍﻫﲔ،ﺣﱴ ﻳﺬﻋﻨﻮﺍ ﻟﻠﺤﻖ،ﻭﻳﻬﺘﺪﻭﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ،ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺗﻜﻔﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻹﺷـﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﹼـﺔ،ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻤﺤﺔ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻗﺔ،ﺣﱴ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ .. » ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ «.. ﻭﺫﻟﻚ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﲢﺪﺙ ﺑﻪ ﳐﹼﻔﺎﺕ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﳍﺎﻟﻜﲔ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﺛﺎﻟﺜﺎ : ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﻫ‪‬ﻦ،ﻭﻣﺮﺍﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﻳﺐ .. ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺻﺪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﻋﻨﻪ،ﻻ ﳛﺘـﺎﺝ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻣﻌﺎﻧﺎﺓ ﻧﻈﺮ،ﺃﻭ ﻛﺪ ﺫﻫﻦ،ﻭﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﰱ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳊـﺎﻝ،ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﳜﻠـﻰ ﻧﻔﺴـﻪ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺸﺒﺚ،ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺩ،ﻭﺍﳌﻜﺎﺑﺮﺓ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻠﻘﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻘﻠﺐ ﺳﻠﻴﻢ،ﻭﺭﺃﻯ ﻣﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ .. ﻋﻨﺪﺋﺬ ﻳﺮﻯ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺷﻰﺀ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻭﺁﻟﻒ ﺣﻘﻴﻘـﺔ ﻋﻨـﺪﻩ .. ﺇﺫ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﺭﻳـﺎ ﻣـﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﻄـﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﻧﺴﺎﻧﻴﺔ،ﻣﺘﺠﺎﻭﺑﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺃﺷﻮﺍﻗﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﻄﻠﻌﺎ‪‬ﺎ.‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ،ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱏ ﻟﻘ ‪‬ﺔ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻫﻨﺎ،ﳐﺎﻟﻔﺎ ﳌﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﰱ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ .. ﺫﻟـﻚ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺃﺧﱪﻭﻩ ‪‬ﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ،ﻭﲟﺎ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﺣﱴ ﻻ ﻳﱰﻝ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﱰﻝ‬‫ﺑﺄﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻣﺎﺭ ﻭﻫﻼﻙ ـ ﺃﺧﱪﻭﻩ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻳﺔ ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳚﻴﺌـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻳﺮﻳﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺣﺸﺔ ﰱ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻮﻑ .. ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﲢﺪﺙ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻫﻨﺎ‬‫ﻭﰱ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱏ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰱ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ » ﻫﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫« ﻣﺜﻼ : » ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺭﺳﹸﻨﺎ ﹸﻮﻃﺎ ﺳِﻲ ﺀ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺿﺎﻕ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﻋﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺼِـﻴﺐ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ‬ ‫َ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻤ َ ‪  ‬ﻠ ﻟ ﹰ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺟﺎﺀﻩ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻛﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺌﺎﺕ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻳﺎ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻫ ‪‬ﻻﺀ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎﺗِﻲ ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻋ ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻴ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﺆ ِ‬‫ﹶﺃﻃﻬﺮ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻔﻲ ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣِ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺭﺷِﻴﺪ ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﻠﻤﺖ ﻣـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹲ ‪  ‬ﻟ ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺰ ِ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﻟﹶﻨﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎِﺗﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻖ ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻟﹶ‪‬ﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺮِﻳﺪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻟِﻲ ِﺑﻜﻢ ﻗﻮﺓ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺁﻭِﻱ ﺇِﱃ ﺭﻛﻦ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ‬‫‪‬ﹾٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹰ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫‪      ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﹸﻮﻁ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﹶﻟﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﻓﺄﺳﺮ ِﺑﺄﻫﻠﻚ ِﺑﻘِﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻔﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ‬‫ﹾِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﻟ ﻟ ﹸ ﻧ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ   ‬ﻠ‬‫ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻚ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﺼِﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺃﹶﺻﺎ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﻣﻮﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﹶﺃﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﻘﺮِﻳﺐ « )ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ‪      ِ‬ﹶ ٍ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻟ ‪    ‬ﺒ‬‫: ٧٧ ـ ١٨ : ﻫﻮﺩ( ﻭﺗﺮﺗﻴﺐ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻏﲑ ﺗﺮﺗﻴﺒﻬﺎ ﰱ ﺍﻟﻨﻈﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ .. ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗـﺮﻯ‬ ‫..ﻓﻤﺎ ﺟﻮﺍﺏ ﻫﺬﺍ ؟‬
  • ‫ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ـ ﻭﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ ـ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰱ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ـ ﻗـﺪ ﺃﻟﻘـﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸـﺮﻯ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻮﻁ،ﺣﲔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ،ﻭﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﻑ ﻭﻓﺰﻉ،ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ : » ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﺤﺰﻥ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻮﻙ ﻭﹶﺃﻫ‪‬ﻠﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻚ ﻛﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹾﻐـﺎِﺑﺮِﻳﻦ «. . ﰒ ﺟـﺎﺀﻩ ﻗﻮﻣـﻪ ﺑﻌـﺪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﺠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ،ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻌﻪ ﻭﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ .. ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻟﻮﻁ ﻛﺮﺏ ﻭﺿـﻴﻖ ﳑـﺎ ﺣـﻞ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻭﺗﺸﺒﺚ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﳏﺎﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺪﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ،ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻪ ﺑﻘـﻮﳍﻢ : »‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ « ﺗﻮﻛﻴﺪﺍ ﳌﺎ ﺣ ‪‬ﺛﻮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ،ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺔ ﻓﻠﻦ ﻳﻨﺎﳍﻢ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ﻧ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺃﺣﺪ ﲟﻜﺮﻭﻩ .. ﰒ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﲤﺎﻡ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻋﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﺗﺬﻛﲑﻩ ﲟﺎ ﺣﺪﺛﻮﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﻗﺒـﻞ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﺴﺮﻯ ﺑﺄﻫﻠﻪ ﺑﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻻ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻮﻫﻢ ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻫﻢ‬ ‫٧٣١‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻼﻗﻮﺍ ﻣﺼﲑﻫﻢ.‬‫ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻴﻘﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻈﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻧﻴﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﲡﺮﻱ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻧﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻭﺩﻋـﻪ ﻫـﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﹼ‬‫ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ. ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻭﻛﻞ ﺣﺪﺙ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻘﻊ ﺑﺄﻳﺔ ﺣﺘﻤﻴﺔ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻭﻓﻖ ﻗﺪﺭ‬‫ﺧﺎﺹ ﺑﻪ. ﺑﻼ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﺽ ﺑﲔ ﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﻭﺟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺸﻴﺌﺔ ﺑﻘﺪﺭ ﺧﺎﺹ ﻟﻜـﻞ ﺣـﺪﺙ ..‬‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﳓﻦ ﻧﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻴﻘﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﳚﺮﻱ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻻﺕ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺃﻗﺪﺍﺭﺍ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﺑﺄﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ ﻟﻮﺟﻬﺔ ﻣﻌﻴﻨﺔ. ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺩﻣﺮ ﻗﺮﻯ ﻟﻮﻁ ﺯﻟـﺰﺍﻝ ﺃﻭ‬‫ﺑﺮﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﻱ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﱰﻝ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ،ﻭﻗﺘﻤﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ،ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ،ﻭﻓﻖ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫.. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﱐ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﻣﻌﺠﺰﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ..‬‫ﻭﻗﺮﻯ ﻟﻮﻁ ﺗﻘﻊ ﰲ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻄﺮﻭﻕ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﳝﺮ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ. ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻋﻈﺎﺕ ﳌـﻦ‬‫ﻳﺘﻔﺮﺱ ﻭﻳﺘﺄﻣﻞ،ﻭﳚﺪ ﺍﻟﻌﱪﺓ ﰲ ﻣﺼﺎﺭﻉ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﺑﺮﻳﻦ. ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻻ ﺗﻨﻔﻊ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻘﻠـﻮﺏ‬‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﺘﻔﺘﺤﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﺪﺓ ﻟﻠﺘﻠﻘﻲ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﺑﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻘﲔ : »ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂﻳﺎﺕ ِﻟﻠﻤ‪‬ﺘﻮﺳﻤﲔ. ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ٍ ﹾ‪  ِ  ‬ﻧ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﹶﻟِﺒﺴﺒِﻴﻞ ﻣﻘِﻴﻢ . ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ« ..ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺻﺪﻕ ﺍﻟﻨﺬﻳﺮ،ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻧﺰﻭﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ٍ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫٨٣١‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺬﺍﻧﺎ ﺑﻌﺬﺍﺏ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺩ ﻭﻻ ﳝﻬﻞ ﻭﻻ ﳛﻴﺪ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٧٣١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٧ / ٤٥٢(‬ ‫٨٣١ - ﰱ ﻇﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٤ / ٠٥١٢(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻋﻠﻤﻴﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻢ ﻳﺼﺤﺐ ﺑﺼﻮﺕ ﻣﺪﻭ ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﺷﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺍﻟـﺮﺟﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻕ ﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﺪ ﺍﻷﺣﺠﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻄﺢ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻭﻕ، ﰒ ﻏﺮِﻓﺖ ﺃﺭﺽ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺳﺪﻭﻡ ﻭﺭﻓﻌﺖ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻋﺎﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺳﺎﻓﻠﻬﺎ ؛ ﻭﻣﺜﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺪِﺙ ﻫﺒﻮﻃـﺎ ﰲ ﺳـﻄﺢ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺟﻌﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺃﺧﻔﺾ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ. ﻭﺃﺻﺒﺢ ﻣﻜﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﲝﲑﺓ ﻻ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺍﳌﻴﺖ٩٣١.‬ ‫٥- ﲪﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺎﺑﻮﺕ ﰲ ﻋﻬﺪ ﻧﱯ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﺑﲏ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : } ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﺈ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ِﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ـﺚ‬‫ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﻟ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﻣ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎِﺗﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ ﻫﻞ ﻋﺴ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﻛِﺘﺐ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘﹶﺎِﺗﹸﻮﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ﻟ ﻠ ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﱠﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎِﺗﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒِﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻗﺪ ﹸﺃﺧﺮِﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳ‪‬ﺎﺭﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﻛِﺘﺐ‪ ‬ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝ ‪‬ﺗﻮﱠﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍ ِﺇﱠﺎ‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻤ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ )٦٤٢( ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﹶﻟ ﹸـﻢ ﻃﹶـﺎﹸﻮﺕ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﱠ ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﻜ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﱠ‪   ‬ﻈ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﻖ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺆﺕ ﺳﻌﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺎﻝ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﻟ ﻧ ﻜ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪       ‬ﹰ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻔﹶﺎﻩ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺯ‪‬ﺍﺩﻩ ‪‬ﺑﺴﻄﺔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺴﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺆﺗِﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﻪ ﻣ‪‬ـﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫ُ‬ ‫ِﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪     ‬ﹶ ﹰ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳﻊ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ )٧٤٢( ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﺁ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻣﻠﻜﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﺳﻜِﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪‬ﹾ ِ ِ ﹾ ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﺑ ‪  ِ ‬ﹲ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‪   ِ ‬‬‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﻘ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻙ ﺁﻝ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﻝ ﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻤﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﹶﻟ ﹸـﻢ ِﺇﻥ‬‫ﹸ ﺭ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﻜ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹲ ِﻤ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﻣ‬ ‫ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻣﺆﻣِﻨﲔ )٨٤٢( ]ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ : ٦٤٢-٨٤٢[‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻔﺴ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺇﻥ ﺑﲏ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ ﻛﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺯﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻃﺮِﻳﻖٍ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻴﻢٍ،ﻭﹶﻟِﺒﹸﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺜ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶ ﱠ‬‫ﻣﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻣ‪‬ﻦ . ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻌﻀﻊ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻭﹼﺎﻥﹶ،ﻭﺿ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ . ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻂ‬‫‪            ‬ﺛ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪    ِ ‬ﱠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﺪﺍﺅﻫﻢ‪،‬ﻓﹶﺄﺧﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳ‪‬ﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟﻘﻬﺮِ،ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺎﹰ،ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺑِـﺪﻋﻮِﺗﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﺟ ‪  ِ ِ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ُ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﷲِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺇﱃ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻮﺣِﻴﺪﻩ . ﻓﺪﻋ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒ ‪،‬ﻓﻄﹶﻠ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻘِﻴﻢ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻠِﻜﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎِﺗﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﻪ‬‫ِ ِ ِ ‪ ِ ِ    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻲ ﹶ ﹶﺒ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬ﹰ ﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻋﺪ‪‬ﺍﺀﻫﻢ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ : ﹶﻟﻌﱠﻜﻢ ﺇﻥ ﺃﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﻠِﻜﺎﹰ ﺃﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻘﹶﺎِﺗﹸﻮﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳ‪‬ـﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻻ‬‫ﱠ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﱠ ﻠ‬ ‫‪   َ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ُ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻮﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﺰﻣ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﻪ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎِﺗﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺿ‪‬ـﺎﻋﺖ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﻟ‬ ‫ﺗﻓ‬‫٩٣١ - ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮ ﺍﳌﻴﺖ ﳜﺘﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺎﺭ ﻓﻼ ﻳﺸﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﰲ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﻟﺴﻄﺢ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺃﺧﻔﺾ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ، ﻭﻻ ﺣﻴﺎﺓ‬ ‫ﻓﻴﻪ .‬
  • ‫ﺑِﻼﺩﻧ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭ ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺫﹶﺭﺍﺭِﻳﻨﺎ؟ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﻛِﺘﺐ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻮﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋ ‪‬ﻭﺍ،ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻜﹸﻮﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳉﻬ‪‬ـﺎﺩ‬‫‪ ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬ﹶﻠ ‪ِ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻤ ﹸ ‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻳ ﻓ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻴﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﱠﺎﻟِﻤﲔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﻛﻠﲔ ﻋ‪‬ﻦ ﺍﳉﻬ‪‬ﺎﺩِ ﺩﻓﹶﺎﻋﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺩِﻳِﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺭﺿﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻣِﺘﻬﻢ .‬ ‫ِ ِ ﹰ ‪ ِ   ِِ    ِ  ‬‬ ‫ُ ‪ ‬ﻈ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِِ ‪‬‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻣﻠﻚ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻂ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺫﺍ ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻃﹶﺎﹸﻮﺕ‪،‬ﻭﹶﻟﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹼ ﹶِ ‪  ‬ﻜ ﹸ ﻟ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ﻬ ‪‬ﻤ ﹶ ﻬ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹾ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺖ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺫﺍ،ﺍﺣ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻨﺎ ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﺠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸﹾ ‪      ‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪ ِ ِ‬ﻬ‬‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻠﻚِ،ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻏﻨِﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻄِﻴ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻧ‪‬ﻔﻘﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻠﻚِ؟ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ : ﺇﻥ‬‫ِ ﹶِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹸ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﺍﺻﻄﻔﹶﺎﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺧﺘ‪‬ﺎﺭﻩ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ِﺑﻪِ،ﻭﺯ‪‬ﺍﺩﻩ ﻋﻠﹾﻤﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻗﻮﺓ ﰲ ‪‬ﺑﺪِﻧﻪِ،ﻭﺟﻌﻠﻪ ﺃﺻ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒﺮ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ُ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ    ‬ﹰ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﳊ ‪‬ﻭﺏِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ﻫﻮ ﺍﳊﹶﺎﻛﻢ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎ ُ،ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺄﻝ ﻋ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌ ﹸ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳﻊ‬‫‪‬ﻤ ﹾ ‪‬ﻞ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﺀ‬ ‫ﹾ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ُ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹸﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻔﻀﻞِ،‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﺘﺺ ِﺑﺮﺣﻤِﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎ ُ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻴﻢ ﺑِﻤﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺤﻖ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻣﻤﻦ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺤﻘﻪ .‬ ‫ِﹾ ِ ﹸ ‪   ِ      ‬ﺀ ‪  ِ      ‬ﹸﹾ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﱡ ‪‬‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻮﺭﺍﺓ ﻭﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻫﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﺬ ﻣﻄﻠﻊ ﺗ‪‬ﺎﺭﳜﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ‬‫ﹶ ِ ‪    ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾِ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺑ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺮﹸﺛﻪ ﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺳﻠﻔﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ ِﺑﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺣ ‪‬ﻭِﺑﻬﻢ . ﻭﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﺿﱡﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﻐ‪‬ـﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﺳ‪‬ـﱠﻂ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪    ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻛ ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﺮ ِ ‪  ‬ﻤ ‪‬ﻠ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻠ‪‬ﺒﻬﻢ ﺇ‪‬ﺎﻩ ) ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻴﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﻠﺴﻄِﻴِﻨ‪‬ﻮﻥ (،ﻭﻗﺪ ﺣ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ـﻮﺩ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘﺼ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ﻬ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻳ ‪ِ      ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻴ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓﺄﺧ ﹸﻭﺍ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻜﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﻬﻢ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﻜِﻴﻼ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪﺍﹰ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺇﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﻼﻣﺔ ﺭﺿ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﱠ ‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪‬ﺬ ﺘ ﺑ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠﻠ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻠﻚ ﻃﹶﺎﹸﻮﺕ ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺩ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﻓﻴ‪‬ﻮﺭِﺛ ﹸﻢ ﺭﺩﻩ ﻋﻠﹶﻴ ﹸﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻜِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﻤ‪‬ﺄﻧِﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ . ﻭﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫ﱡ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ِ ﻟ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﺑ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻜ ‪   ‬ﻜ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﻘ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻙ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻘﹶﺎﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻷﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺡ . ﻓﺠ‪‬ـﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫ِ ﹶ َ ِ ﹶﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺭ ﹸ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﺘ ﺑ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ِﻤ ‪  ‬ﻣ‬‫‪‬ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﻭﻭﺿﻌ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻱ ﻃﹶﺎﹸﻮﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻈ ‪‬ﻭﻥ . ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺁﻳﺔ ﻟِﺒﲏ ﺇﺳ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹲ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ﺘ ﺑ ‪     ‬‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺻﺪﻕ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒﻮﺓ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﻴﻬِﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺻﺪﻗﻪ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ِﺑﻪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﺏ ﺇﻃﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﻃﹶﺎﹸﻮﺕ‪،‬ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﺍ‬ ‫‪  ِ    ِ    ‬ﺟ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫٠٤١‬ ‫ﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺑِﺎﷲ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ .‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﻧ ‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫٦- ﺑﺸﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﺰﻛﺮﻳﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺯﻛﺮﻳﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :} ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﺒﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﺒ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺣﺴﻦ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺒ‪‬ﺎﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺴ‪‬ـﻨ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪ ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭﻛﻔﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﻭﺟﺪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺭِﺯﻗﹰﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﻟﻚ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﻳ ﹸﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﻳ ِ ‪   ِ     ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻧ ِ‬‫ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻗﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺯﻕ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻐ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﺎﺏ )٧٣( ﻫﻨ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ِﻳ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ   ‬ﱠِ ﱠ ﱠ‪ٍ ِ ِ  ُ      ‬‬‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﺏ ﻫﺐ ﻟِﻲ ﻣﻦ ﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻃ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺳﻤِﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀ )٨٣( ﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺗﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ‬‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﹸ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ِ    ‬ﹸ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹶ ﹰ ‪ِ    ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺤﻴ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﺼﺪﻗﹰﺎ ِﺑﻜﻠﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺣ ‪‬ـﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪        ‬ﹶِ ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪   ‬ﺼ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫٠٤١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٣٥٢(‬
