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  1. 1. WWI Sets the stage for WWII “ The Enemy did not Appear in a Instant”
  2. 2. Treaty of Versailles <ul><li>Left many European nations dissatisfied . </li></ul><ul><li>Italy : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doesn’t get territory it wanted. Largely ignored by other victorious countries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>France : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thought the Treaty wasn’t harsh enough. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoped to use the peace settlement to severely weaken Germany. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Treaty is Harsh on Germany <ul><li>Lost 13% of territory and all overseas colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Virtually dismantled its Navy and Air Force and limited army to 100,000 men. </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to Sign the Treaty, although they weren’t allowed in negotiations. </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to sign article 231- saying they were to blame for the war. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Treaty is Harsh on Germany <ul><li>Germany forced to pay Reparations to pay for the damages of the war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>132 Billion in Gold Marks w/ 6% interest set to be paid through 1988. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>**D epression, unemployment, Weimar Republic becomes associated with “failure”. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Germany can’t possibly pay the reparations, destroying their economy.
  6. 7. Japan is Also Unhappy <ul><li>Wants to be treated as an equal by the west. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not allowed to expand into China like they want. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small island, they feel they need colonial resources to compete in industrial world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feel that they deserve respect from the west. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. The Rise of Dictatorships <ul><li>Dictatorship: (Unchallenged Power) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows no other political parties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Totalitarianism: (total control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by a single person or party, suppressing freedom and controlling every aspect of life. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. European Fascism <ul><li>Fascism : (Glory of the state) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One party dictatorship characterized by racism and militarism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Anti-individualistic, the Fascist concept of life stresses the importance of the State and accepts the individual only so far as his interests coincide with those of the state” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benito Mussolini The Doctrine of Fascism 1932 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. 1.) Benito Mussolini (Italy) <ul><li>National Fascist Party : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Everything in the State, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main Goals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay in Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Return Italy to Greatness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Improvements </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. 2.) Adolf Hitler (Germany) <ul><li>Led into politics by anger over Treaty of Versailles. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Unrest in Germany and the Rise of the Nazi Party <ul><li>Weimar Republic in control of Germany from 1918-33’. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled by the citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Era of hyperinflation and depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideas, but little action taken to fix situation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Society was becoming fragmented and many believed falling apart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>**Opens doors for Nazi Party to gain control.** </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. <ul><li>1923 Print during period of inflation. </li></ul>
  13. 15. 1942 money
  14. 16. Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party <ul><li>Wrote Mein Kampf : (my struggle) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Outlining political beliefs/goals: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Racially superior German Race (Aryans) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Germany will either be a world power or there were will be no Germany at all.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dream of uniting all Germanic peoples. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 18. Rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party <ul><li>Stressed the need for “ Action ” not rationality. </li></ul><ul><li>At first he down-played the anti-Semitic aspect of Nazism. </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to make Germany great again. </li></ul><ul><li>*Very popular leader, kept distance from “Little Hitler” actions. </li></ul>
  16. 19. Joseph Stalin (Russia) <ul><li>Violently crushed political opponents. </li></ul><ul><li>Great Purges : 1936-39’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed off anyone that may threaten his power. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recognized Hitler as a threat, sought alliance with west. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 to 40 million died under his control in the 1930s. </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. Genocide <ul><li>THE KILLING OF AN ENTIRE PEOPLE </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Armenians in 1917 (1 million +) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalinist Russia 1931-1939 (15 to 20 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nazi Germany 1939-45 (6 million +) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cambodia 1975-79 (1.5 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bosnia 1992-95 (18,000 +) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rwanda 1994 (1/2 million) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sudan 2003 – present (2 million est.) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. Genocide Quotes <ul><li>“ Like the genocide of the Armenians before it, and the genocide of the Cambodians which followed it, ... the lessons of the Holocaust must never be forgotten.” George Bush Sr. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;That's just the way a military dictatorship works. They drive around and pick people up on the street, and you never see them again.&quot; Reported in Sudan March 9, 2006 </li></ul>
  19. 23. Create a Histo-Poem <ul><li>In pairs create a histo-poem that explains the causes of WWII and/or the emergence of military dictatorships in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Event in History____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Happened when____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Happened Where___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Caused By________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Key People involved in the event______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Life under these dictatorships_________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Result of these dictatorships_________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>If I had lived then_____________________________ </li></ul>