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The Global Transformation of Libraries, LIS Education, and LIS Profession

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Dr. Sandra Hirsh, professor and director at the San Jose State University School of Library and Information Science, delivered the opening keynote presentation at the Library 2.013 Worldwide Virtual Conference on October 18, 2013.

In this keynote presentation, Hirsh summarizes the global and technical trends impacting all sectors of the library and information field, highlights the role libraries can serve as the technological and educational hub for their communities, and defines the new roles and skills that will be required of information professionals to help their organizations thrive in today’s global information market.

A recording of the presentation is available here: http://www.library20.com/page/2-013-recordings

Published in: Education, Technology
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The Global Transformation of Libraries, LIS Education, and LIS Profession

  1. 1. The Global Transformation of Libraries, LIS Education, and LIS professionals Dr. Sandra Hirsh, Professor and Director Library 2.013 October 18, 2013
  2. 2. “The secret to high performance and satisfaction – at work, at school, and at home – is the deeply human need to direct our lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and our world.” (Daniel H. Pink, 2011) 2
  3. 3. Global Trends Impacting Libraries 3
  4. 4. “The amount of digital content created in 2011 amounts to several million times that contained in all books ever written.” (IFLA, 2013) IFLA. (2013). Riding the Waves or Caught in the tide? Navigating the Evolving Information Environment. Insights from the IFLA Trend Report. Retrieved from: http://trends.ifla.org/ 4
  5. 5. “Internet traffic has risen by 13,000% in the last decade, with more digital information created in 2008-2011 than in all of previous recorded history.” (IFLA, 2013) IFLA. (2013). Riding the Waves or Caught in the tide? Navigating the Evolving Information Environment. Insights from the IFLA Trend Report. Retrieved from: http://trends.ifla.org/ 5
  6. 6. 5 Key Trends •  Technologies will expand and limit who has access •  Online learning will democratize global learning •  The boundaries of privacy and data protection will be redefined •  Hyper-connected societies will listen to and empower new voices •  The global information environment will be transformed with new technologies IFLA. (2013). Riding the Waves or Caught in the tide? Navigating the Evolving Information Environment. Insights from the IFLA Trend Report. Retrieved from: http://trends.ifla.org/ 6
  7. 7. Emerging Technologies = Opportunities     Source: http://gcn.com/pages/trending/elearning.aspx?s=gcntech_050313 7
  8. 8. These innovations are “not technologies looking for an application in formal education. They are new ways of teaching, learning, and assessment.” (Sharples, et. al, 2013) 8
  9. 9. MOOCs Source: http://mooc.hyperlib.sjsu.edu/ 9
  10. 10. Mobile Apps = Seamless Learning Image: http://knowledgedirect.blogspot.com/2011/03/mobile-learning-apps-statistics-and.html 10
  11. 11. 3D Printers = Maker Culture Stoll, C. (2013). Makerspaces: Surveying the Scene of Illinois. http://www.ila.org/Reporter/April_2013/Pg4-9.pdf 11
  12. 12. The Internet of Things Image source: http://www.internet-of-things.eu/ Image source: http://www.x-v-x.de/blog/? p=2408 12
  13. 13. Global Phenomenon •  Mobile devices will outnumber humans this year. •  90% of consumer-connected devices be connected to the cloud •  At least 4 billion terabytes of data will be generated this year alone. Source: http://readwrite.com/2013/04/30/how-the-internet-of-things-will-transform-everything-according-to-it-experts 13
  14. 14. New Roles for the Library 14
  15. 15. “Libraries are more than just a repository - they are communities where information flows back and forth.” Anthony Andora, SJSU SLIS Alumni 15
  16. 16. Technology changes the way we… •  Access information •  Learn •  Interact, use, and communicate with information •  Collaborate: socially, academically, and professionally 16
  17. 17. Rainie, L. (2013). Reinventing of Libraries: The keys to the future in 7 questions. Pew Internet http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2013/Jun/The-reinvention-of-libraries.aspx 17
  18. 18. Rainie, L. (2013). Reinventing of Libraries: The keys to the future in 7 questions. Pew Internet http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2013/Jun/The-reinvention-of-libraries.aspx 18
  19. 19. Rainie, L. (2013). Reinventing of Libraries: The keys to the future in 7 questions. Pew Internet http://www.pewinternet.org/Presentations/2013/Jun/The-reinvention-of-libraries.aspx 19
  20. 20. McKendrick, J. (2013). Libraries: At the epicenter of the digital disruption. Unisphere Research.
  21. 21. “When asked what I see for the future of libraries – all kinds of libraries - I imagine a space where users will connect, collaborate, create, and care.” (Stephens, 2011) That future is now… 21