  • ‫ﻭ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺤﲔ )٩٣( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﺏ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻟِﻲ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐِﻨﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃﺗِﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻗﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫ِ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻧ ﻜ ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻴ ِ‪ ‬ﺼ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ )٠٤( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﺏ ﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻟِﻲ ﺁ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺁ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻚ ﺃﹶﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻜﻠﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﹶﺛﻠﹶﺎﹶﺛﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎﻡ‬‫ﹰ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻟ ﹶﱢ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻳ ٍ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ‪ ‬ﹾ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ِﺇﱠﺎ ﺭﻣﺰ‪‬ﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺫﻛﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻌﺸﻲ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺈ‪‬ﺑﻜﹶﺎﺭ )١٤( }]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ : ٧٣-١٤[‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِ  ِ    ‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﺒﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺬِﻳﺮﺓ ﻣﺤﺮﺭ‪‬ﺓ ِﻟﻠﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺧﺪﻣﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴِﺘﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺃﺣﺴﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺸ‪‬ﺄ‪‬ﺗﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺒﺎﺗ‪‬ﻬﺎ،ﻭﻗﺮﻧ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺤﲔ‬‫ﺼ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹰ ‪   ‬ﹰ ﹾ ِ ‪ِ   ِ  ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩِ،‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳋ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻳﻦ .‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺪ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﺯﻛﹶﺮﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻓﻼ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﺇ‪‬ﺗﻤ‪‬ﺎﻣﺎ ِﻟﺴﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ِﻟ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﺘِﺒﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺢ . ﻭﻛﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﺧﻞ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﺼ ‪  ‬ﹸﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹰ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِﹰ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻜﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺼﻼﻫ‪‬ﺎ ) ﺍﳌﺤﺮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ( ﻭﺟﺪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺯ‪‬ﻗﺎﹰ،ﻓﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻳ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫ِ ‪ ِ  ِ     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِﻳ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِﻳ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻣ ﱠ‬‫ﹶﻟﻚ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﺯﻕ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬؟ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ﻗَﺎِﺋﻠﺔ ﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﷲِ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺯﻕ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﺟﻤِﻴﻌﺎ ِﺑ‪‬ﺘﺴﺨﲑ‬‫‪  ‬ﻨ ‪  ‬ﹰ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪      ‬ﻢ ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶﹰ ‪ِ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺑ‪‬ﻌﻀﻬﻢ ِﻟ‪‬ﺒﻌﺾ ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ َ‪‬ﻳﺮﺯﻕ ﻣﻦ ﻳ‪‬ﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ﺭﺯ‪‬ﻗﺎ ﻛﺜِﲑﹰﺍ ِﺑﻼ ﺣ ‪‬ﻭﺩٍ؟‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺪ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِِ ِ  ِ ُ     ‬ﹰ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ   ِِ ‬‬‫ﻓﹶﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ‪‬ﺃﻯ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺍﻣ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺷ‪‬ﺘﻌﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺃﺳﻪ ﺷﻴ‪‬ﺒﺎﹰ،ﻭ‪‬ﺃﺻ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﺷﻴ‪‬ﺨﺎ ﻃﹶﺎﻋِﻨﺎ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹰ ﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِﻳ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻤ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ ‪،‬ﻃﻤﻊ ﻓِﻲ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﺪ ﺻ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺢ ﻣﹾﺜﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻫ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻭﻓﻀ‪‬ﻼ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻨ‪‬ـﺪ ﺍﷲِ،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ـﺖ ﺍﻣﺮﹶﺃ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﺗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻦ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ‪ ِ    ‬ﹸ ِ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻗِﺮﺍﹰ،ﻓﺴﺄﹶﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻭﻧ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻧِﺪﺍﺀ ﺧﻔ‪‬ﻴﺎﹰ،ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ﻫﺐ ﻟِﻲ ﻣﻦ ﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻃ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒﺔﹰ،ﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤﻊ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪    ِ    ‬ﹸ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ً    ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻟِﺤﲔ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻘﺪِﻳﺮ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻹﺟ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ َ ‬ﺼ‬‫ﻓﺨ‪‬ﺎﻃ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺧﻄﹶﺎﺑﺎﹰ ﺳﻤﻌ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﻣﺤﺮ‪‬ﺍِﺑﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻣ‪‬ﺤﻞ ﺧﻠﻮِﺗﻪ ﻭﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪِ،ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ‬‫ﱢ ‪‬ﹾ ‪   ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﻪ ‪    ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﹸ ِ‬‫ﹶﻟﻪ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑﻮ‪‬ﻟﺪ ‪‬ﻮﹶﻟﺪ ﹶﻟﻚ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻴ‪‬ﻰ،‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥﹸ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼﺪﻕ ِﺑﻌِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟـﺬِﻱ ﺧﻠِـﻖ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫َ ‪ ٍ   ‬ﻳ ‪     ‬ﻜ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ِﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲِ،ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻛﻦ ﻓﻜﹶﺎﻥﹶ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺣﻠِﻴﻤﺎ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺪﹰﺍ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻕ‪ ‬ﻗﻮﻣﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻑ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓ‬‫‪ِ ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﻴ ﻔ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪ ِ ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥﹸ ﺣ ‪‬ﻮﺭﹰﺍ ‪‬ﻳﻤ‪‬ﻨﻊ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴ‪‬ـﻪ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ـﺎﻉ ﺷ‪‬ـﻬ‪‬ﻮﺍﺗِﻬﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻌ ‪‬ـﻮﻣﺎ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹰ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻜ ‪‬ﺼ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻮ‪‬ﺍﺣﺶِ،ﻭﺳ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ﻴﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺤﲔ ﺣِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻠﻎ ﺳﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺒﻮﺓ .‬ ‫ﹸ ﹸ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ﹰ ِ‪ ‬ﺼ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻘﻖ ﺯﻛﺮﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟِﺒﺸ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓِ،ﺃﺧﺬ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌﺠﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻻﺩﺓ ﻭﹶﻟﺪ ﻟﹶﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻜ‪‬ﺒﺮِ،ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ ﻛﻴ‪‬ـﻒ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ    ٍ  ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻤ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻜﹸﻮﻥ ﻟِﻲ ﻏﻼ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛِﺒﺮﺕ ﻭﺍﻣ‪‬ﺮﺃﺗِﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻗﺮ ﻻﹶ ‪‬ﺗﻠ ‪،‬ﻓﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻼ : ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌ‪‬ﻞ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﱠ َ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹸ ﹶﻡ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺮِﻳ ‪،‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺠ ‪‬ﻩ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻇﻤﻪ ﹶﺃﻣ‪، ‬ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ‪‬ﻧﻔﹶﺎﺫ ﻣﺸِﻴﹶﺌِﺘﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻞ .‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺤ ﹸ ﺩ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹲ‬ ‫ُ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﺰ ‪ٌ  ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺯﻛﺮ‪‬ﺎ : ﺭﺏ ﺍﺟﻌﻞ ﻟِﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﻼﻣﺔ ) ﺁﻳﺔ ( ﹶﺃﺳ‪‬ﺘﺪﻝ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﻮﹶﻟﺪ ﻣ‪‬ـﻲ . ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ :‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﱡ ‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ‪ِ ِ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫‪‬ﹰ ﹰ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِﻳ ‪    ‬ﹾ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻫﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺘﻄِﻴﻊ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻄﻖ ﻣﻊ ﺍﺳﺘِﻮﺍﺀ ﺻﺤِﺘﻚ‪ ‬ﻣﺪﺓ ﺛﹶﻼﹶﺛﺔ ﺃ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻛﹶﺎﻣﻠﹶـﺔ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ ِ    ‬ﹶ ِ ﻳ ٍ ِ ٍ‬
  • ‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩ ِﺑﻜﹾﺜﺮﺓ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻜِﺒﲑﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺴﺒِﻴﺤﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺒﺎﺡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳌﹶﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺣِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺮﺽ ﻟﹶـﻪ ﻫـﺬﻩ‬‫ِ ‪ِِ  ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺼ ِ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﹶﺎﹶﻟﺔ١٤١.‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫٧- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﱘ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﳊﻖ ﺗﺒﺎﺭﻙ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺸﺮﺕ ﺃﻡ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺑﻪ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ‬‫ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﹸ‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑﻜﻠِﻤﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻴﺢ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﻭﺟِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮﺓ‬‫ِ ‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﱠ ﱠ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪     ِ ٍ‬‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻘﺮِﺑﲔ )٥٤( ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜﻠﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬﺪ ﻭﻛﻬﻠﹰﺎ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺤﲔ )٦٤( ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺭﺏ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻧ‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﺼ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﱢ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ‬ﹶ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻟِﻲ ﻭﹶﻟﺪ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺴﺴﻨِﻲ ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺨﻠﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫ُ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻜ ﹸ ‪         ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻪ ﻛﻦ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ )٧٤( ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻤﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺈ‪‬ﻧﺠِﻴﻞ )٨٤( ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻟﹰﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺳ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱢ ‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶﻜ ﹸ‬‫ِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﺋِﻴﻞ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺟﹾﺌ‪‬ﺘﻜﻢ ﺑِﺂﻳ‪‬ﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﺧﻠﻖ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﲔ ﻛﻬ‪‬ﻴﹶﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻄ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻴـﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪   ِ ٍ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﱢ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻃ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍ ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹸﺃ‪‬ﺑﺮِﺉ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻛﻤﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﺑﺮﺹ ﻭﹸﺃﺣﻴِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﺗ‪‬ﻰ ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﻭﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ـﹸﺌﻜﻢ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻜ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ﹾ ِ ﱠِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ      ‬ﹾ ِ ﻠ ِ ‪ ‬ﺒ ﹸ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪﺧ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻮِﺗﻜﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻟﹶﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻣﺆﻣِﻨﲔ )٩٤( ﻭﻣﺼ‪‬ـﺪﻗﹰﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺮ ﹶ ﻴ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ِ   ‬‬‫ِﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﻭِﻟﺄﺣﻞ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﺣﺮﻡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺟﹾﺌ‪‬ﺘﻜﻢ ﺑِﺂ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻣِـﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ﹸـﻢ‬‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪   ٍ ‬ﻜ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ   ِ   ‬ﹸ ِ ﱠ ﹸ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻃِﻴﻌﻮﻥ )٠٥({]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ : ٥٤-٠٥[‬ ‫ﻘ ﱠ‪ِ   ‬‬‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺖ - ﻳﺎ ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ - ﻫﻨﺎﻙ ﺣﲔ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ: ﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻙ ﺑﻮﻟـﺪ ﻳﻜـﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﺟﻮﺩﻩ ﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ، ﺃﻱ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ: "ﻛﻦ"، ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ، ﺍﲰﻪ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺢ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﱘ، ﻟﻪ ﺍﳉﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﲔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ.‬‫ﻭﻳﻜﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻬﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻭﻻﺩﺗﻪ، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻳﻜﻠﻤﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺣﺎﻝ ﻛﻬﻮﻟﺘﻪ ﲟﺎ ﺃﻭﺣﺎﻩ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ.‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺗﻜﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺒ ‪‬ﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﻭﺍﻹﺭﺷﺎﺩ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺪﻭﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻀـﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻮ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻪ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﱘ ﻣﺘﻌﺠﺒﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ: ﺃ‪‬ﻰ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﱄ ﻭﻟﺪ ﻭﺃﻧﺎ ﻟﺴﺖ ﺑﺬﺍﺕ ﺯﻭﺝ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺑﻐ ‪‬؟ ﻗﺎﻝ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬ ‫ﻧ‬‫ﳍﺎ ﺍﳌﻠﹶﻚ: ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﳛﺪﺙ ﻟﻚ ﻟﻴﺲ ﲟﺴﺘﺒﻌﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺩﺭ، ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻮﺟِﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺪﻡ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺇﳚﺎﺩ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻓﺈﳕﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ: " ﹸﻦ" ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ.‬ ‫ﻛ‬ ‫١٤١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ١٣٣(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻳﻌﻠﻤﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﺔ، ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺪﺍﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻌﻞ، ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺭﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻭﺣﺎﻫـﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﺳـﻰ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ، ﻭﺍﻹﳒﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ.‬‫ﻭﳚﻌﻠﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻻ ﺇﱃ ﺑﲏ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ، ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﳍﻢ: ﺇﱐ ﻗﺪ ﺟﺌﺘﻜﻢ ﺑﻌﻼﻣﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺑﻜﻢ ﺗﺪﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﱐ‬ ‫ﱡ‬‫ﻣﺮﺳﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻫﻲ ﺃﱐ ﺃﺻﻨﻊ ﻟﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﲔ ﻣﺜﻞ ﺷﻜﻞ ﺍﻟﻄﲑ، ﻓﺄﻧﻔﺦ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻃـﲑ‪‬ﺍ‬‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻴﺎ ﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﺃﹶﺷﻔﻲ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻭﻟِﺪ ﺃﻋﻤﻰ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﺹ، ﻭﹸﺣﻴﻲ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎ ﺑـﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﷲ،‬ ‫ﺃ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﺃﺧﱪﻛﻢ ﲟﺎ ﺗﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﺗ ‪‬ﺧﺮﻭﻥ ﰲ ﺑﻴﻮﺗﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻃﻌﺎﻣﻜﻢ. ﺇﻥ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﰲ ﻗﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ﻟﺪﻟﻴﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﱐ ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ، ﺇﻥ ﻛﻨـﺘﻢ ﻣﺼـ ‪‬ﻗﲔ ﺣﺠـﺞ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫٢٤١‬ ‫ﻭﺁﻳﺎﺗﻪ، ﻣﻘ ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺑﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪﻩ.‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺛﺒﺖ ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺳﻤﻊ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪    ِ   ِ   ِ ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫- » ﻭ‪‬ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴِﻰ ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺪﻩ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻮﺷﻜﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﺣﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻘﺴِـﻄﹰﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻜﺴِـﺮ‬‫ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ِِ ﻴ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ﹶ ﹸ ‪      ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻠِﻴﺐ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻘ‪‬ﺘﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻨﺰِﻳﺮ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻀﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺰ‪‬ﻳﺔﹶ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔِﻴﺾ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻘ‪‬ﺒﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ «٣٤١ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِ ‪    ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺘ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﺍﺱ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺳﻤﻌ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ﻏﺪ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﻓﺨ ﱠـﺾ ﻓِﻴـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﺟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ‪‬ﻔ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ٍ ‪ ِ ‬ﻮ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻭﺭﻓﻊ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻇ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻓِﻰ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺨﻞ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻋﺮﻑ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ـﺄ‪‬ﻧﻜﻢ «.‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﹶﻤ ‪    ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﹶ ﻨ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻏﺪ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﻓﺨﻔﻀﺖ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻭﺭﻓﻌﺖ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻇ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ـﺎﻩ ﻓِـﻰ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔﹶـﺔ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺟ ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﺘ ﹶ ﻨ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺨﻞ. ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺪ ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺧﻮﻓﻨِﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﻭﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻓﺄﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺠِﻴﺠﻪ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻜﻢ ﻭِﺇﻥ‬‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﺩ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﻭﹶﻟﺴﺖ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﻣﺮﺅ ﺣﺠِﻴﺞ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺧﻠِﻴﻔﺘِﻰ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺷ‪‬ـﺎﺏ ﻗﻄﹶـﻂ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫‪      ‬ﹸ ‪      ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ٍ ِ ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻃﹶﺎﻓﹶﺌﺔ ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻰ ﹸﺃﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬﻪ ِﺑﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﹾﻌ ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻗﻄﻦ ﻓﻤﻦ ﹶﺃﺩﺭﻛﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻓﻠﻴ‪‬ﻘﺮﹾﺃ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﻮ‪‬ﺍِﺗﺢ ‪‬ـﻮﺭﺓ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹲ ﹶ ﹶﻧ ‪ ِ    ‬ﺰ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻬﻒ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺧ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﺧﻠﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺄﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮ‪‬ﺍﻕ ﻓﻌ‪‬ﺎﺙ ‪‬ﻳﻤِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎﺙ ﺷﻤ‪‬ﺎﻻ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﹶـﺎﹾﺛ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﱠ ﹰ ‪  ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ِ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫«. ﻗﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝﹶ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﹸﺜﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﻛﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﻛﺸﻬﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ‬‫َ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪  ٍ  ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﺳ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻛﺠﻤﻌﺔ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎﻣﻪ ﻛﺄ‪‬ﺎﻣﻜﻢ «. ﻗﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﺬِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ﻛﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﻜﻔِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴـﻪ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ٍ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ٍ   ‬ﻳ ِ ِ ﹶ ﹶﻳ ِ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺻﻼﺓ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻻ ﺍﻗﺪ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﻩ «. ﻗﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﺳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻋﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ »‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫َ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺚ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﺪ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺗﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻳﺢ ﻓﹶ‪‬ﻴﺄﺗِﻰ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺠِﻴ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻟﹶـﻪ ﻓﻴ‪‬ـﺄﻣﺮ‬‫‪     ِ ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻋ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﺒ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٢٤١ -= ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )١ / ٤٤٣(‬ ‫٣٤١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٢٢٢( -ﺍﳌﻘﺴﻂ : ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻝ‬
  • ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻤﻄﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﹶ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨِﺒﺖ ﻓ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺭﺣ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻃﻮﻝ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ـﺖ ﺫﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹶﺃﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒﻐﻪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ َ ‬ﹶ ‪  َ ِ ‬‬‫ﺿ ‪‬ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻣﺪﻩ ﺧﻮ‪‬ﺍﺻﺮ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺄِﺗﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ﻗﻮﻟﹶـﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺼ‪‬ـﺮﻑ ﻋ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ‪   ِ     ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻋ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺩ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺼِﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣﻤﺤﻠﲔ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﺑِﺄ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻬﻢ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻣﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻤﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟﹾﺨﺮ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟِـﻰ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪   ِِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ِ      ِ   ِ ٌ   ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‪‬ﻮﺯﻙ. ﻓ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﻌﻪ ﻛ‪‬ﻮﺯﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎﺳِﻴﺐ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺤﻞ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺪ ‪‬ﻮ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻣﻤ‪‬ﺘﻠﺌﹰﺎ ﺷﺒ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻀ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟ ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻒ‬‫ِ‪ ‬ﺴ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﻋ ‪  ‬ﹰ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸﻨ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘﻄﻌﻪ ﺟﺰﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺭﻣ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﺮﺽ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻩ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘِﺒﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬﻠﻞ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻀﺤﻚ ﻓ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ِﺇﺫ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ‪   ِ    ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻋ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﹸ ‪       ‬ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻴﺢ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻀ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺷﺮﻗﻰ‪ ‬ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻣﻬ ‪‬ﻭﺩ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﻌ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪      ِ ِ  ‬ﺮ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪       ‬ﹶ ِ ﹸ ِ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻛﻔ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤﺔ ﻣﻠﻜ‪‬ﻴﻦ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻃﺄﻃﺄ ﺭﹶﺃﺳﻪ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺭﻓﻌﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺪﺭ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻛﹶـﺎﻟﻠﺆﹸﻟﺆ ﻓﹶـﻼ‬‫ﱡ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ     ‬ﹲ‬‫‪‬ﻳﺤﻞ ِﻟﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮ ‪‬ﻳﺠﺪ ﺭِﻳﺢ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬِﻰ ﺣ‪‬ﻴﺚ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻬِﻰ ﻃﺮﻓﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻄﻠ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺭﻛﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾﹸ ‪  ‬ﺘ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ﱡ ِ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِِ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ِﺑﺒ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﹸﻟﺪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻘ‪‬ﺘﻠﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻰ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻗﺪ ﻋﺼﻤﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣِ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻤﺴﺢ ﻋﻦ ﻭ ‪‬ـﻮﻫﻬﻢ‬‫‪    ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﺟ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹸ‪  ‬ﹾ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﺪﹸﺛﻬﻢ ِﺑﺪﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ﻓﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ِﺇﺫ ﹶﺃﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟﺖ‬‫ﻧ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ  ِ      ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﻟِﻰ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﻷﺣﺪ ِﺑﻘِﺘ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻬﻢ ﻓﺤﺮﺯ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻯ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻮﺭ. ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺄ ‪‬ﻮﺝ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺄ ‪‬ﻮﺝ‬‫ﻄ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹾﺟ ‪  ‬ﹾﺟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ َ ‪  ِ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺪﺏ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺴﹸﻮﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻤﺮ ﹶﺃﻭ‪‬ﺍِﺋﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺑﺤ‪‬ﻴﺮﺓ ﻃﺒ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺸﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ـﺮ‬‫‪‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ   ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ِ ٍ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ     ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺑ ﹶ‬‫ﺁﺧﺮﻫﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ِﺑﻬﺬﻩ ﻣﺮﺓ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ. ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﺼﺮ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻥ‬‫‪   ‬ﺘ ﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِِ ‬ﹰ ٌ ‪     ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬‫ﺭﹾﺃﺱ ﺍﻟﱠﺜﻮﺭ ﻷﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻣِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﺩِﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻷﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﻏﺐ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ـﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  َ ٍ ِ  ِ   ِ ِ  َ ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠِ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻐ‪‬ﻒ ﻓِﻰ ﺭﻗﹶﺎِﺑﻬﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺼِﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﻛﻤﻮﺕ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻬِﺒﻂ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ٍ ِ ‪   ٍ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺤ ﹶ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺠ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﺮ ِﺇﻻ ﻣ‪‬ـﻸﻩ ﺯﻫﻤ ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫َ ‪ ٍ ِ  ِ   ِ ‬ﱠ َ ‪   ‬ﻬ ‪‬‬ ‫َ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫ﱠِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮﻏﺐ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻃﻴ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻛﺄﻋﻨ‪‬ـﺎﻕ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺨ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠِ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺤﻤﻠﻬﻢ ﻓﹶ‪‬ﺘﻄﺮﺣﻬﻢ ﺣ‪‬ﻴﺚ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺳﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻄﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻜﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻣ‪‬ـﺪﺭ ﻭﻻ ﻭﺑ‪‬ـﺮ‬‫ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪     ‬ﹸ َ ﱠ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ٍ    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻐﺴﻞﹸ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺮﻛﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻟﺰﹶﻟﻔﺔ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ِﻟﻸﺭﺽ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧِﺒﺘِﻰ ﹶﺛﻤﺮ‪‬ﺗﻚ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻯ ‪‬ﺑﺮﻛ‪‬ﺘﻚ.‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﺩ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹸ َ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   َ ِ ‬ﺘ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻮﻣِﺌﺬ ‪‬ﺗﺄﻛﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻈﱡﻮﻥ ِﺑﻘﺤﻔﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭﻙ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺤ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﺘ ﱠ ﱢ ﹾ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹾ ﹸ ﹸ ِ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﻣ ِ ‪ِ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ِ ‪   ِ ‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹِﺑﻞ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻜﻔِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺌﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻘﺮ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻜﻔِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺒِﻴﻠﹶﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺤﺔ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ ِ ﱢ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹾ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ﱢ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻨﻢ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻜﻔِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺨﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻓ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻢ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺭﳛ‪‬ﺎ ﻃ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺄﺧﺬﻫﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺤ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ﹶ‬
  • ‫ﺁﺑ‪‬ﺎﻃﻬﻢ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻘِﺒﺾ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ ﻭﻛﻞ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻘﹶﻰ ﺷﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻬ‪‬ـﺎﺭﺝ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﺟ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪  ٍ ِ  ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ٍ ِ ‬‬ ‫٤٤١‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﺮ ﻓﻌﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ «.‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻘ ‪ ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫٨- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﳏﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ :‬ ‫ﺃ- ‪‬ﻴﺌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻭﻛﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﻌﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﳏﻤﺪ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﺍﻡ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺃﺳﻬﻢ ﺟﱪﻳـﻞ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻟﻴﺤﻴﻄﻮﻩ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﻋﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﻳﺔ ﻭﺍﳊﻔﻆ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺻﻐﺮﻩ ﻭﺣﱴ ﻣﻔﺎﺭﻗﺘﻪ ﻟﻠـﺪﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ .‬‫ﻓﻌﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻏﻼﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﻌﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺑﺎﺩﻳﺔ ﺑﲏ ﺳﻌﺪ ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ‬‫‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ - - ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﻠﹾﻌﺐ ﻣﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻩ ﻓﺼﺮﻋﻪ‬‫‪ ِ       ‬ﹾ ِ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ٍ ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻓﺸﻖ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻠِﺒﻪ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻠﺐ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﺨﺮﺝ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻘﺔ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺣﻆ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﻣﻨ‪‬ـﻚ. ﹸـﻢ‬‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱡ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬‫ﻏﺴﻠﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﻃﺴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻫﺐ ﺑِﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺯﻣﺰﻡ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻷﻣﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ﻓِﻰ ﻣﻜﹶﺎِﻧﻪ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﻌﻮﻥ‬‫‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ َ  ِ       َ      ِ ٍ ‬ﹾ ﹸ‬‫ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹸﺃﻣﻪ - ‪‬ﻳﻌﻨِﻰ ﻇﹾﺌﺮﻩ - ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ِﺇﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻗﺪ ﻗِﺘﻞ. ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﻘ‪‬ﺒﹸﻮﻩ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻘﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ‬‫‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ﻟ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﻠ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٥٤١‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﺃﹶﺛﺮ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺨ‪‬ﻴﻂ ﻓِﻰ ﺻﺪﺭﻩ.‬ ‫‪ِِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫٤٤١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٦٥٧ (‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺖ : ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺘﻴﺔ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﺔ ﻃﻮﻳﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻖ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺎﻣﲔ =ﺍﳊﺪﺏ : ﺍﻟﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﰱ ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ =ﺣﺮﺯ : ﺿﻢ‬‫=ﺧﻠﺔ : ﻃﺮﻳﻖ =ﺍﻟﺬﺭﻯ : ﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﺬﺭﻭﺓ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻰﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺎﻡ =ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ : ﺍﻟﻠﱭ =ﻳﺮﻏﺐ : ﻳـﺪﻋﻮ =ﺍﻟﺰﻟﻔـﺔ :‬‫ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﳛﻔﺮ ﻟﻴﺤﺒﺲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﺮﺁﺓ =ﺍﻟﺰﻫﻢ : ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻨﺔ =ﺍﻟﺰﳘﺔ : ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻨـﺔ =ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺭﺣﺔ : ﺍﳌﺎﺷـﻴﺔ‬‫=ﺍﻟﻴﻌﺎﺳﻴﺐ : ﲨﻊ ﻳﻌﺴﻮﺏ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺤﻞ =ﻋﺎﺙ : ﺃﻓﺴﺪ = ﺍﻟﻔﺌﺎﻡ : ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺜﲑﺓ =ﺍﻟﻔﺨﺬ : ﺣﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻋﺸﲑﺗﻪ =ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺳﻰ : ﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﺲ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﻠﻰ = ﺍﻟﻘﺤﻒ : ﺍﻟﻘﺸﺮ =ﺍﻟﻘﻄﻂ : ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺃﺱ =ﻳﻜﻦ‬‫: ﻳﺴﺘﺮ =ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺤﺔ : ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻗﺔ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﱭ ﻗﺮﻳﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﺩﺓ =ﺍﳌﻤﺤﻞ : ﺍ‪‬ﺪﺏ ﺍﳌﻘﺤﻂ =ﺍﻟﹾﻤﺪﺭ : ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻯ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ‪‬ﺎ‬‫ﻣﺪﺭﺓ =ﻳﻨﺴﻠﻮﻥ : ﳜﺮﺟﻮﻥ ﻣﺴﺮﻋﲔ =ﺍﻟﻨﻐﻒ : ﲨﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﻐﻔﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺩﻭﺩ ﻳﻮﺟﺪ ﰱ ﺃﻧﻮﻑ ﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻨﻢ ﻓﺘﻤﻮﺕ ﺑﻪ ﰱ ﺃﻗـﺮﺏ‬‫ﻭﻗﺖ =ﻳﺘﻬﺎﺭﺟﻮﻥ : ﳚﺎﻣﻌﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ﲝﻀﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ =ﺍﳌﻬﺮﻭﺩﺓ : ﺍﳊﻠﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﺸﻘﺔ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺜﻮﺏ ﺍﳌﻬﺮﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻳﺼﺒﻎ ﺑـﺎﻟﻮﺭﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻋﻔﺮﺍﻥ =ﺍﻟﻮﺑ‪‬ﺮ : ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﺘﺨﺬ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻮﻑ ﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺩﻳﺔ‬ ‫٥٤١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٣٤ (‬‫ﺍﳌﺨﻴﻂ : ﺍﻹﺑﺮﺓ =ﺍﻟﻈﺌﺮ : ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻌﺔ ﻏﲑ ﻭﻟﺪﻫﺎ ﻭﻳﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺃﺓ =ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻘﺔ : ﺍﻟﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻐﻠﻴﻆ ﺍﳌﻨﻌﻘﺪ =ﻷﻣﻪ : ﺿﻢ ﺑﻌﻀﻪ‬ ‫ﺇﱃ ﺑﻌﺾ =ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻘﻊ : ﺍﳌﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ‬
  • ‫ﻭﳌﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻛﺮﺍﻣﻪ ﺑﺎﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻌﺮﺍﺝ ﺃﺟﺮﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻴﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﻯ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﳌﻠﺌﻪ ﺣﻜﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺇﳝﺎﻧﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺷﻬ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﺣﺪﹶﺛﻨِﻲ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﻧﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ُ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺣﺪﹶﺛﻨِﻲ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﺫﺭ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻔﹶﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ِﺇﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: " ﻓﺮﺝ ﺳﻘﻒ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺘِـﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ُ  ِ   ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻤﻜﺔﹶ، ﻓ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﹶﺎﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺴﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﻓﻔﺮﺝ ﺻﺪﺭِﻱ، ﹸﺛﻢ ﻏﺴﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺯﻣﺰﻡ‪ ،‬ﹸـﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪    ِ  ِ ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻄﺴﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻫﺐ ﻣﻤﹸﻮﺀ ﺣﻜﻤﺔ ﻭِﺇﳝ‪‬ﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﻓﺮﻏﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺻﺪﺭِﻱ، ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﻃ‪‬ﺒﻘ ‪ ،‬ﹸـﻢ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ـﺬ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶﻪ ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫َ ﹶ ‪  ِ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻠ ٍ ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٦٤١‬ ‫ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺪِﻱ ﻓﻌﺮﺝ ﺑِﻲ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ "‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﺏ- ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻝ‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﺮﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﺇﺧﻮﺍﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﺍﻡ ﻋﻨﺎﻳـﺔ ﺧﺎﺻـﺔ‬‫ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﲪﻴﻤﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﳏﻤﺪ .ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﺇِﻥ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺻﻐﺖ ﻗﹸﻮ‪‬ﺑﻜﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭﺇِﻥ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹸﻠ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺘ‬‫‪‬ﺗﻈﹶﺎﻫ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻮﻟﹶﺎﻩ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻇﻬﲑ{ )٤(‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶِ ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ِ       ‬ﹸ ‪   ِ    ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ.‬‫ﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻓِﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺧﻄﹶﺎ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺯﻭﺟ‪‬ﱵ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﺘﲔ ‪‬ﺗﻈﹶﺎﻫﺮﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ) ﻭﻫﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ِِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ُ  ‬‬‫ﺣﻔﺼﺔ ﻭﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ( ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ : ِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻮﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺫ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘﻠﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻔﹶـﺔ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ـﻮﻝِ،‪‬ﺗﻜﻦ‬‫ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﺳ‬ ‫ﹾ ﺘ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﹸﻮ‪‬ﺑﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺖ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﳋ‪‬ﻴﺮِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃﺩ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺠﺐ‪ ‬ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺤ‪‬ـﻮ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﻜ ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٧٤١‬ ‫ِﺇﺟﻼﻝ ﻭﺍﺣِﺘﺮ‪‬ﺍﻡٍ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻜﺮﱘ ِﻟﻤﻘﹶﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪  ‬ﹾ ِ ٍ ‪ ِِ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ‬ ‫ﺝ- ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ :‬‫ﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﳏﻤﺪ . ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ :} ﻭِﺇ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﻧ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰِﻳﻞ ﺭﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ )٢٩١( ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ِﺑﻪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﲔ )٣٩١( ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻗﻠِﺒﻚ ِﻟ‪‬ﺘ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﺬﺭِﻳﻦ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶﹾ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪ ِ  ‬‬‫)٤٩١( ِﺑﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻋﺮِﺑﻲ ﻣِﺒﲔ )٥٩١( ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟﻔِﻲ ﺯ‪‬ﺑﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻭِﻟﲔ )٦٩١({ ]ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﺮﺍﺀ : ٢٩١ -‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ٍ ‪ٍ   ‬‬ ‫٦٩١[‬‫٦٤١ - ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﻔﺎﻛﻬﻲ - )٢ / ٤٢( )١٧٠١( ﻭ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٤٣( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜـﱰ -‬ ‫)٣٣٤( ﻣﻄﻮﻻ‬ ‫٧٤١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ١١١٥(‬
  • ‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ‪‬ﺗﻘﹶﺪﻡ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﻮِﻳﻪ ِﺑﻪ ﰲ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭﺓ } ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻬِﻢ ‪‬ﻦ ﺫﻛﺮ ‪‬ـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺮﲪﻦ {‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﺴ ‪  ِ‬ﹾ ﻣ ِ ﹾ ٍ ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﹶﻟﻤِﲔ ﻋﻠﻴـﻚ ﻳـﺎ ﻣﺤ ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻭﺃﻭﺣ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﺇِﻟﻴـﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺎﹶﻟﻤِﲔ،ﻓﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻤ ﺪ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ُ ‬‬‫ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺩﻕ،ﻭﺣﻜﻤﻪ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﻓﺬ .ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹸﺮﺁﻥ ﺃ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺗ‪‬ﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻚ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺤﻤ ‪،‬ﻭﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﻙ ﺑﻪ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﻴﻪ‬‫‪    ‬ﺪ َ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪ُ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻼﻡ ) ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ( .‬ ‫ﺴ ‪ ‬ﺮ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹸﺮﺁﻥ ﺃ ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺤﻤ ‪،‬ﻭﺗ‪‬ﻼﻩ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﻷﻣﲔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻪ ِﺑﻘﻠِﺒﻚ ِﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺬﺭ ِﺑﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﺘ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺪ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻣﻚ .‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝﹶ ﺍﷲ ﺗ‪‬ﻌﺎﱃ ﻫ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺑِﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺮﰊ ﻓﹶﺼﻴﺢٍ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻟِﻴﻜﻮﻥ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺎ ﻭﺍﺿِـﺤﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻴﹰ‬ ‫ٍِ‬ ‫ٍ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ُ  ‬‬ ‫ﺩﻻﹶﻟِﺘﻪِ،ﻗﹶﺎﻃِﻌﺎ ِﻟﻠﻌﺬﺭ .‬ ‫ﹰ ﹾ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟ ﹸﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻨ‪‬ﻮﻳﻪ ﺑﻪ ﰲ ﻛ‪‬ﺐ ﺍﻷ ‪‬ﻟﲔ ﺍﳌﺄﹸﻮﺭﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺃﹶﻧﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬِﻢ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸﺘ ُﻭ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾﺛ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻘ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ‪‬‬ ‫٨٤١‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﰲ ﺳ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻒ ﺍﻷﻳﺎﻡِ،ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻴﺜﺎﻕ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ِﺑﻪ .‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ُ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔﹶ،ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ : ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑﺪﺉ ِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺅﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺩﻗﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫ِ ‪   ِ   ‬ﺼ ِﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻮﻡِ،ﻓﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺭﺅ‪‬ﻳﺎ ِﺇﻻ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﺕ ﻣﹾﺜﻞ ﻓﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺼ‪‬ﺒﺢِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺣ‪‬ﺒﺐ ﻟﹶـﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻼ ُ،ﻓﻜﹶـﺎﻥ ﻳ‪‬ـﺄﺗِﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ َ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪     ‬ﹶﺀ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺣﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀَ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﺤ‪‬ﻨﺚ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻲ ﺫﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻌِـﺪﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ـﺰﻭ‪‬ﺩ ﻟِـﺬِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺟِـﻊ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪    ِ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺧﺪﳚﺔﹶ،ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺰﻭﺩﻩ ِﻟﻤﹾﺜﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻓﺠﹶﺌﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻖ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻓِﻲ ﻏﹶﺎﺭ ﺣِﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀَ،ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀﻩ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶـﻚ ﻓِﻴـﻪ ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ :‬ ‫ﹶ َ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ    ‬ﺘ ﹶ ِ ‪     ‬‬‫ﺍﻗﺮﺃﹾ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : ﻓﻘﻠﺖ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﹶﺎﺭﺉٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻧِﻲ ﻓﻐﻄﻨِﻲ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻠﹶـﻎ ﻣ‪‬ـﻲ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﻨ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻬﺪ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨِﻲ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻟِﻲ : ﺍﻗﺮﺃﹾ،ﻓﻘﻠﺖ : ﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﹶﺎﺭﺉٍ،ﻓﺄﺧﺬﻧِﻲ ﻓﻐﻄﻨِﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻠﹶـﻎ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﺜ ﹶ ‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻬﺪ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨِﻲ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﺍﻗﺮﺃﹾ،ﻓﻘﻠﺖ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﻘﹶﺎﺭﺉٍ،ﻓﹶﺄﺧﺬﻧِﻲ ﻓﻐﻄﻨِﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﺎِﻟﹶﺜﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻎ‬‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﺜ ﹶ ‪‬ﺘ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ِﻨ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻬﺪ‪،‬ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨِﻲ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : }ﺍﻗﺮﹾﺃ ﺑِﺎﺳﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﺧﻠﻖ{ ]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ : [ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻎ }ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻨ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ  ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ{ ]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ : [،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﺮﺟﻊ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺟﻒ ‪‬ﺑﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩﺭﻩ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺩﺧﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺧﺪﳚﺔﹶ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﺯﻣﹸﻮﻧِﻲ‬ ‫‪    ِ   ‬ﺘ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺯﻣﹸﻮﻧِﻲ،ﻓﺰﻣﹸﻮﻩ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺫﻫﺐ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻉ. ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﺪﳚﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِﻲ ؟ ﻭﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫‪    ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪  ‬ﺘ ﹶ ‪        ‬ﹶ‬‫: ﻗﺪ ﺧﺸِﻴ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻋﻠ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ : ﻛﹶـﻼ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺸِـﺮ‪،‬ﻓﻮ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺰِﻳـﻚ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ـﺪ‪‬ﺍ،ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﺼِـﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠِ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶﻲ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺼﺪﻕ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺪِﻳﺚﹶ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺤ‪‬ﻤﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ﱠ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘﺮِﻱ ﺍﻟﻀ‪‬ﻴﻒ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻌﲔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻧﻮ‪‬ﺍِﺋﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ـﻖ. ﹸـﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶﻞ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬‬‫ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻘﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺧﺪﳚﺔ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ‪‬ﻧﻮﻓﻞٍ،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺑِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﹰﺃ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ـﺮ ﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺼ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫٨٤١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٦٠٠٣(‬
  • ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫﻠ‪‬ﻴﺔِ،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮِﺑ ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻌﺮِﺑ‪‬ـﺔ ﻣِـﻦ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺠِﻴـﻞ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﺷ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫َ ﹾ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪    ِ ‬ﻲ ﹶ ﹾ ‪   ‬ﻴ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ‪،‬ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺨ‪‬ﺎ ﻛِﺒﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻗﺪ ﻋﻤﻲ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺧﺪﳚﺔ : ﹶﺃﻱ ﻋ ‪،‬ﺍﺳﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﹶﺃﺧِﻴﻚ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻢ ‪ِ ِ ِ   ‬‬‫ﻭﺭﻗﺔ : ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ‪ ‬ﹶﺃﺧِﻲ،ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ؟ ﻓﺄﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺃﹶﻯ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ : ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﻟ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﻮﺱ‬‫ﻨ ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ،ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻨِﻲ ﹶﺃ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺬﻋ‪‬ﺎ،ﹶﺃ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﲔ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺟﻚ ﻗﻮﻣﻚ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﻛ ﹸ ‪‬ﻴ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻛ ﹸ‬ ‫ِﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : ﹶﺃﻣﺨﺮﺟﻲ ﻫﻢ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ‪،‬ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺕ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻗﻂ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﹾﺌﺖ ﺑِـﻪ ِﺇﻻ ‪‬ـﻮﺩﻱ‬‫ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠﻋ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱡ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﻭﹸﻭﺫﻱ‪،‬ﻭِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺭﻛﻨِﻲ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣﻚ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺼﺮﻙ ‪‬ﻧﺼﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﺆﺯﺭ‪‬ﺍ. ﹸﺛﻢ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺸﺐ ﻭﺭﻗﺔ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ـﻮﻓﻲ. ﻭﻓﺘ‪‬ـﺮ‬‫‪‬ﺃ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪               ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ﺗ ‪‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﺓ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺣﺰﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐﻨ‪‬ﺎ٩٤١ ﺣﺰﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ ِﻟﻜﻲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺮ ‪‬ﻯ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺩ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪‬ﺘ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻭﺱِ ﺷﻮ‪‬ﺍﻫﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺒ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻓﻜﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭﻓﹶﻰ ِﺑﺬﺭﻭﺓ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻛﻲ ‪‬ﻳﻠﻘِـﻲ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴ‪‬ـﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺒ‪‬ـ ‪‬ﻯ ﻟﹶـﻪ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸﱠ ‪ ٍ  ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺅ‬‫ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳ ﹸ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ : ﻳ‪‬ـﺎ ﻣﺤ ‪‬ـ ‪ِ،‬ﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺣ ‪‬ﺎ،ﻓﹶ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـﻜﻦ ﻟِـﺬِﻟﻚ ﺟﺄ ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘﺮ‬‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾﺷ ﻪ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻤ ﺪ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ ‪‬ﻘ‬ ‫ِ ﻞﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻧﻔﺴ ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺮﺟ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻃﹶﺎﻝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﻏﺪ‪‬ﺍ ِﻟﻤﹾﺜﻞ ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻭﻓﹶﻰ ِﺑﺬﺭﻭﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺒﻞ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﻟﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ﹶ ﹶِ ‪ ِ  ِ   ِ ‬ﺪ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬ﻪ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻊ ﹶِ‬ ‫٠٥١‬ ‫ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﹾﺜﻞ ﺫِﻟﻚ."‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﺤ‪‬ـﺪﺙ‬‫‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﱠِ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻰ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻓِﻰ ﺣﺪِﻳِﺜﻪ » ﻓ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺸِﻰ ﺇِﺫ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺻﻮﺗ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓﺮﻓﻌ‪‬ـﺖ‬‫ﹾ ‪  ِ     ِ ‬ﺴ ِ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺭﹾﺃﺳِﻰ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ‪ ‬ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﻧِﻰ ِﺑﺤﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺲ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﺮﺳﻰ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽِ،ﻓﺠِﺌﺜﹾـﺖ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ‪ َ ِ    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫َ ِ ٍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪‬ﹶ‬‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺭﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺮﺟﻌﺖ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﺯﻣﹸﻮﻧِﻰ ﺯﻣﹸﻮﻧِﻰ . ﻓﺪﱠﺛ ‪‬ﻭﻧِﻰ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ )ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪﱢﺛﺮ )١(‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﻠ‬‫ﻗﻢ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺬﺭ )٢( ﻭﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻓﻜ‪‬ﺒﺮ )٣( ﻭِﺛﻴ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻓﻄﻬﺮ )٤( ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺰ ﻓﹶﺎﻫﺠﺮ )٥( ]ﺍﳌـﺪﺛﺮ : ١ -‬ ‫‪    ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫٥[( - ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻔﺮﺽ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ - ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻷﻭﺛﹶﺎﻥ «١٥١ .‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶﹸ ‪  َ   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫٩٤١ - ﻗﻠﺖ : ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻼﻏﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺰﻫﺮﻱ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺢ ﻳﻌﲏ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﺍﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﺮﺩﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺒﻞ‬ ‫٠٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )١ / ٦١٢( )٣٣(‬‫ﺍﳌﺆﺯﺭ : ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻯ =ﺟﺬﻋﺎ : ﺷﺎﺑﺎ ﻓﺘﻴﺎ =ﻳﺘﺤﻨﺚ : ﻳﺘﻌﺒﺪ =ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻉ : ﺍﻟﻔﺰﻉ =ﺯﻣﻞ : ﻟﻒ ﻭﻏﻄﻰ =ﺯﻣـﻞ : ﻟـﻒ ﻭﻏﻄـﻰ‬‫=ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻭﻡ : ﺍﻟﺸﻰﺀ ﺍﳌﻌﺪﻭﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﻻ ﳚﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﲑ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﺻﺎﺭ ﻛﺎﳌﻌﺪﻭﻡ =ﻓﺘﺮ : ﺍﻧﻘﻄﻊ =ﺗﻘﺮﻯ : ﺗﻜﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ ﻭﺗﻘـﻮﻡ‬‫ﲝﻖ ﺿﻴﺎﻓﺘﻪ =ﺗﻜﺴﺐ : ﺗﻌﻄﻰ ﺍﳌﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻔﻘﲑ =ﺍﻟﻜﻞ : ﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﻘﻞ ﻭﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﰱ ﲪﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﻞ ﺍﻹﻧﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻀـﻌﻴﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﺘـﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻴﺎﻝ =ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻣﻮﺱ : ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻰ‬ ‫١٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٢٩٤ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٢٤(‬ ‫ﺟﺌﺜﺖ : ﻓﺰﻋﺖ = ﺩﺛﺮﻭﱏ : ﻏﻄﻮﱏ ﲟﺎ ﺃﺳﺘﺪﻓﺊ ﺑﻪ =ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺮﺓ : ﺍﻻﻧﻘﻄﺎﻉ‬
  • ‫:‬ ‫ﺩ- ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺔ ﺇﺗﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ - ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺭﺙ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻫﺸ‪‬ﺎﻡ - ﺭﺿـﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨـﻪ -‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ﹶ ‪ٍ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬‬‫ﺳﺄﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻰ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ -‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫- » ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺄﺗِﻴﻨِﻰ ﻣﹾﺜﻞ ﺻﻠﺼﻠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺮﺱ - ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﺷﺪﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ - ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻔﺼﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻴﺖ‬‫ﹾ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪       ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ‪ ‬ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝﹶ،ﻭﹶﺃﺣﻴ‪‬ﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻤﱠﺜﻞ ِﻟﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺭﺟﻼ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻜﻠﻤﻨِﻰ ﻓﺄﻋِﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ « . ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹰ ﹶ ﹶﱢ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﻰ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﺪِﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮﺩِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻔﺼﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺟﺒِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ‬‫‪  ِ  ِ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪    ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻔﺼﺪ ﻋﺮﻗﹰﺎ ٢٥١.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﺩ- ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻤﻪ :‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﻣﺎ ﳛﺘﺎﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻳﺎﺩﺓ ﻭﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻭﺇﻳﻀﺎﺡ ﻷﻣـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻌ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻣﺎﻣﺘﻪ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ .ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺒ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫- » ﹶﺃﻣﻨِﻰ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻋﻠ ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻓﺼﱠﻰ ﺑِﻰ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ ﺣﲔ ﺯ‪‬ﺍﻟﹶـﺖ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤﺲ‬‫ِ ﺸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﱡ ‪ ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻗﺪ‪‬ﺭ ﺍﻟﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍﻙ ﻭﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﺣﲔ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻇﻠﻪ ﻣﹾﺜﻠﻪ ﻭﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ - ‪‬ﻳﻌﻨِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻐﺮﺏ -‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻠ ‪  ِ    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِﱡ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ِ    ‬‬‫ﺣﲔ ﹶﺃﻓﻄﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺣﲔ ﻏﹶﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺸﻔﻖ ﻭﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﺣﲔ ﺣﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻄﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺼ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪    ِ َ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍﺏ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻢ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﺪ ﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﻟﻈﻬﺮ ﺣﲔ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻇﻠﻪ ﻣﹾﺜﻠﻪ ﻭﺻ‪‬ـﱠﻰ ﺑِـﻰ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺼ ِ ﹶﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﱡ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِﱡ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻠ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺮ ﺣﲔ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻇﻠﻪ ﻣﹾﺜﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻐﺮﺏ ﺣﲔ ﹶﺃﻓﻄﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻢ ﻭﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺸ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ِﱡ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪  ِ  ِ   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺼ ‪  ‬ﻠ ‪َ ِ ‬‬‫ﹸﺛﻠﺚ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭﺻﱠﻰ ِﺑﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻓﺄﺳﻔﺮ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺘﻔﺖ ِﺇﹶﻟﻰ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻭﻗﺖ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ﹸ ِ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ َ ‬‬ ‫٣٥١‬ ‫ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻠﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻫﺬ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﻗ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻦ «.‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻫـ- ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺳﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ :‬‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻳﺪﺍﺭﺱ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﰲ ﺭﻣﻀﺎﻥ، ﻓﻌﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ‬‫‪ِ ِ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﹶﺃﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱِ،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﺟﻮﺩ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺭﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺣﲔ‬‫‪  ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺒ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٢٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢ ( -ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺼﻠﺔ : ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﳉﺮﺱ =ﻳﺘﻔﺼﺪ : ﻳﺴﻴﻞ =ﻳﻔﺼﻢ : ﻳﻘﻠﻊ ﻋﲎ‬ ‫٣٥١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ - ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٩٣ ( ﻭﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٤١( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﻔﺮﺕ : ﺃﺿﺎﺀﺕ =ﺍﻟﺸﺮﺍﻙ : ﺃﺣﺪ ﺳﻴﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﱴ ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻬﻬﺎ‬
  • ‫-‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﻠﻘﹶﺎﻩ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳ ﹸ،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻠﻘﹶﺎﻩ ﻓِﻰ ﻛﻞ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍﺭﺳﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥﹶ،ﻓﻠﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫ﹸ ﱢ ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﹶﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﻞ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺟﻮﺩ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻳﺢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﺳﻠﺔ٤٥١ .‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ    ‬ﺮ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻭ- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﲢﻤﻲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﳜﺘﺺ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﲟﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻌﻘﺒﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﳛﻔﻈﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻟﻴﺘﻤﻜﻨﻮﺍ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﺩﺍﺀ ﺭﺳـﺎﻻﺗﻪ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ،ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻋﺎﻡ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ. ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺒِـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺣﺪ‪‬ﺍ )٦٢( ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﻣﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ‪ ‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﺭﺻ‪‬ـﺪ‪‬ﺍ )٧٢(‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﺳ ٍ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ِ  ِ  ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻌﻠﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺃﹶ‪‬ﺑﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﺎﺕ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺎﻁ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﺪﻳ‪‬ﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺣﺼ‪‬ﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷ‪‬ـﻲﺀ ﻋ‪‬ـﺪﺩ‪‬ﺍ )٨٢({‬ ‫‪ ٍ‬‬ ‫ﹸﱠ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻐ ِ‬ ‫]ﺍﳉﻦ : ٦٢ - ٨٢[‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻫ‪‬ﻮ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﹶﺎﺏ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻓﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺮﻭﻩ‪،‬ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻏﹶﻴِﺒﻪ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺪﹰﺍ ﻣﻦ‬‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ﹶﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹾِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻘﻪ .‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ِ ِ‬‫ِﺇﻻ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻀ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻄﻠﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞِ،ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐِ،ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻄﻠ ‪‬ـﻪ . ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ‬‫ُ‬ ‫َ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹾِﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﹾِ ‪    ِ  ‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ِ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺪﻱ ﺭﺳﻠﻪِ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻔﻬﻢ‪،‬ﺣﻔﻈﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻭﺱ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ ِ ‪   ِ  ِ     ِ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ َ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻈ ‪ِ ِ   ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔِ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﷲ ِﺑﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻔﻈﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣِـﻦ ﹶﺃﺫﹶﻯ ﺷ‪‬ـﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔ‬‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ُ ِ ِ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﺘ ﱢﻐ‬ ‫ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺆ ﹸﻭﻫﻢ‪،‬ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻀ ‪‬ﻭﻫﻢ .‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪‬ﺘ ﹶ ‪‬ﺫ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺮ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻭﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔﻆ ﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻟِﻴ‪‬ﺘﻤﻜ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﺭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻻِﺗﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻔ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟـﻮﺣﻲ‬‫ِ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ِ    ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﻨ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶﻈ‬ ‫‪ُ ‬‬‫ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻌﻠﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻗﺪ ﺑﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺮﺳ‪‬ﺎﻻﺕِ؛ ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺎﻁ ﻋﻠﹾﻤﺎ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺍﺻﺪ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬ﺮ ِِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠﻐ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔِ،ﻭﹶﺃﺣﺼ‪‬ﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺩﹰﺍ ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺩﺍﹰ،ﻓﻬﻮ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ِﺑﺠﻤِﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺷﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ﺎﺭﻛﻪ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‪  َ ِ   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٥٥١‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺃﹶﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﻻ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮﻫﻢ .‬ ‫ِﹾ ِ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﲪﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺮﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺎ ﺭﻭﻱ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺟﻬﻞ ﻫﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻔﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﺑ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱢ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﻇﻬﺮﻛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻘِﻴﻞ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ. ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻼﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﻟِﺌﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻷﻃﺄﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪‬ﺰ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬‫- ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻰ ﺯﻋﻢ‬‫‪   ‬ﻠ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﺭﻗ‪‬ﺒِﺘﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻷﻋﻔﺮﻥ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﺮ‪‬ﺍﺏ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓﺄﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ُ ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬‬‫ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻄﺄ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭﻗ‪‬ﺒِﺘﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺠﹶﺌﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻜﺺ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻋﻘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻰ ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ -‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ِ   ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫٤٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦ (‬ ‫٥٥١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ١٥٣٥(‬
  • ‫ﻓﻘِﻴﻞ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇﻥ ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴﻨِﻰ ﻭ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﹶﻟﺨ‪‬ﻨﺪﻗﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﻫﻮﻻ ﻭﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤﺔ. ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪    ٍ  ِ    ‬ﹰ ‪   ‬ﹰ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫- » ﹶﻟﻮ ﺩﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻰ ﻻﺧ‪‬ﺘﻄﻔ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻀﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻀﻮ‪‬ﺍ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﺪﺭِﻯ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪     ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻓِﻰ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺷﻰﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐﻪ )ﻛﻼ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻄﻐ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺁﻩ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻐﻨ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٌ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻌ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺭﺃﹶ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺻﱠﻰ ﹶﺃﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﺪ‪‬ﻯ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﺘﻘﻮ‪‬ﻯ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺇﻥ ﻛﺬﺏ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻮﱠﻰ( - ‪‬ﻳﻌﻨِﻰ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻬﻞ - )ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ِﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺮﻯ ﻛﻼ ﹶﻟِﺌﻦ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﻟ‬ ‫٦٥١‬ ‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴﻔﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﺎﺻ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺻ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻛﹶﺎﺫ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﺧ‪‬ﺎﻃﹶﺌﺔ ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴﺪﻉ‪ ‬ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﻨﺪﻉ ﺍﻟﺰﺑ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﻛﻼ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻄﻌﻪ( "‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﻨ ِ ِ ِ ٍ ِ ٍ ِ ٍ ﹶﹾ ‪      ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺟﻬﻞ : ﻫﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻔﺮ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﻇﻬﺮﻛﻢ‪،‬ﻓﺒِﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻠﻒ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﺑ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﱢ ‪         ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶ‬‫ِﺑﻪ ﹶﻟِﺌﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹶﻟﺄﻃﺄﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭﻗ‪‬ﺒِﺘﻪِ،ﻓﺄﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻲ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻄﺄ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭﻗ‪‬ﺒِﺘﻪ.‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ ‪   ‬ﻠ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺠﺄﻫﻢ ِﺇﻻ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﻘِﻲ ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺪﻩِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻜﺺ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻋﻘ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺗﻮﻩ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬‫؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻨِﻲ ﻭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﹶﻟﺨ‪‬ﻨﺪﻗﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﻫﻮﻻ ﻭﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤﺔ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ‪‬ﺘﻤﺮ : ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺟﻞ‬‫‪    ٍ  ِ    ‬ﹰ ‪   ‬ﹰ ﹶ ﺑ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻧ‬‫ﻭﻋﻼ : }ﹶﺃﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺍﱠﻟﺬﻱ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺻﱠﻰ{ ]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ[ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺁﺧﺮﻩ }ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴﺪﻉ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﻳﻪ{‬ ‫ِ ِ ِ ﹶﹾ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ[،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﻮﻣﻪ : }ﺳ‪‬ﻨﺪﻉ ﺍﻟﺰﺑ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ{ ]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ[ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ : }ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻄﻌﻪ{ ]ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻖ[،ﹸﺛﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹸ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻓِﻲ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭﺓِ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓ‪‬ﺒﻠﻐﻨِﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ‪‬ﺘﻤﺮ ﻓِﻲ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِِ ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‪ِ ِ   ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ   ‬ﺠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫٧٥١‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺪﻳﺚِ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : ﹶﻟﻮ ﺩﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻲ ﻻﺧ‪‬ﺘﻄﻔ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻀﻮ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻀﻮ‪‬ﺍ.‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻭﻣﻴﻜﺎﺋﻴﻞ ﻳﻘﺎﺗﻼﻥ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺃﺣﺪ. ﻓﻌﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻭﱠﺎﺹ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ    ‬ﻗ ٍ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﹸﺃﺣﺪٍ،ﻭﻣﻌﻪ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻼﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶـﺎِﺗﻼﻥ ﻋﻨ‪‬ـ ‪،‬ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﺛﻴ‪‬ـﺎﺏ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻪ ‪‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪       ‬ﺟ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺑِﻴ ‪،‬ﻛﺄﺷﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ٨٥١.‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺾ ﹶﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﻋﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻤﲔ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻭﻋﻦ ﺷﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﹸﺃﺣﺪ ﺭﺟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪  ٍ    ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ ٍ    ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ    ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٩٥١‬ ‫ِﺛﻴ‪‬ﺎﺏ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﺎﺽ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ. ﻳ‪‬ﻌﻨِﻰ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﺋِﻴﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٦٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ )٣٤٢٧ (‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﺟﻬ‪‬ﻞ ﻭﻏﻴ‪‬ﺮﻩ ، ﻣﻤﻦ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺑِﻪ ﺿﺮﺭ‪‬ﺍ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﱠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻟﹶﻰ : } ﻭﺍﹶﻟﱠـﻪ‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻠ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭِﻟﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺪِﻳﺚ ﹶﺃﻣِﺜﻠﹶﺔ ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺓ ﻓِﻲ ﻋﺼﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﻌﺼِﻤﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ { ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﻳ‪‬ﺔ ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﺖ ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﺠﺮ‪‬ﺓ . ﻭﺍﹶﻟﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﹶﻢ "ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﻭﻱ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ - )٩ / ٥٧١(‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ِِ  ‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٧٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٤١ / ٢٣٥( )١٧٥٦(‬ ‫٨٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٥٠٤ (‬ ‫٩٥١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٤١٦ (‬
