Conditionals
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Conditionals

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Conditionals Conditionals Presentation Transcript

  • CONDITIONALS IF...
  • TYPE 1 Probable
    • IF + PRESENT SIMPLE ... WILL/WON’T + VERB
    • If he wakes up early, we will go for a walk
  • First conditionals and future time clauses
    • In the main clause the verb form is usually will + INF, but we can also use may, might, can, could, shall, should, ought to, have to, or an imperative , depending on the meaning.
    • If you have a birthday party, you might get loads of cool presents.
    • If you decide to have a birthday party, tell me.
    • Future time clauses (begining with when, as soon as, etc.) are followed by a present tense although they actually refer to the future.
      • Until he arrives , I will read a book.
      • They will make a cake before they go .
  • TYPE 2 Imaginary situations in the present/future
    • IF + PAST SIMPLE ... WOULD/WOULDN’T + VERB
    • If he woke up early, we would go for a walk
  • Special rules for second conditionals
    • If he/she/it was … or If he/she/it were …
    • We can use could or might in the main clause instead of would , to mean would perhaps .
    • If I really needed the money, I might keep it.
    • ADVICE :
    • If I were / was you, I would think very carefully about my future.
  • TYPE 3 Imaginary situations in the past
    • IF + PAST PERFECT ... WOULD + HAVE + VERB
    • If he had woken up early, we would have gone for a walk.
  • Special rules for third conditionals
    • We can use could , might or should in the main clause to mean would perhaps .
    • If I had done some revision, I might / could / should have passed the exam.
  • Alternatives for IF
    • Unless = if not
    • Unless we finish soon, we will miss the train.
    • If we don’t finish soon, we will miss the train.
    • Provided / Providing, As long as = only if (this happens)
    • He can come with us, provided he pays for his own meals.
    • As long as you can come by six, I'll be here.
    • Assuming = accepting that something is true
    • Assuming your calculations are correct, we should travel northeast.
    • Imagine, Suppose / supposing (Alternatives for IF in questions)
    • Look, suppose you lost your job tomorrow, what would you do?
  • EXERCISE
    • Finish the following sentences
    • People would be surprised if...
    • If I didn’t have a TV...
    • If I hadn’t lost my passport...
    • I wouldn’t have met my wife if…
    • If we had been born in Australia...