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# Conditionals

## on Jan 20, 2011

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## ConditionalsPresentation Transcript

• CONDITIONALS IF...
• TYPE 1 Probable
• IF + PRESENT SIMPLE ... WILL/WON’T + VERB
• If he wakes up early, we will go for a walk
• First conditionals and future time clauses
• In the main clause the verb form is usually will + INF, but we can also use may, might, can, could, shall, should, ought to, have to, or an imperative , depending on the meaning.
• If you have a birthday party, you might get loads of cool presents.
• If you decide to have a birthday party, tell me.
• Future time clauses (begining with when, as soon as, etc.) are followed by a present tense although they actually refer to the future.
• Until he arrives , I will read a book.
• They will make a cake before they go .
• TYPE 2 Imaginary situations in the present/future
• IF + PAST SIMPLE ... WOULD/WOULDN’T + VERB
• If he woke up early, we would go for a walk
• Special rules for second conditionals
• If he/she/it was … or If he/she/it were …
• We can use could or might in the main clause instead of would , to mean would perhaps .
• If I really needed the money, I might keep it.
• If I were / was you, I would think very carefully about my future.
• TYPE 3 Imaginary situations in the past
• IF + PAST PERFECT ... WOULD + HAVE + VERB
• If he had woken up early, we would have gone for a walk.
• Special rules for third conditionals
• We can use could , might or should in the main clause to mean would perhaps .
• If I had done some revision, I might / could / should have passed the exam.
• Alternatives for IF
• Unless = if not
• Unless we finish soon, we will miss the train.
• If we don’t finish soon, we will miss the train.
• Provided / Providing, As long as = only if (this happens)
• He can come with us, provided he pays for his own meals.
• As long as you can come by six, I'll be here.
• Assuming = accepting that something is true
• Assuming your calculations are correct, we should travel northeast.
• Imagine, Suppose / supposing (Alternatives for IF in questions)
• Look, suppose you lost your job tomorrow, what would you do?
• EXERCISE
• Finish the following sentences
• People would be surprised if...
• If I didn’t have a TV...
• If I hadn’t lost my passport...
• I wouldn’t have met my wife if…
• If we had been born in Australia...