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LERU and Open Access and E-Presses

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LERU and Open Access and E-Presses …

LERU and Open Access and E-Presses
by Dr Paul Ayris, Director of UCL Library Services and UCL Copyright Officer,
President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries)
5 April 2011

Published in: Education

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  • 1. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES LERU and Open Access and E-Presses Dr Paul Ayris Director of UCL Library Services and UCL Copyright Officer President of LIBER (Association of European Research Libraries) e-mail: p.ayris@ucl.ac.uk
  • 2. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents  Association of American University Presses Report (March 2011)  UCL Case Study  UCL Open Access mandate  E-Publishing initiatives  Possible next steps for UCL
  • 3. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES  Sustaining Scholarly Publishing: New Business Models for University Presses http://aaupnet.org/resources/reports/business_models/a aupbusinessmodels2011.pdf  Current business model, sales of print copy, to identified markets, is no longer sustainable  Position for books is complex. Many experiments are underway, supported by a variety of business models, which will have to co-exist with traditional print-based models for some time
  • 4. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES  These will include market-based revenues and institutional support, with a growing emphasis on the latter, particularly in Open Access publishing  Need for collaboration among scholarly publishers is more evident than ever, among  Libraries  E-Presses  Funders  Content providers
  • 5. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES  What does the Report recommend? 1. Pool information to avoid duplication of effort 2. Collaborative partnerships between different stakeholders should be encouraged 3. For smaller University Presses, the ability to gain funds from external sources will be vital to underpin their move to the production of digital books 4. Open Access publishing is strongly supported by many Universities and scholars as a matter of principle
  • 6. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES 5. Open Access will not succeed unless viable Business Models can be identified and this is a discussion in which all stakeholders should be involved  Based on  at http://www.aaupnet.org/resources/reports/0910digitalsurvey.pdf
  • 7. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents  Association of American University Presses Report (March 2011)  UCL Case Study  UCL Open Access mandate  E-Publishing initiatives  Possible next steps for UCL
  • 8. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES UCL Case Study  UCL has an Open Access mandate  In the first phase, UCL´s Academic Board, in May 2009, agreed two principles to underpin UCL’s publication activity and to support its scholarly mission:  That, copyright permissions allowing, a copy of all research outputs should be deposited in the UCL repository in Open Access  The second phase of implementing the mandate was accomplished in Autumn 2010 when UCL’s Academic Board ratified a formal Publications Policy which expands on the two principles agreed in 2009
  • 9. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES UCL Case Study  Close collaboration in the University’s Academic Board and liaison with academic colleagues has been important in taking forward a broad Open Access policy in UCL  A second important driver has been the linking of UCL’s Open Access mandate to a pan-university Publications Policy with Open Access as the result, copyright permissions allowing
  • 10. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES UCL Case Study  UCL Discovery is UCL’s Open Access repository  As of March 2011, the number of full-text deposits were:
  • 11. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES UCL Case Study  In 2010  almost 532,000 records were downloaded from the system,  compared to some 305,000 in 2009.  UCL Discovery received some 143,000 hits per day in December 2010  76% of its user traffic came from search engines  UCL Discovery is a global service  Highest number of downloads in 2010 by country were from the UK, with the second highest from USA, and the third highest from China
  • 12. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES UCL Case Study  All UCL’s work has, thus far, been directed towards implementing the Green route for Open Access  Aligning copyright/IPR frameworks  Producing a UCL Publications Policy, approved by the academic Senate  Building capacity in terms of infrastructure to support the move towards Open Access  Putting in place workflows to support the new processes  How can these developments now support moves to Gold Open Access publishing?
  • 13. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents  Association of American University Presses Report (March 2011)  UCL Case Study  UCL Open Access mandate  E-Publishing initiatives  Possible next steps for UCL
  • 14. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Publishing initiatives  UCL Publications Board favours work in 4 broad areas:  Research publications, particularly research monographs and conference proceedings  Teaching support, particularly textbooks  Journal publication  Data publication  UCL is minded to take forward work in all these areas, in a phased way
  • 15. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Publishing initiatives  Research publications, particularly research monographs  UCL is considering collaborative ventures  Perhaps with commercial Open Access publishers in the UK or further afield  Issues raised by the AAUP Report of March 2011 concerning print and digital, collaborations and Business Models need to be addressed in a sustainable way  UCL Discovery could develop a publications layer for Conference proceedings for Conferences held in UCL. Conference proceedings are difficult to place with commercial publishers
  • 16. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Publishing initiatives  Teaching support, particularly textbooks  Further work needs to be done in this area  UCL Publications Board, however, has noted that UCL- authored textbooks, such as those designed for first year undergraduates in STEM subjects, could be licensed in order to generate income for UCL, rather than such students purchasing items directly from booksellers
  • 17. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Publishing initiatives  Journal Publishing  There is great interest in UCL in developing an overlay journal publishing system, based on copy housed in UCL Discovery  Development work being planned would build on the earlier successful RIOJA project (2008)  See http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/11927/
  • 18. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Publishing initiatives  Data Publication  UCL is developing its own in-house data curation system called the UCL Research Data Service  The position being advocated for primary data is that it should be viewed as Open data, unless otherwise constrained by funding agreements/data protection legislation/the EU Database Directive
  • 19. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES E-Publishing initiatives  Roles and responsibilities are being identified via the UCL Research Data Service Project Board  UCL Publications Board is particularly keen on addressing the question of Laboratory Notebooks  Currently available in print and e-formats  How can UCL present these in a systematic way?  What level of access can be granted to such outputs?
  • 20. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Contents  Association of American University Presses Report (March 2011)  UCL Case Study  UCL Open Access mandate  E-Publishing initiatives  Possible next steps for UCL
  • 21. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Next Steps for UCL  Collaborate with LERU members in identified areas  Discuss and agree ways forward with LERU members on issues raised by AAUP Report  Discuss possibilities for a European E-Press as the framework to take issues of Gold Open Access Publishing forward
  • 22. UCL LIBRARY SERVICES Next Steps for UCL  If you have been…  Thanks for listening  Happy to hear your views