Simple,compound and complex sentences.What are they?By: Luis
Introduction: Experienced writers use a variety of sentences to make their writing interesting and lively. Too many simple sentences, for example, will sound choppy and immature while too many long sentences will be difficult to read and hard to understand. This presentation contains definitions of simple, compound, and complex sentences with many simple examples. The purpose of these examples is to help the ESL/EFL learner to identify sentence basics.
SIMPLE SENTENCE A simple sentence, A. Some students also called an like to study in the independent clause, mornings. contains a subject B. Steven and Bang and a verb, and it play football every expresses a afternoon. complete thought. In C. Emily goes to the the following simple library and studies sentences, subjects every day. are in yellow, and verbs are in green.
COMPOUND SENTENCE A compound sentence A. I tried to speak contains two independent Spanish, and my clauses joined by a coordinator. The friend tried to coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, speak English. so. (Helpful hint: The first letter of each of the B. Lily played coordinators spells FANBOYS.) Except for football, so Tomi very short sentences, coordinators are always went shopping. preceded by a comma. In the following compound C. Lily played sentences, subjects are in football, for Tomi yellow, verbs are in green, and the coordinators and went shopping. the commas that precede them are in red.
COMPLEX SENTENCE A complex sentence has A. When he handed in an independent clause his homework, he forgot joined by one or more to give the teacher the dependent clauses. A last page. complex sentence B. The teacher returned always has a the homework after she subordinator such as noticed the error. because, since, after, C. The students are although, or when or a studying because they relative pronoun such as have a test tomorrow. that, who, or which. In the following complex D. After they finished sentences, subjects are studying, Emily and Lily in yellow, verbs are in went to the movies. green, and the E. Grace and Jackie subordinators and their went to the movies after commas (when required) they finished studying. are in red.