The Executive Branch


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The Executive Branch

  1. 1. The Executive Branch <ul><li>What makes the president the most power person in the world? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the executive branch enforce policy? </li></ul><ul><li>How does vice president Dick Chaney deter from the traditional role of the vice presidency? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Balance of Power? <ul><li>Theoretically speaking, how should this cartoon look? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the message, the artist is trying to convey? </li></ul><ul><li>Is this an accurate portrayal? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Branches of Government US Government Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch President Vice President Cabinet
  4. 4. The President <ul><li>Article II, Section 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pres. Qualifications and Restrictions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At least 35 years old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Natural born citizen of US </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>14 yr resident </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Term 4 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Election process of pres. and vice pres. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Beginning of the President’s Term <ul><li>Amendment 20 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Oath of office was moved from March 4 to January 20, which indicates the beginning of a new presidency and the end of the old. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress’ term begins on Jan. 3 rd . Reduces the lame duck period. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Limits Term of Office <ul><li>Amendment 22 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum of two elected terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But if President dies half way through his term, then the President can serve for a maximum of 10 years </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Presidential Roles <ul><li>Article II, Section 2 and 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief of State: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role: The president's role as chief of state is to represent the United States at public events. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This is mainly a ceremonial role that allows the president to represent the US. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Presidential Roles <ul><li>Chief Diplomat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role: Being a diplomat involves interacting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>with leaders from other nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The president is the main creator of foreign policy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He takes the lead in foreign relations by associating with foreign leaders develops policies with other nations. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Presidential Roles <ul><ul><li>Chief Executive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role: The president is the chief executive, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>empowered to administer the laws and affairs of the nation. While the president does not </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>make the laws, his agencies have the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>responsibility and authority to carry out the </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>laws. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president is the head of the Executive Branch, and has highest authority. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Presidential Roles <ul><li>Chief Legislator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role: Though the president cannot make laws, he can voice his own ideas and opinions to Congress while they draft legislation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He does this through speeches promoting his agenda and by meeting with individual Congress members </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Presidential Roles <ul><ul><li>Commanders in Chief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duties of Role: The president is the commander-in-chief of the U.S. armed forces. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All military leaders report to and take orders from </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the president. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The president performs this duty as a civilian, someone who is not in military service. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Presidential Roles <ul><ul><li>Chief of Party: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Party Leader </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Duties this role, the president helps members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>of his political party get elected or appointed to </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>office. The president campaigns for those </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>members who have supported his policies. At </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the end of a term the president may campaign </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for reelection with his party’s support. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Presidential Roles <ul><li>Chief Citizen </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role: The moral leader of America. Role model. Act in the best interest of the general public. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Presidential Powers <ul><li>Article I, sec 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enumerated powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Head of the military and state militia- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power of reprieve- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power to pardon- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power to make treaties- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Appointing powers- diplomat, Justices, and other offices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power to veto- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executing laws- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Receive ambassadors- </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Presidential Powers <ul><li>Inherent Powers </li></ul><ul><li>“ the executive powers shall be vested in the president” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of recognition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of commutation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of amnesty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removal powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executive Order </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>9066 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Presidential Powers <ul><ul><li>Implied Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executive Privilege </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wartimes Powers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power to suggest legislation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Removal of Presidents <ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Impeachment </li></ul><ul><li>Resignation </li></ul>
  18. 18. Presidential Succession <ul><li>Succession Act 1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The new law combined the 1792 and the 1886 provisions. Congressional officers were placed directly after the vice President. After the VP, it places the Speaker of House then President Pro Tempore. After that it is the Cabinet officers. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Presidential Succession <ul><li>Amendment 25 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VP becomes president if the president resigns, dies, or is removed from office </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VP vacancy will be appointed by the pres. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pres. resignation in writing to Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VP and Cabinet believes that the pres. unable to preside, then submit in writing to Congress </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The Vice President <ul><li>“My country has in its wisdom contrived for me the most insignificant office that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceive.” -John Adams </li></ul><ul><li>The Vice Presidency is a -“warm bucket of spit”. -John Nance Garner </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Vice President The Traditional or the Notorious VP?
  22. 22. The Vice President <ul><li>Article I, sec 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Role and Duties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited power or authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitution provides VP to be the president of the Senate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Can only vote in cases of a tie in the Senate </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Political Cartoon
  24. 24. The Cabinet <ul><li>Article II, Section 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of their respective offices. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cabinet includes the Vice President and, and the heads of 15 executive departments-the Secretaries of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Treasury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Justice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Interior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Agriculture </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. The Cabinet <ul><ul><li>Department of Commerce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Health & Human Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Housing and Urban Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Veteran Affairs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Homeland Security </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. The Cabinet Bureaucracy
  27. 27. Which Cabinet Department?
  28. 28. The Size of the Bureaucracy <ul><li>About 2.7 million civilian employees of the federal government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two biggest employers the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. Postal Service, with almost 800,000 workers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Defense, with more than 650,000 civilian staff </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Local Government: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest growth in government employment </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Federal Agencies and the Number of Civilian Employees
  30. 30. Executive Agencies <ul><li>Independent Agencies and Government Corporations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The agencies and corporations manage much of the day-to-day business of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The U.S. Postal Service, Small Business Administration, Social Security Administration, CIA, EPA, NASA, FEMA and the National Transportation Safety Board are just a few examples </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Regulatory Agencies <ul><li>FDA, EPA, OSHA and at least 50 others </li></ul><ul><li>empowered to create and enforce rules - regulations </li></ul><ul><li>Rules and regulations carry the full force of a law </li></ul><ul><li>Entities can be fined, sanctioned, forced to close, and even jailed for violating federal regulations </li></ul>
  32. 32. Quiz <ul><li>Based on the video, do you think the president has too much power? </li></ul>