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Francisco Goya
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Francisco Goya


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  • 1.  
  • 2. Francisco Goya --------------------- Early Career
    • Initially, a well respected portraitist and genre painter with a Neoclassic style
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    • With the unique vision of a master artist, he uses art to document his world, complete with nightmares
    • He was the first artist to repeatedly render warfare as useless, disgusting and disastrous to all involved
    Mid Career
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    • “ His analysis in paint, chalk and ink of mass disaster and human frailty pointed to someone obsessed with the chaos of existence..."
    • From the book on Goya by Sarah Symmons
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  • 13. Prints
    • Replicated cheaply and in great quantity – art for the people!
    • Three great sets:
      • Los Caprichos
      • The Disasters of War
      • The Proverbs
    • "[ An] extraordinary mingling of hatred and compassion, despair and sardonic humor, realism and fantasy ."
    • From the foreword by Aldous Huxley to THE COMPLETE ETCHINGS OF GOYA (1962).
  • 14. Los Caprichos
    • A set of 80 aquatint prints created during the 1790s.
    • AN ARTISTIC EXPERIMENT: a visual voice for his condemnation of the universal follies and foolishness in the society in which he lived. The criticisms are far-ranging and acidic; he speaks against
      • the predominance of superstition,
      • the ignorance and inabilities of the various members of the ruling class, pedagogical short-comings (poor teaching),
      • marital mistakes,
      • and the decline of rationality - among other things.
  • 15. Don’t Scream Silly Goya described the series as depicting " the innumerable foibles and follies to be found in any civilized society, and from the common prejudices and deceitful practices which custom, ignorance, or self- interest have made usual ". (Linda Simon, The Sleep of Reason)
  • 16. The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters
  • 17. The Disasters of War
    • Contrary to Romantic and Neoclassic traditions, Goya views of war depict savagery, disgust and depravity –
    • war is no longer a heroic enterprise
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  • 22. Late Career The Black Paintings
    • Las Pinturas Negras – expressive (and definably Romantic in essence) scenes of dark, evil worlds; painted directly to the wall of his manor: La Quinta del Sordo
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