What is figures of speech?Figures of speech creates pictures in the mindof a reader.Figures of speech adds color and interest toawaken the imaginative minds of the readers .
Literal vs. Figurative LanguageFigurative language is language that means morethan what it says on the surface.Poets use figurative language MORE THANthe literal one.
Recognizing the literal language“I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I couldliterally burst.”In this case, the person is not using the wordliterally in its true meaning. Literal means“exact” and “not exaggerated”
What is figurative language then?Whenever we describe something by comparingit with something else, we are using figurativelanguage.Literal: He ran fast.Figurative: He ran fast like a wind.
Types of figures of speechSimileMetaphorPersonification
SimileA simile is a word that compares in a sentence.It is a figure of speech that says one thing islike another different thing. You can usuallytell if a simile is present in a sentence whenyou see the words as or like.
Examples:The muscles on his brawny arms are strong asiron bands.
Examples:Kim ate his food like a vacuum cleaner.Go back
MetaphorA metaphor compares words in a sentence.Instead of saying that one thing is likesomething else, a metaphor says that one thingis another different thing. It doesn’t use thewords like and as.
Examples:The road was a ribbon wrapped through thedessert.
Examples:The smoke was cotton balls billowing from thechimney.Go back
PersonificationIt is the act of giving non-living things humancharacteristics.