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Romanticism & Realism Art History


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Romanticism & Realism Art History

  1. 1. José jiménez y  Aranda 1879  Oil on canvas  Spanish 1837 –  1903 Legion Of  Honor
  2. 2. Francisco Goya  1808  Oil on canvas  Museo del  Prado, Madrid
  3. 3. Both paintings are realist. 
  4. 4. Holy Week in Seville and Third of In Goya’s image the greenish   May are both made out of oil. brown color used in the grassy hill is similar to the color used in The images both use a person as  their main focal point. Third of May the man in white is used to ◦ draw you into the photo because he is the only man wearing any type of color. Holy Week in Seville the man in a maroon/ ◦ red coat is located at the front of the image closest to the viewer which draws you in.
  5. 5. Holy Week in Seville  ◦ Depicts Realist subject matter, dealing with a yearly event in the town’s courtyard. ◦ Painting is a straightforward, accurate and uncensored record of everyday life in Seville. ◦ Aranda’s work isn’t typical of Academic Art, which was much fancier, and deemed refined by the “experts.”
  6. 6. Third of May  ◦ Is an emotional propaganda piece designed to make light of the injustices committed by the French, During their occupation of Spain. ◦ Embellished and glorified to highlight the severe tension and adrenaline that all involved parties experienced. ◦ The strong lighting, unclear and loose brushstrokes, and Goya’s personal imagination of the event are all representative of Romanticism.
  7. 7. Spanish painter and printmaker. Reached his popularity peak with   the royalty during the reign of Court painter to Spanish Crown  Charles IV. and chronicler of history. Painted Third of May to warn the Regarded as last of the “Old   French to never do it again. Masters” and as the first of the Taking advantages of the unarmed and moderns. ◦ innocent lives. Subversive and subjective element  in his art, as well as his bold handling of paint, provide a model for the work of later generations of artists, including Édouard Manet and Pablo Picasso. Painter of royalty, including  Charles III in 1786 and Charles IV in 1789. Goya’s self-portrait
  8. 8. Spanish painter, also a remarkable Appointed member of the   draftsman and illustrator. Academy of Fine Arts, where he became a professor in 1987. Trained in Seville under Manuel  Settled in Madrid in 1890 and Cabral and Eduardo Cano de la  Peña. changed the theme of his paintings to everyday life. Attempted to exploit fortuny y  marsal’s style, known as fortunismo or preciosity. Began an early interest in genre  painting, due to the tradition of romanticism in Seville. Already exhibiting pictures of this  type (romanticism) at exposición nacional in Madrid in 1864