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圖書館趨勢觀察

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20140328 @ 清華大學圖書館

20140328 @ 清華大學圖書館

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    圖書館趨勢觀察 圖書館趨勢觀察 Presentation Transcript

    • 圖書館趨勢觀察 林泰宏 taihung@yahoo.com 2014.3.28 @ 清華大學圖書館
    • 我是誰 2
    • LV文章分類 203 195 182 157 103 97 86 79 57 56 54 52 41 39 37 Posts 3
    • 話題不斷 4 Web 2.0 Cloud Computing Big Data
    • LV趨勢觀察 5 • RDA • Curation • Linked (Open) Data Data • Library Services Platforms • Identifier Discovery • Commons • Makerspaces Space • Reach out • Engagement Community • Mobile Devices • AR UX
    • 01Data Curation 6 • 或稱digital curation,中文譯作「資 料庋用」 • 針對數位化的研究資料加以維護、保 存和加值,建置值得信賴的數位典藏 庫,以利現在和未來的使用。(Digital Curation Centre, UK)
    • DCC Curation Lifecycle 7Higgins, S. (2008). The DCC Curation Lifecycle Model. The International Journal of Digital Curation, 3(1), 134-140. [Available at http://www.ijdc.net/index.php/ijdc/article/viewFile/69/48 ].
    • Data Curation 8 • larger than digital preservation • focus on research data sets • for reuse and creating new knowledge • our IR? • 圖書館館藏有何特色?
    • 02Linked Data 9 • 鏈結資料、关联数据 • Semantic Web - Web of Data • Tim Berners-Lee The Semantic Web isn't just about putting data on the web. It is about making links, so that a person or machine can explore the web of data. With linked data, when you have some of it, you can find other, related, data. Berners-Lee, T. (2006). Linked Data. [Available at http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html ].
    • 曾蕾教授的12345 10 • 1個目的 • 2種要回答的問題 • 3段式 triples • 4項基本原則 • 5星排行 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 1個目的:關聯 11 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 2種要回答的問題 12 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 3段式 triples 13 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 3段式 triples 14 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 3段式 triples 15 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 3段式 triples 16 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • 4項基本原則 17 • Use URIs as names for things • Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names. • When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF*, SPARQL) • Include links to other URIs. so that they can discover more things. Berners-Lee, T. (2006). Linked Data. [Available at http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html ].
    • 5星排行 18 內容取自曾蕾教授簡報檔:http://www.lib.ntu.edu.tw/events/2012_new_service/ppt00.pdf
    • Linked Open Data 19 The Linking Open Data cloud diagram - http://lod-cloud.net/
    • DBpedia 20 The Linking Open Data cloud diagram - http://lod-cloud.net/ • a crowd-sourced community effort to extract structured information from Wikipedia and make this information available on the Web. • Jeremy Lin
    • Jeremy Lin @DBpedia 21 DBpedia -http://live.dbpedia.org/page/Jeremy_Lin
    • Google Knowledge Graph 22 Google 知識圖譜 -http://www.google.com/insidesearch/features/search/knowledge.html
    • 語彙(Vocabulary) 23 Linked Open Vocabularies (LOV) -http://lov.okfn.org/dataset/lov/
