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NAZISM & RISE OF HITLER
Nazism
 Nazism, commonly known as National Sociunder Adolf Hitler; and the policies adopted by the
government of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945, a period also known as the Third Reich. The
alism : refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party official name of the party
was National Socialist German Workers’ Party. The Nazis were one of several historical groups
that used the term National Socialism to describe themselves, and in the 1920s they became the
largest such group. Nazism is generally considered by scholars to be a form of fascism, and while
it incorporated elements from both political wings, it formed most of its temporary alliances on
the political right. Among the key elements of Nazism were anti - parliamentarism, ethnic
nationalism, racism, collectivism, eugenics, antisemitism, opposition to economic liberalism and
political liberalism, anti-communism, and totalitarianism.
 Nazism was not a monolithic movement, but rather a (mainly German) combination of various
ideologies and groups, sparked by anger at the Treaty of Versailles and what was considered to
have been a Jewish/Communist conspiracy to humiliate Germany at the end of the First World
War.
German Occupied Europe
Hitler
 Adolf was a German politician who was the leader of
the Nazi Party Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in
German politics as leader of the National Socialist German
Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was
chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as a
dictator for the bulk of his time in power. He moved to
Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in
the German Army in World War I. He joined the German
Workers' Party (DAP), the precursor of the NSDAP, in
1919 and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921.
The Nazi Party’s Rise to Power: 1928-1933
In 1928 Hitler’s Nazi Party
were a small, insignificant
party. They enjoyed little
success in elections and were
viewed as little more than
thugs by the political elite. By
1933 however Hitler was the
chancellor of Germany. The
Nazi’s had risen from obscurity
to power, total power.
Continued....
 In 1923, Hitler planned to seize control of Bavaria, march to Berlin and capture
power. He failed, was arrested, tried for treason, and later released.
 The Nazis could not effectively mobilise popular support till the early 1930s. It was
during the Great Depression that Nazism became a mass movement. As we have
seen, after 1929, banks collapsed and businesses shut down, workers lost their jobs
and the middle classes were threatened with destitution. In such a situation Nazi
propaganda stirred hopes of a better future. In 1928, the Nazi Party got no more
than 2. 6 per cent votes in the Reichstag ñ the German parliament. By 1932, it had
become the largest party with 37 per cent votes.
Continued....
Hitler was a powerful speaker. His passion and
his words moved people.
He promised to build a strong nation, undo the
injustice of the Versailles Treaty and restore the
dignity of the German people.
He promised employment for those looking for
work, and a secure future for the youth. He
promised to weed out all foreign influences and
resist all foreign ‘conspiracies’ against Germany.
Expansion of Nazi Power 1943
The Destruction of Democracy
•The crimes that the Nazi’s committed
were linked to a system of belief and a set
of practices.
•Nazi Ideology was synonymous with Hitler’s Worldview.
•According to this, there was no equality between people, but only
a racial hierarchy.
•Hitler’s racism borrowed from thinkers like Charles Darwin and
Herbert Spencer.
•The other aspect of Hitler’s ideology related to the geopolitical
concept of Lebensraum, or living space.
Continued….
•Once in power, the Nazi’s quickly began to implement thier dream of creating an
exclusive racial community of pure Germans by physically eliminating all those who were
seen as ‘undesirable’ in the extended empire.
•Nazi’s wanted only a society of ‘pure and healthy Nordic Aryans’. They alone were
considered desirable. Only they were seen as worthy of prospering and multiplying against
all others who were classed as undesirable.
•This meant that even those Germans who were seen as impure or abnormal had no right
to exist.
•Jews remained the worst sufferers in Nazi Germany. Gypsies and blacks in living in Nazi
Germany were also treated as inferiors.
Gas chambers where the Jews were killed
HITLER & THE JEWS
Hitler sent his troops, to go and bring all the
Jews in German. He sent them to various
camps. The Jews were tortured and killed by
the cruel Nazis. There were certain camps
were the Jews were kept. They are,
i)Concentration camps,
ii)Extermination camps, and
iii)Gas Chambers
EXTREMINATION
CAMPS
WORLD WAR 1
Triple Alliance
Triple Entente
Causes of World War 1
Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war
Alliances – agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on another
Assassination – of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand
Imperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically.
Nationalism – extreme pride in one’s country
Nationalism
At the settlement of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of
nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. Germany and Italy
were left as divided states, but strong nationalist movements and revolutions
led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and that of Germany in 1871. Another
result was that France lost Alsace-Lorraine to Germany, and regaining it was a
major goal of the French. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary
and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups. The
ardent Pan Slavism of Serbia and Russia's willingness to support its Slavic
brother conflicted with Austria-Hungary's Pan-Germanism.
