Reported Speech 1

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  • 1. REPORTED SPEECH (ESTILO INDIRECTO)
  • 2. Time changes in REPORTED SPEECH
      • If the reporting verb is in the past , the verb in the reporting statement moves back a tense into the past:
      • PRESENT SIMPLE - PAST SIMPLE
      • PRESENT CONTINUOUS- PAST CONTINUOUS
      • PAST SIMPLE- PAST PERFECT SIMPLE
      • WILL- WOULD
      • CAN – COULD
      • THE MODAL VERBS SHOULD , COULD, WOULD , MIGHT AND OUGHT DO NOT CHANGE
      • PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES ALSO CHANGE.
      • Examples: “ I´ve forgotten my keys”. He said that he had forgotten his keys.
  • 3. TIME EXPRESSIONS IN REPORTED SPEECH
    • Time expressions in reported speech also change.
    • THIS- THAT
    • THESE- THOSE
    • NOW - THEN
    • NEXT WEEK – THE FOLLOWING WEEK
    • TODAY- THAT DAY
    • TOMORROW - THE FOLLOWING DAY OR THE NEXT DAY
    • YESTERDAY - THE PREVIOUS DAY OR THE DAY BEFORE
    • LAST WEEK- THE WEEK BEFORE OR THE PREVIOUS WEEK .
  • 4. Different types of sentences
    • A.-Statements : Affirmative and negative.
    • B.-Questions : wh-questions and yes-no questions.
    • C.-Commands : Affirmative and negative.
    • D.-Suggestions .
  • 5. Reported Speech : A.- Statements. Reporting verbs: said (no object) , told (object), added, admitted, claimed, explained,promised, protested. He said he would see her soon. “ I´ll see you soon.” He said that he had worked for 10 hours. “ I worked for ten hours” He said that they were having a wonderful time. “ We are having a wonderful time”. She said that she loved the hotel. “ I love the hotel “. Reported speech Direct speech
  • 6. REPORTED QUESTIONS
    • Reporting verbs in questions: asked / wanted to know / wondered .
    • In direct questions the word order is verb+subject whereas in reported questions the word order is : subject+verb and there is no question mark
    • example: “ What is the time?”. Reported question: She asked what the time was
    • WE MUST DISTINGUISH between wh-questions and yes-no questions.
  • 7. Wh- questions
    • There are question pronouns in these questions( where, when, what , which, why and how ).
    Examples: Direct speech Reported speech “ Where are you from?” She asked where he was from
  • 8. Yes-no questions
    • There is no question pronoun in these type of question.
    • They are called so because the answer to these questions is yes or no.
    • If or whether is used in the reported question.
    Examples: Direct speech: Reported speech “ Are you French?” He asked if/whether we were French .
  • 9. REPORTED COMMANDS
    • In reported commands the reporting verbs are: told,asked , advised, warned, persuaded, invited,encouraged , remind.
    For affirmative commands: Subject + verb +object + infinitive with TO Example: Direct speech: Reported speech : Close the door! He told him to close the door . For negative commands: Subject + verb + object + NOT + infinitive with TO Examples: Direct speech: Reported speech: Don´t shout at me! She told him not to shout at her .
  • 10. REPORTED SUGGESTIONS
    • We use the verb suggested in reported suggestions .
    • Examples:
    • Direct suggestions Reported suggestions
    • “ Shall we go for a walk?” He suggested going for a walk
    • that they went for a walk
    • “ Why don´t we go out tonight?” She suggested going out that night
    • She suggested that they went out
    • that night.
    • “ Let´s go to the cinema ” He suggested going to the cinema.
    • He suggested that they went to the cinema .
  • 11. ACTIVITIES
    • REWRITE THE SENTENCES IN REPORTED SPEECH .
    • 1.-”Please don´t tell my parents!” He begged her...
    • (He begged her not to tell his parents).
    • 2.-”Have you ever been to Naples in January?”He asked me...
    • He asked me if I had ever been to Naples in January.
    • 3.-”This is the dog I bought yesterday from Alan”. He said...
    • He said that was the dog he had bought the day before from Alan.
    • 4.-”Give me that book” Mary asked me...
    • Mary asked me to give her that book.
    • 5.-What are you going to do when she finds out? He asked me...
    • He asked me what I was going to do when she found out.
    • 6.-”He is the last person I want to meet”.He said...
    • He said that he was the last person he wanted to meet.
    • 7.-Why haven´t you replied to the letter I sent you last week? He asked me...
    • He asked me why I hadn´t replied to the letter he sent me the week before.
    • 8.-”Leave the office and don´t come back”. The boss told me...
    • The boss told me to leave the office and not to come back.
    • 9.-”I´m visiting my granny tomorrow” She explained...
    • She explained she was visiting her granny the following day.
    • 10.-”Who do you hate most? He wanted to know...
    • He wanted to know who I hated most.