    • Why is Linked Data important for libraries? 24 1. People can more easily find library resources on the Web 2. More creative applications based on library metadata 3. Opportunities for cataloging efficiency and innovation OCLC (2012). Linked Data for Libraries. [Available at http://youtu.be/fWfEYcnk8Z8 ]
    • Linked Data in libraries 25 • British Library (2010): 3 million records • OCLC (2012) : 1.2 million most widely held works in WorldCat. (80 million linked data “triples”) • Europeana (2012) : 2.4 million objects are downloadable in RDF
    • OCLC採Schema.org語彙 26 http://www.worldcat.org/title/jeremy-lin-basketball-phenom/oclc/794323700
    • BIBFRAME 27 • 美國國會圖書館於2012年11月公布的 書目框架計畫(Bibliographic Framework Initiative) • 4 high-level classes, or entitities, in the BIBFRAME Model: • Work 創作作品 • Instance 實例 • Authority 權威 • Annotation 注釋
    • BIBFRAME @ DNB 28
    • 03Bookless 29 Library Views 圖書館觀點 -http://libraryview.me/2009/09/05/870/
    • NCSU the Hunt Library 30
    • Uni. of Chicago Mansueto Library 31 Library Views 圖書館觀點 - http://libraryview.me/2011/05/18/1054/
    • underground storage 32 Library Views 圖書館觀點 - http://libraryview.me/2011/05/18/1054/
    • NYPL改造計畫 33 Library Views 圖書館觀點 - http://libraryview.me/2013/07/07/7857/
    • From paper to pixels 34 Library Views 圖書館觀點 - http://libraryview.me/2013/09/15/8382/
    • 04Commons 35
    • From Learning to Digital 36 Library Views 圖書館觀點 - http://libraryview.me/2013/08/09/8001/
    • 05Makerspaces 37 • Makerspaces have evolved from hackerspaces and Maker Faires. • Maker Faire is the Greatest Show (and Tell) on Earth—a family- friendly festival of invention, creativity and resourcefulness, and a celebration of the Maker movement.
    • this is about creating creative people. 38 Hackerspaces Fablabs tech shops
    • 3D printer 39 Library Views 圖書館觀點 - http://libraryview.me/2013/06/23/7679/
    • 06LSP • Library Services Platforms • Breeding認為新世代公用目錄應該具備的功能有(1)單一的資源入 口網站,讓使用者能夠一站購足所有資訊資源;(2)舒適的檢索介 面;(3)豐富的內容,至少要包含書的封面、書評、摘要、標籤雲 等…;(4)層面導覽,在檢索結果中要顯示所分類的主題、語言以 及館藏地;(5)簡單的關鍵字檢索介面,像google一般的欄位檢索 讓使用者減少檢索十的負擔;(6)相關排序,利用相關的概念增加 檢索結果的精確率;(7)相關回饋,當輸入錯誤的詞彙時,系統能 夠參考數據以及其他資料給予提醒或校正;(8)推薦資料,利用其 他使用者的興趣檔案或主題程度等…,向使用者推薦能夠閱讀的 資料;(9)使用者一起投入貢獻,使用者輸入描述詞、評論、摘要 以增加檢索點;(10) RSS回饋,利用RSS簡單整合使用者有興趣的 內容;(11)整合社群網站,將社群網站整合至公用目錄之中; (12)永久連線,提供URL讓使用者可以連結到資料或書目。 40 技術服務小百科 - http://techserviceslibrary.blogspot.tw/2014/03/next-generation-catalogue-ngc.html
    • Goals •設計的目的在於幫助圖書館管理所 面對各項不同資源之相對應的詮釋資 料 •讓館員可能夠全面性的流程進行異 質性高資源的採購、描述編目,並能 夠依資源的特性與特殊形式提供多樣 化的檢索 41 Library Watch -http://ifii-enews.blogspot.tw/2014/02/marshall-breeding-vs.html
    • LSP = • Cloud Service + Discovery Service + ERMS 42Breeding, M. (2013). Automation Marketplace 2013: The Rush to Innovate [Available at http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2013/04/ils/automation-marketplace-2013-the-rush-to-innovate/ ].
    • LSP 發展現況 Alma (Ex Libris) Sierra (Innovative Interfaces) WorldShare Management Services (OCLC) 上市 Intota (Serials Solutions) Open Skies (VTLS) OLE (Kuali) 開發 階段 43Breeding, M. (2013). Library Technology Forecast for 2014 and Beyond. [Available at http://www.infotoday.com/cilmag/dec13/Breeding--Library-Technology-Forecast%20-for-2014-and-Beyond.shtml ].
    • Comparison of LSPs 44Grant, C. (2012). The Future of Library Systems: Library Services Platforms [Available at http://www.niso.org/apps/group_public/document.php?document_id=9922 ].
