الإيمان بالملائكة و بيان صفاتهم

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الإيمان بالملائكة و بيان صفاتهم

  1. 1. ‫ن‬ ‫א‬ ‫و ن‬ ‫‬ ‫אد‬ ‫ و‬ ‫ن وא‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫د‬ ‫א‬ ‫א و‬ ‫א‬ ‫م ‪J‬‬ ‫‪EE‬‬ ‫دא א‬ ‫‪FF‬‬‫‪EE‬‬ ‫قא‬ ‫‪FF‬‬
  2. 2. ‫ﺑﺴﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺮﲪﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ، ﻭﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﻴﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ ،ﻭﻋﻠـﻰ ﺁﻟـﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﺤﺒﻪ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ .‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ :‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺭﻛﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺁﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪ ‬ـﻮﻝ‬‫‪  ‬ﺮﺳ ﹸ‬‫ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻧﺰﻝ ِﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺁﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟ ﹼﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻭﻛﺘﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻔ ‪‬ﻕ ﺑ‪‬ـﻴﻦ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ ﹸ ﱞ ‪  ‬ﻠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ‪ ِ ِ    ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶﺮ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﺃ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﺭﺑ ِ‬‫ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﺳﻠﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺳﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻃﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺭ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭِﺇﹶﻟﻴ‪‬ـﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼِـﲑ{ )٥٨٢( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪ ٍ ‬ﻣ ﺭ ‪  ِ ِ ‬ﻟ ‪   ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﺑ ‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻟﻔﺖ ﻛﺘﺐ ﻛﺜﲑﺓ ﰲ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ،ﻗﺪﳝﺎ ﻭﺣﺪﻳﺜﺎ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﳘﻬﺎ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ )) ﻋـﺎﱂ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻷﺑﺮﺍﺭ (( ﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﺳﻠﻴﻤﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﺷﻘﺮ ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﻧﺎﻓﻊ ، ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﻘﺺ ﻧﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ‬ ‫‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻮﺿﻮﻉ . ﻭﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻏﲑ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ...‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﻛﺘﺎﰊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻠﻤﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ :‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ= ﻣﺎ ﻳﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ‪‬ﻢ...‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ= ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﳋﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﳋ ﹸﻘﻴﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ = ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ...‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺑﻊ= ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳋﺎﻣﺲ= ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺩﺱ = ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ...‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻊ= ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺳﻊ= ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺷﺮ=ﺗﻔﻀﻴﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ ....‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳊﺎﺩﻱ ﻋﺸﺮ= ﺳ ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ....‬ ‫‪‬ﺐ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ ﻋﺸﺮ= ﺃﻭﺟﻪ ﺍﻻﺧﺘﻼﻑ ﺑﲔ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺎﻃﲔ‬
  3. 3. ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ ﻋﺸﺮ=ﲦﺮﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﲢﺖ ﻛﻞ ﻣﺒﺤﺚ ﻣﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻋﺪﻳﺪﺓ ...‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﲨﻌﺖ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻨﺎﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺣﻮﻝ ﺍﻹﳝـﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜـﺔ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﺃﻋﻤﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻋﻼﻗﺘﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻹﻧﺲ ....‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ﻭﳐﺮﺟﺔ ، ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﺡ ﺑﺸﻜﻞ ﳐﺘﺼﺮ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﺣﺎﺩﻳﺚ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻣﺸﻜﻠﺔ ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺟﺘﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺳـﻴﺔ ﻣﺒﺎﺷـﺮﺓ ،‬ ‫ﻭﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺣﻜﻢ ﻛﻞ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺑﺬﻳﻠﻪ ﰲ ﺍﳍﺎﻣﺶ ، ﻭﻏﺎﻟﺒﻬﺎ ﺗﺪﻭﺭ ﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺔ ﻭﺍﳊﺴﻦ .‬ ‫ﰒ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺍﳌﺼﺎﺩﺭ ﺑﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ .‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺄﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﻔﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻛﺎﺗﺒﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﺭﺋﻪ ﻭﻧﺎﺷﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺍﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺭﻳﻦ .‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﻋﺪ ‪‬ﺍ ﱢ ﹼﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭﺟﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻭﻣِﻴﻜﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺈ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﹼـﻪ ﻋ‪‬ـﺪ ‪‬‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻭ ﻟﻠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶِ ِ ‪  ِ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِﻥ ﻠ ‪ ‬ﻭ‬ ‫ﱢﻠﻜﹶﺎﻓﺮِﻳﻦ{ )٨٩( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ .‬ ‫ﻟﹾ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﲨﻌﻪ ﻭﺃﻋﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺣﺚ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺑﻦ ﻧﺎﻳﻒ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻮﺩ‬ ‫٣ ﺭﺟﺐ ٠٣٤١ ﻫـ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻝ ٦٢/٦ /٩٠٠٢ ﻡ‬
  4. 4. ‫‪@ Þëþa@szj½a‬‬ ‫‪@ @áèi@æb¹⁄bi@ÕÜÈní@bß‬‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﲤﻬﻴﺪ‬‫ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺃﺭﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺼﺢ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻪ ﻭﻳﺘﻀﻤﻦ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩﻫﻢ،ﻭﻣﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳋِﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍ ﹸﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻣﻜﺎﻧﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﻭﻇﺎﺋﻔﻬﻢ، ﻭﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﺋﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﳋ‬‫ﻟﺮ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﳍﻢ ﻣﻘﺎﻣﺎﺕ ﳐﺘﻠﻔﺔ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﻟﻜﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻘـﺎﻡ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ،ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻣـﻮﻥ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱟ‬‫ﺑﺘﺪﺑﲑ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ،ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﲪﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻮﺣﻲ ﺍﻹﳍﻲ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻞ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸـﺮ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ،ﻭﳍﻢ ﺻﻼﺕ ﲪﻴﻤﺔ ﻣﻊ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺴﻠﻄﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﻓﺮﻳﻦ ﻟﻴﱰﻝ ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺷﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻘﻮﺑﺎﺕ،ﻭﻫﻢ ﺟﻨﺪ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺃﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻋﺔ،ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ .‬ ‫===============‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﱐ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ؟‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﻌﺮِﻳﻒ ‪‬ﻢ:‬ ‫‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟﻤﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ِﺑﻔ‪‬ﺘﺤ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻴﻦ ، ﻭﻫﻮ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻗِﻴﻞ : ﻣﺨﻔﻒ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻚ ، ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ٍ  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ‪   ِ    ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺴ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻲ : ﹶﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﻣﺄﹶﻟﻚ ِﺑﺘ‪‬ﻘﺪﱘ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻤﺰﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﹸﻮﻙ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺮﺳ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔ ، ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﻠ‪‬ﺒﺖ ﻭﻗﺪﻣﺖ ﺍﻟـﻼﻡ‬‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ِ ‪ُْ  ِ ِ   ‬ﻟ ِ ‪   ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻭﻗِﻴﻞ : ﹶﺃﺻﻠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ِﺑﻔ‪‬ﺘﺢ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ : ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﺧﺬ ِﺑﻘﻮﺓ ، ﻭﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﻞ ﻭﺯِﻧﻪ ﻣﻔﻌ‪‬ـﻞ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﺮﻛﹶـﺖ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹾ ﹲ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻜ ٍ ‪  َْ   ‬ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ٍ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻬﻤﺰﺓ ِﻟﻜﹾﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﻻﺳِﺘﻌﻤ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻊ ، ﻭﺯِﻳﺪﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺇ ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻠﻤﺒ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻐﺔ ﻭِﺇ ‪‬ـﺎ ِﻟ‪‬ﺘﺄﻧِﻴـﺚ‬‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ُ ِ   ِ  ‬ﻣ ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﻣ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹸ ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ‬‬ ‫١‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻊ‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫١ - ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ، ﻭﺗﺎﺝ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﻭﺱ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺎﻣﻮﺱ ﺍﶈﻴﻂ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٦٠٣ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ .‬