Imperialism
Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in
manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution.
These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. Although Britain
and France resolved their differences in Africa, several crises foreshadowing the
war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France in North Africa.
In the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria-
Hungary, the Balkans and Russia.
During World War I, Germany began to use U-
boats or submarines
Austrian Archduke
Franz Ferdinand was
killed in Bosnia by a
Serbian nationalist
group called the Black
Hand who believed that
Bosnia should belong to
Serbia.
Allied Powers Central Powers
World War I
WAR BETWEEN
The Effects of the War
The war had a devastating impact on the entire continent both
psychologically and financially.
 Unfortunately, the infant Weimar Republic was being made to pay for the
sins of the old empire. The republic carried the burden of war guilt and
national humiliation and was financially crippled by being forced to pay
compensation.
Those who supported the Weimar Republic, mainly Socialists, Catholics and
Democrats, became easy targets of attack in the conservative nationalist
circles.
Treaty of Versailles and impositions on Germany
The Treaty of Versailles was one of the
peace treaties at the end of World War
I. It ended the state of war between
Germany and the Allied Powers. It was
signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five
years after the assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other
Central Powers on the German side of
World War I were dealt with in
separate treaties.
Continued....
 Occupation of the Rhineland-As a guarantee of compliance by Germany, Part XIV
of the Treaty provided that the Rhineland would be occupied by Allied troops for a
period of 15 years.
 Military restrictions-
 German naval forces will be limited to 15,000 men, six battleships , six cruisers , 12
destroyers and 12 torpedo boats . No submarines are to be included
 The import and export of weapons is prohibited.
 Poison gas, armed aircraft, tanks and armored cars are prohibited.
 Blockades on ships are prohibited.
 Restrictions on the manufacture of machine guns and rifles .
WORLD WAR 2
 World War II, or the Second World War, was a
global conflict that was underway by 1939 and
ended in 1945. It involved most of the world's
nations—including all of the great powers—
eventually forming two opposing military alliances:
the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread
war in history, with more than 100 million military
personnel mobilised. In a state of "total war", the
major participants placed their entire economic,
industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of
the war effort, erasing the distinction between
civilian and military resources. Marked by
significant events involving the mass death of
civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use
of nuclear weapons in warfare, it is the deadliest
conflict in human history, resulting in 50 million to
over 70 million fatalities.
Causes of World War 11
 The rearmament of Germany was a cause for war
because it broke the Treaty of Versailles (28th
June, 1919)
 The remilitarization of the Rhineland (7th march,
1936) was a cause of war because it broke the
Treaty of Versailles .
 Chamberlain’s appeasement policy (after may 1937
– March 1939) was a cause of war because it broke
the Treaty of Versailles.
• The Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in March
1939, cause war because it defied the Munich
agreement and ended Britain’s appeasement
policy.
• The Nazi invasion of Poland (1st September 1939)
caused war because Britain had guaranteed
Poland’s borders.
The Axis Powers
A
L
L
I
E
D
P
O
W
E
R
S
Impact of the war
 Estimates for the total casualties of the war
vary, because many deaths went unrecorded.
Most suggest that some 60 million people
died in the war, including about 20 million
soldiers and 40 million civilians. Many
civilians died because of disease, starvation,
massacres, bombing and deliberate genocide.
The Soviet Union lost around 27 million
people during the war, including 8.7 million
military and 19 million civilian deaths. One of
every four Soviet citizens was killed or
wounded in that war. Germany sustained 5.3
million military losses, mostly on the Eastern
Front and during the final battles in
Germany.
Death of Hitler
Adolf Hitler committed suicide by gunshot on Monday, 30 April
1945 in Berlin. His wife Eva, committed suicide with him by
ingesting cyanide. That afternoon, in accordance with Hitler's
prior instructions, their remains were carried up the stairs
through the bunker's emergency exit, doused in petrol and set
alight in the Reich Chancellery garden outside the bunker. The
Soviet archives record that their burnt remains were recovered
and interred in successive locations until 1970 when they were
again exhumed, cremated and the ashes scattered.
DEATH OF HITLER
• It was in a situation where Germany will win in
the 2nd world war , but unfortunately Japan
dropping bomb on pearl harbour & USA
entering into the war , gave a full stop to
Hitler & his plans.
• Refusing the lose , Hitler & his wife suicides
with a pistol on 30th April 1945.
• Centralized government
system.• Persian art/culture merged
with native Indian art/culture.
• New trade routes with Arabs and
Turks.
