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ESL 502 Lindsay Guenter
<ul><li>POSTER OVERVIEIW OF PRESENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>There are three key contrasting features of English & Spanish. ...
<ul><li>SPELLING </li></ul><ul><li>NOUN FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>VERB TENSES </li></ul>
SPANISH ENGLISH <ul><li>Phonetic spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Every letter represents one sound </li></ul><ul><li>Make readi...
SPANISH ENGLISH  *Masculine & feminine forms *Any article or adjective must agree in gender *English uses no gender in gra...
SPANISH ENGLISH *Spanish verbs must agree with the subject *There are many different forms in every tense of a verb *For i...
<ul><li>This YouTube clip demonstrates the difference in noun forms and verb tenses while singing the familiar childhood f...
<ul><li>A kindergarten teacher may observe phoentic spelling in kidwriting. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wuz (was), iz, (is), kud...
<ul><li>In my data analysis, I observed native Spanish speaking students omitting or incorrectly use gender subject pronou...
<ul><li>Spanish ELLs use incorrect tenses or create new forms for tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because Spanish verbs ...
<ul><li>Phonetic spelling is related to the complexity of the English vowel system. </li></ul><ul><li>ELLs struggle to ide...
<ul><li>The Freemans sums it up perfectly, “ Educators who understand the complexity of the English vowel system can bette...
<ul><li>In contrast to American English, Spanish has only 5 vowel phonemes, and NONE correspond exactly to any English vow...
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Guenter u11a1 language comparison data analysis poster & presentation

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Transcript of "Guenter u11a1 language comparison data analysis poster & presentation"

  1. 1. ESL 502 Lindsay Guenter
  2. 2. <ul><li>POSTER OVERVIEIW OF PRESENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>There are three key contrasting features of English & Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>This relationship between the two languages impacts errors. </li></ul><ul><li>There are instructional tools teachers can implement to correct these specific language errors. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>SPELLING </li></ul><ul><li>NOUN FORMS </li></ul><ul><li>VERB TENSES </li></ul>
  4. 4. SPANISH ENGLISH <ul><li>Phonetic spelling </li></ul><ul><li>Every letter represents one sound </li></ul><ul><li>Make reading and writing logical and consistent </li></ul>*Perplexing spelling *Even native speakers come across words they do not know how to spell or pronounce *English spelling does not look like the pronunciation *For example: -enough -bough -dough -though -cough
  5. 5. SPANISH ENGLISH *Masculine & feminine forms *Any article or adjective must agree in gender *English uses no gender in grammar except for personal pronouns *For example: -he -she -his -her -hers
  6. 6. SPANISH ENGLISH *Spanish verbs must agree with the subject *There are many different forms in every tense of a verb *For instance, eat in Spanish is comer *A few forms of eat are -como -comes -come *A few forms of ate are -comi -comiste -comio *English has 3 forms for the present of the verb to be -am -is -are *English has 2 forms of other simple present affirmative verbs -do/does -work/works *And only 1 form in the past tense -did/went *Therefore, there are not SEVERAL different forms for every tense of a verb
  7. 7. <ul><li>This YouTube clip demonstrates the difference in noun forms and verb tenses while singing the familiar childhood favorite. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AaHNmJIohpI&feature=fvsr </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>A kindergarten teacher may observe phoentic spelling in kidwriting. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wuz (was), iz, (is), kud (could) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In these examples, one letter represents each sound. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>English has about 40 phonemes while Spanish has about 22. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>In my data analysis, I observed native Spanish speaking students omitting or incorrectly use gender subject pronouns. </li></ul><ul><li>This is common in Spanish ELLs because subject pronouns are often ommitted in Spanish sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I like to play with my toys and my brother because she plays with me. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Spanish ELLs use incorrect tenses or create new forms for tenses. </li></ul><ul><li>This is because Spanish verbs must agree with the subject and there are many more forms of verb tenses in Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Yes, you was talking.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ When we eat dinner she leave. She come home in the morning when the sun come up. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Phonetic spelling is related to the complexity of the English vowel system. </li></ul><ul><li>ELLs struggle to identify vowel sounds for many reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>When a vowel is followed by a nasal sound, the vowel picks up some of the nasal quality. </li></ul><ul><li>In ELL kidwriting examples, I have observed students write went as wet because ELLs recognize the nasal ‘n’ sound as part of the vowel, not a separate phoneme. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>The Freemans sums it up perfectly, “ Educators who understand the complexity of the English vowel system can better appreciate the difficulty children have as they attempt to represent these sound as they write ” (Freeman, D. & Freeman, Y., 2004, p. 60). </li></ul><ul><li>According to Freeman and Freeman (2004), there are about 15 vowel sounds in American English that are represented in several different ways. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>In contrast to American English, Spanish has only 5 vowel phonemes, and NONE correspond exactly to any English vowel. </li></ul><ul><li>Prolific reading and analytic activities help students to spell accurately. </li></ul><ul><li>“ The best way to help students become more proficient spellers is to involve them in problem-solving activities so they can make sense of the English spelling system ” (Freeman, D. and Freeman, Y., 2004, p. 60). </li></ul>
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