  5. 5. ‫ﻭﻓِﻲ ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻼﺡ : ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﻚ ﺟﺴﻢ ﹶﻟﻄِﻴﻒ ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍِﻧﻲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺸ ﱠﻞ ِﺑﺄﺷ‪‬ـﻜﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﹶـﺔ ، ﻭﻣﺴ‪‬ـﻜ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ٍ ‪  ٍ ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻧ ‪ ‬ﻜ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫٢‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ .‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺃ - ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ :‬ ‫ِْ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ : ﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪ ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﺘﺤﺮِﻳﻚ ، ﻭ ‪‬ـﻢ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ـﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ ،‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ   ِ   ِ ‬ﻫ ‪ ‬ﻨ‬ ‫ﱡ‪  ِ‬ﹸ ﻨ ِ‬ ‫ِْ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ‪‬ﻳﻘ‪‬ﺘﻀِﻲ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﻔﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﺣﺸﻲ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ‪‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﺴﻲ ﻭﻭﺣﺸﻲ٣ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻨ ‪ ‬ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ    ‬‬ ‫ِْ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺮﺝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻼﺣﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ    ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﱡ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺮﻕ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ : ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺧﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ، ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ،‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ِْ ِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ‬ﻘ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻌ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻄِﻴ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : }ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺍ‪‬ﺗﺨﺬ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ﻭﹶﻟﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﺑﻞ ﻋﺒ‪‬ـﺎﺩ‬‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪‬ﹶ ‪      ‬ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ﹶ ﱠ‪  ‬ﻌ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻣﻜﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻥ{ )٦٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ، ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ .‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِْ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺏ - ﺍﹾﻟﺠ ‪: ‬‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ : ﺧﻼﻑ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺲ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ : ﺍﹾﻟﻮ‪‬ﺍﺣﺪﺓ ﻣﻦ‪ ‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ، ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﻫ‪‬ـﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻫﻠ‪‬ـﺔ‬‫ِِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﹸ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﱡ‬ ‫ﱡ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ِْ ‬‬ ‫ِ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺴ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺟ‪‬ﺎ ﻻﺳِﺘﺘ‪‬ﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﻮﻥ ، ‪‬ﻳﻘﹶﺎﻝ : ﺟﻦ ﺍﻟﻠﻴ‪‬ﻞ : ِﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﺮ .ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺨ‪‬ـﺮﺝ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫‪‬ﻤ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِﻨ ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ِ ‬ﻴ ِ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻻﺻﻄﻼﺣﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﻮﻱ .ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﺼﻠﺔ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻛ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ﻗﻮﺓ‬‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﹸﻠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪   ِ  ‬ﱡ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫٤‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘﺸ ﱡﻞ ِﺑﺄﺷﻜﹶﺎﻝ ﻣﺨ‪‬ﺘﻠﻔﺔ .‬ ‫‪‬ﻜ ﹶ ‪ ِ   ٍ ‬ﹶ ٍ‬‫ﻓﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﻣﻜﺮﻣﻮﻥ،ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺭ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - »‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻘﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺻﻒ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ «٥..‬ ‫ﱡ ِ ‪ِ    ِ  ٍ  ِ ٍ ِ ‬ﻤ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺗﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﺩﺍﺋﻢ ﻭﻳﺪﺑﺮﻭﻥ ﺷﺌﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺮﻃﻮﻥ .‬ ‫ٍ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻋِﻨﺪ‪ ‬ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ*{‬ ‫ِ ‪   ‬ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ‬‫)٨٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺼﻠﺖ، ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِـﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﻗ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻌﺮﻳﻔﺎﺕ ﻟﻠﺠﺮﺟﺎﱐ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٦٠٣ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ - ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ، ﻭﻓﻴﺾ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٤ / ٦ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓـﺔ -‬ ‫ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ، ﻭﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﻷﻛﱪ ﺹ ٠٢ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺑﻴﺔ - ﺑﲑﻭﺕ .‬ ‫٣ - ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ ١ / ٦١٣ ، ﻭﺍﳌﺼﺒﺎﺡ ﺍﳌﻨﲑ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺮﻭﻕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻠﻐﺔ ﺹ ٧٢٢ .‬‫٤ - ﻟﺴﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ، ﻭﳐﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺡ ، ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻴﺎﺕ ٢ / ٦٦١ ، ﻭﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻀﺎﻭﻱ ٤ / ٥٢٢ ﻁ ﺍﳌﻜﺘﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺠﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﱪﻯ‬ ‫.‬ ‫٥ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٨٦٧ ( -ﺍﳌﺎﺭﺝ : ﳍﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻂ ﺑﺴﻮﺍﻫﺎ‬
  6. 6. ‫ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪ ‬ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ.‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫==============‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺚ‬ ‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﺭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻘِﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥﹸ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : }ﺁﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ِﺑﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹸﻧﺰﻝ‬‫‪  ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﺃ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ‬ ‫ِ ‪  ِْ ِ   ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ِ ِْ‬‫ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣِﻦ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣ‪‬ﻨﻮﻥ ﻛﻞ ﺁﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻶِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻻ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺮﻕ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ‪‬ﻦ ﺭﺳﻠﻪ‬‫ِ ‪ ِ   ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﱞ ‪  ‬ﹼ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ٍ    ‬ﻣ ‪ِ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﺳﻤﻌﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻃﻌ‪‬ﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻏﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼﲑ{ )٥٨٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ ، ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹸﹾ ‪ ِ     ‬‬‫: }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻨﻮﹾﺍ ﺁﻣِ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ‪‬ﻧﺰ‪‬ﻝ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺍﱠﻟﺬﻱ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ِ ِ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻨ ﹼ ِ ‪ ‬ﺳ ِ ِ ِ‬‫ﺃﹶﻧﺰﻝ ﻣِﻦ ﻗ‪‬ﺒﻞ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻜﻔﺮ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻓﻘﺪ ﺿﻞ ﺿﻼﻻ ‪‬ﺑﻌِﻴﺪ‪‬ﺍ{‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹼ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ ِ ِ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ‬ ‫)٦٣١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ.‬‫ﻭﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺁﻟﻪ ﻭﺳـﻠﻢ : ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ: ﻳ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤ ‪ ،‬ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺗ‪‬ﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﷲِ، ﻭﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺘِـﻪِ، ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘﺒِـﻪ‬‫‪‬ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﺪ ‪ ِ ِ ِ ِ   ‬ﹸ‬ ‫٦‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪِ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﹾﺂﺧﺮِ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ ﻭﺷﺮﻩ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﺻﺪﻗﺖ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ِ   ِِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﻓﻮ ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺛﹶﺎِﺑﺖ ﺑِﺎﻟﺪﻟِﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻄﻌﻲ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻱ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻤﻜﻦ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳﻠﺤﻘﻪ ﺷﻚ ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻨ‪‬ـﺎ ﻛﹶـﺎﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹾ ﹾ ‪‬ﹶ‪  ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺟ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪‬‬‫ِﺇ ‪‬ﻧﻜﹶﺎﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ﻮﺩﻫﻢ ﻛﻔﺮ‪‬ﺍ ِﺑﺈﺟﻤ‪‬ﺎﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﻠﻤﲔ ، ﺑ‪‬ﻞ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﻨﺺ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﺁﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﱠـﺖ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﹾ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻵ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻘﺔ٧ .‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ْ ﹸ ﺴ ﹶ ﹸ‬ ‫٦ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٠١(‬‫٧ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻄﺤﺎﻭﻳﺔ ٢ / ١٠٤ ﻁ ﻣﺆﺳﺴﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟﺔ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٦٠٣ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ - ﺑﲑﻭﺕ ، ﻭﺇﻏﺎﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ ٢ / ٠٢١ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﻁ ﻣﺼﻄﻔﻰ ﺍﳊﻠﱯ .‬