• New architectural style.
• Landscape gardening.
• Urdu language
developed from the
fusion of Indian and
Islamic culture.• Urdu = Persian + Arabic +
Turkish
NAZISM & RISE OF HITLER

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NAZISM & RISE OF HITLER

  • 1. NAZISM & RISE OF HITLER
  • 2. Nazism  Nazism, commonly known as National Sociunder Adolf Hitler; and the policies adopted by the government of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945, a period also known as the Third Reich. The alism : refers primarily to the ideology and practices of the Nazi Party official name of the party was National Socialist German Workers’ Party. The Nazis were one of several historical groups that used the term National Socialism to describe themselves, and in the 1920s they became the largest such group. Nazism is generally considered by scholars to be a form of fascism, and while it incorporated elements from both political wings, it formed most of its temporary alliances on the political right. Among the key elements of Nazism were anti - parliamentarism, ethnic nationalism, racism, collectivism, eugenics, antisemitism, opposition to economic liberalism and political liberalism, anti-communism, and totalitarianism.  Nazism was not a monolithic movement, but rather a (mainly German) combination of various ideologies and groups, sparked by anger at the Treaty of Versailles and what was considered to have been a Jewish/Communist conspiracy to humiliate Germany at the end of the First World War.
  • 4. Hitler  Adolf was a German politician who was the leader of the Nazi Party Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945. Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, serving as a dictator for the bulk of his time in power. He moved to Germany in 1913 and was decorated during his service in the German Army in World War I. He joined the German Workers' Party (DAP), the precursor of the NSDAP, in 1919 and became leader of the NSDAP in 1921.
  • 5. The Nazi Party’s Rise to Power: 1928-1933 In 1928 Hitler’s Nazi Party were a small, insignificant party. They enjoyed little success in elections and were viewed as little more than thugs by the political elite. By 1933 however Hitler was the chancellor of Germany. The Nazi’s had risen from obscurity to power, total power.
  • 6. Continued....  In 1923, Hitler planned to seize control of Bavaria, march to Berlin and capture power. He failed, was arrested, tried for treason, and later released.  The Nazis could not effectively mobilise popular support till the early 1930s. It was during the Great Depression that Nazism became a mass movement. As we have seen, after 1929, banks collapsed and businesses shut down, workers lost their jobs and the middle classes were threatened with destitution. In such a situation Nazi propaganda stirred hopes of a better future. In 1928, the Nazi Party got no more than 2. 6 per cent votes in the Reichstag ñ the German parliament. By 1932, it had become the largest party with 37 per cent votes.
  • 7. Continued.... Hitler was a powerful speaker. His passion and his words moved people. He promised to build a strong nation, undo the injustice of the Versailles Treaty and restore the dignity of the German people. He promised employment for those looking for work, and a secure future for the youth. He promised to weed out all foreign influences and resist all foreign ‘conspiracies’ against Germany.
  • 8. Expansion of Nazi Power 1943
  • 9. The Destruction of Democracy •The crimes that the Nazi’s committed were linked to a system of belief and a set of practices. •Nazi Ideology was synonymous with Hitler’s Worldview. •According to this, there was no equality between people, but only a racial hierarchy. •Hitler’s racism borrowed from thinkers like Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. •The other aspect of Hitler’s ideology related to the geopolitical concept of Lebensraum, or living space.
  • 10. Continued…. •Once in power, the Nazi’s quickly began to implement thier dream of creating an exclusive racial community of pure Germans by physically eliminating all those who were seen as ‘undesirable’ in the extended empire. •Nazi’s wanted only a society of ‘pure and healthy Nordic Aryans’. They alone were considered desirable. Only they were seen as worthy of prospering and multiplying against all others who were classed as undesirable. •This meant that even those Germans who were seen as impure or abnormal had no right to exist. •Jews remained the worst sufferers in Nazi Germany. Gypsies and blacks in living in Nazi Germany were also treated as inferiors.
  • 11. Gas chambers where the Jews were killed
  • 12. HITLER & THE JEWS Hitler sent his troops, to go and bring all the Jews in German. He sent them to various camps. The Jews were tortured and killed by the cruel Nazis. There were certain camps were the Jews were kept. They are, i)Concentration camps, ii)Extermination camps, and iii)Gas Chambers EXTREMINATION CAMPS
  • 13. WORLD WAR 1 Triple Alliance Triple Entente
  • 14. Causes of World War 1 Militarism - policy of building up a strong military to prepare for war Alliances – agreements between nations to provide aid and protect on another Assassination – of Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand Imperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically. Nationalism – extreme pride in one’s country
  • 15. Nationalism At the settlement of the Congress of Vienna in 1815, the principle of nationalism was ignored in favor of preserving the peace. Germany and Italy were left as divided states, but strong nationalist movements and revolutions led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and that of Germany in 1871. Another result was that France lost Alsace-Lorraine to Germany, and regaining it was a major goal of the French. Nationalism posed a problem for Austria-Hungary and the Balkans, areas comprised of many conflicting national groups. The ardent Pan Slavism of Serbia and Russia's willingness to support its Slavic brother conflicted with Austria-Hungary's Pan-Germanism.
