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    Images Chap01hahn8e Images Chap01hahn8e Presentation Transcript

    • Chapter One: Shaping Your Health
    • Definitions of Health
      • Episodic: seeking medical treatment during episodes when ill or injured
      • Preventive Medicine: identifying risk factors to lower the risk of illness
      • Morbidity: Pertaining to illness and disease
      • Mortality: Pertaining to death
    • What is Health Promotion?
      • Movement in which knowledge, practices, and values are transmitted to people for use in:
            • Longer and better quality of life
            • Reducing incidence of illness
            • Feeling better
    • Individual vs. Community Health Promotion
      • Individual focuses upon risk reduction that doesn’t always emphasize the reduction of chronic illness
      • Community places emphasis on a group centered concept to promote empowerment
      • Empowerment: gain more self control over one’s health perspective (i.e., drug prevention within communities at risk)
    • Healthy People 2010
      • Goals
      • Increase the quality and years of life
      • Eliminate health disparities in areas such as gender, race, ethnicity, income and education level.
    • Why Behavior Change is Difficult
      • Factors that influence a person to change health behaviors.
        • Behavior must be associated with a health problem
        • The belief must exist that the behavior causes the health problem
        • The knowledge that risk prevention-intervention programs exist and can be effective
        • The belief that a new behavior can justify the change of old behavior
        • The belief that people who care about them will be accepting of such changes
    • Stages of Change
      • Prochaska et al. (1994) demonstrated the following 6 stages to accomplish change of health behaviors
        • Pre-contemplation
        • Contemplation
        • Preparation
        • Action
        • Maintenance
        • Termination
    • Today’s College Students
      • Traditional (early adults = 66%)
      • Non-traditional (older adults)
      • Minority groups (numbers increasing)
      • Disabled population (9.3%)
    • Developmental Tasks of Young Adults
    • Related Developmental Tasks of Young Adulthood
      • Obtaining entry-level employment
      • Development of parenting skills
    • Multiple Dimensions of Health
      • Physical
      • Emotional
      • Spiritual
      • Social
      • Occupational
      • Intellectual
      • Holistic health: A requirement of health that moves beyond the cure/prevention of illness and the postponement of death
    • What is Wellness?
      • A form of health promotion
      • Uses assessments and information
      • Develops boundaries of health beyond mortality/morbidity
      • Unlocks an individual’s full potential at discovering a positive lifestyle
    • A New Definition of Health
      • A view less centered on the concepts of mortality and morbidity
      • Two areas of differences to focus upon:
      • 1) The Role of Health (process of transitions)
      • 2) The Composition of Health
            • Intrinsic resources
            • Extrinsic resources
    • Chapter One: Shaping Your Health