Public Policy What is domestic public policy? What are the steps in policy creation? How do we know the policy is working?
Public Policy Overview <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public plans or course of action that concerns internal i...
Struggle for Influence
Theories <ul><li>Pluralist- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest groups compete and balance each other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>El...
Policymaking Process   Policy Formation Implementation Policy   Evaluation Agenda Setting Policy   Adoption
Catalyst in Public Policy creation <ul><li>Societal Issue or Problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised by constituents, media, ...
Policymaking Process   <ul><li>Step 1:  Agenda Setting  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing the issue/problem </li></ul></ul>...
Policymaking Process   <ul><li>Step 2:  Policy Formation </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politicians, pu...
Policymaking Process   <ul><li>Step 3: Policy Adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing a specific policy </li></ul></ul><ul...
Policymaking Process   <ul><li>Step 4: Policy Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bureaucracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Policymaking Process   <ul><li>Step 5: Policy Evaluation and Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both governmental and nongovernm...
Quiz <ul><li>Read the NYT article and new revelation on 911, then answer the question below. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Policy Creation

1,751 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,751
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Policy Creation

  1. 1. Public Policy What is domestic public policy? What are the steps in policy creation? How do we know the policy is working?
  2. 2. Public Policy Overview <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public plans or course of action that concerns internal issues of national importance, such as poverty, crime, and the environment. (Schmidt et. al, 485). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stated most simply, public policy is the sum of government activities, whether acting directly or through agents, as it has an influence on the life of citizens (Guy Peters) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Struggle for Influence
  4. 4. Theories <ul><li>Pluralist- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest groups compete and balance each other </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elite Theory- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest groups are dominated by elites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutionalist- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interest, Ideas, and Institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role and interaction of interests </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source of ideas and when and how they enter the policy process </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Role of various institutions </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Policymaking Process Policy Formation Implementation Policy Evaluation Agenda Setting Policy Adoption
  6. 6. Catalyst in Public Policy creation <ul><li>Societal Issue or Problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Raised by constituents, media, lobbyist, special interest groups, or corporations, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare occasions, issues raised by catastrophes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>911 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Katrina </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Policymaking Process <ul><li>Step 1: Agenda Setting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing the issue/problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress evaluates the significance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Determining Factors </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number of people the problem affects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Range of people it affects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Intensity of effects </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Visibility of the problem </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political environment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>If Congress or president deems issue “important”, then it is places on agenda. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Policymaking Process <ul><li>Step 2: Policy Formation </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Politicians, public, and interested parties discuss proposals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discussion focuses on the effects of government choices on the lives of individuals within society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Congress holds hearings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>President voices policy preference </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Analytical tools in selecting policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyze data and research from NGO’s, think tanks, and special interest groups. It is integrated into policy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rational choice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cost-benefit analysis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The way things have always been done” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Policymaking Process <ul><li>Step 3: Policy Adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing a specific policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Negotiations and compromise in committee hearings and floor debates. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President advocates certain policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public opinion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submitting Bills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Issues punishments for non-compliance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Uses power of the purse to enforce policy </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Policymaking Process <ul><li>Step 4: Policy Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Bureaucracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Passed Bills must be enacted in one of the 15 cabinet departments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy uses the funding to fulfill policy or cut due to non-compliance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insure services are provided through federal agencies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Policymaking Process <ul><li>Step 5: Policy Evaluation and Change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both governmental and nongovernmental agencies evaluate the effectiveness of the policy in solving the initial issue/problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If policy is not working, adjust or replace policies completely. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Quiz <ul><li>Read the NYT article and new revelation on 911, then answer the question below. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this issue important enough to place on the agenda? </li></ul></ul>

×