  • 16. Imperialism Great Britain, Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution. These countries competed for economic expansion in Africa. Although Britain and France resolved their differences in Africa, several crises foreshadowing the war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France in North Africa. In the Middle East, the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria- Hungary, the Balkans and Russia.
  • 17. During World War I, Germany began to use U- boats or submarines
  • 18. Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist group called the Black Hand who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia.
  • 19. Allied Powers Central Powers World War I WAR BETWEEN
  • 20. The Effects of the War The war had a devastating impact on the entire continent both psychologically and financially.  Unfortunately, the infant Weimar Republic was being made to pay for the sins of the old empire. The republic carried the burden of war guilt and national humiliation and was financially crippled by being forced to pay compensation. Those who supported the Weimar Republic, mainly Socialists, Catholics and Democrats, became easy targets of attack in the conservative nationalist circles.
  • 21. Treaty of Versailles and impositions on Germany The Treaty of Versailles was one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on 28 June 1919, exactly five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The other Central Powers on the German side of World War I were dealt with in separate treaties.
  • 22. Continued....  Occupation of the Rhineland-As a guarantee of compliance by Germany, Part XIV of the Treaty provided that the Rhineland would be occupied by Allied troops for a period of 15 years.  Military restrictions-  German naval forces will be limited to 15,000 men, six battleships , six cruisers , 12 destroyers and 12 torpedo boats . No submarines are to be included  The import and export of weapons is prohibited.  Poison gas, armed aircraft, tanks and armored cars are prohibited.  Blockades on ships are prohibited.  Restrictions on the manufacture of machine guns and rifles .
  • 23. WORLD WAR 2  World War II, or the Second World War, was a global conflict that was underway by 1939 and ended in 1945. It involved most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers— eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In a state of "total war", the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by significant events involving the mass death of civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it is the deadliest conflict in human history, resulting in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
  • 24. Causes of World War 11  The rearmament of Germany was a cause for war because it broke the Treaty of Versailles (28th June, 1919)  The remilitarization of the Rhineland (7th march, 1936) was a cause of war because it broke the Treaty of Versailles .  Chamberlain’s appeasement policy (after may 1937 – March 1939) was a cause of war because it broke the Treaty of Versailles. • The Nazi occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, cause war because it defied the Munich agreement and ended Britain’s appeasement policy. • The Nazi invasion of Poland (1st September 1939) caused war because Britain had guaranteed Poland’s borders.
  • 27. Impact of the war  Estimates for the total casualties of the war vary, because many deaths went unrecorded. Most suggest that some 60 million people died in the war, including about 20 million soldiers and 40 million civilians. Many civilians died because of disease, starvation, massacres, bombing and deliberate genocide. The Soviet Union lost around 27 million people during the war, including 8.7 million military and 19 million civilian deaths. One of every four Soviet citizens was killed or wounded in that war. Germany sustained 5.3 million military losses, mostly on the Eastern Front and during the final battles in Germany.
  • 28. Death of Hitler Adolf Hitler committed suicide by gunshot on Monday, 30 April 1945 in Berlin. His wife Eva, committed suicide with him by ingesting cyanide. That afternoon, in accordance with Hitler's prior instructions, their remains were carried up the stairs through the bunker's emergency exit, doused in petrol and set alight in the Reich Chancellery garden outside the bunker. The Soviet archives record that their burnt remains were recovered and interred in successive locations until 1970 when they were again exhumed, cremated and the ashes scattered.
  • 29. DEATH OF HITLER • It was in a situation where Germany will win in the 2nd world war , but unfortunately Japan dropping bomb on pearl harbour & USA entering into the war , gave a full stop to Hitler & his plans. • Refusing the lose , Hitler & his wife suicides with a pistol on 30th April 1945.
  • 30.
  • 31. • Centralized government system.• Persian art/culture merged with native Indian art/culture. • New trade routes with Arabs and Turks. • New architectural style. • Landscape gardening. • Urdu language developed from the fusion of Indian and Islamic culture.• Urdu = Persian + Arabic + Turkish