  7. 7. ‫‪@ ïãbrÛa@szj½a‬‬ ‫•‪@ òØöý½a@pbÐ‬‬ ‫‪Ž‬‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻻ ﻳﺼﻞ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻞ ﺍ‪‬ﺮﺩ،ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﳌﻌﺮﻓﺘـﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫.‬ ‫ﻫﻮ ﺍﳋﱪ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻕ ﻋﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺃﻭ ﻋﻦ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﺑﻮﺟﻮﺩ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳋﹶﻠﻘﻴﺔ ﻭﺍ ﹸﻠﻘﻴﺔ :‬ ‫ﳋ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻄﻠﺐ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺻﻔﺎ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﳋﻠﻘ‪‬ﺔ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ِﻴ ِ‬ ‫١( ﺃﻭﻟﻮ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺔ :‬‫ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺔ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﺪ ِﻟﱠـﻪ ﻓﹶـﺎﻃﺮ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِِ ﺴ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻋﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺭﺳﻠﺎ ﹸﻭﻟِﻲ ﹶﺃﺟِﻨﺤﺔ ﻣﹾﺜﻨ‪‬ﻰ ﻭﹸﺛﻠﹶﺎﺙ ﻭﺭﺑ‪‬ﺎﻉ ‪‬ﻳﺰِﻳﺪ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻠﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺸ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪   ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ ِ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹰ ﺃ‬ ‫ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻗﺪِﻳﺮ{ )١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺎﻃﺮ .‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱢ ‪ ٍ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻭﳑﻦ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺘﻪ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﺍﻟﺸ‪‬ﻴﺒ‪‬ﺎِﻧﻰ‪ ‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﺄﹾﻟﺖ ﺯ ‪‬ﺍ ﻋﻦ ﻗﻮِﻟﻪ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﺭ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ِ‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ ) ﻓﻔﻜﹶﺎﻥ ﻗﹶﺎﺏ ﻗﻮﺳ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃﻭ ﹶﺃﺩﻧ‪‬ﻰ )٩( ﻓﺄﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪﻩ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻭﺣ‪‬ﻰ )٠١( ]ﺍﻟﻨﺠﻢ : ٩‬ ‫‪ ِِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫٨‬ ‫- ١١[ ( ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ - - ﺭﺃﹶﻯ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﺟﻨ‪‬ﺎﺡ .‬ ‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ٍ  ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪    ‬ﱠِ ﱠ ‪  ‬‬ ‫٢( ﻗﺪﺭﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺸﺮ :‬‫ﻭﻫﺐ ﺍﷲ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﺑﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﰲ ﻗﺼﺔ ﻣﺮﱘ ﺍﻟﻌﺬﺭﺍﺀ }ﻓﹶﺎ‪‬ﺗﺨﺬﺕ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻭِﻧﻬﻢ ﺣﺠ‪‬ﺎﺑ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺄﺭﺳ‪‬ﻠﻨ‪‬ﺎ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻭﺣﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻓ‪‬ﺘﻤﱠﺜﻞ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﺭ ‪ ‬ﹶ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺩ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬‫‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺎ{ )٧١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺮﱘ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﻗﺼﺔ ﺿﻴﻒ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺴـﻼﻡ‬ ‫‪ِ  ‬ﻳ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺟﺂﺀﻭﻩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺑﺸﺮ }ﻫﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻒ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻜﺮﻣﲔ{ )٤٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺭﻳﺎﺕ.ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﺩﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻠﱯ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ. ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬﺪ ‪،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﹸﺃ‪‬ﻧِﺒﹾﺌﺖ ؛ﹶﺃﻥ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ‪،‬ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ،ﻭﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔﹶ،ﻓﺠﻌﻞ‬‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻡ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻱ ﹶ‬ ‫٨ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٥٨٤ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٠٥٤(‬
  8. 8. ‫ﻷﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ : ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ،ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ : ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫ُ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺤﺪ ﹸ،ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻡ‪،‬ﻓﻘﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺙ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺩﺣ‪‬ﻴ ﹸ،ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﹸﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ : ﺍ‪‬ﻳﻢ ﺍﷲِ،ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺣﺴ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘﻪ ِﺇﻻ ِﺇ‪‬ﺎ ‪،‬ﺣ‪‬ﺘﻰ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﺧﻄ‪‬ﺒﺔ ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻲ ﺍﷲ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺒِـﺮ‬‫‪ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ﻳ ﻩ ‪   ِ  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﺔ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﹶﺃﻭ ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ.ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻠ‪‬ﻴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻤﻲ : ﻓﻘﻠﺖ ﻷﺑِﻲ ﻋﹾﺜﻤ‪‬ﺎﻥ : ﻣﻤﻦ ﺳﻤﻌﺖ ﻫ‪‬ـﺬﹶﺍ ؟‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹸ ﹾ ‪  َ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪  ِ   ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫٩‬ ‫ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻣﻦ ﹸﺃﺳ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺯ‪‬ﻳﺪ..‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮٍ،ﹶﺃﻥ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ:ﻋﺮﺽ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻷ‪‬ﻧِﺒﻴ‪‬ﺎ ُ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻮﺳ‪‬ﻰ ﺿﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟ‪‬ﺎﻝِ،ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻧﻪ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ َ ‬ﺀ ﹶِ ﻣ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪‬ﺳ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺭﺟ‪‬ﺎﻝ ﺷ‪‬ﻮﺀﺓﹶ،ﻭﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﻋِﻴﺴ‪‬ﻰ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺮ‪‬ﻳﻢ‪،‬ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ‬‫‪   ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻡ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪     ِ      ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ ‬ﻨ َ ‪  ‬‬‫‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴ‪ ‬ﻮﺩٍ،ﻭﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ‪،‬ﺻﻠﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪِ،ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺻ‪‬ﺎﺣ‪‬ﺒﻜﻢ‪،‬ﻳﻌﻨِﻲ‬ ‫ِ ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ ِ      ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻌ ‪ ‬‬‫‪‬ﻧﻔﺴ ‪،‬ﻭﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞﹶ،ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼ ‪،‬ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﹶﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺖ ِﺑﻪ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺩﺣ‪‬ﻴﺔ.)ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴـﻠﻢ (٠١-‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻡ ﹶِ ﹾ ‪  َِ  ِ      ‬ﹸ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪‬ﻪ ‪ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻳﻌﲏ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻳﺸﺒﻬﻪ ﺣﲔ ﻳﺘﻤﺜﻞ ﰲ ﺻﻮﺭﺗﻪ ﺍﻵﺩﻣﻴﺔ .‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺣﺪﹶﺛﻨِﻰ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﻋﻤﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ ﱠﺎﺏ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - -‬ ‫‪  ِ  ‬ﺳ ِ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪    ‬ﻄ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺫﹶﺍﺕ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ِﺇﺫ ﻃﻠﻊ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﺭﺟﻞ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ ‪‬ﺑﻴ‪‬ﺎﺽ ﺍﻟﱢﺜﻴ‪‬ﺎﺏ ﺷﺪِﻳﺪ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻋﻠﻴ‪‬ـﻪ ﹶﺃﺛﹶـﺮ‬‫‪‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ٍ  ‬ﹾ ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹲ ‪ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﺮ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ﺟﻠﺲ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ - - ﻓﺄﺳ‪‬ﻨﺪ ﺭﻛ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺭﻛ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻭﻭﺿﻊ‬‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ ‪   ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬ﻨ ‪  ‬ﺘ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﻛﻔ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻓﺨﺬ‪‬ﻳﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﹶﺃﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ. ﻓﻘﹶـﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ـﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ - - »‬ ‫ﹶ ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ِ       ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ‬‫ﺍﻹﺳ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺸﻬﺪ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻻ ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‪‬ﺍ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﻘِﻴﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺆِﺗﻰ ﺍﻟﺰﻛﹶـﺎﺓ‬‫ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪   ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ﱠ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪   ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﺗ ‪‬ﻮﻡ ﺭﻣﻀ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺤﺞ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ِﺇﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻄﻌﺖ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺳﺒِﻴﻼ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﻌﺠ‪‬ﺒﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﺄﹸﻟﻪ‬‫ﹶ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺼ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ    ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹰ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺼﺪﻗﻪ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﳝ‪‬ﺎﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻣﻼِﺋﻜِﺘﻪ ﻭﻛ‪‬ﺘِﺒﻪ ﻭﺭﺳﻠﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻴ‪‬ـﻮﻡ‬‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ِ ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ ‬ﱠ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ ‪ِ ِ  ‬‬‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻭ‪‬ﺗﺆﻣﻦ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭ ﺧ‪‬ﻴﺮﻩ ﻭﺷﺮﻩ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺻﺪﻗﺖ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺣﺴ‪‬ﺎﻥ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ  ِ ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹾ‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ِ   ِِ  ِ ‬‬‫‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻛﺄ‪‬ﻧﻚ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻓﺈﻥ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﺗﻜﻦ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﺍﻩ ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺮ‪‬ﺍﻙ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪ ِ   ‬ﺴ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶِ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪  ‬ﹶِ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﹸﻮﻝ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎ ِﺑﺄﻋﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻞ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻓﺄﺧِﺒﺮﻧِﻰ ﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﻣ‪‬ﺎﺭِﺗﻬ‪‬ﺎ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﻠﺪ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺭ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﺘﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹾ ِ ‪َ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﹶ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺌ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﺴ ِ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻔﹶﺎﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺮ‪‬ﺍﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﺎﹶﻟﺔ ﺭﻋ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﺀ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻄﹶﺎﻭﹸﻮﻥ ﻓِﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻨﻴ‪‬ﺎﻥ «. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹸﺛﻢ ﺍ‪‬ﻧﻄﻠﻖ ﻓﻠِﺒﹾﺜﺖ ﻣﻠ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶﹶ ‪ِ ‬ﻴ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ َ ﺸ ِ ‪‬ﻟ ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫٩ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٤٣٦٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٩٦٤٦ (‬‫٠١ - ﺍﳌﺴﻨﺪ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ - )٤ / ٩٩٦( )٠٣٩٢( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )١٤٤ ( -ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺏ : ﺍﳋﻔﻴﻒ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻢ ﺍﳌﻤﺸﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺪﻕ‬
  9. 9. ‫ﹸﺛﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻟِﻰ » ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻤﺮ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺪﺭِﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺋﻞ «. ﻗﻠﺖ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺭ ‪‬ﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ. ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻓﺈ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳـﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬ ‫‪ ِ     ‬ﺴ ﹸ ﹸ ﹾ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﺳ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻛﻢ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻜﻢ ﺩِﻳ‪‬ﻨﻜﻢ «١١.‬ ‫ﹸ ‪ ‬ﱢ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫٣( ﻻ ﻳﻨﺎﳍﻢ ﺳﺄﻡ ﻭﻻ ﻋﺠﺰ ﻭﻻ ﻓﺘﻮﺭ ﰲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ‪‬ﻢ :‬‫ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠﻪ ﻫﻲ‪ ‬ﻋﻼﻗﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ﻮﺩ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺨ‪‬ﺎِﻟﺼﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻻﻣِﺘﺜﹶﺎﻝ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺨ ‪‬ﻮﻉ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻄﻠﹶـﻖ‬‫‪‬ﻀ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ‬ﻄ ‪ ِ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ‪‬ﺒ ِ ِ‬‫ﻷﻭ‪‬ﺍﻣﺮﻩ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟ‪‬ﻞ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ : }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻗﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ﹸ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬ ‫َِ ِ ِ ِ ‪  ‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{‬ ‫ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺻﻔﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺑﺄ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ـﺎﻟﹶﻰ :‬ ‫ﱠ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ  ‬‬‫}ِﺇﻥ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻋِﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ‪‬ﻳﺴﺠ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{ )٦٠٢( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ِ  ‬ﺤ ‪    ‬ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻋﺮﺍﻑ .‬ ‫٢١‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻘﻄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺩ‪‬ﺍِﺋﻤ‪‬ﺎ ِﻟﻌﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺓ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻃﹶﺎﻋﺔ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻩِ، ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻵ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻘ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻴﻦ .‬ ‫ْ ِ ﺴ ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ِ ِ ﱠِ ‪ ِ  ِ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﹶ ِﻌ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺴ‪‬ﺒﻊ ﻣﻮﺿِـﻊ‬‫ِ ‪  ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ  ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬‫ﻗﺪﻡ ، ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﺮ ، ﻭ‪‬ﻻ ﻛﻒ ، ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺭ‪‬ﺍﻛِﻊ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶِ ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ٍِ‬ ‫ﹶ ٍِ‬‫‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻴ‪‬ﺎﻣﺔ ، ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﺟﻤِﻴﻌ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﺤ‪‬ﺎ‪‬ﻧﻚ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺣﻖ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻚ ، ﺇِﻻ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﻟﻢ ‪‬ﻧﺸﺮﻙ ِﺑﻚ ﺷ‪‬ﻴﺌﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﻧ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ     ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫٣١‬ ‫.‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺻﻔﻮ‪‬ﺍﻥ ‪‬ﺑﻦِ ﻣﺤﺮﺯٍ، ﹶﺃﻥ ﺣﻜِﻴﻢ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺣﺰ‪‬ﺍﻡ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻊ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪ ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ‬‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬ﱠ ‪ ٍ ِ   ‬ﹶ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ: ﻫﻞ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ: ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲِ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ ٍ    ِ   ‬ﺳ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬‫: ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﻟﺄﺳﻤﻊ ﹶﺃﻃِﻴﻂ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﻗﺪﻡ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ‬‫‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍ ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻧ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫٤١‬ ‫ﺇ ‪‬ﺎ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟ ‪ ،‬ﻭِﺇ ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ‬ ‫ﻣ ِﺪ ‪ ‬ﻣ ‪‬‬ ‫١١ - ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٠١ ( -ﺍ ُﻧﻒ : ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺄﻧﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻯ ﱂ ﻳﺴﺒﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻗﺪﺭ -ﻳﺘﻘﻔﺮ : ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﻭﻳﺘﺘﺒﻊ ﻭﳚﻤﻊ‬ ‫ﻷ‬ ‫٢١ - ﺇﻏﺎﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻔﺎﻥ ٢ / ٢٢١ .‬ ‫٣١ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٢ / ٥٥٢( )٠٣٧١( ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ ) ٩٥٠١( ﺣﺴﻦ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬ ‫٤١ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ - )٣ / ٧٦١( )٤٣١١ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬
  10. 10. ‫: ِﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﹶﺃﻃﺖ ﻭﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ﻣ‪‬ـﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ ‪ َ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻲ ﺫ ‪ ،‬ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬‫ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻊ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻭﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ ، ﻭ‪‬ﺍﷲ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻀﺤﻜ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﻜ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻢ‬‫ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫٥١‬ ‫ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻟﹶﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺄ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﷲ ‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬‬‫ﻓﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻛﺜﲑﻭ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ﲪﺪﺍ ﻭﺗﺴﺒﻴﺤﺎ ﻭﺗﱰﻳﻬﺎ ﻭﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﻷﻭﺍﻣﺮﻩ ﺩﻭﻥ ﻛﻠﻞ‬‫ٍ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺃﻭ ﻣﻠﻞ، ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﹶﻟﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﻨﺪﻩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﻜِﺒ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ‬‫‪‬‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ‪   ِ    ِ ‬ﹾ ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪ ‬‬ ‫ٍ‬‫ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩِﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺘﺤﺴ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٩١( ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٠٢( {]ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴـﺎﺀ/٩١-‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺤ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ‬ ‫ِ ‪ِ    ِ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫٠٢[‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ‪‬ﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻴﻊ،ﱂ ﲣﺮﺝ ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﱰﻟﺘﻬﻢ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻧـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻳﺪﻳﻨﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻮﻻﺀ ﻭﻳﺘﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ : » ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻬﺎﺭ ﻻ‬ ‫‪‬ﺤ ﹶ ﱠ ﹶ ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﻔ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻭﻥ «.. ﺇ‪‬ﻢ ﰱ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ ﻣﺘﻄﻠﺔ،ﻭﺫﻛﺮ ﻟﹼﻪ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻨﻪ!‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﹾﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﻫﻨﺎ،ﻫﻮ : ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭﺍﱏ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺧﻠﻘـﻮﺍ ﻣﻨـﻪ،ﻭﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﺒﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﺋﻤﺔ،ﻓﻠﻢ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﻮﻑ ؟ ﻭﱂ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳋﺸﻴﻪ ؟ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﻳﻘـﻮﻝ‬‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ﺍﻟﺮﻋ‪‬ﺪ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪﻩ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺧِﻴﻔِﺘﻪ « )٣١ : ﺍﻟﺮﻋﺪ( ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﹶﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫‪ِِ       ‬‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ،ﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻟﻘﺮ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ،ﻭﻟﻜﻤﺎﻝ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺘﻬﻢ ﲟﺎﻟﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌـﺎﱃ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﻭﻛﻤﺎﻝ ـ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻋﺒﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﻻﺀ ﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺍﻧﻘﻴﺎﺩﺍ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﻓﻨﺎﺀ ﻓﻴﻪ .. ﻓﻤﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﹼـﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﺮﻑ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺃﺧﻮﻑ،ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳉﻼﻟﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻪ ﺃﺭﻫﺐ.!‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ِﺇ‪‬ﻤﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺨﺸ‪‬ﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﻪ ﻣِـﻦ ﻋِﺒـﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻠﹶﻤـﺎﺀ «.. ﻓﺎﻟﻌﻠﻤـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ِِ ‪ُ ‬‬ ‫ﻠ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﻧ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﹼﻪ،ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺭﻓﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ،ﻫﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺧﺸﻴﺔ ﻟﻪ،ﻭﻭﻻﺀ ﻟﺬﺍﺗﻪ .. ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﳑﺎ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٦١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻄﺎﻧﻪ،ﻭﻋﻈﻤﺘﻪ ..‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﺳ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﻓﹶﺎﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻋِﻨﺪ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻟﹶﻪ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‪‬ﻴﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨﻬ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭ ‪‬ـﻢ ﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬ﻫ ‪‬‬ ‫‪    ‬ﺤ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶِ ِ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﺮ‬ ‫‪‬ﻳﺴﺄ ‪‬ﻮﻥ { )٨٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻓﺼﻠﺖ.‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻣ ﹶ‬ ‫٥١ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﻣﺸﻜﻞ ﺍﻵﺛﺎﺭ - )٣ / ٨٦١( )٥٣١١( ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫٦١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٩ / ٨٥٨(‬
  11. 11. ‫ﺃﻱ ﺇﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﱪ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﺃﺑﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻄﻮﺍ ﻭﻻﺀﻫﻢ ﺧﺎﻟﺼـﺎ ﻣﻄﻠﻘـﺎ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻪ،ﻓﺎﻟﹼﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰱ ﻏﲎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ،ﻭﺇﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻜﺒﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺳـﻴﻮﻗﻌﻬﻢ ﲢـﺖ ﻏﻀـﺐ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﺮﺟﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻗﺎﺭﺍ،ﻭﻻ ﳜﺸﻮﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺄﺳﺎ .. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺿﻼﻝ ﻣﺒﲔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ،ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﻔﺎﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺑﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺑﺄﺱ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ .. ﻓﺎﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻗﺮﺏ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ ـ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﳌﻘﺮﺑﻮﻥ ـ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﺎ ﳜﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﻑ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺧﺸﻴﺘﻪ ﳊﻈﺔ ﻭﺍﺣﺪﺓ،ﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻭﺧﺸﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﻟﹼﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﻗﺮ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻨﻪ .. ﻓﻜﻠﻤﺎ ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﻗﺮﺑﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﺯﺩﺍﺩﻭﺍ ﺧﻮﻓﺎ ﻭﺧﺸﻴﺔ،ﻷ‪‬ﻢ ﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻼﻝ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ،ﻭﻳﺸﻬﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻈﻤﺘـﻪ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﺗـﻪ ﻣـﺎﻻ‬ ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻳﺸﻬﺪﻩ ﻏﲑﻫﻢ .. ﻭﺇﻧﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺪﺭ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮﺩ،ﺗﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﳋﺸﻴﺔ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻮﻻﺀ،ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﻓﻬـﻢ‬‫ﻳﺴﺒﺤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ،ﰱ ﺻﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺘﺼﻠﺔ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﺔ،» ﻻ ﻳﺴﺄﻣﻮﻥ « ﻣـﻦ ﻫـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺘﺴـﺒﻴﺢ،ﻭﻻ‬‫ﳝﹼﻮﻥ،ﺑﻞ ﻳﺰﺩﺍﺩﻭﻥ ﻣﻊ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﺒﻴﺢ ﻧﺸﺎﻃﺎ ﻭﻗﻮﺓ،ﳌﺎ ﳚﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻟﺬﺓ ﻭﺭﺿﺎ ‪‬ـﺬﺍ ﺍﻟـﺬﻛﺮ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٧١‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺘﺼﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻻ ﻳﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﺑﻪ ﺃﻧﺴﻬﻢ ﻭﺣﺒﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﰱ ﻣﻨﺎﺟﺎﺓ ﺭ‪‬ﻢ ..‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﺣﻜِﻴﻢ ﺑﻦ ﺣﺰ‪‬ﺍﻡٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﻨﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﺃﺻﺤ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻪِ،ِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ : ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ  ‬‬‫ﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ؟ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ : ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧﺴﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻲﺀٍ،ﻗﹶﺎﻝ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﻷﺳﻤﻊ ﹶﺃﻃِﻴﻂ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ـﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀِ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ـﻼﻡ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫‪ ‬ﺗ ‪ ‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪    ِ ‬ﹶ ﻧ َ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺴ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٨١‬ ‫‪‬ﺗِﺌ ﱠ،ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺷ‪‬ﺒﺮ ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻣﻠﻚ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻢ ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﺍﱐ.‬ ‫‪  ٍ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ‪‬ﹶ ‪   ِ ‬‬ ‫ﻂ ‪‬‬ ‫٤( ﻗﺪﺭﺍ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ :‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﻘﺪﺭﺍﺕ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺗﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ ﻣﻊ ﻣﺎ ﻛﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻝ، ﻣﺜﻞ : ﺗـﺪﺑﲑ‬‫ﺃﻣﺮ ﺍﳋﻼﺋﻖ،ﻭﺣﺮﺍﺳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ،ﻭﺇﻫﻼﻙ ﺍﻟﻈﺎﳌﲔ،ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﺍﻷﺭﻭﺍﺡ ﻭﻗﺒﻀﻬﺎ،ﻭﻧﻔﺦ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺭ،ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻋﻤﺎﻝ ﺧﺰﺍﻧﺔ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺳﻴﺄﰐ ﺗﻔﺼﻴﻠﻪ .‬ ‫٥( ﺗﺄﺫﻳﻬﻢ ﳑﺎ ﻳﺘﺄﺫﻯ ﻣﻨﻪ ﺑﻨﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ :‬ ‫٧١ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٢١ / ٣٢٣١(‬ ‫٨١ - ﺍﳌﻌﺠﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﺒﲑ ﻟﻠﻄﱪﺍﱐ - )٣ / ١٣٣( )١٥٠٣( ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﻴﺤﺔ )٢٥٨( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﳉﺎﻣﻊ )٥٩( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬‫-ﺍﻷﻃﻴﻂ : ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺃﺻﻮﺍﺕ ﺷﺪﻳﺪﺓ ﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﺍﺯﺩﺣﺎﻣﻬﺎ- ﺃﻁ : ﺻـﻮﺕ ﻭﺍﳌـﺮﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻛﺜﺮﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺣﱴ ﺃﺣﺪﺛﺖ ﺻﻮﺗﺎ ﻭﺿﺠﺔ‬
