Information Literacy


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SIS 2008

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Information Literacy

  1. 1. Information Literacy and Indian Scenario Dr. H.S. Chopra PhD. (History); PhD.(Library and Inf. Science) Head, Bhai Gurdas Library, Guru Nanak Dev University,Amritsar [email_address]
  2. 2. <ul><li>Information was at every time during every age. </li></ul><ul><li>Human being could not have survived such a long journey without information. </li></ul><ul><li>Information went on orally from generation to generation. </li></ul><ul><li>Man was never bereft of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Information is as important as air, water, food and shelter. </li></ul><ul><li>We are passing from Information Society to Knowledge society. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Information has brought a change in every aspect of society. </li></ul><ul><li>Every year trillions of documents relating to various disciplines appear all the world over. </li></ul><ul><li>Presently 5 billion websites are available and these consist of 30 billion pages. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia has more than 28 lac articles </li></ul><ul><li>Even on a micro subject there is a plenty of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspite of glut of information most of the people are not information literate. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>In India 26% people are living below poverty line. </li></ul><ul><li>35% people are uneducated. </li></ul><ul><li>India has approximately 340 Universities, 18,000 colleges and millions of schools. </li></ul><ul><li>Information provider should critically examine the authenticity, accuracy and originality. </li></ul><ul><li>Source of information should be reliable. </li></ul><ul><li>Information seeker as well as information provider should be aware of the copyright problem. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>User should be aware of economic, legal and social issues. </li></ul><ul><li>‘Information for all’, is the aim of UNESCO. </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of books are printed every year. </li></ul><ul><li>E-books,e-journals,e-documents etc. are available. </li></ul><ul><li>India is on number one in Asia and on number six in the world for publication of books. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Indian Scene <ul><li>India is a land of villages </li></ul><ul><li>India has 5.9 lac villages </li></ul><ul><li>More than 70% people live in villages </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of internet, well equipped schools, libraries. </li></ul><ul><li>Non-availability of information centers, training centers, communication skills centers. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes constitute about 24 .40% of total population. </li></ul><ul><li>This segment of society is underprivileged and had suffered in every sphere of life for the last hundreds of years </li></ul><ul><li>In India male literacy 75.85% and female literacy was 54.16% in 2001. </li></ul><ul><li>In rural section females are still deprived of education. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Information literacy is an adopted term of UNESCO. </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy is as essential as freedom of expression and right to information. </li></ul><ul><li>After 1990, information infrastructure has generally improved in corporate sector as well as in public sector in India. </li></ul><ul><li>In order to remove literacy gap information literacy is must. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Libraries both Academic and Public can play a great role. </li></ul><ul><li>However, the public libraries which cater all types of readers need regular financial support. </li></ul><ul><li>Initiatives like TeNet, E-Chaupal, Infothela etc. can be very helpful. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Steps for Information Literacy <ul><li>Defining the problem and asking relevant good questions to ascertain accurate and updated information. </li></ul><ul><li>Information seeking strategies. </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting and evaluating resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizing and restructuring information </li></ul><ul><li>Communicating the results of the research and finally the evaluation of the use of information and satisfaction. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Role of Internet,UGC and Faculty <ul><li>Internet is providing 40% information free of cost. </li></ul><ul><li>INFLIBNET is providing free access to about 5000 e-journals to more than 100 universities. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers can play a great role in making the students ‘Critical Thinkers’, Curious observers, creators and users of information. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Responsibility should be shifted to students for developing questions, strategies to search for answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Independent problem solving capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>It will develop life long learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Even at workplace one has to keep up with rapid changes. </li></ul><ul><li>There is need to educate all the people </li></ul><ul><li>There is no dearth of literature </li></ul>Information Literacy Measures
  13. 13. <ul><li>All efforts are being made by States, Center and NGO’s to remove the stigma of illiteracy. </li></ul><ul><li>The day is not afar when all Indians will be information literate. </li></ul>