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HEALTH PROMOTION
INTRODUCTION
• Health promotion is an important component
of nursing practice.
• It is a way of thinking that revolves around a
philosophy of wholeness ,wellness and well-
being.
DEFINITION
• Health promotion as a “behavior motivated by
the desire to increase wellbeing and actualize
human health potential”
(Pender ,Murdaugh and Parsons, 2006)
• Health promotion is a process of enabling
people to increase control over the
determinants of health and their by improve
their health.
PROGRAMES OR HEALTH
PROMOTION
• Information dissemination.
• Health risk appraisal and wellness
assessment.
• Lifestyle and behavioral change.
• Environmental control programs.
NURSES ROLE IN HEALTH
PROMOTION
• Model healthy life style behaviors and
attitudes.
• Facilitate client involvement in the assessment
, implementation and evaluation of health goal.
• Teach client health care strategies to enhance
fitness improve nutrition ,manage stress and
enhance relationships.
• Assist individuals, families and communities to
increase their levels of health.
• Educate client to be effective health care
consumers .
• Assist clients ,families ,and
communities to develop and
choose health promoting options.
• Guide clients development in effective problem
solving and decision making
• Reinforce clients personal and family health
promoting behaviors.
• Advocate in the community for changes that
promote a healthy environment.
HEALTH PROMOTION TOPICS
INFANTS
• Infant parent
attachment/bonding
• Breast feeding
• Sleep patterns
• Playful activity to stimulate
development
• Immunization
• Safety promotion and injury
control
CHILDREN
Health promotion topics..
• Nutrition
• Dental checkup
• Rest and exercise
• Immunizations
• Safety promotion and injury
control
ADOLECENTS
• Communicating with the
teen
• Hormonal changes
• Nutrition
• Exercise and rest
• Peer group influences
• Self concept and body image
• Sexuality
• Safety promotion and
accidental prevention.
Health promotion topics
Health promotion topics..
• Adequate sleep
• Appropriate use of alcohol
• Dental/oral health
• Drug management
• Exercise
• Foot health
• Health screening
• Hearing aid use
• Safety precautions
• Weight control etc.
ELDERS
PREVENTION
The management of those factors
that could lead to disease so as to prevent
the occurrence of disease .
Goal:-
• To maintain optimal health by preventing
disease
LEVELS OF PREVENTION
TERITIARY
SECONDARY
PRIMARY
PRIMODIAL
PRIMODIAL PREVENTION
• DEFINITION :
It is the prevention of emergence of risk factors in
population , in which they have not get appeared.
• INTERVENTIONS:
Individual and mass health education
PRIMARY PREVENTION
• DEFINITION:
Primary prevention can be defined as action taken
prior to the onset of disease, which removes the possibility
that a disease will ever occur,
• STRATEGY:
 Population (mass) strategy
 High risk strategy
• INTERVENTIONS:
• General health promotion :-
–health education.
–Environmental modification.
–Nutritional interventions.
–Lifestyle and behavioral changes.
• Specific protection:-
–Immunization (BCG ,DPT, MMR Vaccine)
–Chemoprophylaxis ( tetracycline for cholera, dapsone
for leprosy , chloroquinine for malaria)
–Use of specific nutrients ( vitamin A for children ,iron
and folic acid for pregnant mothers)
–Protection against accidents (use of helmet , seatbelt
etc)
–Protection against occupational hazards
–Avoidance of allergens
–Protection from air pollution.
SECONDARY PREVENTION
• DEFINITION:
The action which halts the progress of a disease at its
incipient stage and complications.
• INTERVENTION:
–Early detection.
–Prompt treatment.
TERITIARY PREVENTION
• DEFINITION:
All measures available to reduce or limit impairment
and disabilities , minimize suffering caused by existing
departures from good health and to promote the patient
adjustment irremediable conditions.
