Berry u11a1 language comparison


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Berry u11a1 language comparison

  1. 1. Language Comparison A look into the dynamics of English and Spanish By: Jessie Berry
  2. 2. Key Features of Spanish Uses the Latin alphabet, which includes 5 vowels, 5 diphthongs, and 15 phonemes Spelling and sound of the words coincide Considered an inflectional language: forms of words change to indicate how they relate to the other words in a sentence (e.g. The conjugation of verbs occurs to identify who and when )
  3. 3. Key Features of Spanish continued… Sometimes considered an Isolating Language: the relationship of words to each other are conveyed primarily by the use of word order or by words known as "particles" to indicate the relationship among them (e.g. word orders and prepositions identify the function of a noun ) Sometimes considered an Agglutinative Language: the words are frequently formed by combining various combinations of "morphemes," word-like units with distinct meanings (e.g. prefixes and suffixes) Each syllable has the same duration no matter where the stress falls
  4. 4. Comparison & Contrast of English and Spanish BOTH  utilize the Latin alphabet and includes 15 phonemes  includes aspects of all three (inflectional, isolated, and agglutinative langauges)
  5. 5. Comparison & Contrast ofSpanish and English continued…  Differences  Spanish includes 5 separate phonemes from English and English includes 9 separate from Spanish  English’s sounds and spelling do not always coincide  Punctuation occurs at the beginning and end of sentences in Spanish  In English the duration of time spent on accented syllables is longer than those unaccented
  6. 6. Language Relationships andImpacts on Errors and Interlanguage Development in ELL  The phonemes “ch” and “sh” nonexistent in the Spanish language prove to be difficult to differentiate and pronounce for a Spanish speaker  In English “b” and “v” and “s” and “z” have distinct pronunciations where in Spanish they are pronounced the same way  Spanish students learning English may have difficulty with adjectives due to the fact in their L1 adjectives are conjugated according to number and gender
  7. 7. Enlightenment on Errors Made by ELL in Data Collection Journal The ELL whom the Data Collection Journal referred to had the most difficulty with verbs and tenses  The Spanish language depends heavily on inflectional characteristics where the words change depending on the other words in the sentence. Although, this can be seen somewhat in English it is not as prevalent. Another struggle for the ELL was using the correct present form of the English verb to be: am, is, and are  In Spanish the verb is conjugated every time according to the noun or pronoun it refers to and in English some of the pronouns share the same form of verbs
  8. 8. Instructional Implications  Understanding the L1 of a student helps determine the source of an error  In understanding the source of an error an instructor is better equipped to help that student  It allows teachers to go to the source of the problem and better serve his or her students and teach explicitly what is being misunderstood
  9. 9. Works Cited Erichsen, Gerald. (2012). A Linguistic Look at Spanish Languages Often Classified by Origins, Structure. Retrieved from h/a/linguist.htm Frankfurt International School. (2011). A Guide to Learning English. Retrieved from Frederick, M. M.S. (2005). Common Articulation Variations Between English and Spanish. Retrieved from f/82_commonArticulation.pdf