  22. 22. The Library Creates Source: http://blog.ctnews.com/culturecache/2013/07/08/bound-by-boredom-libraries-offer-summer-programs-for-teens/ 22
  23. 23. The Library Learns Website: http://libraryyou.escondido.org/ 23
  24. 24. FFL Fab Lab The Library Connects Image source: http://fflib.org/fablab 24
  25. 25. The Library Engages Source: http://www.ourtownstories.co.uk/overview/ 25
  26. 26. The Library Plays Image source: http://uklibchat.wordpress.com/2012/11/30/feature-01-innovative-use-of-technology-in-libraries/ 26
  27. 27. The Library Automates Image source: http://uklibchat.wordpress.com/2012/11/30/feature-01-innovative-use-of-technology-in-libraries/penguin/ 27
  28. 28. New Roles for Library Professionals 28
  29. 29. LIS Skills and Knowledge: •  Reference skills •  Networks, metadata, digital assets, database management, website development •  Management-level positions •  Statistics/analysis skills •  Teaching/instruction •  Knowledge of emerging trends/ technologies •  Digitization projects, integrated library systems and others 29 http://slisweb.sjsu.edu/about-slis/ publications/emerging-careertrends-information-professionalssnapshot-job-titles
  30. 30. Emerging Job Titles SALARYSTAT Top Ten Job Titles Data Analytics Data Science Digital Archives Digital Content Management E-learning/Distance Learning Librarian Emerging Technologies Specialist Instructional Designer Project Manager Social Media Manager User Experience Designer Source: http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/10/placements-and-salaries/2012-survey/emerging-jobs-new-titles/ 30
  31. 31. Source: http://slisweb.sjsu.edu/downloads/emerging_trends_2012.pdf
  32. 32. “A result of a Kuwait University selfstudy on the competencies needed by new LIS professionals, new tracks of specialization were developed to address the needs of librarianship which included information management, IT applications, and knowledge management.“ (Rehman, 2010, p. 303) 32
  33. 33. Global Perspective Norwegian and Thai LIS educators found that the “principal areas of disciplinary knowledge required included an understanding of metadata, database development, database management systems, and user needs.” (Nonthacumjane, 2011) 33
  34. 34. Forecasts for Jobs Requiring a MLIS Degree •  •  •  •  •  •  34 71% explicitly required a MLS or MLIS 43% of listings require reference skills 33% of listings are management-level jobs 32% of listings are tech-centered jobs 25% of listings require teaching/instruction 21% of listings require statistics/analysis skills
  35. 35. LIS Education – Providing the Path for Vibrant Library Futures 35
  36. 36. Top 3 Skills Requested •  Effective written and verbal communication skills, •  A passion for continuous learning and adaptability to new technology, and •  Proficient use of current and emerging information technologies. Hirsh, S. (2012). Preparing future professionals through broad competency planning. Information Outlook, 16(1), p. 9-11. Retrieved from: https://slisweb.sjsu.edu/downloads/future_professionals.pdf 36
  37. 37. LIS Technological Pathways •  Digital Libraries – 42% •  Information Architecture, Design, and Programming – 32% •  Information Technology – 7% •  Social Technical – 7% •  Data Curation – 4% •  Other - 8% 37
  38. 38. “In today’s environment of rapid technological changes, competitive job markets and evolving job roles, it’s critical to examine the competencies needed to succeed as an information professional.” (Hirsh, 2012) 38
  39. 39. LIS Required Competencies Students will “demonstrate proficiency in the use of current information and communication technologies, and other related technologies, as they affect the resources and uses of libraries and other types of information providing entities.” (San Jose State University, 2013) 39
  40. 40. LIS Required Competencies Students will “Be cognizant of the impact of technology on the social and economic structure and the library’s mission to the community.” (University of Mississippi, 2013) 40
  41. 41. LIS Required Competencies Students will “employ current and emerging technologies effectively for communication, and to search for, identify, repackage, and deliver information resources.” (Emporia State, 2013) 41
  42. 42. “Graduates of accredited LIS programs have the ability to engage and evolve with technology, impart technology to cross-generational communities, and possess a willingness to share, teach, and participate.” (Stephens, 2011) 42
  43. 43. 43
  44. 44. 44
  45. 45. “Providing technology-based access is now libraries’ top priority as they redefine their roles as digital knowledge centers.” (McKendrick, 2013) 45
  46. 46. Thank you for attending! Dr. Sandy Hirsh, Professor and Director sandy.hirsh@sjsu.edu Facebook: Twitter: Pinterest: YouTube: facebook.com/sjsuslis twitter.com/sjsuslis pinterest.com/sjsuslis/ youtube.com/user/sjsuslis slisweb.sjsu.edu 46

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