  • ‫:‬ ‫ﺯ- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﻜﺸﻒ ﺍﻟﺴﺤﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ - ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺳﺤﺮ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﺭﺟﻞ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻨِـﻰ ﺯﺭﻳ‪‬ـﻖ‬‫‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹲ ِ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﹶﻟﺒِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺼﻢِ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﻴﻞ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻰﺀ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ َ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪   َ   ‬ﺘ‬‫ﻓﻌﻠ ‪،‬ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪِﻯ ﹶﻟﻜ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﹸـﻢ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ » ﻳ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ٍ ‬ﹶٍ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻪ ‪ ‬ﺘ‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸ ﹸ،ﹶﺃﺷﻌﺮﺕ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻓﺘ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻰ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻔ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻧِﻰ ﺭ‪ ‬ـﻼﻥ ﻓﻘﻌ‪‬ـﺪ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ـﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻨ‪‬ـﺪ‬‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺟ ﹶ ِ ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺔ ‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬‫ﺭﹾﺃﺳِﻰ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﺟﻠ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺒﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﻄ‪‬ﻮﺏ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﻦ‬‫ِ ِ ‪ ِ     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾﺒ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶﻰ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻃ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﺒِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺼﻢ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓِﻰ ﹶﺃﻯ ﺷﻰﺀ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓِﻰ ﻣﺸﻂ ﻭﻣﺸ‪‬ﺎﻃﺔٍ،ﻭﺟﻒ ﻃﻠﻊ ‪‬ﻧﺨﻠﹶـﺔ‬‫‪ ٍ   ‬ﹶ ‪   ٍ  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﹾ ِ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ َ  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﻫﻮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓِﻰ ِﺑﹾﺌﺮ ﺫﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ « . ﻓﺄﺗ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻓِﻰ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺱ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫ٍ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶٍ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪ ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸ‪‬ﺔ ﻛﺄﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛﹶـﺄﻥ ﺭ ُﻭﺱ ‪‬ﻧﺨﻠﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﺭ ُﻭﺱ‬‫‪‬ﺀ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬ﺀ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶﹶ ﱠ َ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﹶ َﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔ « . ﻗﻠﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻓﻼ ﹶﺃﺳ‪‬ﺘﺨﺮﺟﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻗﺪ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻓﹶﺎﻧِﻰ ﺍﻟﻠ ‪،‬ﻓﻜﺮﻫﺖ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃﺛﹶـﻮﺭ‬‫ﱠﻪ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٠٦١‬ ‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﺷ ‪‬ﺍ « . ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺪﻓ‪‬ﻨﺖ ..‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ِ ِ ‪‬ﺮ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔﹶ،ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ : ﺳﺤﺮ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺩﻱ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ﺯﺭ‪‬ﻳﻖ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ : ﹶﻟﺒِﻴﺪ ﺑ‪‬ـﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺼ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫ﻬ ِ ‪ ٍ   ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ  َ   ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﻴﻞ ِﺇﻟﹶ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻲﺀَ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﺣﺘ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺘ‬‫ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﹶﺃﺷﻌﺮﺕ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃﻓﺘ‪‬ﺎﻧِﻲ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﱠ ﱠ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶٍ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻔ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘ ‪،‬ﻗﺪ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀَﻧِﻲ ﺭﺟﻼﻥ ﻓﺠﻠﺲ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﹾﺃﺳِﻲ ﻭ‪‬ﺟﻠﺲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﺟﻠ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ِ   ‬ﹶﻲ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ    ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﻪ ﹶ‪‬‬‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﺟﻠﻲ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻱ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﹾﺃﺳِﻲ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻣﻄ‪‬ﻮ ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻭﻣﻦ ﻃ‪‬ـﻪ ؟‬ ‫‪ ِ     ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾﺒ ﺏ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﺒ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﻟﺒِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺼﻢ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﻱ ﺷﻲﺀ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓِﻲ ﻣﺸﻂ ﻭﻣﺸ‪‬ﺎﻃﺔ ﻭ ‪‬ـﻒ ﻃﻠﻌ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫‪   ٍ  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪‬ﺟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ َ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﻫﻮ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓِﻲ ِﺑﹾﺌﺮ ﺫِﻱ ﺫﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﺄﺗ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻲ ﹸﺃﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺱ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶٍ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀَ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻓﻜﺄﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻭﹶﻟﻜﹶـﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻧﺨﻠﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻭﺱ‬‫‪‬ﺅ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ﱠ َ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬‫٠٦١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٦٧٥ ( ﺃﻃﺮﺍﻓﻪ ٥٧١٣ ، ٨٦٢٣ ، ٥٦٧٥ ، ٦٦٧٥ ، ٣٦٠٦ ، ١٩٣٦ ﲢﻔﺔ‬ ‫٥٦٧٦١ ، ٢١٨٦١ ، ٨٢٩٦١ ، ٢٢٠٧١ ، ٤٣١٧١ ، ٥٤١٧١ - ٧٧١/٧ ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٣٨٥ (‬‫ﺍ ﹸﺐ : ﻭﻋﺎﺀ ﻃﻠﻊ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﻞ =ﺍﳌﻄﺒﻮﺏ : ﺍﳌﺴﺤﻮﺭ =ﺍﳌﺸﺎﻃﺔ : ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﻘﻂ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺗﺴﺮﳛﻪ =ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﻋﺔ : ﺍﳌـﺎﺀ ﺍﻟـﺬﻯ‬ ‫ﳉ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺿﻊ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﳊﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﻐﲑ ﺍﻟﻠﻮﻥ‬
  • ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔِ،ﻓﻘﻠﺖ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻬﻼ ﹶﺃﺣﺮﻗ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻪ ؟. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﺃﻣﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﻘﹶـﺪ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻓﹶـﺎِﻧﻲ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪     ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺮﻫﺖ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃِﺛﲑ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ،ﻓﺄﻣﺮ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺪﻓ‪‬ﻨﺖ.‬ ‫ﱠﻪ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﻨ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﰲ ﺭﻭﺍﻳﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ،ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ : ﺳﺤﺮ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ،ﺳﺤﺮﻩ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻞ ﻣِـﻦ‬‫‪    ‬ﺟ ﹲ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ﺯﺭ‪‬ﻳﻖ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ : ﹶﻟﺒِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺼﻢِ،ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ﻴﻞ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻓﻌ‪‬ـﻞ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻲﺀَ،ﻭﹶﻟﻢ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﺸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹸ ‪   َ   ‬ﺘ‬ ‫ﻬ ِ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﻠ ‪،‬ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺇِﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ـﻌﺮﺕ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﹶﺃﻓﺘ‪‬ـﺎﻧِﻲ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾﻪ ‪ ‬ﺘ‬‫ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻔ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻧِﻲ ﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻓﻘﻌﺪ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﹾﺃﺳِﻲ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﺟﻠ ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﺼ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺒﻪ‬‫ِِ‬ ‫‪  ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶﻲ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ     ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ﻪ‬‫: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ؟ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ : ﻣﻄ‪‬ﻮﺏ. ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﻭﻣﻦ ﻃ‪‬ﺒﻪ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹶﻟﺒِﻴﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﻷﻋﺼ‪‬ـﻢ.‬ ‫‪ِ َ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾﺒ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﻱ ﺷﻲﺀ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓِﻲ ﻣﺸﻂ ﻭﻣﺸ‪‬ﺎﻃﺔ ﻭﺟﻒ ﻃﻠﻊ ‪‬ﻧﺨﻠﺔ ﺫﻛﺮ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ﻫﻮ ؟‬ ‫‪   ٍ  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ٍ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓِﻲ ِﺑﹾﺌﺮ ﺫﺭﻭ‪‬ﺍﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ : ﻭﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻓِﻲ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔِ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ٍ ِ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛﺄﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀﻫ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﻘﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺤِ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻭﻛﺄﻥ ﺭﹾﺃﺱ ‪‬ﻧﺨﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻭﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﻴ‪‬ﺎﻃﲔِ،ﻓﻘﻠﺖ : ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲِ،ﹶﺃﻓﹶـﻼ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺅ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ﱠ َ‬‫ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﺪ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻓﹶﺎِﻧﻲ ﺍﻟﻠ ‪،‬ﻭﻛﺮﻫﺖ ﺃﹶﻥ ﹸﺃِﺛﲑ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺷ ‪‬ﺍ.) ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻬﻤﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠﻪ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪   ِ  ِ ِ    ‬ﺮ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫١٦١‬ ‫ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ (‬ ‫ﺡ- ﻧﺼﺮ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺍﺗﻪ‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻧﺼﺮﻩ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺑﺪﺭ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐِﻴﹸﻮﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺜ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪   ‬ﹸ‪ ‬ﻧ‬‫ﻣﻤﺪﻛﻢ ِﺑﺄﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺮﺩﻓﲔ )٩( ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﻌﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺑﺸ‪‬ﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻭِﻟ‪‬ﺘﻄﻤِﺌﻦ ِﺑﻪ ﻗﹸﻮ‪‬ﺑﻜﻢ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸﻠ ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِِ  ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺼﺮ‪ِ ‬ﺇﱠﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰِﻳﺰ ﺣﻜﻴﻢ )٠١( { ]ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ : ٩ - ٠١[ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﱠِ ﱠ ﱠ‪ ِ    ‬‬‫ﺣِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻘﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﹶﺌﺘ‪‬ﺎﻥِ،ﺍﳌﺴﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳌﺸﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺣﺔ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔِ،ﻭﺟﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﺸ‪‬ـﺮﻛﲔ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ِ‬ﻤ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ِ ﹸ ‪ِ‬ﻤ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﻛ ﹶ‬‫ﻛِﺜﲑِﻱ ﺍﻟﻌﺪﺩِ،ﻓﹶﺎﺳ‪‬ﺘﻐ‪‬ﺎﺙ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ِﺑﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪِ،ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺃ‪‬ﻧﺠﺰﻧِﻲ ﻭﻋﺪﻙ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ﻭﻋﺪ‪‬ﺗﻨِﻲ . ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪     ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳝﺔ . ﻭﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﹶﻟﻪ ﺃﹶ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎﺏ ِﻟﺪﻋ‪‬ﺎﺋِـﻪ ﻭﺩﻋ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬‫‪‬ﺳ ‪ِ   ِ     ‬‬ ‫‪ُ  ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ُ‬‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪،‬ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﻤﺪﻫﻢ ِﺑﺄﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺄ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﻣﺪ‪‬ﺩﹰﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺮﺩﻑ ‪‬ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻌ‪‬ﻀـﺎﹰ،ﹶﺃﻱ ﻳ‪‬ـﺄﰐ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪        ِ ِ‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹾﺗ ‪     ِ    ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ِﺇﹾﺛﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻌﺾ .‬ ‫‪ٍ     ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺠﻌﻞ ِﺇﺭﺳ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻹﻣﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﳌﹸﺴ‪‬ـﻠﻤﲔ ﻓِـﻲ ﺑ‪‬ـﺪﺭ ﺇﻻ ‪‬ﺑﺸ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﻯ‬ ‫‪ ٍ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ِِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶِ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ‪‬‬‫ِﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻄﻤِﻴﻨﺎ ِﻟﻘﹸﻮِﺑﻬﻢ‪،‬ﺑِﺄ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﺳ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﺼ ‪‬ﻭﻥﹶ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﹾﺜﺒِﻴﺘﺎ ﻷﻗﺪ‪‬ﺍﻣﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﹾﺛﻨ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﺘ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻷ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﺩﺭ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ِ ِ  ‬ﹾ ﹰ ﹸﻠ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹰ َ ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ِ َ ‬‬ ‫١٦١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٤١ / ٦٤٥() ٣٨٥٦-٤٨٥٦( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫‪‬ﻧﺼﺮﻫﻢ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺼﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪ ‪،‬ﻓﻬﻮ ﺍﻟﻌﺰِﻳﺰ ﺍﳉﹶﺎِﻧﺐِ،ﺍﳊﻜِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺗ‪‬ـﺪِﺑﲑﻩ‬‫‪ِِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ‪   ِ ِ ِ  ِ  ‬ﻩ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ‬ﺪ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫٢٦١‬ ‫.‬‫ﻭﺃﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ :} ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺍﺫﻛ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﹾ ﹸﺮ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ِﺇﺫ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪‬ﺗﻜﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻓﺄﺭ‪‬ﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺭﳛ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻤﹸـﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ َ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑﺼﲑ‪‬ﺍ )٩( { ]ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ : ٩[.‬ ‫ِ‬‫‪‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ِﺑ‪‬ﺘﻘﻮ‪‬ﺍ ‪،‬ﻭِﺑﻌﺪﻡ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺍﻩ‪،‬ﺫﻛﺮ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻔﻀﻞ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﻩ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ُ ‬‬‫ِﺑﻪ ﻋﻠِْﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ِﻧﻌﻢٍ،ﻭﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻘِﻴﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺼﺮٍ،ﻭﺫﻟِﻚ ﺣِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ﺟ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ ﺟ‪‬ـﻮﺩ‬‫َ ‪  ‬ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ِ ِ      ِ   ِ    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻷﺣﺰ‪‬ﺍﺏِ،ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬﻢ ﺭِﳛﺎ ﻛﻔﺄﺕ ﻗ ‪‬ﻭﺭﻫﻢ‪،‬ﻭﺍﻗ‪‬ﺘﻠﻌﺖ ﺧﻴ‪‬ﺎﻣﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﹶﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﺇِﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ‬‫ﹶﹰ‬ ‫َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ُ ‪  ِ ‬ﹰ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸﺪ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪     ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ - ﻭﻫﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ‪،‬ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺴﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ - ‪‬ﻮﻗ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻋ‪‬ـﺐ ﻭﺍﳋِـﺬﻻﻥ ﰲ‬ ‫ﹾﹶﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪    ِ ِ ِ ‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻩ ‪     ‬ﹸ ‪ِ‬ﻤ ﹶ ﻳ ِﻌ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫‪‬ﻧ ﹸﻮﺱ ﺍﳌﺸﺮِﻛﲔ‪،‬ﻓﹶﺎﺭﺗ‪‬ﺤﹸﻮﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﻟﻴﻠﺔ ﺷ‪‬ـﺎﺗِﻴﺔ ﺷ‪‬ـﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮﺩِ،ﻭﻛﹶـﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺑﺼِـﲑﹰﺍ ِﺑﺄﻋﻤ‪‬ـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ُ‬ ‫‪  ِ‬‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ‬ ‫ﻔ ِ ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫٣٦١‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣِﻨﲔ‪،‬ﻭﺻﺪﻕ ِﻧ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻮﱠﻰ ﺍﻟﺪِﻓﺎﻉ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ .‬ ‫‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﻴ ِ ﹶ ‪‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﹸ‪‬‬‫ﻭﺃﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺫﻫﺎﺑﻪ ﻟﻐﺰﺓ ﺑﲏ ﻗﺮﻳﻈﺔ،ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﻧ‬ ‫‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻈﺮ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﺒ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﻃﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻰ ﺯﻗﹶﺎﻕ ﺑ‪‬ﻨِﻰ ﻏ‪‬ﻨﻢ ﻣﻮﻛﺐ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﺣﲔ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ - -‬ ‫ﹶ ٍ ‪ ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪    ‬ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻰ ﻗﺮ‪‬ﻳﻈﺔ ٤٦١.‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ‬‫ﻭﺃﻳﺪﻩ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺣﻨﲔ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺫﻛﺮ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺣﻨﲔ : }ِﺇﻻ ﺗ‪‬ﻨﺼ ‪‬ﻭﻩ‬‫ﱠ ‪‬ﺮ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ‪‬ﻧﺼﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﺫ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﺛﹶﺎِﻧﻲ ﺍﹾﺛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻴﻦ ِﺇﺫ ﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﺎﺭ ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻝ ِﻟﺼ‪‬ـﺎﺣِﺒﻪ ﻻ‬‫ِِ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹾ ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹼ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪     ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬‫‪‬ﺗﺤﺰﻥ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﹶﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺳﻜِﻴ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ِﺑﺠ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﱠﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻛﻠﻤ‪‬ـﺔ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﱠ ﹼ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹼ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬ﻨ ٍ ‪      ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﹶ ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﹶﻰ ﻭﻛﻠﻤ‪‬ﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰِﻳﺰ ﺣﻜِﻴﻢ{ )٠٤( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﺮ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹸ ﹼ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹼ ‪    ‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﹸﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻨﺼ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺻِﺮﻩ ﻭﻣﺆ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺗ‪‬ـﻮﱠﻰ‬ ‫‪‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ِ ﱠ َ ‪       ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻧﺼﺮﻩ ﺣﲔ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺍﻟﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻜﺔ ﺣﲔ ﻫ‪‬ﺎﺟﺮ‪،‬ﻓﺨﺮﺝ ﻣِ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻫ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺑﺎ ِﺑﺼﺤ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﺻ‪‬ـﺪِﻳﻘﻪ‬‫ِِ‬ ‫ﹰ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪       ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ ِ ‪  ‬ﱠ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻭﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣِﺒﻪ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ‪‬ﺑﻜﺮٍ،ﻓﻠﺠ‪‬ﺄ ﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻏﹶﺎﺭ ﻓِﻲ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﹶﺛﻮﺭ ﹶﺛﻼﹶﺛﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎﻡٍ،ﻭﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻗﺮ‪‬ﻳﺶ ﻓِﻲ ﺁﺛﹶﺎﺭﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻳ ‪    ‬ﹸ‪ ‬‬ ‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹶﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِِ ‬‬ ‫٢٦١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٠٧١١(‬ ‫٣٦١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٣٢٤٣(‬ ‫٤٦١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨١١٤ (‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗ ﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﺒ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻐ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺑ‪‬ﻜﺮ ﺟﺰِﻋﺎ : ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﻧﻈﺮ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻗﺪﻣ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﹶﻟﺮ‪‬ﺁﻧ‪‬ﺎ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻟﹶـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺑ ٍ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪  ِ       ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻇ‪‬ﻨﻚ ﺑِﺎﹾﺛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺛﹶﺎِﻟﹸﺜﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ؟ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻃﻤﺄﻧِﻴﻨ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺄﻳِﻴـﺪﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺼ‪‬ـﺮﻩ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ُ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ُ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮِﻟﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ﺑِﺎﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻔﻈﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺤﻤِﻴﻪ ) ِﺑﺠ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ (،ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻙ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠﹶـﻪ‬‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﻨ ٍ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﹶﻰ،ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ) ﻻ ﺇِﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ( ﻫِـﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﻠﻴ‪‬ـﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰِﻳـﺰ ﻓِـﻲ ﺍ‪‬ﻧِﺘﻘﹶﺎﻣِـﻪ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ُ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ُ‬ ‫٥٦١‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻧِﺘﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭﻩِ،ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﻨِﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎِﻧﺐ ﻻﹶ ‪‬ﻳﻀ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﻭﻫﻮ ﺣﻜِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺷﺮﻋﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺪِﺑﲑﻩ .‬ ‫ﻡ ‪ِِ   ِ ِ       ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻁ- ﺭﻗﻴﺔ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻝ‬‫- ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﺍﺷ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺳﻌِﻴﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺑِﺎﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻛ ﱢ ﺷﻰﺀ ‪‬ﻳﺆﺫِﻳﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻋ‪‬ﻴﻦِ ﺣ‪‬ﺎﺳﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻔِﻴﻚ ﺑِﺎﺳﻢ‬‫ِ ٍ ﱠ‪ِ    ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹸﻞ ‪    ِ   ٍ  ‬ﹸ ﱢ ﹾ ٍ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٦٦١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﺭﻗِﻴﻚ.‬ ‫ﱠِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٥٦١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٦٧٢١(‬ ‫٦٦١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٢٨٥ (‬
  • ‫‪@ ßb¨a@szj½a‬‬ ‫‪@ æìäßû½aë@òØöý½a‬‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺻﻠﺔ ﲪﻴﻤﺔ،ﻳﺪﻋﻮﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺴـﺘﻐﻔﺮﻭﻥ ﳍـﻢ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻭﻳﺘﻮﻟﻮ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻳﺒﺸﺮﻭ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻤﺎﺕ،ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﳍﻢ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌـﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻛﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ :‬ ‫١- ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻫﻮ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜ‪‬ﺘﻪ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﺨﺮﺟ ﹸﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﺕ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻭﻛﹶـﺎﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﻨ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻜ ‪  ‬ﱡ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ﺭﺣِﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎ{ )٣٤( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ .‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺤﺚ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ ‪‬ﻳﺬﻛﺮﻫﻢ‪ ‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺮﺣﻤﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﹾﺜﻨِﻲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ﹾ ﹸ ‪         ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱡ ُ ﹸ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹾِ ‪  ِ ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺍﳌﻸ ﺍﻷﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪،‬ﻭِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺑِﺮﺣﻤِﺘﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ،ﻭﻫﺪ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻳِﺘﻪِ،ﻭﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ َ ‪  ِ   ِ ِ  ِ ‬ﻬ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﹸ ِ ﻡ ‪ِ     ‬‬‫ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺟﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹸﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺇِﱃ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥِ،ﻭﻫ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﱃ ﺭﺣِﻴﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﺍﳌﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹸ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶِ ‪  ِ      ‬ﻇ ‪ ِ‬ﹸ ﹾ ِ ﻧ ِ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻧﻴﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ . ﹶﺃﻡ ﺭﺣﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻫﺪ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻢ ﺇِﱃ ﺍﳊ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺼﺮﻫﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟﻄﺮِﻳﻖ ﺍﳌﺴ‪‬ﺘﻘِﻴﻢ‬‫ﹶﻖ ‪     ‬ﱠ ِ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺪ ﹶِ ‪  ‬ﻫ‬ ‫ِ ‪       ِ‬‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫. ﻭﹶﺃ ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺣﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺰ‪‬ﻉ ﺍﻷﻛ‪‬ﺒﺮِ،ﻭﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳌﹶﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِـﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻠ ﱠـﻮﻫﻢ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹶﻘ ‪  ‬‬ ‫َ ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪َ  ِ    ِ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻣ ‪   ‬‬ ‫٧٦١‬ ‫ﺑِﺎﻟِﺒﺸ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺓ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺑِﺎﳉ‪‬ﻨﺔِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺠ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ .‬ ‫ِ ِ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﻛﺎﱐ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ : ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩ ﺭﲪﺘﻪ ﳍﻢ،ﻭﺑﺮﻛﺘﻪ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ، ﻭﻣـﻦ‬ ‫٨٦١‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ.‬‫ﻭﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻔﻌﻢ ﲝﺐ ﺍﳋﲑ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﹸﻮﻥ‬‫‪ِ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮﺵ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﻮﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ِﺑﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ‬‫‪          ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ِ    ِ  ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ِ ‪ِ   ‬ﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪  ِ  ‬‬‫ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻏﻔﺮ ِﻟﻠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺳﺒِﻴﻠﻚ ﻭﻗﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﺤِﻴﻢ )٧( ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻌ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ     ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﱠ ‪    ٍ  ‬ﹰ ‪ِ ‬ﹾ ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﺑ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﺩﺧﻠﻬﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻋﺪﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﻭﻋﺪ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺻﻠﺢ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺑ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺟﻬﻢ ﻭﺫﺭ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺖ‬‫‪        ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ِ    ِ  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﻳ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﻨ ِ ‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫٧٦١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٧٥٤٣(‬ ‫٨٦١ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮ - )٦ / ٤٥(‬
  • ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺰِﻳﺰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜِﻴﻢ )٨( ﻭﻗﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ﻭﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺗﻖ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻣِﺌﺬ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺭﺣﻤ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭﺫِﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶـﻮﺯ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ   ِ  ِ    ِ   ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻈِﻴﻢ )٩( {]ﻏﺎﻓﺮ : ٧-٩[‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ِﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﺮﺵ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻣِـﻦ ﺣﻮﻟِـﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ِ    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻫ ‪ ِ    ‬ﻫ ﹶ َ‬‫‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ِﻧﻌﻤﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﻻِﺋﻪِ،ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪ِ‬ﺗﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻐﻔِـﺮ‬‫ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ‪ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻟِﻠﻤﺴﻴِﺌﲔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺗ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﺃﻗﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻋ ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ِﺑﻪِ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﳋﲑِ،ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺮﻙ‬‫‪  ِ  ِ    ‬ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﻌ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﺑ ‪ ‬ﹾﹶﻌ ‪‬ﻤ ﻧ‬ ‫ﺍﳌ‪‬ﻨﻜﺮِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﻨﺐ ) ‪‬ﻳﻘِﻲ ( ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎِﺋِﺒﲔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨِﻴِﺒﲔ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺏ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ .‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶِ ﺘ ‪     ‬ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﻟ ‪‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺘ‪‬ﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻷﻃﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀﻫﻢ ِﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣِﻨﲔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎِﺋِﺒﲔ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺄﹸﻮﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺑ ‪‬ﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻠ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳉ‪‬ﺎﺕ‬‫ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﹶﻬ ﹶﻨ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ َ ﹾ ‪   َ  ‬ﹾ ‪  ِ  ‬ﺘ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻬ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘِﻲ ﻭﻋﺪﻫﻢ‪ ‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺭﺳﻠﻪِ،ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻞ ﻣﻌ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳉ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺤﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺑ‪‬ـﺎِﺋﻬﻢ‬‫ِ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻬ ﹶﻨ ِ ﺼ ِ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﺯﻭ‪‬ﺍﺟﻬﻢ ﻭﺫﺭ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ﻟِ‪‬ﺘﻘﺮ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓﺈِﻥ ﺍﻻﺟِﺘﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﺑِﺎﻷﻫﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺸﲑﺓ ﻓِﻲ ﻣﻮ‪‬ﺍﺿﻊ ﺍﻟﺴ ‪‬ﻭﺭ‬‫‪ ِ ِ  ِ  ِ  ِ  َ  ‬ﺮ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ِ ِ  ‬ﹸ ِﻳ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻛﻤﻞﹶ ِﻟﻠ‪‬ﺒﻬﺠﺔ ﻭﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧﺲِ،ﻓﺄ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻐﺎِﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ﻻﹶ ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻭ ‪،‬ﺍﳊﻜِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺷﺮﻋﻪ ﻭﻓﻌﻠﻪ‬‫‪  ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻡ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻜ ﹶ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ُ ِ  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪    ‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺪِﺑﲑﻩ .‬ ‫‪ِِ  ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺻﺮﻑ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻗ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻗ‪‬ﺘﺮﹸﻮﻩ ﻣﻦ‪ ‬ﻓﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ‪‬ﺗﻮ‪‬ﺑِﺘﻬﻢ ) ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﺻﺮﻑ ﻋ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻌ‪‬ـﻞ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ     ِ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪‬ﻓ ‪ ِ  ِ  ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ  ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺌﺎﺕ (،ﻭﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺼﺮﻑ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻗ‪‬ﺒﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺗﻜﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﻴﺌﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻗﹶـﺪ‬‫‪‬ﻴ ِ ‪ ِ    ِ    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ   ِ   ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺭﺣﻤ‪‬ﺘ ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺠ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺬﹶﺍِﺑﻚ‪،‬ﻭﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﻷﻛ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺪﹸﻟﻪ ﻓﻮﺯ .٩٦١.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻪ ‪  ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻴﻨﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﺪﻋﻮﺍ ﺍﷲ ﳌﻦ ﻳﻘﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻷﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﻵﺗﻴﺔ :‬ ‫ﺃ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻭﻥ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶﺔ ‪‬ﺗﺼﱢﻰ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻛﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺩ‪‬ﺍﻡ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻣﺼﻼﻩ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺪﺙﹾ،‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﺭﺣﻤﻪ «٠٧١ . ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻧﺺ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹾِ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ﻳﺒﲔ ﻣﻌﲎ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ .‬ ‫ﺏ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﻒ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ :‬ ‫‪‬ﻠ‬ ‫٩٦١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٩١٠٤(‬‫٠٧١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜـﱰ - )٥٤٤ ( ﺃﻃﺮﺍﻓـﻪ ٦٧١ ، ٧٧٤ ، ٧٤٦ ، ٨٤٦ ، ٩٥٦ ، ٩١١٢ ، ٩٢٢٣ ،‬ ‫٧١٧٤ - ﲢﻔﺔ ٦١٨٣١ ﻭ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٤٥١ (‬
  • ‫‪‬ﻳﻤﺴﺢ ﻣﻨ‪‬ﺎﻛ‪‬ﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺻ ‪‬ﻭﺭﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻝ : ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠ ﹸـﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪  ِ    ‬ﺪ ‪  ‬ﻘ ﹸ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻔ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀِ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫١٧١‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻒ ﻗﹸﻮ‪‬ﺑﻜﹸﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼ ﹸﻮﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ.‬ ‫‪‬ﻔ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸﻠ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﺍﺀ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺯﺏ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - » ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـ ﹸﻮﻑ‬‫ﱠ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﻔ ِ‬ ‫‪ ٍ ِ ِ ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﻝ «٢٧١.‬‫ُ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺝ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﻮﻑ :‬ ‫ِﻠ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺼِـﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔﹶ،ﻋﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪     ‬ﺳ ِ ِ‬ ‫٣٧١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼ ﹸﻮﻑ.‬ ‫‪‬ﻔ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺩ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺘﺴﺤﺮﻭﻥ :‬ ‫: ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜ‪‬ﺘﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺘﺴﺤﺮِﻳﻦ٤٧١.‬ ‫ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪    ‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪   ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫:‬ ‫ﻫـ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺼﻠﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ‬ ‫ﱡ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻣﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺭﺑِﻴﻌﺔ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﻠِﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ِﺇﻻ ﺻ‪‬ـﻠﺖ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ ٍ   ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ‪ ‬ﻓﻠ‪‬ﻴﻘﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹶﺃﻭ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﻜِﺜﺮ «٥٧١.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ِ ﱠ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺍﳋﲑ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﹸﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺒ‪‬ﺎﻫﻠﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺫﻛﺮ ِﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﺭﺟﻼﻥ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺪ ﻛﻔﻀﻠِﻰ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺩﻧ‪‬ﺎﻛﻢ «. ﹸـﻢ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻤﻠﺔ ﻓِﻰ ﺟﺤﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  َ ِ  ‬ﺘ ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٦٧١‬ ‫ﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ «.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺘ ﺤ ‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱢ ِ ﻨ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫١٧١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٥ / ٤٣٥( )١٦١٢( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٢٧١ - ﻣﺴﻨﺪ ﺃﲪﺪ - ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٢١٩١( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٣٧١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٥ / ٦٣٥( )٣٦١٢( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٤٧١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٨ / ٥٤٢( )٧٦٤٣( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٥٧١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﺟﻪ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٦٩ ( ﻭﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ - )٨ / ٢٢( )٤٩٤٥( ﺣﺴﻦ‬‫٦٧١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٠٩٢ ( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺻﺤِﻴﺢ ﻏﺮِﻳﺐ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‬‫‪  ‬ﹲ ‪     ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﻤ ٍ‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴ ‪‬ﻴﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺣﺮ‪‬ﻳﺚ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺰ‪‬ﺍﻋﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺍﻟﹾﻔﻀ‪‬ﻴﻞ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻴ‪‬ﺎﺽ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﻌﻠﻢ ‪‬ـﺪﻋ‪‬ﻰ ﻛﹶـِﺒﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻓِـﻰ ﻣﻠ ﹸـﻮﺕ‬‫‪‬ﹶﻜ ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ  ٍ      ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ِ ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹲ ‪ ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﻳ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ.‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬
  • ‫ﺯ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﻨﻔﻘﻮﻥ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ‪‬ﻳﺼِﺒﺢ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻓِﻴﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ِ  ِ   ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ِﺇﻻ ﻣﻠﻜﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺰﻻﻥ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﺃﺣﺪﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋﻂ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻔﻘﹰﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﹰﺎ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋﻂ ﻣﻤﺴﻜﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ِ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ِ   ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﻠﻔﹰﺎ «٧٧١ .‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺡ- ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺰﻭﺭﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺿﻰ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟﻞ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻣﺮِﻳﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻤﺴﻴ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻻ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﱠ ‪       ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪ِ  ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ٍ   ‬ﻌ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺼِﺒﺢ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺧﺮِﻳﻒ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻣﺼِﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﺮﺝ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﹶـﻚ‬‫‪           ِ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺘ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫٨٧١‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ‪ ‬ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺴﻰ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺧﺮِﻳﻒ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ.‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﺮ ﹶ ‪‬ﺘ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻓﹶﺎﺧ‪‬ﺘﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺧﺬ ﻋﻠﻰ ِﺑ‪‬ﻴﺪِﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻖ ِﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻦ ‪‬ﻧ ‪‬ﻮﺩﻩ. ﻓﻮﺟﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﻌ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﹶﺃﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺟﹾﺌﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﻡ ﺯ‪‬ﺍِﺋﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻻ ‪‬ﺑﻞ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺪ‪‬ﺍ. ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻣﺴﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﺪﻭﺓ ِﺇﻻ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ ٍ ِ   ‬ﻌ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹰ ﱠ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪   ِ   ِ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺴﻰ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩﻩ ﻋﺸ‪‬ﻴﺔ ِﺇﻻ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﹶـﻚ ﺣ‪‬ـﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪ ‬ﺘ ‪   ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹰ ﱠ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺼِﺒﺢ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺧﺮِﻳﻒ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ «٩٧١.‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﺭﺿِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﻨ ‪ ،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ :ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻣﺮِﻳﻀ‪‬ﺎ ﺧ‪‬ـﺎﺽ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻪ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺒ ٍ ‪‬‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔِ، ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺟﻠﺲ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻏﹶﻤﺮ‪‬ﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤ ﹸ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻭﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﻟﹶـﻪ ﺳ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪      ِ ‬ﺔ ﹶ ِ ﹾ ‪   ِ ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺴِﻲ، ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺁﺧﺮ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻪ‪ ‬ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻟﹾـﻒ ﻣﻠﹶـﻚ ﺣ‪‬ـﻰ‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ِ ِِ  ِ ‬ﹶ‪  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬‬ ‫٠٨١‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺼِﺒﺢ‪ ،‬ﻓﻘِﻴﻞ: ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﺋﺪ ﻓﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻠﻤﺮِﻳﺾِ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:ﹶﺃﺿﻌ‪‬ﺎﻑ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﹾ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺭﺟﻞٍ، ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻨِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﻤِﻴﻢٍ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﻓِﻴﻤﻦ ﻗﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻞِ، ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﺫﻫﺐ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ‬‫ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ِ‬ﻴ ‪    ‬ﹶﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﺷ‪‬ﺘﻜﹶﻰ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻴ ‪ ،‬ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺪ‪‬ﺍ، ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﻲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻃﹶﺎِﻟﺐ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺩﺧﻠﻚ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ـﺎ ؟‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ٍﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻦ ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻘﻠﺖ: ﺟﹾﺌﺖ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﺤﻘﻪ ﻭﻣﻜﹶﺎِﻧﻪِ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ِﺇﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﺗﻈﻦ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻌِﻲ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﹾِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﻋ ‪ ِ   ‬ﱢ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫٧٧١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٤٤١ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٨٣٢(‬ ‫٨٧١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ - ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٠١٣ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺃﻱ‬ ‫٩٧١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٨٩ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ - ﺍﳋﺮﻳﻒ : ﺍﻟﺒﺴﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫٠٨١ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٩ / ٩٩٣( )٩١٣١١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬
  • ‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ: " ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﻣﺮِﻳﻀ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬‬ ‫،ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹸﺃﺣﺪﹶﺛﻚ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﺳﻤﻌ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪  ِ   ِ     ‬ﺳ ِ ِ‬‫ﻗﻌﺪ ﻓِﻲ ﺧﺮ‪‬ﺍﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔِ، ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ﺣ‪‬ـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ِ ِ  ِ ‬ﱢ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﺘ‬ ‫١٨١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ "‬ ‫ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٢- ﳏﺒﺘﻬﻢ ﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺣﺐ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﻯ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺐ‬‫ِ ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺣِﺒ‪‬ﺒﻪ . ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳ ﹸ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩﻯ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓِﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺐ ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﹶـﺄﺣ‪‬ﻮﻩ .‬ ‫ﹶ ِﺒ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﱠ ﱠ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﻞ ﹶ ِ ِ ﹸ‬ ‫٢٨١‬ ‫ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ «‬ ‫َ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻳ ‪   ‬ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﺣﺐ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺩﻋﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫‪ ِ    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﹸﺃﺣﺐ ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺣ‪‬ﺒﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻯ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤِـﺐ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﱠ ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ِ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺣ‪‬ﻮﻩ. ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺤ‪‬ﺒﻪ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻘ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ. ﻭِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﻐ‪‬ـﺾ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫َ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻳ ‪   ‬ﹶﺒ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِﺒ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﺑﻐﺾ ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺑﻐﻀﻪ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒﻐﻀﻪ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻯ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﻧ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻐﺾ ﻓﻼﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺑﻐ ‪‬ﻮﻩ - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ - ﻓ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺒﻐ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻐﻀ‪‬ـﺎﺀ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ِﻀ ‪  ‬ﺗ ‪ُ    ‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹶﹶ ِﻀ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬ ‫٣٨١‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺭﺽ «.‬ ‫َ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٣- ﺗﺜﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ِﺇﺫ ‪‬ﻮﺣِﻲ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻲ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺜ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺳﺄﹾﻟﻘِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﻗﹸﻮﺏ‬‫ﹸﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹶِ ﻧ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺘ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾﻳ‬ ‫ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ‪‬ﻭﹾﺍ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺐ ﻓﹶﺎﺿﺮ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺍﻷﻋﻨ‪‬ﺎﻕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﺮ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎﻥ{ )٢١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ ‪ِ    ‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  َ  ‬ﺑ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱠ ٍ‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﻩ ِﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺧ‪‬ﻔ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﹶﺃﻇﻬﺮ‪‬ﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻟِﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ِﻟ‪‬ﻴﺸﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ﻬﺎ،ﻓﻘﺪ ﹶﺃﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺇﻟﹶـﻰ‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫‪   ِ ِ  ‬ﹸﺮ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ُ‬ ‫‪  ِِ  ‬ﹲ ﹲ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﹶﺃﺭﺳﻠﻬﻢ ِﻟ‪‬ﻨﺼﺮ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‪ِ،‬ﺑﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳﹶﺜ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻘ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻗﹸﻮ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻠﻬ ‪‬ﻮﻫﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺬﻛﺮ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﺘ ﹸ ‪   ِ ِ‬ﹶﻮ ﹸﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِﻤ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱡ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ِﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮِﻟﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﺼﺮِ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﳌِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺗ‪‬ﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﻴﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺐ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻮ‪‬ﱄ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﺳ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹸﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺼِﻴ‪‬ﺒﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﺰﻉ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻗ ِ ﹸ ‪  ِ ِ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‪ ‬‬ ‫١٨١ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )١١ / ٤٠٤( )١٤٧٨ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫٢٨١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٠٢٣ (‬ ‫٣٨١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٧٨٦ (‬
  • ‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﺃﻣ‪‬ﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻀﺮ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺭﻗﹶﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻘﻄ ‪‬ﻮﻫ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭِﺑﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻘﻄ ‪‬ـﻮﺍ ﺍﻷﻳ‪‬ـﺪِﻱ ﺫﹶﺍﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ُ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹾ ‪ِ ‬ﺑ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ﹶﻌ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹾ ﹶﻌ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٤٨١‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺘِﻲ ﻫﻲ ﹶﺃﺩ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺏ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﳊﺮﺏ .‬ ‫ﹶ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫٤- ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﻧﺼﺮﻫﻢ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ :‬‫ﺍﻣﱳ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﺈﺭﺳﺎﻝ ﺟﻨﻮﺩ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻠﺘﺄﻳﻴـﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼـﺮ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﰲ ﺑﺪﺭ ﻭﺃﺣﺪ ﻭﰲ ﺃﻗﺴﻰ ﺣﺼﺎﺭ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﺪﻑ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻲ ﻛﻠـﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ‬‫ﺍﳌﻨﻮﺭﺓ ﺣﻴﺚ ﲢﺰﺏ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﻭﺟﺎﺀﻭﺍ ﲟﺎ ﻻ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻟﻠﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺑﻪ،ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟـﺮﻳﺢ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻛﻔﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﻘﺘﺎﻝ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﺍﺫﻛ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ِﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﹾ ﹸﺮ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﻠ ِ‬‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻜﻢ ِﺇﺫ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ‪‬ﺗﻜﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﻓﺄﺭ‪‬ﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺭﳛ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ـﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻤﹸـﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ َ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ ‬ﻨ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﺼﲑ‪‬ﺍ )٩( ِﺇﺫ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀُﻭﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻗﻜﻢ ﻭﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﺇِﺫ ﺯ‪‬ﺍﻏﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ‪‬ﺑﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹸـﻮﺏ‬‫ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ‬ﹸ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻨ‪‬ﺎﺟﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻈ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﻈ‪‬ﻮﻧ‪‬ﺎ )٠١( ﻫﻨ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺍ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﺘﻠﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭﺯﹾﻟﺰﹸﻮﺍ ﺯﹾﻟﺰ‪‬ﺍﻟﹰﺎ ﺷ‪‬ـﺪِﻳﺪ‪‬ﺍ )١١(‬ ‫‪ِ    ِ  ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻟ ِ‬ ‫‪   ِ ‬ﹸﻨ ﹶ ﱠ ِ ﱡﻨ‬ ‫{ ]ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ : ٩ - ١١[‬‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﻌﺸﺮ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﺫﻛﺮﻭﺍ ﻧﻌﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻧﻌﻤﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﰲ "ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ" ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ‬‫-ﻭﻫﻲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺍﳋﻨﺪﻕ-، ﺣﲔ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ "ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨـﺔ"، ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻬـﻮﺩ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ "ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ" ﻭﻣﺎ ﺣﻮﳍﺎ، ﻓﺄﺣﺎﻃﻮﺍ ﺑﻜﻢ، ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺭﳛ‪‬ـﺎ ﺷـﺪﻳﺪﺓ‬‫ﺍﻗﺘﻠﻌﺖ ﺧﻴﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺭﻣﺖ ﻗﺪﻭﺭﻫﻢ، ﻭﺃﺭﺳﻠﻨﺎ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﱂ ﺗﺮﻭﻫﺎ، ﻓﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﺮﻋـﺐ ﰲ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻮ‪‬ﻢ. ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﷲ ﲟﺎ ﺗﻌﻤﻠﻮﻥ ﺑﺼﲑ‪‬ﺍ، ﻻ ﳜﻔﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺷﻲﺀ.‬‫ﺍﺫﻛﺮﻭﺍ ﺇﺫ ﺟﺎﺅﻭﻛﻢ ﻣِﻦ ﻓﻮﻗﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻕ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺑﻄﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ، ﻭﺇﺫ ﺷﺨﺼﺖ ﺍﻷﺑﺼﺎﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﳊﻴ‪‬ﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻫﺸﺔ، ﻭﺑﻠﻐـﺖ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﺍﳊﻨﺎﺟﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺐ، ﻭﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﻴﺄﺱ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ، ﻭﻛﺜﺮﺕ ﺍﻷﻗﺎﻭﻳﻞ، ﻭﺗﻈﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﷲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻈﻨﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﺌﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻨﺼﺮ ﺩﻳﻨﻪ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻲ ﻛﻠﻤﺘﻪ.‬‫ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﻟﻌﺼﻴﺐ ﺍﺧ‪‬ﱪ ﺇﳝﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﻣ ‪‬ﺺ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ، ﻭ ‪‬ﺮﻑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨـﺎﻓﻖ،‬ ‫ﻋ‬ ‫‪‬ﺤ‬ ‫ﺘ‬ ‫٥٨١‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﻄﺮﺑﻮﺍ ﺍﺿﻄﺮﺍﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺑﺎﳋﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﻖ؛ ﻟﻴﺘﺒﲔ ﺇﳝﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻳﺰﻳﺪ ﻳﻘﻴﻨﻬﻢ.‬ ‫٤٨١ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٣٧١١(‬ ‫٥٨١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٧ / ٩١٣(‬
  • ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻳﻴﺪ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳊﺴﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺠﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻛﲔ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻓﻌﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻫﺮﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻮﻑ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺣ ‪‬ﺎﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺛﹶﺎﺑِـﺖ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫‪  ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺑ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ   ٍ   ِ ِ    ِ  ‬ﺴ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧﺼ‪‬ﺎﺭﻯ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺸﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺸﺪﻙ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﻞ ﺳ‪‬ـﻤﻌﺖ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻝ » ﻳ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ‪ ‬‬ ‫َ ِ ‪    ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹾ‬‫ﺣ ‪‬ﺎ ﹸ،ﹶﺃﺟﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - -،ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺱ « . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ‪‬ﻧﻌ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﺑ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪   ‬ﺮ ِ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺴ ﻥ ِ ‪   ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٦٨١‬ ‫.‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻣﺮ ِﺑﺤ ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭﻫﻮ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺸﺪ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ ﻓﻠﺤﻆ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶـﺪ‬‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪     ‬ﺴ ﹶ ‪    ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧﺸﺪ ﻭﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻚ. ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺘﻔﺖ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﺓ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺸﺪﻙ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﺳ‪‬ـﻤﻌﺖ‬‫ِ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪   ِ      ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٧٨١‬ ‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﹶﺃﺟﺐ ﻋ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪﻩ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺱ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ‪‬ﻧﻌﻢ.‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ﱠ ‪    ‬ﺮ ِ ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٥- ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﲔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺩﻋﺎﺋﻬﻢ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻗﻠﹶﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﺪ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮﺩﻩ ﻓﻮ‪‬ﺍﻓﻖ ﺩ ‪‬ﻮﹸـﻪ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﻌ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺧ ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﺧ ‪‬ﻭﺝ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻓﻘﻠﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ : " ﻣﻪ‪،‬ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴِـﻜﻦ ِﺇﱠـﺎ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹸ‪ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ُ ِ‪‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮٍ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗﺤﻀﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻴﺖ " ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ " ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻴﺖِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪      ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻋ ﹶ‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻦ ِﺇﱠﺎ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ "،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻓﺴﺢ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﺮﻩِ،ﻭﹶﺃﺿﺊ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓِﻴﻪِ،ﻭﻋﻈﻢ ‪‬ـﻮﺭﻩ‬‫ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ِﹸ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ٍ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﺫ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒ ‪،‬ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﺭﻓﻊ ﺩﺭﺟ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬﺪ‪‬ﻳﲔ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺧﻠﻔﻪ ﻓِﻲ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛِﺘﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮِﻳﻦ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹾِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ِﹶِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻪ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬‬‫ﺭﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ " ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : " ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻭﺡ ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺧﺮﺝ ‪‬ﺗِﺒﻌﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺼ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺷ ‪‬ﻮﺹ ﻋ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻴ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﺨ ِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﺮ ‪      ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫٨٨١‬ ‫"‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺣﻀﺮ‪‬ﺗﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮِﻳﺾ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ـﺖ ﻓ ﹸﻮﹸـﻮﺍ‬ ‫‪ ِ      ‬ﻴ ‪ ‬ﹶﻘ ﻟ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ «. ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻓﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻮ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺒِـﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺑ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ‬ ‫ﻘﻟ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫- ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﱠﻪ ِﺇﻥ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹸﻮﻟِﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﻟِﻰ ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻋﻘ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻰ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹾِ ‪ِ    ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﻗ‬ ‫٩٨١‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻋﻘﺒ‪‬ﻰ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﻨﺔ «. ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻓﺄﻋﻘ‪‬ﺒﻨِﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻟِﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ - -.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪    ِ       ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹰ‬ ‫٦٨١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٥٤ (‬ ‫٧٨١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٣٥٦ (‬ ‫٨٨١ - ﺍﻟﻄ‪‬ﺒﻘﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ‪‬ﺒﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻟِﺎ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ )٩٠٤٣ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫ِ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫٩٨١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨٦١٢ ( -ﺃﻋﻘﺐ : ﺑﺪﻝ ﻭﻋﻮﺽ‬
  • ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﻏﺐ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﰲ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺑﻈﻬـﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﻓﻬﻮ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﻣﺴﺘﺠﺎﺏ ﻣﺆﻳﺪ ﺑﺘﺄﻣﲔ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ،ﻓﻔﻲ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِـﻰ ﺍﻟﺰ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ـﺮ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺻﻔﻮ‪‬ﺍﻥ - ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺻﻔﻮ‪‬ﺍﻥ - ﻭﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ‪‬ﺗﺤ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻓﺄ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﺖ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ِ     ‬ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ُ      ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﺸ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻓِﻰ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰِﻟﻪ ﻓﻠﻢ ﹶﺃﺟﺪﻩ ﻭﻭﺟﺪﺕ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺮِﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ‪‬ﻧﻌ‪‬ـﻢ.‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ           ِ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪‬‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻓﹶﺎﺩﻉ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺮﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻢ ﻷﺧِﻴﻪ ِﺑﻈﻬﺮ‬‫ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ َ ِ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶِ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﱠ‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻐ‪‬ﻴﺐ ﻣﺴ‪‬ﺘﺠ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﹾﺃﺳﻪِ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻮﻛﻞ ﻛﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﻋ‪‬ﺎ ﻷﺧِﻴﻪ ِﺑﺨ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻮﻛﻞ ِﺑﻪ ﺁﻣﲔ‬‫‪   ِ ‬ﹲ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﹲ ﹸﱠ ‪ ٍ  ِ َ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﹸ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟﻚ ِﺑﻤﹾﺜﻞ «٠٩١.‬ ‫‪ٍ ِ  ‬‬ ‫٦- ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺑﲔ ﺗﺄﻣﲔ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﲪﺪﻫﻢ ﷲ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺗﺄﻣﲔ ﻭﲪﺪ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ :‬‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺮﻛﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﻘﺘﻀﻲ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺫﻧﻮﺏ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ،ﻟﺬﺍ ﻳﻨﺒﻐﻲ ﺍﳊﺮﺹ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻃﻠﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ .‬ ‫- ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺘﺄﻣﲔ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻣ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻓﺄﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻓﻖ ‪‬ﺗﺄﻣِﻴ‪‬ﻨﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺄﻣﲔ‬‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﻨ ﹶِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻪ « . ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺷﻬ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ‬‫ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ٍ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﹸِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫» ﺁﻣﲔ «١٩١ .‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫- ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻤﺪ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ - ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ - ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﺳﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ِﻟﻤﻦ ﺣﻤﺪﻩ . ﻓ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﺪ . ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻓﻖ ﻗﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪   ِ   ‬ﹶﻘ ﻟ ﱠ ‪       ‬ﹶِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻪ «٢٩١ .‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫٧- ﺗﺘﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺣﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ ﻭﺣﻔﻬﻢ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﺑﺄﺟﻨﺤﺘﻬﻢ :‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ - - » ِﺇﻥ ِﻟﱠـﻪ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸـﻮﻥ ﻓِـﻰ‬ ‫ﱠ ﻠ ِ‪‬ﹶ ﹰ ﻄﻓ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻕِ،‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮِ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﻭﺟ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻗﻮﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺬﻛ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﻫﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺣ‪‬ـﺎﺟِﺘﻜﻢ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫ﱡ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِﺴ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱢ ﹾ ﹶِ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸﻤ‬ ‫٠٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٠١٧ (‬ ‫١٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٨٧ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٤٩(‬ ‫٢٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦٩٧ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٤٩(‬
  • ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺤ ﱡﻮ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ِﺑﺄﺟِﻨﺤِﺘﻬﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴﺄﹸﻟﻬﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬﻢ ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪        ‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﻔ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻯ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺤﻤ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻤﺠ ‪‬ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻚ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ‪   ‬ﺪ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﺮ‬ ‫ﻟ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪‬ﺤ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻫﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻧِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻙ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻧِﻰ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻙ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩﺓﹰ،ﻭﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﹶﻟﻚ‪ ‬ﺗﻤﺠِﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ،ﻭﹶﺃﻛﹶﺜﺮ ﹶﻟﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺴﺒِﻴﺤ‪‬ﺎ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ‬‫ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﻧ ‪   ِ  ‬‬‫ﻓﹶﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮﻧِﻰ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻭﻫﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺏ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻟ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻟ‬‫ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﺭ‪‬ﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﺷ‪‬ـﺪ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻧ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺣﺮﺻ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻃﻠﺒ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﹶﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﻏ‪‬ﺒﺔ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻤﻢ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌﻮ ﹸﻭﻥ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺭ . ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹰ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﺫ ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪    ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻭﻫﻞ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻓﻜ‪‬ﻴﻒ ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ﻘﻟ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﹸﹶﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﱠِ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻮ ﺭﹶﺃﻭﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺍﺭ‪‬ﺍ،ﻭﹶﺃﺷﺪ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺎﻓﺔ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻓﺄﺷﻬﺪﻛﻢ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ﻗﺪ ﻏﻔﹶـﺮﺕ‬‫‪   ‬ﻧ ‪     ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﹶ ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ﹶﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ . ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﻼﻥ ﻟﹶ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺟﺔ . ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ ‪‬ـﻢ‬‫ﹶﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫َ ‪ٍ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹶ ﹲ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻠﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﻘﹶﻰ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﺟﻠِﻴﺴﻬﻢ «٣٩١ .‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ُ ﹶ ‪     ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﻋ‪‬ﻦ ﻣﺆﻣﻦ ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ٍ ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﻛﺮ‪‬ﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺮﺏ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ﻭﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺮ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﻌﺴﺮ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟـﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹰ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ٍ ِ         ِ  ِ ِ  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﺮ ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﺮﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﻋﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ـﺪ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ‬ﱠ ‪ِ  ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪     ِ       ِ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬‫ﻓِﻰ ﻋﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﺧِﻴﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻠﻚ ﻃﺮِﻳﻘﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻠ‪‬ﺘﻤﺲ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻬﻞ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻪ ِﺑﻪ ﻃﺮِﻳﻘﹰﺎ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ـﺔ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻨ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬‫ﺍﺟ‪‬ﺘﻤﻊ ﻗﻮﻡ ﻓِﻰ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﹸﻮﻥ ﻛﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺪ‪‬ﺍﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻧ‪‬ﻪ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ِﺇﻻ ‪‬ﻧﺰﹶﻟﺖ ﻋﻠﹶـ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ٍ ِ ‪ ‬ﻴ ِ ﱠ ِ ﻠ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﺳ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻜِﻴ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭﻏﺸ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻭﺣﻔ‪‬ﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺫﻛﺮﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓِﻴﻤ‪‬ﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﻭﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺑﻄﺄ ِﺑﻪ ﻋﻤﹸـﻪ‬‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪     ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﱠ ‪      ِ  ‬ﱠ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺮﻉ ِﺑﻪ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺒﻪ «٤٩١.‬ ‫‪  ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫٨- ﺗﻜﺮﳝﻬﻢ ﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﻛِﺜﲑ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺴ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻊ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ﻓِﻰ ﻣﺴﺠﺪِ ﺩﻣﺸﻖ ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀﻩ ﺭﺟﻞ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ‬‫‪    ِ ِ   ِ  ‬ﹶ َ‪   ‬ﹲ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِﹶ ٍ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺩ‪‬ﺍﺀ ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﺟﹾﺌ‪‬ﺘﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺪِﻳ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ - - ِﻟﺤﺪِﻳﺚ ‪‬ﺑﻠﻐﻨِﻰ ﹶﺃ‪‬ـﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺪﹸـﻪ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪  ‬ﺛ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﻧ ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﺳ ِ‬‫- ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ » ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫- ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﹾﺌﺖ ِﻟﺤ‪‬ﺎﺟﺔ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫ِ ‪ ٍ  ‬ﹶ ﹶِﻧ ‪   ِ ‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٣٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨٠٤٦ (‬ ‫٤٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٨٢٠٧ (‬
  • ‫ﺳﻠﻚ ﻃﺮِﻳﻘﹰﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺳﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﻪ ﻃﺮِﻳﻘﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﺘﻀ‪‬ـﻊ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹾﹸ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ  ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺿ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻄﹶﺎِﻟﺐ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﻣ‪‬ـﻦ ﻓِـﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ‬‫َ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ِﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪    ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤِﻴﺘ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺟﻮﻑ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﻓﻀﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺪ ﻛﻔﻀﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻤ‪‬ﺮ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺪﺭ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺳ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺮ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻮ‪‬ﺍﻛﺐ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺭﹶﺛﺔ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭِﺇﻥ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻮﺭﹸﻮﺍ ﺩِﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻻ ﺩﺭﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺭﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﹾـﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬ﺛ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﹶ َ ‪  ‬ﹸ َ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ َ َ ‪  ‬ﺛ‬ ‫٥٩١‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﹶﺃﺧﺬﻩ ﹶﺃﺧﺬ ِﺑﺤﻆ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻓﺮ «.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱟ ِ ٍ‬ ‫٩- ﻛﺘﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﳌﺼﻠﲔ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻓﺎﻷﻭﻝ :‬‫- » ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻌﺔِ،ﻭﻗﻔﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪     ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺑ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ ‪‬ﻳﻜ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻓﹶﺎﻷﻭﻝﹶ،ﻭﻣﹶﺜﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬﺠﺮ ﻛﻤﹶﺜﻞ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻯ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺪِﻯ ‪‬ﺑﺪ‪‬ﻧﺔﹰ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻛﹶﺎﱠـﺬِﻯ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹾ ﺒ ﹶ َ ‪ ‬ﹶ َ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻬﺪِﻯ ‪‬ﺑﻘﺮﺓﹰ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻛ‪‬ﺒﺸ‪‬ﺎ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺩﺟ‪‬ﺎﺟﺔﹰ،ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻀﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻹﻣ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻃﻮﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﺻﺤﻔﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ِﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹶِ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ « ٦٩١.‬ ‫ﱢ ﹾ‪‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ،ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻌ‪‬ﺔِ،ﻭﻗﻔﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺑ‪‬ـﻮ‪‬ﺍﺏ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺠِﺪِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴﻜ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﻓﹶﺎﻷﻭﻝﹶ،ﻓﻤﹶﺜﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬﺠﺮ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤ‪‬ﻌﺔِ،ﻛﻤﹶﺜﻞ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺪِﻱ ‪‬ﺑﺪﻧ‪‬ـﺔﹰ،ﹸﺛﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﺒ ﹶ َ‪ ‬ﹶ َ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻛﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺪِﻱ ‪‬ﺑﻘﹶﺮﺓﹰ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻛﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻬﺪِﻱ ﻛ‪‬ﺒﺸ‪‬ﺎ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻛﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻳ‪‬ﻬﺪِﻱ ﺩﺟ‪‬ﺎﺟﺔﹰ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻛﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ـﺪِﻱ‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٧٩١‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻀﺔﹰ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻹﻣ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻭﻗﻌﺪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺒﺮِ،ﻃﻮﻭ‪‬ﺍ ﺻﺤﻔﻬﻢ‪،‬ﻭﺟﻠ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻛﺮ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶﺴ ‪ِ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ﱢ ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫٠١- ﺗﻌﺎﻗﺐ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺼﻠﲔ :‬‫ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻌ‪‬ﺎﻗ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻞ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜﹶـﺔ‬‫ﹶﺒ ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹲ ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪     ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺠ‪‬ﺘﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺠﺮ ﻭﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼﺮِ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻳ‪‬ﻌﺮﺝ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺑ‪‬ـﺎ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻓ‪‬ﻴﺴ‪‬ـﺄﹸﻟﻬﻢ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶِ ‪       ‬ﺗ ﹸ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ِﺑﻬﻢ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﻯ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻛﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼ‪‬ﱡﻮﻥﹶ،ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎﻫﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱡﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪     ‬ﻠ ‪      ‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫«٨٩١ .‬ ‫١١- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺗﺒﻠﻎ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺳﻼﻡ ﺃﻣﺘﻪ :‬ ‫٥٩١ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ - ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٣٤٦٣( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٦٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٢٩( -ﺍﳌﻬﺠﺮ : ﺍﳌﺒﺎﺩﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳉﻤﻌﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺼﺒﺢ‬ ‫٧٩١ - ﻣﺴﻨﺪ ﺃﲪﺪ )ﻋﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ( - )٣ / ٩٢٧( )٨٦٥٠١( ٥٧٥٠١- ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٨٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٥٥٥ ( ﻭ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٦٤١(‬
