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Introduction to plagiarism and how to create citations.

Published in: Education, Technology


  1. 1. Plagiarism
  2. 2. Plagiarism: High Tech Cheating <ul><li>What is plagiarism? </li></ul><ul><li>What isn’t? </li></ul><ul><li>How to avoid plagiarism </li></ul><ul><li>Consequences of plagiarism </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is plagiarism? <ul><li>Oxford Dictionary definition: “to take and use as one’s own the thoughts, writings, or inventions of another.” (OED 1987) </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, the act of using the words or ideas of another and calling them your own. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Scope of Plagiarism (Purdue University Online Writing Lab at http:// owl. english . purdue . edu )
  5. 5. Why it’s wrong <ul><li>Plagiarism is stealing another’s work and calling it your own. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is lying about where you found the information and who wrote it. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism removes any chance of learning from a research assignment. </li></ul>
  6. 6. IT’S SIMPLE: Plagiarism is copying!
  7. 7. How to Avoid Plagiarism <ul><li>Plan well. </li></ul><ul><li>Write down all sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Read and take notes by paraphrasing and summarizing. Never write directly from sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Use many sources and organize info by subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever you use exact words, use quotes and footnote. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t cut and paste from internet sources. Try reading and minimizing. </li></ul><ul><li>Try the paper folding method. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Failsafe Method <ul><li>Always use phrases in notetaking </li></ul><ul><li>Use your own words </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT keep ideas in the same order at the author </li></ul>
  9. 9. When can you copy directly from a text? <ul><li>When exact words are key; it can’t be said any other way. </li></ul><ul><li>Should be rare, and in small amounts </li></ul><ul><li>Words copied must be identified by quotation marks. If longer than 2 lines, should be indented. </li></ul><ul><li>Source must be acknowledged directly after the quotes. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Examples <ul><li>Kennedy in 1962 stated, “Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country.” (Kennedy, p. 108) </li></ul><ul><li>Rick Reilly of Sports Illustrated reflected on the honor of being asked to carry the Olympic torch. </li></ul><ul><li>I was proud to be a tiny part of an amazing human chain… </li></ul><ul><li>Proud I was passing along the same flame carried -- for the </li></ul><ul><li>first time -- in Africa and South America, carried by Tom Cruise and Billy Mills and Miss World 2002 before me. (Reilly, p. 110) </li></ul>
  11. 11. When do you have to give credit? You need to Document : <ul><li>When you are using or referring to somebody else’s words or ideas from any source </li></ul><ul><li>When you use information gained through interviewing another person </li></ul><ul><li>When you copy the exact words or a &quot;unique phrase” from somewhere </li></ul><ul><li>When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts,and pictures </li></ul><ul><li>When you use ideas that others have given you in conversations or over email </li></ul><ul><li>( </li></ul>
  12. 12. When Not to Give Credit <ul><li>When you are writing your own experiences, your own observations, your own insights your own thoughts, your own conclusions about a subject </li></ul><ul><li>When you are using &quot; common knowledge &quot; — folklore, common sense observations, shared information within your field of study or cultural group. </li></ul><ul><li>When you are compiling generally accepted fact </li></ul><ul><li>When you are writing up your own experimental results </li></ul>No Need to Document When: My Work!!!
  13. 13. How to Give Credit <ul><li>1. Name the author in the text of your report. For example, </li></ul><ul><li>According to Smith in his 2001 study, 56 percent of </li></ul><ul><li> students admit to cheating at one time or another. </li></ul><ul><li> (Smith, p.201) </li></ul><ul><li>Put the quote in quotation marks and footnote . Statistical material should be footnoted as well. (Author, </li></ul><ul><li>page number). If no author, use (Title, page number). </li></ul><ul><li>For example, </li></ul><ul><li>“ It is difficult to imagine a better young adult novel than The Outsiders.” (Silvey, p. 308) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Always cite all sources in your bibliography . </li></ul>
  14. 14. Recap <ul><li>There are three ways to cite the author of information you’re using. </li></ul><ul><li>You must list every source in your bibliography. </li></ul><ul><li>You must footnote direct quotes or statistical information. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are paraphrasing someone’s ideas, give them credit in the text by mentioning their name and footnote. </li></ul>
  15. 15. What Are We Looking For? <ul><li>A responsible use of information </li></ul><ul><li>A moral code </li></ul><ul><li>Students who are learning the most from the research process (taking notes, forming your own conclusions, writing your own text) </li></ul>
  16. 16. If you choose to plagiarize, the consequences are: <ul><li>Disciplinary points </li></ul><ul><li>Failing grade on the assignment </li></ul>