2b Foundation Of Us Dem


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2b Foundation Of Us Dem

  1. 1. Foundation of American Democracy: British Legacy <ul><li>How did British rule influence the creation of American democracy? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the enlightenment thinkers, and how did they contribute to the US Constitution? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Political Cartoon <ul><li>Describe the cartoon? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it represent? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the message is the cartoonist trying to convey? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Foundation of US Democracy <ul><li>Magna Carta (1215) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>English nobles forced the king John to obey laws. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King had to consult with council before raising taxes </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Foundation of US Democracy <ul><li>Glorious Revolution (1689) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament overrode the king’s authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament replaced King James II with William and Mary of Orange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In return, King William signed the British Bill of Rights. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trial by jury </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tax increases and raising an army required Parliament’s approval </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. British legacy <ul><li>13 English Colonies (1687-1776) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasons for leaving England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Religious Persecution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>King sent people to open trading post </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. British legacy <ul><li>13 English Colonies (1687-1776) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Established </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Massachusetts- place of religious tolerance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia- Jamestown was established as a port for the king </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pennsylvania- Place where religious and political outsiders could have their own place, far away from England </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. British Legacy <ul><li>Road to Revolution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonist grievances- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taxation without representation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar Act, Stamp Act, Townsend Act </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tyranny of the King- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disbanded colonial legislatures </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sent troops to the colonies in time of peace </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Navigation Act </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. British Legacy <ul><ul><ul><li>Intolerable Acts- </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quartering of soldiers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shut down ports </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Town meetings only w/ permission </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. British legacy <ul><li>Colonists respond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Continental Congress (1774) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Colonies agreed to raise troops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott British trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Officially petition King George </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. British legacy <ul><li>Colonists respond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Continental Congress (1776) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Preparing for war </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Established a continental army </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Voted for free trade </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence adopted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Enumerated the colonists major grievances </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Official separation from England </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Creating a New Government <ul><li>Articles of Confederation (1777) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>States will respect other states public acts, records, and judicial proceedings </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Give other state’s citizens the same rights of their own citizens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Return any state fugitive if requested to do so </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Creating a New Government <ul><li>Articles of Confederation (1777) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lacked a chief executive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No power to tax citizens directly </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lacked power to draft men </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of a national court system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amendments required unanimity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lacked power to collect state debt </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot settle disputes between states </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New national laws had to be approved by 9 of 13 colonies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. The Revision of the Government <ul><li>Constitutional Convention of 1787 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revise the Articles of Confederation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create a framework for national government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create a new set of laws that make the nation strong, yet protect rights of states and citizens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create conditions for successful self governance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Struggle for Power <ul><li>Competing Plans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virginia plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Jersey Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3/5 Compromise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Connecticut Compromise </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Democracy and Virtue <ul><li>Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Jefferson </li></ul>
  16. 16. US Constitution (1787) Judicial review <ul><ul><li>Separation of powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checks and balances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of church and state </li></ul></ul>Enlightenment Thinkers Definition Fundamental principles
  17. 17. Enlightenment Thinkers: Thoughts on Human Nature <ul><li>Montesquieu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans are not equal, especially women, but they should participate in govt. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Women are gentle and balanced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Locke </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans can reason; therefore we can self govern and care for ourselves. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The state and law of nature is based on reason and equality. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Enlightenment Thinkers <ul><li>Hobbes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Human nature is evil thus chaos exist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To eliminate chaos, people give up freedom for stability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rousseau </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans are born good and compassionate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human nature is peaceful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption results from modern influences </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Quiz <ul><li>How did England influence the US government, economy, and culture? </li></ul>