    • 07Identifier 45OCLC (2013). Registering Researchers in Authority Files. [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/oclcr/registering-researchers-in-authority-files ].
    • Problems 46 ORCID (2014). Connecting Research and Researchers [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/overview-of-orcidtamu02142014 ]. • The research community has lacked the ability to link researchers and scholars with their professional activities. – Discoverability within and across databases – Author, grantee, and faculty record management – Output tracking – Research reporting and impact assessment
    • ORCID •開放型研究者與投稿者識別碼 (Open Researchers and Contributor ID ) •這一組唯一性識別碼有助於研究者 往後的陸續發表的研究活動、成果報 告、專利申請等案件中著錄,並可解 決因命名不同或是曾在多個研究機構 工作之研究者,引用次數可以更正確 地計算。 47 07-1
    • Goals •解決現今研究社群缺乏將學者之各 類型的學術成果與獎勵串連的機制, 透過 ORCID 可讓使用者利用此唯一 性識別碼在不同資料庫間發掘同一個 研究者,追蹤學術研究產出。 48
    • Format of the ORCID iD • 0000-0002-3441-0265 • http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3441- 0265 49
    • ORCID is a hub 50 ORCID (2014). Connecting Research and Researchers [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/overview-of-orcidtamu02142014 ].
    • 成長快速(2013/9) 51ORCID (2013). What we are, What we offer, How we do it, How far we are, What is coming, How to join [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/orcidspain20130906 ].
    • 成長快速(2014/2) 52 ORCID (2014). Connecting Research and Researchers [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/overview-of-orcidtamu02142014 ].
    • 120個機構會員 53 ORCID (2014). Connecting Research and Researchers [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/overview-of-orcidtamu02142014 ].
    • 54ORCID (2013). ORCID iDs: Optimizing Research Discoverability. [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/eng-slides-orcidoverview20140116 ].
    • 我們可以做什麼 55 ORCID (2014). Connecting Research and Researchers [Available at http://www.slideshare.net/ORCIDSlides/overview-of-orcidtamu02142014 ].
    • 07-2VIAF • The Virtual International Authority File (VIAF, 虛擬國際權威檔) combines multiple name authority files into a single OCLC-hosted name authority service. 56
    • At the beginning • VIAF began as a joint project with the Library of Congress (LC), the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (DNB), the Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) and OCLC. • At the beginning of 2012, contributors include 20 agencies from 16 countries. 57
    • Stats 58
    • Countries 59
    • Goals •降低全球編目成本和得到更精確的 檢索 •簡化國際性權威紀錄的產生與維護 •使用者以喜好的語言和文字來獲取 資訊 60劉春銀 (2012).權威控制及VIAF之發展 [Available at http://catweb.ncl.edu.tw/flysheet_admin/new_file_download.php?Pact=FileDownLoad&Pval=1374].
    • VIAF @ Wikipedia 61
    • 08Community • Four priorities for a 21st century public library service – Place the library as the hub of a community – Make the most of digital technology and creative media – Ensure that libraries are resilient and sustainable – Deliver the right skills for those who work for libraries 62Arts Council England. (2013). The library of the future. [Available at http://www.artscouncil.org.uk/media/uploads/pdf/The_library_of_the_future_May_2013.pdf ].
    • Reach out & Engagement • Embedded librarian • Roaming librarian • Social media • What else? 63 圖片來源:Pennsylvania State University Libraries
    • User Experience dep. 64https://www.library.gatech.edu/about/user.php
    • 09User experience • Website (Mobile devices) • Technology (AR 擴增實境) • Services • Space • Librarian (Staff) 65
    • 漸獲重視 66
    • 10Other Trends • MOOCs • Big data • Curator (策展人) – NYPL Labs 67
    • 今天談到… 68 • RDA • Curation • Linked (Open) Data Data • Library Services Platforms • Identifier Discovery • Commons • Makerspaces Space • Reach out • Engagement Community • Mobile Devices • AR UX
    • 謝謝聆聽 69 libraryviews@gmail.com libraryview.me