• INTERVENTIONS:
–Disability limitation
–Rehabilitation
Disease
Impairment
Disability
Handicap
• Rehabilitation :
–Medical rehabilitation
–Vocational rehabilitation
–Social rehabilitation
–Psychological rehabilitation
THANK YOU

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Health promotion and levels of prevention

  • 2. INTRODUCTION • Health promotion is an important component of nursing practice. • It is a way of thinking that revolves around a philosophy of wholeness ,wellness and well- being.
  • 3. DEFINITION • Health promotion as a “behavior motivated by the desire to increase wellbeing and actualize human health potential” (Pender ,Murdaugh and Parsons, 2006) • Health promotion is a process of enabling people to increase control over the determinants of health and their by improve their health.
  • 4. PROGRAMES OR HEALTH PROMOTION • Information dissemination. • Health risk appraisal and wellness assessment. • Lifestyle and behavioral change. • Environmental control programs.
  • 5. NURSES ROLE IN HEALTH PROMOTION • Model healthy life style behaviors and attitudes. • Facilitate client involvement in the assessment , implementation and evaluation of health goal.
  • 6. • Teach client health care strategies to enhance fitness improve nutrition ,manage stress and enhance relationships. • Assist individuals, families and communities to increase their levels of health. • Educate client to be effective health care consumers . • Assist clients ,families ,and communities to develop and choose health promoting options.
  • 7. • Guide clients development in effective problem solving and decision making • Reinforce clients personal and family health promoting behaviors. • Advocate in the community for changes that promote a healthy environment.
  • 8. HEALTH PROMOTION TOPICS INFANTS • Infant parent attachment/bonding • Breast feeding • Sleep patterns • Playful activity to stimulate development • Immunization • Safety promotion and injury control
  • 9. CHILDREN Health promotion topics.. • Nutrition • Dental checkup • Rest and exercise • Immunizations • Safety promotion and injury control
  • 10. ADOLECENTS • Communicating with the teen • Hormonal changes • Nutrition • Exercise and rest • Peer group influences • Self concept and body image • Sexuality • Safety promotion and accidental prevention. Health promotion topics
  • 11. Health promotion topics.. • Adequate sleep • Appropriate use of alcohol • Dental/oral health • Drug management • Exercise • Foot health • Health screening • Hearing aid use • Safety precautions • Weight control etc. ELDERS
  • 12.
  • 13. PREVENTION The management of those factors that could lead to disease so as to prevent the occurrence of disease . Goal:- • To maintain optimal health by preventing disease
  • 15. PRIMODIAL PREVENTION • DEFINITION : It is the prevention of emergence of risk factors in population , in which they have not get appeared. • INTERVENTIONS: Individual and mass health education
  • 16. PRIMARY PREVENTION • DEFINITION: Primary prevention can be defined as action taken prior to the onset of disease, which removes the possibility that a disease will ever occur, • STRATEGY:  Population (mass) strategy  High risk strategy
  • 17. • INTERVENTIONS: • General health promotion :- –health education. –Environmental modification. –Nutritional interventions. –Lifestyle and behavioral changes.
  • 18. • Specific protection:- –Immunization (BCG ,DPT, MMR Vaccine) –Chemoprophylaxis ( tetracycline for cholera, dapsone for leprosy , chloroquinine for malaria) –Use of specific nutrients ( vitamin A for children ,iron and folic acid for pregnant mothers) –Protection against accidents (use of helmet , seatbelt etc) –Protection against occupational hazards –Avoidance of allergens –Protection from air pollution.
  • 19. SECONDARY PREVENTION • DEFINITION: The action which halts the progress of a disease at its incipient stage and complications. • INTERVENTION: –Early detection. –Prompt treatment.
  • 20. TERITIARY PREVENTION • DEFINITION: All measures available to reduce or limit impairment and disabilities , minimize suffering caused by existing departures from good health and to promote the patient adjustment irremediable conditions. • INTERVENTIONS: –Disability limitation –Rehabilitation
  • 22. • Rehabilitation : –Medical rehabilitation –Vocational rehabilitation –Social rehabilitation –Psychological rehabilitation