  12. 12. ‫- ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﻘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﱡﻮﻡ - ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻣﺮﺓ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ِ ِ  ‬ﹾﹶ ِ ﺜ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹰ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﱠِ ‪ ِ ‬‬‫ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻛﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺼﻞ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﻟﱡﻮﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ‪‬ﺍﺙ - ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣﺴﺠﺪﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ‪‬ﺗ‪‬ﺘﺄ ﱠﻯ ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺄ ﱠﻯ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻪ‬‫‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﺜ ‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ‪  ِ    ‬ﹶِ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶﺫ ِﻤ ﹶﺫ ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻮ ﺁﺩﻡ « ﺭﻭﺍﻩ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ.٩١.‬ ‫ﻨ ‪‬‬ ‫٦( ﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸﺮﺑﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﻛﺤﻮﻥ :‬‫ﻗﺪﻡ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻟﻀﻴﻔﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻋﺠﻼ ﺣﻨﻴﺬﺍ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫:} ﻫﻞ ﹶﺃﺗ‪‬ﺎﻙ ﺣﺪِﻳﺚ ﺿ‪‬ﻴﻒ ِﺇ‪‬ﺑﺮ‪‬ﺍﻫِﻴﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻜﺮﻣﲔ )٤٢( ِﺇﺫ ﺩﺧﹸﻮﺍ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﻓﻘﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺳﻠﹶﺎﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺳﻠﹶﺎﻡ‬‫ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ِ ﹶ ﻟ ‪‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ِ ‬‬‫ﻗﻮﻡ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻜ ‪‬ﻭﻥ )٥٢( ﻓﺮ‪‬ﺍﻍ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻓﺠ‪‬ﺎﺀ ِﺑﻌﺠﻞ ﺳﻤﲔ )٦٢( ﻓﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﺃﻟﹶﺎ ﺗ‪‬ـﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ‬‫ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ِ ِ‬ﹶ َ ِ ‪ٍ ِ  ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٧٢( ﻓﺄﻭﺟﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺧِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺑﻐﻠﹶﺎﻡ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ )٨٢({ ]ﺍﻟﺬﺍﺭﻳﺎﺕ : ٤٢ -‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺮ ‪ٍ  ٍ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﻟ‬ ‫٨٢[‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﹶﺮﺍﻍ ﺇِﱃ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻓﹶﺠـﺎﺀ ِﺑﻌﺠ‪‬ـﻞ ﺳ‪‬ـﻤﲔ «..ﺭﺍﻍ ﻷﻫﻠـﻪ : ﺃﻱ ﻣـﺎﻝ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ِ ٍ‬ ‫َ ِ ٍ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃﻫﻠﻪ،ﻭﺍﻧﺴﺮﺏ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﰱ ﺧﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﺎﺷﻒ ﺿﻴﻔﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺇﻛـﺮﺍﻣﻬﻢ ﻭﺇﻋـﺪﺍﺩ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﳍﻢ .. ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻧﻪ ﺃﻥ ﳛﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ،ﻭﳛﻤﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﺐ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻀﻴﻔﻪ ﺃﹼﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ‬ ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﻘﺮ‪‬ﺑﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﹶﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ « ؟ ـ ﻫﻨﺎ ﺇﳚﺎﺯ ﺣﺬﻑ ﺩﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ..ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﹼ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪  ِ  ‬ﹶ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻓﻘ ‪‬ﺑﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ،ﻓﻠﻢ ﳝﺪﻭﺍ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻭﱂ ﻳﻘﺒﻠﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻛﻞ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﻀﻴﻒ ﺣـﲔ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳﻘ ‪‬ﻡ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ .. ﺍﻟﻄﻌﺎﻡ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻯ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻧﻜـﺮﻫﻢ،ﻭﺃﻭﺟﺲ ﻣﻨـﻬﻢ ﺧﻴﻔـﺔ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ : » ﺃﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫‪‬ﺗﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ؟ «..‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻓﺄﻭﺟﺲ ﻣ‪‬ﻨﻬﻢ ﺧِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺨﻒ ﻭ‪‬ﺑﺸ ‪‬ﻭﻩ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﻋﻠِﻴﻢ «..ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﻛـﻼﻡ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﺮ ‪ ‬ﻐ ٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ‪   ِ   ‬ﹶ ﹰ ﻟ‬‫ﳏﺬﻭﻑ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ .. » ﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻻ ﺗﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ «.. ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﺍ،ﻭﱂ ﻳﺴﺘﺠﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻟـﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺍ‪‬ـﺪﺩﺓ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ » ﻓﺄﻭﺟﺲ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻴﻔﺔ « ﺃﻱ ﻓﺎﺯﺩﺍﺩ ﺇﺣﺴﺎﺳﻪ ﺑﺎﳋﻮﻑ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ،ﻭﻗﻮﻯ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﺸـﻌﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﻗﻊ ﰱ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﻝ ﺩﺧﻮﳍﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ،ﻭﻟﻘﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﻟﻪ ..‬‫» ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻻ ﲣﻒ ﻭﺑﺸﺮﻭﻩ ﺑﻐﻼﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻢ « ـ ﺃﻱ ﺃ‪‬ﻢ ﺣﲔ ﺭﺃﻭﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺍﻧﻄﺒﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺇﺑـﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺟﺲ ﻭﺍﳋﻮﻑ،ﺳﻜﻨﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻭﻋﻪ،ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ : ﻻ ﲣﻒ،ﰒ ﺃﻟﻘﻮﺍ ﺇﻟﻴـﻪ ‪‬ـﺬﻩ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻌﺪﺓ،ﻭﻫﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻮﻟﺪ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻨﺘﻈﺮﻩ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺷﺒﺎﺑﻪ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ،ﻭﻫﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺫﺍ ﻭﻗﺪ‬ ‫٩١‬ ‫-ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٨٢١(‬
  13. 13. ‫ﺑﻠﻎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﱪ ﻋﺘ‪‬ﺎ،ﻭﺃﺧﻠﻰ ﻳﺪﻳﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻷﻣﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﺮﺍﻭﺩﻩ،ﻭﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺗﻪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﻴ‬‫ﻋﻘﻴﻤﺎ،ﰒ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻊ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻌﻘﻢ ﲡﺎﻭﺯﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻠﺪ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ ـ ﻫﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺫﺍ ﻳﺘﻠ ﹼﻰ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﻘ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮﻯ ﺍﳌﺴﻌﺪﺓ.ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻮ ﺇﺳﺤﻖ،ﻣﻦ ﺯﻭﺟﻪ ﺳﺎﺭﺓ .. » ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﻢ «،ﻣﺒﺎﻟﻐـﺔ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ،ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺻﻔﺔ ﺑﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺇﺳﺤﻖ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﺔ ﺍﻟﺒـﺎﺭﺯﺓ ﰱ‬ ‫٠٢‬ ‫ﺇﲰﺎﻋﻴﻞ،ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ : » ﻓ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ‪‬ﻧﺎﻩ ِﺑ ‪‬ﻼﻡ ﺣﻠِﻴﻢ « )١٠١ : ﺍﻟﺼﺎﻓﺎﺕ(.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻐ ٍ ‪ٍ ‬‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻓﺨﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺯﻱ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺴﲑﻩ: ﺍﺗﻔﻘﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸـﺮﺑﻮﻥ‬‫ﻭﻻ ﻳﻨﻜﺤﻮﻥ،ﻳﺴﺒﺤﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﺭ ﻻ ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ،ﻭﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳉﻦ ﻭﺍﻟﺸـﻴﺎﻃﲔ ﻓـﺈ‪‬ﻢ ﻳـﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ‬‫ﻭﺷﺮﺑﻮﻥ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺙ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻈﻢ : ﺇﻧﻪ ﺯﺍﺩ ﺇﺧﻮﺍﻧﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻦ ﻭﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﻓـﺈ‪‬ﻢ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫١٢‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻮﺍﻟﺪﻭﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﹶﺃﻓﺘ‪ّ‬ﺘﺨ ﹸﻭﻧ‪‬ﻪ ﻭﺫﺭّ‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﻪ ﺍ ﹶﺃﻭِﻟﻴ‪‬ﺂﺀ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻭﻧِﻰ{ )ﺍﻟﻜﻬﻒ : ٠٥(..‬ ‫‪ َ ‬ﺩ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﺬ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِّ‬ ‫٧(- ﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺛﺔ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ :‬‫ﺃﻧﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺃﺷﺪ ﺍﻹﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻛﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻭﺻﻔﻮﺍ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺑﺎﻷﻧﻮﺛـﺔ ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ‬‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻭﺟﻌﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺬِﻳﻦ ﻫﻢ ﻋﺒ‪‬ﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ ِﺇﻧ‪‬ﺎﺛﹰﺎ ﹶﺃﺷﻬ ‪‬ﻭﺍ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﺳ‪‬ﺘﻜ‪‬ﺘﺐ ﺷﻬ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﺗﻬﻢ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﺪ ‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹾ ‪    ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪ِ     ِ   ‬‬ ‫ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴﺄﹸﻮﻥ{ )٩١( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺰﺧﺮﻑ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶﻟ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻴﺰ : ﻻ ﻳﻮﺻﻔﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟـﺬﻛﻮﺭﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﻮﺛـﺔ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨـﺎﻛﺤﻮﻥ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻨﺎﺳـﻠﻮﻥ‬‫.ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻻ ﻳﺄﻛﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺸﺮﺑﻮﻥ،ﻭﺇ‪‬ﻤﺎ ﻃﻌـﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺴـﺒﻴﺢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘـﻬﻠﻴﻞ ﻭﻻ ﳝﻠـﻮﻥ،ﻭﻻ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫٢٢‬ ‫ﻳﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﻌﺒﻮﻥ،ﻭﻳﺘﺼﻔﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﳊﺴﻦ،ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻝ،ﻭﺍﳊﻴﺎﺀ،ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻈﺎﻡ . ‬ ‫٨(- ﻗﺎﺑﻠﻴﺘﻬﻢ ﻟﻠﻔﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ :‬‫ﳚﻮﺯ ﰲ ﺣﻖ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺰﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: }ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺪﻉ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ِﺇﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪     ‬ﱠِ‬ ‫ِﺇﹶﻟﻪ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻛﻞ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻫ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚ ﺇِﱠﺎ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﹶﻟﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻭِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ‪‬ﺗﺮﺟ ‪‬ﻮﻥ{ )٨٨( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺺ .‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻟ ‪  ‬ﹸ ﱡ ‪  ٍ  ‬ﻟ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪  ِ  ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻓﺼﻌﻖ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﻭ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ﺷ‪‬ـﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﹶ‪ ِ ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺼ ِ ﹶ ‪ ِ‬‬ ‫‪ِ‬‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﹸﺛﻢ ‪‬ﻧﻔﺦ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﹸﺃﺧﺮ‪‬ﻯ ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ‪‬ﻢ ﻗﻴ‪‬ﺎﻡ ﻳ‪‬ﻨﻈ ‪‬ﻭﻥ { )٨٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺮ.‬ ‫ﱠ ‪  ِ  ِ  ‬ﹶ ِ ﻫ ِ ‪ ‬ﹸﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫٠٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٣١ / ٦١٥(‬ ‫١٢ - ﺍﳊﺒﺎﺋﻚ ﰲ ﺃﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻚ - )١ / ٨٨( ﻭﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻔﺨﺮ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺯﻯ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )١ / ٢٥(‬ ‫٢٢ - ﺍﻟﻮﺟﻴﺰ ﰲ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻒ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﱀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ - )١ / ٤٥(‬
  14. 14. ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﳑﻦ ﺗﺸﻤﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻷ‪‬ﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺳﺎﻛﲏ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻧ‪‬ﺘ‪‬ﻨﺰﻝ ِﺇﱠﺎ ِﺑﺄﻣﺮ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ‬‫‪  ‬ﹸ ﻟ ﹶ‪  ِ‬‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﺪِﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﺧﻠﻔﹶﻨ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎ{ )٤٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﻣﺮﱘ.‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ِ  ‬ﻴ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫٩(- ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﻢ :‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺳﻴﺎﻕ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ : }.. ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺟﻨ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻲ ِﺇﱠـﺎ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪     ‬ﻟ ‪  ِ   ‬ﻟ‬ ‫ﺫﻛﺮ‪‬ﻯ ِﻟﻠ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ{ )١٣( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﳌﺪﺛﺮ،‬ ‫ِ ﹾ ﹾ ‪ِ‬‬‫ﺇ‪‬ﺎ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺟﺎﻣﻌﺔ ﻹﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﺨﺮﺻﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﺨﺮﺻﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻀﺎﻟﻮﻥ ﻭﻣﺮﺿﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻮﺏ ﻋﻨﺪ ﲰـﺎﻉ‬‫ﺍﻷﺧﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﱂ ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﻭﺃﻣﻮﺭ ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﳓﻮ: ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺑﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺟﻬﻞ ﰲ ﺃﻣﺮ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺟﻬـﻨﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻤﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻏﲑﻩ، ﻓﻠﺬﻟﻚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﺬﻳﻴﻞ.‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ: ﲨﻊ ﺟﻨﺪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﺳﻢ ﳉﻤﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳉﻴﺶ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻌﲑ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺨﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺍﻟـﱵ ﺟﻌﻠـﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﳌﺸﺎ‪‬ﺘﻬﺎ ﺍﳉﻨﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺗﻨﻔﻴﺬ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ.‬‫ﻭﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺭﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺿﻤﲑ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﺇﺿﺎﻓﺔ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﻒ، ﻭﺗﻌﺮﻳﺾ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﳉﻨـﻮﺩ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺑﻌﻀﻬﺎ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ . ﻭﻧﻔﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻫﻨﺎ ﻧﻔﻲ ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﺑﺄﻋﺪﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﻭﺻـﻔﺎ‪‬ﺎ‬‫ﻭﺧﺼﺎﺋﺼﻬﺎ ﺑﻘﺮﻳﻨﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ، ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﺑﻌﺪﺩ ﺧﺰﻧﺔ ﺟﻬﻨﻢ ﻗﺪ ﺣﺼﻞ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﺑـﺈﻋﻼﻡ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫٣٢‬ ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻭﺭﺍﺀ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : » ﻭ‪‬ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﺟ‪‬ﻮﺩ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﺇﱠﺎ ﻫﻮ « ﻫﻮ ﺭﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻬﺰﺋﲔ ﺍﻟﺴـﺎﺧﺮﻳﻦ،ﺍﻟﺬﻱ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫‪‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﻨ ‪   ‬ﻟ ‪ ‬‬‫ﺍﲣﺬﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﻣﺎ ‪‬ﺓ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻬﺰﺍﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺨﺮﻳﺔ،ﺣﱴ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺑﻠﻎ ‪‬ﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﳝﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻨﺪ ﺇﻻ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺘﺴﻌﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ،ﻭﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳝﻠﻚ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﳉﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﻋﺸﺮﻳﻦ ﻻ ﺗﺴﻌﺔ‬‫ﻋﺸﺮ .. ﻭﻛﺬﺑﻮﺍ ﻭﺿﻠﻮﺍ،ﻓﺈﻥ ﺟﻨﻮﺩ ﺍﻟﹼﻪ ﻻ ﺣﺼﺮ ﳍﺎ،ﻭﻻ ﻳﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﺪﺩﻫﺎ ﺇﹼـﺎ ﻫـﻮ ﺳـﺒﺤﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻠ‬ ‫٤٢‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻌﺎﱃ.‬ ‫٣٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻨﻮﻳﺮ - )٩٢ / ٦٩٢(‬ ‫٤٢ - ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺴﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﱐ ﻟﻠﻘﺮﺁﻥ ـ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﻄﺒﻮﻉ - )٥١ / ٩٩٢١(‬
  15. 15. ‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﰲ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻹﺳﺮﺍﺀ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﳌﻌﻤﻮﺭ ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳـﺒﻌﻮﻥ ﺃﻟـﻒ ﻣﻠـﻚ ﻻ‬‫ﻳﻌﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ،ﻓﻌﻦ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﺲ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻚٍ، ﻗﹶﺎﻝ: ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ : ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒ‪‬ﻴﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ‬‫‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻤ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ِ‬ ‫‪ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫٥٢‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻌﺔ ‪‬ﻳﺪﺧﻠﻪ ﻛﻞ ‪‬ﻳﻮﻡ ﺳ‪‬ﺒ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﻒ ﻣﻠﻚ ﹸﺛﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳ ‪‬ﻮ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﻪ ﺣ‪‬ﻰ ‪‬ﺗ ﹸﻮﻡ ﺍﻟ ‪‬ﺎﻋﺔ ‬ ‫ﺴ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ﱠ ‪  ٍ ‬ﻌ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﺩ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﺘ ﻘ ‪ ‬ﺴ ‪ ‬ﹸ‬‫ﻭﻋﻦ ﹶﺃﺑِﻰ ﺫﺭ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ِﺇ‪‬ﻰ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﻯ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﹶﺃﺳﻤﻊ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﺴﻤ ‪‬ﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻌ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﹶﺃﻃﺖ ﺍﻟﺴﻤ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭﺣﻖ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﺗِﺌﻂ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﹶﺃﺭ‪‬ﺑﻊ ﹶﺃﺻ‪‬ﺎِﺑﻊ ﺇِﻻ ﻭﻣﻠﻚ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﺿﻊ ﺟ‪‬ﺒﻬ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﺳ‪‬ﺎﺟﺪ‪‬ﺍ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ِ     ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ  ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪ ُ ‬‬‫ِﻟﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﻟﻀﺤﻜ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻗﻠِﻴﻼ ﻭﹶﻟ‪‬ﺒﻜ‪‬ﻴ‪‬ﺘﻢ ﻛِﺜﲑ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﻠﺬﺫﹾ‪‬ﺗﻢ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪‬ﻨﺴ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸـﺮﺵ‬‫ﻔ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ِ ‪ ‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹰ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﱠ ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭﹶﻟﺨﺮﺟ‪‬ﺘﻢ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪ‪‬ﺍﺕ ‪‬ﺗﺠﺄ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ «٦٢.