  • ‫: ِﺇﻥ ِﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺣﲔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻧِﻲ‬ ‫َ ‪ ِ ‬ﱢﻐ‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ﹰ ‪‬ﻴ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ ‪‬ﻮﺩٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻌ‬ ‫٩٩١‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﹸﺃﻣﺘِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓﹶ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : " ﻣﻦ ﺻﱠﻰ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻱ ﻭﻛﻞ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶـﻚ‬‫‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱢ ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٠٠٢‬ ‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﻠﻐﻨِﻲ، ﻭﻛﻔِﻲ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ ﺩ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﺁﺧﺮِﺗﻪِ، ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺷﻬِﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﺃﻭ ﺷﻔِﻌﻴ‪‬ﺎ "‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ   ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹸ‪  ‬ﹸ‬‫ﺻﱠﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺻﻠﹶﺎﺓ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﻫِـﻲ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﻠ ‪‬ـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﻠ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﻟ ‪  ‬ﹸﻐ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱٍ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: " ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻦ ﹸﺃﻣﺔ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫‪ٍ    ِ  ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﺒ‬ ‫١٠٢‬ ‫‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ: ﻓﻠﹶﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺼﱢﻲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﻛﺬﹶﺍ ﻭﻛﺬﹶﺍ ﺻﻠﹶﺎﺓ "‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹲ ‪‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ‬ ‫٢١- ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﻭﻻﻳﺘﻬﻢ ﳍﻢ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:} ِﺇﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻘﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﹶﺃﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨ‪‬ـﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻭﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫ﻓ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﻣ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﻟ‬‫‪‬ﺗﺤﺰ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﻛ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺘﻢ ‪‬ﻮﻋ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٠٣( ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﹶﺃﻭ‪ِ‬ﻟﻴ‪‬ﺎﺅﻛﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻴ‪‬ﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﺗ ‪‬ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ِ ‬ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺸ‪‬ﺘﻬِﻲ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪ ‪‬ﻮﻥ )١٣( ‪‬ﻧﺰﻟﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻏ ﹸﻮﺭ ﺭﺣِـﻴﻢ‬‫‪  ِ ‬ﹶﻔ ٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﻋ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪‬ﹸ‪  ‬ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫)٢٣( { ]ﻓﺼﻠﺖ : ٠٣ - ٢٣[‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﺭﺑﻨﺎ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ، ﰒ ﺍﺳﺘﻘﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺮﻳﻌﺘﻪ، ﺗﺘﱰﻝ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻗﺎﺋﻠﲔ ﳍﻢ: ﻻ ﲣﺎﻓﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ، ﻭﻻ ﲢﺰﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﲣﻠﻔﻮﻧـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ، ﻭﺃﺑﺸﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺗﻮﻋﺪﻭﻥ ‪‬ﺎ.‬‫ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻝ ﳍﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ: ﳓﻦ ﺃﻧﺼﺎﺭﻛﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ، ﻧﺴﺪﺩﻛﻢ ﻭﳓﻔﻈﻜﻢ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬‫ﻧﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻌﻜﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ، ﻭﻟﻜﻢ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺗﺸﺘﻬﻴﻪ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﳑﺎ ﲣﺘﺎﺭﻭﻧﻪ، ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘﹶـﺮ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺃﻋﻴﻨﻜﻢ، ﻭﻣﻬﻤﺎ ﻃﻠﺒﺘﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻭﺟﺪﲤﻮﻩ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﺿﻴﺎﻓﺔ ﻭﺇﻧﻌﺎﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻜـﻢ ﻣِـﻦ ﻏﻔـﻮﺭ‬ ‫٢٠٢‬ ‫ﻟﺬﻧﻮﺑﻜﻢ، ﺭﺣﻴﻢ ﺑﻜﻢ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺯﻳﺪ ﻭﳎﺎﻫﺪ : ﺗﺘﱰﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ. ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﻘﺎﺗﻞ ﻭﻗﺘﺎﺩﺓ : ﺇﺫﺍ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻮﺭﻫﻢ‬‫ﻟﻠﺒﻌﺚ ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﻛﻴﻊ : ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﰲ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﻮﺍﻃﻦ : ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻭﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﱪ ﻭﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺚ .ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫٩٩١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺣﺒﺎﻥ - )٣ / ٤٩١( )٤١٩( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫٠٠٢ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٣ / ٠٤١( )١٨٤١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬ ‫١٠٢ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٣ / ١٤١( )٢٨٤١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫٢٠٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )٨ / ٠٠٤(‬
  • ‫ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﺸﻮﻛﺎﱐ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺪﻡ ﲣﺼﻴﺺ ﺗﱰﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﻮﻗﺖ ﻣﻌـﲔ ﻭﻋـﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻴﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ﻭﺍﳊﺰﻥ ﲝﺎﻟﺔ ﳐﺼﻮﺻﺔ" ٣٠٢ .‬ ‫٣١- ﻭﻻﻳﺘﻬﻢ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻟﻠﺸﻬﺪﺍﺀ :‬‫ﺇﻥ ﻟﻠﺸﻬﻴﺪ ﻣﱰﻟﺔ ﺭﻓﻴﻌﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﺧﺺ ﲟﺰﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻻﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟـﻪ،ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﰲ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺗﻈﻠﻴﻠﻬﻢ ﻟﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺮﺍﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺪ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ،ﻓﻘﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﻋﻦ ﻣﺤ ‪‬ـﺪ‬‫‪ ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻨﻜﺪﺭ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺳﻤِﻊ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺟِﻰﺀ ِﺑﺄﺑِﻰ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻭﻗﺪ ﻣﱢﺜﻞ ِﺑﻪ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ ﺑ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻦ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻘ ﹸ َ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِِ ‪  ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺪ‪‬ﻳﻪِ،ﻓﺬﻫ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﹶﺃﻛﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﻭﺟﻬﻪِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﻧِﻰ ﻗﻮﻣِﻰ،ﻓﺴﻤﻊ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺤﺔ ﻓﻘِﻴﻞ ﺍ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻋﻤ‪‬ـﺮٍﻭ،ﹶﺃﻭ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ‪  ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ    ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸﺃﺧﺖ ﻋﻤﺮٍﻭ . ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ » ِﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﻜِﻰ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺒﻜِﻰ،ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺯ‪‬ﺍﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗﻈﻠﻪ ِﺑﺄﺟِﻨﺤِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ « ٤٠٢.‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِﱡ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٥٠٢‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻋﻨﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ:)ﺑﺎﺏ ﻇﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻴﺪ(.‬‫ﻭﻳﻈﻬﺮ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﰲ ﻏﺴﻠﻬﻢ ﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺪﺍﺀ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ ﺍﺑ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫ِ ِ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻋ‪‬ﺎﺱٍ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﹶﻟ ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﺃﺻِﻴﺐ ﺣﻤﺰﺓ ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻄﻠﺐ ﻭﺣ‪‬ﻨﻈﻠﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺍﻫﺐ ﻭﻫﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺟ‪‬ﻨﺒ‪‬ﺎﻥِ، ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹸ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶﹶ ﹸ ﺮ ِ ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﻤ‬ ‫‪‬ﺒ‬ ‫٦٠٢‬ ‫:ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗﻐﺴﻠﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ.‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٣٠٢ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻳﺮ - )٦ / ٣٥٣(‬ ‫٤٠٢ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٦١٨٢ (‬ ‫٥٠٢ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠١ / ٥٢٢( ٠٢ - ﺑﺎﺏ ﻇﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺸﻬِﻴﺪ .‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ﱢ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪‬‬ ‫٦٠٢ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٠١ / ٤٨( )٦٢٩١١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  • ‫‪@ ÷…bŽÛa@szj½a‬‬ ‫–‪@ òØöý½a@Éß@´äßû½a@œÈi@pbî•ì‬‬ ‫١- ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻣﺮﱘ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ :‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﳍﺎ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﲔ ﲣﺎﻃﺒﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﺒﺸﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﺻـﻄﻔﺎﺀ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﳍﺎ ﻭﺗﻄﻬﲑﻫﺎ ﻭﺗﻔﻀﻴﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:} ﻭﺇِﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ِﺇﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﹸ ‪   ‬ﱠ‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻔﹶﺎﻙ ﻭﻃﻬﺮ‪‬ﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺻﻄﻔﹶﺎﻙ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ِﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻤﲔ )٢٤( ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﺍﻗ‪‬ﻨﺘِﻲ ِﻟﺮ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺳﺠﺪِﻱ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺭﻛﻌِﻲ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺍﻛﻌﲔ )٣٤( { ]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ : ٢٤ - ٣٤[.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺮ ِِ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﺍﺫﻛﺮ -ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ- ﺣﲔ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ: ﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭﻙ ﻟﻄﺎﻋﺘﻪ ﻭﻃ ‪‬ﺮﻙ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﻬ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﺧﻼﻕ ﺍﻟﺮﺫﻳﻠﺔ، ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ﰲ ﺯﻣﺎﻧﻚ.‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺩﺍﻭﻣﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻟﺮﺑﻚ، ﻭﻗﻮﻣﻲ ﰲ ﺧﺸﻮﻉ ﻭﺗﻮﺍﺿﻊ، ﻭﺍﺳﺠﺪﻱ ﻭﺍﺭﻛﻌﻲ ﻣـﻊ‬ ‫٧٠٢‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻛﻌﲔ؛ ﺷﻜﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻭﻻﻙ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻌﻤﻪ.‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﻌﻴﺴﻰ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻣﺮﱘ ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﻣﻪ ﺁﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﳌﲔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ:} ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ ﺍﺳﻤﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻴﺢ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﻭﺟِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺪ‪‬ﻧﻴ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶِ ‪      ِ ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻘﺮِﺑﲔ )٥٤( { ]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ : ٥٤[.‬ ‫ِ ‪   ِ  ِ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮﺕ ﺍﳌﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ‪،‬ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻼ ‪،‬ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻟﹶﻬﺎ : ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮﻙ ﺑِﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻭﹶﻟﺪ ﻋﻈِﻴﻢ‬‫ﱠ َ ‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ِ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﺴ ﻡ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﹸ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺄﻥِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﺩﻩ ﻭﺧﻠﻘﻪ ِﺑﻜﻠﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲِ،ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻛﻦ ﻓ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ . ﻭﺳ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻻﺳﻢ ﺍﻟﺬِﻱ‬ ‫ﺸ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪‬ﺟ ‪    ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ‪  ِ ٍ ‬ﹶ ﻘ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻜ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﻜ ﹸ ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ِﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ) ﺍﳌﺴِﻴﺢ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ (،ﻭﺳ‪‬ﻴ ﹸﻮﻥﹸ ﻭ‪‬ﺟﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﺫﹶﺍ ﻣﻜﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺔ ﻋﻨ‪‬ـﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ ‪ِ  ِ ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﻜ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻧﻴﺎ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻮﺣِﻴﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺮِﻳﻌﺔِ،ﻭ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺟﻴﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻵﺧِﺮﺓ ﺑِﺄﻥ ‪‬ﻳﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺷﻔِﻴﻌﺎ ِﻟﻤﻦ ﻳ‪‬ﺄﺫﻥ‬‫ِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ُ ‬ﹰ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻳ ِ ِ ِ‪   ‬ﻜ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫٨٠٢‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﺸﻔﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﻓِﻴﻬﻢ .‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫٧٠٢‬ ‫-ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﳌﻴﺴﺮ - )١ / ١٤٣(‬ ‫٨٠٢ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٩٣٣(‬
  • ‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﺀﻩ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻧﺒﻴﺎ ٩٠٢. ﺑﻞ ﻫﻲ ﺻﺪﻳﻘﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: } ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴِﻴﺢ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ِﺇﻻ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻗﺪ ﺧﻠﺖ ﻣِﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻠﻪ ﺍﻟﺮ‪‬ﺳﻞ ﻭﹸﺃ ‪‬ـﻪ ﺻِـ ‪‬ﻳﻘﺔ ﻛﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﻣ ‪      ‬ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹲ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ﹲ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﻼﻥ ﺍﻟﻄﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﻵﻳ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍﻧﻈﺮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻓ ﹸﻮﻥ{ )٥٧( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺪﺓ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ ‬ﹶﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺍﳌﹶﺴﻴﺢ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﺍﷲِ،ﺃ‪‬ﻧﻌ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﹶﻴﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟﺮﺳ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔِ،ﻭﻗﺪ ‪‬ﺗﻘﺪﻣ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺭ‪‬ﺳﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲِ،ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ﺃﺳﻮﺓ ِﺑﻬﻢ .‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹲ ِ ‪    ‬ﹲ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ُ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻣﻪ ﻣﺆﻣ‪‬ﻨﺔ ﻣﺼﺪﻗﺔ ﹶﻟﻪ ) ﺻ ‪‬ﻳﻘﺔ - ﻭﻫ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺃﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻣ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺪﻝ ِﺑﺬِﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺃ‪‬ﻬﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺴﺖ ‪‬ﻧِﺒ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫ﹶ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻧ ‪  ‬ﻴ ﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ    ‬ﹲ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹲ ‪ِ ‬ﺪ ﹶ ﹲ ‪‬‬‫(،ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺴِﻴﺢ ﻭ‪‬ﺃﻣﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺤﺘ‪‬ﺎﺟ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﻌ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻐِﺬﺍﺀِ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻊ ﺍﻟﻄﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﻐِـﺬﹶﺍﺀَ،ﻓﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ   ‬‬‫ﻣﺨﹸﻮﻗﹶﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮِ،ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﳍﺎ ﺧ‪‬ﺎﻟِﻘﺎﹰ،ﻭﻻ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﺎ ﻣﻌ‪‬ﻮﺩﹰﺍ . ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﻈﺮ ﻳ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹸ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ‪ ‬ﺒ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ِ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ﻜ ﹶ ﹸ ﱞ ِ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻧﻮﺿﺢ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﻵﻳ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻈﻬﺮﻫ‪‬ﺎ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻈﺮ‪،‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﹶِﻟﻚ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻮﺿِﻴﺢِ،ﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ‪‬ﻳﺬﻫ‪‬ﻮﻥﹶ،ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺄﻱ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﺒ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬‬ ‫٠١٢‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻝ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻤﺴ ﹸﻮﻥﹶ،ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻳﺼﺮﹸﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊ ‪‬؟‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻜ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﻓ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﻖ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻗﺺ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﳊﻮﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﲪﻞ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﻗـﺎﻝ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ:‬‫}ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺫﻛﺮ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ِﺇﺫ ﺍ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺬﺕ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻜﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺷﺮﻗ‪‬ﺎ )٦١( ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗﺨﺬﺕ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻭِﻧﻬِـﻢ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﺩ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻴ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ‪‬‬‫ﺣﺠ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺭﺳﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻤﱠﺜﻞ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺎ )٧١( ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃ ‪‬ﻮﺫ ﺑِﺎﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻚ ِﺇﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﻧ ﻋ ﹸ ‪  ِ ِ  ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻳ‬ ‫ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ﹶﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ‬‫ﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ‪‬ﺗﻘ‪‬ﺎ )٨١( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺳ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﺄﻫﺐ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺯﻛ‪‬ﺎ )٩١( ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸـﻮﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﻧ ﻜ ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﻴ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﻴ‬‫ﻟِﻲ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻤﺴﺴﻨِﻲ ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ ﻭﹶﻟﻢ ﹶﺃﻙ ‪‬ﺑﻐ‪‬ﺎ )٠٢( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ـﻮ ﻋﻠﹶـﻲ ﻫ‪‬ـ‪‬ﻴﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﻫ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ِ           ‬ﻴ‬‫ﻭِﻟ‪‬ﻨﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺁ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﻟِﻠ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭﺭﺣﻤﺔ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﻣﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﻣﻘﻀ‪‬ﺎ )١٢( ﻓﺤﻤﻠ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﺒﺬﺕ ِﺑﻪ ﻣﻜﹶﺎﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﺼِـ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﻴ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﻨ ِ ‪    ‬ﹰ ِﻨ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ِﻴ‬‫)٢٢( ﻓﺄﺟ‪‬ﺎﺀﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺨ‪‬ﺎﺽ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺟﺬﻉ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺨﻠﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻨِﻲ ﻣﺖ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﻨﺖ ‪‬ﻧﺴﻴ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ   ‬ﻴ‬ ‫ِ ﹾ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ َ ‪ ‬‬‫)٣٢( ﻓﻨ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺍﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺤِﺘﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﱠﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺤﺰ‪‬ﻧِﻲ ﻗﺪ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺤ‪‬ﺘﻚ ﺳﺮ‪‬ﺎ )٤٢( ﻭﻫ ‪‬ﻱ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ ِﺑﺠﺬﻉ‬‫ِ ِﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺰ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  ِ ‬ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﺨﻠﺔ ‪‬ﺗﺴ‪‬ﺎﻗﻂ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﺭﻃﺒ‪‬ﺎ ﺟِﻨ‪‬ﺎ )٥٢( { ]ﻣﺮﱘ : ٦١ - ٥٢[‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ِ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻴ‬‫ﻭﺍﺫﻛﺮ ﻳﺎ ﳏﻤﺪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺍﻟﺒﺘﻮﻝ ﻭﺧﱪﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﻭﻻﺩ‪‬ﺎ ﻟﻌﻴﺴﻰ ﺍﺑﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺑﲏ ﺇﺳﺮﺍﺋﻴﻞ،ﻭﻧﻔﻰ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ - .‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫٩٠٢ - ﻭﻛﻤﺎ ﰲ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺯﺍﺭ ﺃﺧﺎ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻔﻲ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤١٧٦ ( ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻫﺮ‪‬ﻳﺮﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫- - » ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺟﻼ ﺯ‪‬ﺍﺭ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﻗﺮ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﺄﺭﺻ‪‬ﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣﺪﺭﺟِﺘﻪ ﻣﻠﻜﹰﺎ ﻓﻠ ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻳﺪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹸﺃﺭِﻳﺪ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ٍ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ِ       ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶ ﻤ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪‬ﹰ ‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺎ ﻟِﻰ ﻓِﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﻳﺔ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻫﻞ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﹶ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ِﻧﻌﻤﺔ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻻ ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ‬‫ﱠ ِ ‪    ‬ﱠ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﻧ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ٍ    ِ ِ  ‬‬ ‫ِﺇﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ﻚ ِﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺪ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺒﻚ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺣ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻓِﻴﻪ «. -ﺍﳌﺪﺭﺟﺔ : ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ =ﺗﺮﺏ : ﲢﻔﻆ ﻭﺗﺮﺍﻋﻰ ﻭﺗﺮﰉ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ﱠ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬‬ ‫٠١٢ - ﺃﻳﺴﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺎﺳﲑ ﻷﺳﻌﺪ ﺣﻮﻣﺪ - )١ / ٥٤٧(‬
  • ‫ﻧﺸﺄﺕ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻛﺮﱘ ﻭﻧﺴﺐ ﺷﺮﻳﻒ،ﻭﻧﺸﺄﺕ ﻋﻔﻴﻔﺔ ﻃﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺷـﺒﺖ‬‫ﻭﺗﺮﻋﺮﻋﺖ ﲢﺖ ﻋﻨﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺭﻋﺎﻳﺘـﻪ،ﻭﺑﻠﻐﺖ ﻣﺒﻠـﻎ ﺍﻟﻨﺴـﺎﺀ ﻛـﺎﻥ ﻣﻨـﻬﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻧﺘﺒـﺬﺕ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ،ﻭﺟﻠﺴﺖ ﻭﺣﺪﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺧﻠﻮﺓ ﻟﻠﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻟﻘﻀﺎﺀ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺣﺎﺟﺎ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﻣﻜـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ )ﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺍﲣﺬ ﺍﳌﺴﻴﺤﻴﻮﻥ ﻗﺒﻠﺘﻬﻢ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻕ(.‬‫ﻭﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﰲ ﺧﻠﻮ‪‬ﺎ ﺇﺫ ﲜﱪﻳﻞ ﺭﻭﺡ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺱ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﳍﺎ ﺑﺸﺮﺍ ﺳﻮﻳﺎ ﺗﺎﻡ ﺍﳋﻠﻘﺔ ﻣﺴﺘﻮﻯ ﺍﳋﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﱂ ﻳﻨﻘﺺ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺷﻲﺀ ﰲ ﺭﺟﻮﻟﺘﻪ.‬‫ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﺗﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻗﺪ ﺍﺧﺘﺮﻕ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﺠﺎ‪‬ﺎ. ﻇﻨﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺳﻮﺀﺍ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ‪‬ﺎ ﺷـﺮﺍ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎﻟﺖ ﻟﻪ ﺇﱏ ﺃﻋﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﻣﻨﻚ ﻭﺃﻟﺘﺠﺊ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﻴﲏ ﺷﺮﻙ،ﻣﺎ ﻛﻨﺖ ﻳﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺭﺟـﻼ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻴﺎ.‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﻔﺎﻓﻬﺎ ﻭﻭﺭﻋﻬﺎ ﺣﻴﺚ ﺗﻌﻮﺫﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺗﻨﺔ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﲤﺜﻴﻠﻪ ﺑﺘﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﺑﺘﻼﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﳍﺎ ﻭﺳﱪﺍ ﻟﻌﻔﺘﻬﺎ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﳍﺎ : ﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﻧﺎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺭﺑـﻚ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﺴﺘﻌﻴﺬﻳﻦ ﺑﻪ،ﺟﺌﺖ ﻷﻫﺐ ﻟﻚ ﻏﻼﻣﺎ ﺯﻛﻴﺎ ﻃﺎﻫﺮﺍ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻣﺮﱘ : ﺃﱏ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﱄ ﻏﻼﻡ ؟ ﻭﺍﳊﺎﻝ ﺃﱏ ﱂ ﳝﺴﲏ ﺑﺸﺮ ﰲ ﺯﻭﺍﺝ ﺷﺮﻋﻲ ﻭﱂ ﺃﻙ ﺑﻐﻴـﺎ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻐﺎﻳﺎ!! ﻭﺳﺆﺍﳍﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺒﻌﺎﺩ ﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﻟﻜﻦ ﺃﺭﺍﺩﺕ ﻣﺘﻌﺠﺒـﺔ ﻛﻴـﻒ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ؟ ﻫﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺯﻭﺝ ﺗﺘﺰﻭﺟﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﺒﻞ ﺃﻡ ﳜﻠﻘﻪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺍﺑﺘﺪﺍﺀ ؟‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ : ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ )ﻭ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺃﱏ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﱄ ﻏﻼﻡ ؟ ( ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ : ﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫـﲔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺧﻠﻘﻨﺎﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺿﻊ ﻟﻨﺠﻌﻠﻪ ﺁﻳﺔ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻳﺴـﺘﺪﻟﻮﻥ ﲞﻠﻘـﻪ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻛﻤـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ،ﻭﲤﺎﻡ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻤﺔ ﻟﹼﻪ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ - .‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﲪﺔ ﻣﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﺨﻠﻖ،ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻛﻞ ﻧﱯ ﻳﻬﺪﻯ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳋﲑ،ﻭﻳﺮﺷـﺪﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼـﺮﺍﻁ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻘﻴﻢ،ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﺬﻛﻮﺭ ﺃﻣﺮﺍ ﻣﻘﻀﻴﺎ ﻭﻣﻘﺪﺭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ.‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻃﻤﺄﻧﺖ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺇﱃ ﻛﻼﻣﻪ ﻓﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ،ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﰲ ﺟﻴﺐ ﺩﺭﻋﻬﺎ ﺃﻯ ﻧﻔﺦ ﰲ ﻓﺘﺤﺔ ﻗﻤﻴﺼﻬﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺃﻋﻠﻰ،ﻭﻭﺻﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺨﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻄﻨﻬﺎ،ﻭﺗﻨﺤﺖ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﺻﺪﺓ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺎ ﻗﺼﻴﺎ ﺑﻌﻴـﺪﺍ ﻓﺄﳉﺄﻫـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺨﺎﺽ ﻣﺘﺠﻬﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺟﺬﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﻠﺔ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﺮ ﺑﻪ،ﻭﺗﻌﺘﻤﺪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺩﺓ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ :‬
  • ‫ﻳﺎ ﻟﻴﺘﲏ ﻣﺖ ﻗﺒﻞ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﺙ،ﻭﻛﻨﺖ ﺷﻴﺌﺎ ﻣﻨﺴﻴﺎ،ﺗﺮﺍﻫﺎ ﲤﻨﺖ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻈﻦ ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺀ ﰲ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﺎ،ﺃﻭ ﻳﻘﻊ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺑﺴﺒﻬﺎ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺒﻬﺘﺎﻥ.‬‫ﻓﻨﺎﺩﺍﻫﺎ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻣﻦ ﲢﺘﻬﺎ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﻲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻜﺎﻥ ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻫﺎ ﻫـﻮ ﻋﻴﺴـﻰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ،ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻫﺎ ﺑﺄﻻ ﲢﺰﱐ ﻭﻻ ﺗﺘﺄﳌﻰ.‬‫ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺁﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺧﺎﺭﻕ ﻟﻠﻌﺎﺩﺓ،ﻭﺃﻥ ﻟﹼﻪ ﰲ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ ﺷﺆﻭﻧﺎ. ﻓﻬﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺫﺍ ﻗـﺪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﻟﻚ ﺭﺑﻚ ﲢﺘﻚ ‪‬ﺮﺍ ﻳﻔﻴﺾ ﺑﺎﳌﺎﺀ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﺎﻓﺎ،ﻭﺣﺮﻛﻲ ﺟﺬﻉ ﺍﻟﻨﺨﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻴﺎﺑﺴـﺔ‬‫ﺗﺘﺴﺎﻗﻂ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﺭﻃﺒﺎ ﺟﻨﻴﺎ ﺷﻬﻴﺎ،ﺃﻟﻴﺴﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎ ؟ ﻭﺩﻟﻴﻼ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﹼـﻪ ﻣﻌـﻚ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻟﻦ ﻳﻨﺴﺎﻙ ﻳﺎ ﻣﺮﱘ،ﻓﻜﻠﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﻃﺐ ﻭﺍﺷﺮﰉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺮ ﻭﻗﺮﻯ ﻋﻴﻨﺎ،ﻭﺍﻫﺪﺋﻰ ﺑﺎﻻ،ﻭﺍﻃﻤـﺄﱐ‬‫ﻧﻔﺴﺎ ﻓﺎﻟﹼﻪ ﻣﻌﻚ،ﻭﺣﺎﻓﻈﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﺣﺪﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺮﺍﺽ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻓﻼ ﺗﻜﻠﻤﻴﻪ،ﻭﻗﻮﱄ : ﺇﱏ ﻧﺬﺭﺕ ﻟﻠﺮﲪﻦ ﺻﻮﻣﺎ ﻭﺳﻜﻮﺗﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻓﻠﻦ ﺃﻛﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺇﻧﺴـﺎﻧﺎ‬ ‫١١٢‬ ‫ﺑﻞ ﺳﺄﻟﻜﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻭﺃﻧﺎﺟﻰ ﺭﰊ - ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ - .‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭ‪‬ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﻋﻤﺮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ﹶﺃﺣﺼ‪‬ﻨﺖ ﻓﺮﺟ‪‬ﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﻨﻔﺨﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴـﻪ ﻣِـﻦ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻨ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ ِ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﺪﻗﺖ ِﺑﻜﻠﻤ‪‬ﺎﺕ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﻛﹶﺎ‪‬ﻧﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎِ