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Introduction to plagiarism and how to create citations.

Introduction to plagiarism and how to create citations.



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Plagiarism Plagiarism Presentation Transcript

  • Plagiarism
  • Plagiarism: High Tech Cheating
    • What is plagiarism?
    • What isn’t?
    • How to avoid plagiarism
    • Consequences of plagiarism
  • What is plagiarism?
    • Oxford Dictionary definition: “to take and use as one’s own the thoughts, writings, or inventions of another.” (OED 1987)
    • In other words, the act of using the words or ideas of another and calling them your own.
  • Scope of Plagiarism (Purdue University Online Writing Lab at http:// owl. english . purdue . edu )
  • Why it’s wrong
    • Plagiarism is stealing another’s work and calling it your own.
    • Plagiarism is lying about where you found the information and who wrote it.
    • Plagiarism removes any chance of learning from a research assignment.
  • IT’S SIMPLE: Plagiarism is copying!
  • How to Avoid Plagiarism
    • Plan well.
    • Write down all sources.
    • Read and take notes by paraphrasing and summarizing. Never write directly from sources.
    • Use many sources and organize info by subject.
    • Whenever you use exact words, use quotes and footnote.
    • Don’t cut and paste from internet sources. Try reading and minimizing.
    • Try the paper folding method.
  • Failsafe Method
    • Always use phrases in notetaking
    • Use your own words
    • DO NOT keep ideas in the same order at the author
  • When can you copy directly from a text?
    • When exact words are key; it can’t be said any other way.
    • Should be rare, and in small amounts
    • Words copied must be identified by quotation marks. If longer than 2 lines, should be indented.
    • Source must be acknowledged directly after the quotes.
  • Examples
    • Kennedy in 1962 stated, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.” (Kennedy, p. 108)
    • Rick Reilly of Sports Illustrated reflected on the honor of being asked to carry the Olympic torch.
    • I was proud to be a tiny part of an amazing human chain…
    • Proud I was passing along the same flame carried -- for the
    • first time -- in Africa and South America, carried by Tom Cruise and Billy Mills and Miss World 2002 before me. (Reilly, p. 110)
  • When do you have to give credit? You need to Document :
    • When you are using or referring to somebody else’s words or ideas from any source
    • When you use information gained through interviewing another person
    • When you copy the exact words or a "unique phrase” from somewhere
    • When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts,and pictures
    • When you use ideas that others have given you in conversations or over email
    • (
  • When Not to Give Credit
    • When you are writing your own experiences, your own observations, your own insights your own thoughts, your own conclusions about a subject
    • When you are using " common knowledge " — folklore, common sense observations, shared information within your field of study or cultural group.
    • When you are compiling generally accepted fact
    • When you are writing up your own experimental results
    No Need to Document When: My Work!!!
  • How to Give Credit
    • 1. Name the author in the text of your report. For example,
    • According to Smith in his 2001 study, 56 percent of
    • students admit to cheating at one time or another.
    • (Smith, p.201)
    • Put the quote in quotation marks and footnote . Statistical material should be footnoted as well. (Author,
    • page number). If no author, use (Title, page number).
    • For example,
    • “ It is difficult to imagine a better young adult novel than The Outsiders.” (Silvey, p. 308)
    • 3. Always cite all sources in your bibliography .
  • Recap
    • There are three ways to cite the author of information you’re using.
    • You must list every source in your bibliography.
    • You must footnote direct quotes or statistical information.
    • If you are paraphrasing someone’s ideas, give them credit in the text by mentioning their name and footnote.
  • What Are We Looking For?
    • A responsible use of information
    • A moral code
    • Students who are learning the most from the research process (taking notes, forming your own conclusions, writing your own text)
  • If you choose to plagiarize, the consequences are:
    • Disciplinary points
    • Failing grade on the assignment