‬ ‫ﱠِ‬ ‫‪ ِ  ‬ﹶﺭ ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬‬ ‫٠١( - ﳐﻠﻮﻗﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻧﻮﺭ:‬‫ﻛﻤ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﺧ‪‬ﺒﺮﻧ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻲ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ، ﻓﻘﺪ ﻭﺭﺩ ﻋﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺋﺸﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﻟﹶـﺖ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ﹶ ﹶ ‪       ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ‪‬‬‫ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ - - » ﺧﻠﻘﹶﺖ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﻦ ‪‬ﻮﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺍﹾﻟﺠ‪‬ﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺭﺝ ﻣﻦ ﻧ‪‬ﺎﺭ ﻭﺧﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ‬‫ﱡ ِ ‪   ِ  ٍ  ِ ٍ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪  ِ ِ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹸ ِ ‪ ‬ﻧ ٍ ‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫ﻣ ‪‬ﺎ ﻭﺻﻒ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ «. ) ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ( ٧٢.‬ ‫ِﻤ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﻓ‪‬ﺘ ‪‬ﻝ ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨ ‪‬ﻮﺹ ﻓِﻲ ﻣﺠ ‪‬ﻮﻋﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣﺨﹸﻮﻗﹶﺎﺕ ‪‬ﻮﺭ‪‬ﺍِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴﺲ ﹶﻟﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺟﺴﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎﺩﻱ‬‫ِ ‪  ‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﺪ ﺼ ‪  ‬ﻤ ِ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﻠ ‪ ‬ﻧ ﹲ ‪‬‬‫ﻳ‪‬ﺪﺭﻙ ﺑِﺎﹾﻟﺤ ‪‬ﺍﺱ ﺍﻹ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺎِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ، ﻭﹶﺃ‪‬ﻧﻬﻢ ﹶﻟ‪‬ﻴ ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﻛﹶﺎﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ ﻓﻼ ‪‬ﻳﺄﻛﹸﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﺸﺮ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ ‪‬ﻳﻨ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻭﻻ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﺑ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﻣ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﻮ ِ ِْ ِ ‪   ‬ﺴ‬‫‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺰﻭ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ، ﻣﻄﻬ ‪‬ﻭﻥ ﻣِﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮ‪‬ﺍﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ‪‬ﻴﻮ‪‬ﺍِﻧ‪‬ﻴﺔ ، ﻭﻣ‪‬ﻨﺰ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﻋ‪‬ـﻦ ﺍﻵﺛﹶـﺎﻡ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻄﹶﺎﻳ‪‬ـﺎ ، ﻭﻻ‬‫‪‬ﹶ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﺟ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﺮ ﹶ ‪   ِ  ِ   ‬ﻫ ﹶ ِ ْ ِ ‪‬‬‫‪‬ﻳﺘ‪‬ﺼ ﹸﻮﻥ ِﺑﺸﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ‪‬ﺎﺩ‪‬ﻳﺔ ﺍﱠﻟﺘِﻲ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﺼﻒ ِﺑﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﺁﺩﻡ٨٢،ﻏ‪‬ﻴﺮ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﹶـﻰ‬ ‫‪   ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﱠ ‪  ‬ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻔ ﹶ ‪ِ  ِ   ِ ٍ  ‬‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻥ ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻤ‪‬ﱠﺜﹸﻮﺍ ِﺑﺼﻮﺭ ﺍﹾﻟ‪‬ﺒﺸﺮ ِﺑﺈﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ‪‬ﺗﻌ‪‬ﺎﻟﹶﻰ٩٢ .‬ ‫ﹾ ﻠ ‪ ِ ِ  ِ  ‬ﹾ ِ ﱠِ‬‫٥٢ - ﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ - )٥ / ٥٥٤() ٥٠٧٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺨﺎﺭﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٧٠٢٣ ( ﻭﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻣﺴـﻠﻢ- ﺍﳌﻜـﱰ -‬ ‫)٩٢٤( ﻣﻄﻮﻻ‬ ‫٦٢ - ﺳﻨﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻯ- ﺍﳌﻜﱰ - )٢٨٤٢ ( ﺻﺤﻴﺢ ﻟﻐﲑﻩ‬‫ﺃﻃﺖ : ﺍﻷﻃﻴﻂ ﺻﻮﺕ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻞ ﻭﺍﻹﺑﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻘﻞ ﺃﲪﺎﳍﺎ ﻭﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻛﺜﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ -ﺍﻟﺼﻌﺪﺍﺕ : ﲨﻊ ﺻﻌﺪ ﻭﻫﻰ ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻗـﺎﺕ -‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻀﺪ : ﺗﻘﻄﻊ‬ ‫٧٢ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ) ٧٨٦٧ ( -ﺍﳌﺎﺭﺝ : ﳍﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺨﺘﻠﻂ ﺑﺴﻮﺍﻫﺎ‬ ‫٨٢ - ﺷﺮﺡ ﺍﻟﻔﻘﻪ ﺍﻷﻛﱪ ﳌﻼ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺭﻱ ﺹ ٠٢ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﻴﺔ ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٣٥٣ .‬ ‫٩٢ - ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺭﻱ ٦ / ٨٤٣ - ١٥٣ ﻁ ﺩﺍﺭ ﺍﻟﺮﻳﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺘﺮﺍﺙ - ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻫﺮﺓ .‬
  16. 16. ‫ﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺒﲔ ﻟﻨﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺧﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻪ،ﻟﺬﺍ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺍﳋﻮﺽ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺼﺤﺘﻪ ﻭﺻﺪﻗﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ.‬‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﻣﱴ ﺧﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﻓﻠﻴﺲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ ﳑﺎ ﺫﻛﺮ،ﺑﻞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺃﻥ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺒﻞ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﺁﺩﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺴﺠﻮﺩ ﻵﺩﻡ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ،ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ : }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶـﺎﻝ‬‫ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹾ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺟ‪‬ﺎﻋﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﺧﻠِﻴﻔﺔ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﹾﺍ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﻦ ‪‬ﻳﻔﺴﺪ ﻓِﻴﻬ‪‬ـﺎ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﺴ‪‬ـﻔﻚ‬‫‪ ِ ‬‬ ‫ﹾ ِ‪‬‬ ‫َ ‪  ِ ‬ﹶﹰ ﻟ ‪ ‬ﹸ ِ‬ ‫ِﹲ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﻧ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻣ‪‬ﺎﺀ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﺤﻦ ‪‬ﻧﺴ‪‬ﺒﺢ ِﺑﺤﻤﺪﻙ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻘﺪﺱ ﹶﻟﻚ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﹶﺃﻋﻠﻢ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻻ ‪‬ﺗﻌﻠ ‪‬ـﻮﻥ { )٠٣( ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫‪   ِ        ‬ﹶ ‪   ‬ﹶ ﻧ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ‪‬ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺃﻳﻀﺎ: }ﻭِﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭ‪‬ﺑﻚ ِﻟﻠﻤﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ِﺇ‪‬ﻲ ﺧ‪‬ﺎِﻟﻖ ‪‬ﺑﺸﺮ‪‬ﺍ ‪‬ﻦ ﺻﻠﺼ‪‬ـﺎﻝ ‪‬ـﻦ ﺣﻤ‪‬ـﺈ‬‫ٍﻣ ‪ٍ  ‬‬ ‫‪  ‬ﻣ ‪‬ﹾ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹾ ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹾ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹶِ ﻧ‬‫ﻣﺴ‪‬ﻮﻥ )٨٢( ﻓﺈﺫﹶﺍ ﺳﻮ‪‬ﻳ‪‬ﺘﻪ ﻭ‪‬ﻧﻔﺨﺖ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻣِﻦ ‪‬ﻭﺣِﻲ ﻓﻘ ‪‬ﻮﹾﺍ ﻟﹶـﻪ ﺳ‪‬ـﺎﺟﺪِﻳﻦ )٩٢( {ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﻌ‬ ‫ﹶِ ‪    ‬ﹶ ‪ ِ  ‬ﺭ‬ ‫‪ ‬ﻨ ٍ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺠﺮ‬ ‫١١(- ﻋﻈﻢ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ :‬ ‫ِ ‪‬‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺻﻔﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻈﻢ ﺧﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻓﻘﺪ‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ : }ﻳ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃ‪‬ﻳﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﺍﱠﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣ‪‬ﻮﺍ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺃﹶﻧﻔﺴﻜﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠِﻴﻜﻢ ﻧ‪‬ـﺎﺭ‪‬ﺍ ﻭﹸﻮﺩﻫ‪‬ـﺎ‬ ‫‪‬ﻗ ‪‬‬ ‫ِ ‪ ‬ﻨ ﻗ ﹸ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪   ‬ﹸ ‪‬‬‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﺎﺱ ﻭ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺠ‪‬ﺎﺭﺓ ﻋﻠ‪‬ﻴﻬ‪‬ﺎ ﻣﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻏﻠﹶﺎﻅ ﺷﺪ‪‬ﺍﺩ ﻟﹶﺎ ‪‬ﻳﻌ ‪‬ﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﹶﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﻭ‪‬ﻳﻔﻌﹸﻮﻥ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﻳﺆﻣ ‪‬ﻭﻥ{‬ ‫ﻨ ‪  ِ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹶ ﹲ ِ ﹲ ِ ‪ ‬ﺼ ﹶ ﱠ ‪      ‬ﹾ ‪‬ﻠ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺮ ﹶ‬‫)٦( ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﱘ ،ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ : ِﺇ‪‬ﻧﻪ ﹶﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﻛﹶـﺮﱘ )٠٤(‬ ‫‪ ‬ﹶ ‪ ‬ﹸ ‪‬ﺳ ٍ ِ ٍ‬‫ﻭﻣ‪‬ﺎ ﻫﻮ‪ِ ‬ﺑﻘﻮﻝ ﺷ‪‬ﺎﻋﺮ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺗﺆﻣ‪‬ﻮﻥ )١٤( ]ﺍﳊﺎﻗﺔ/٠٤، ١٤[ ،ﻭﻋﻦ ﺟ‪‬ﺎِﺑﺮ ‪‬ﺑﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻦ‬‫‪ ِ  ِ ِ  ‬ﱠِ ‪ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ‬ﻨ ﹶ‬ ‫‪  ‬ﹶ ‪ ٍِ ِ ‬ﹶ‬‫- ﻗﹶﺎﻝ » ﹸﺃﺫﻥ ﻟِﻰ ﹶﺃﻥ ﹸﺃﺣﺪﺙ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻠﻚ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻼِﺋﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻤﻠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ‪‬ـﺮﺵ ِﺇﻥ‬‫‪ ِ ‬ﱠ‬ ‫ﹾ ‪  ‬ﹶ ‪  ‬ﹶ ٍ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ﹶ ِ ﱠ ِ ِ ‪  ‬ﹶ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ‪‬ﻨِﺒﻰ -‬ ‫‪‬‬ ‫ﻣ‪‬ﺎ ‪‬ﺑ‪‬ﻴﻦ ﺷﺤﻤﺔ ﹸﺃﺫﹸِﻧﻪ ِﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻋ‪‬ﺎِﺗﻘﻪ ﻣﺴﲑﺓ ﺳ‪‬ﺒﻌﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ ﻋ‪‬ﺎﻡ «.) ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﺩ(٠٣.‬ ‫ِ ِ ‪ ِ ‬ﹸ ‪ٍ ِ ِ ‬‬ ‫‪ِ ِ   ‬‬‫ﻓﻬﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ ﺗﺒﲔ ﻋﻈﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﻼﺋﻜﺔ،ﻓﺎﻟﻮﺍﺟﺐ ﻋﻠﻴﻨﺎ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﻜﻞ ﻣﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ،ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃﻧﻨﺎ ﻻ ﻧﺴﺘﻄﻴﻊ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻛﻴﻔﻴﺎ‪‬ﻢ، ﺇﺫ ﻛﻴﻒ ﻧﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﳐﻠﻮﻗﺎﺕ ﺫﺍﺕ ﺃﺟﻨﺤﺔ ﻣﺜﲎ ﻭﺛﻼﺙ ﻭﺭﺑﺎﻉ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻨﺎﺡ ُﺍﻟﻮﺍﺣﺪ ﻳﺴﺪ ﺍﻷﻓﻖ،ﻭﺟﱪﻳﻞ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻟﻪ ﺳﺘﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﺟﻨـﺎﺡ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﻭﺭﺩ ﺑـﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫‪‬‬‫- ﺟ‪‬ﺒﺮِﻳﻞ ﻓِﻰ ‪‬ﻮﺭِﺗﻪ ﻭﻟﹶـﻪ ﺳِـ‪‬ﺘﻤِﺎﹶﺋﺔ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ِ ﹶ ﺻ ‪  ِ‬‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺚ. ﻓﻌﻦ ﻋ‪‬ﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﺭﺃﹶﻯ ﺭ ‪‬ﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ -‬ ‫‪ ِ   ‬ﱠ ِ ﹶ ‪ ‬ﺳ ﹸ ﱠ ِ‬ ‫٠٣ - ﺑﺮﻗﻢ)٩٢٧٤( ﻭﻫﻮ ﺻﺤﻴﺢ‬

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