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Fauvisim & expressionism


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Fauvisim & expressionism

  2. 2. FAUVISIM (1904-1907) ◦ The term ‘fauve’ is French for ‘wild beast’ ◦ It was first used by a critic in Paris in 1905 to deride the work of a group of artists who used color and paint with great freedom; distorting the natural appearance of their subjects. ◦ similar to post-Impressionist like Gauguin and Van Gogh, but their use of colors were much more loose. Although the Fauve artists shared many interests and ideas for a short period (1904-07), they were never a formal group and each worked in a highly individual style. ◦ 1905 was the year that the Salon d’Automne happened. Critics saw the canvases in front of them not as art, but rather as an ‘explosion of violence’ on the canvas. As one critic, Camille Mauclair, said “[It is] a pot of colors flung in the face of the public.”
  3. 3. Henri Mattisse (1869-1954) ◦ The Master of Colour, He was born in northern France , study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts and in Moreau’s studio. ◦ His mentor said to Matisse that, “You are going to simplify painting.” ◦ Matisse was slower and more methodical in his approach to art where he focused his study on light and texture within a limited palette. This allowed him to later overcome problems of color and surface patterning ◦ mastery of the expressive language of color and drawing ◦ Matisse drew and painted from nature, subjects painted most frequently by both artists were women and still life 1904 Oil on canvas
  4. 4. Woman with a Hat, 1905. San Francisco Museum of Modern Art o it depicts Matisse's wife, Amelie o exhibited with the work of André Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck, and several other artists, now known as "Fauves" at the 1905 Salon d'Automne o works on display were condemn ed by many— "A pot of paint has been flung in the face of the public", declared the critic Camille Mauclair The Open Window.
  5. 5. The Dessert: Harmony in Red (The Red Room) (1908) follows the Impressionism with the overall lack of a central focal point. The painting was ordered as "Harmony in Blue," but Matisse was dissatisfied with the result, and so he painted it over with his preferred red
  6. 6. inspired by a similar illusion in Michelangelo's Last Judgment, again in the Sistine Chapel and first revealed on EPPH, Matisse's self-caricature in Dance II is drawn like the ones he so often added to postcards and letters home (right). The figure's fertile breasts become his glasses while the contour of her rib-cage becomes the artist's nose, its length determined by the shaded fold of skin below her ribs. Matisse, though, could define his face with glasses and beard alone, the latter here conveyed by the curved lines of her voluminous abdomen
  7. 7. Portrait de famille (The Music Lesson), oil on canvas, 245.1 x 210.8 cm 1913, Portrait of the Artist's Wife, oil on canvas, 146 x 97.7 cm, Hermitage Zorah on the Terrace, 1912, oil on canvas
  8. 8. It was one of six paintings in the museum's collection to survive World War II. Still Life with Geraniums 1910 Odalisque with Raised Arms 1923 Annelies, White Tulips and Anemones1944 During the early to mid-1940s Matisse was in poor health. Eventually by 1950 he stopped painting in favor of his paper cutouts. This is an example of one of the final group of oil paintings in Matisse's career The Snail, 1953, Gouache on paper, cut and pasted, on white paper
  9. 9. Six Dancers by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner-1911
  10. 10. Key’s of Expressionism ◦ Bold, strong colors ◦ Not about realism ◦ Emotion ◦ Connection between artist and work or viewer and work ◦ Distortion ◦ 2-D subjects
  11. 11. More to Know! ◦ Influenced by society, changes in society. ◦ Swirling, Swaying, and exaggerated brushstrokes. ◦ Art came from within. ◦ All affected by WW1 ◦ Trying to shock ◦ “Art is nothing but the expression of our dream; the more we surrender to it the closer we get to the inner truth of things, our dream-life, the true life that scorns questions and does not see them.” -Franz Marc
  12. 12. Edvard Munch 1863 – 1944, ◦ Norwegian artist, painter and printmaker is regarded as a pioneer in the Expressionist movement in modern painting. ◦ .lived in France, embarking on the most productive, and troubled, period of his artistic life. At this stage he undertook a series of paintings he called the Frieze of Life. He created 22 works with paintings bearing such titles as Melancholy ,Jealousy, Despair, Anxiety and The Scream ◦ Munch‘s mental state was on full display, and his style varied greatly depending on which emotion had taken hold of him while working on each particular painting. ◦ Collection was a huge success and Munch found brief happiness in a life made up of excessive drinking, family misfortune & mental distress. ◦ Success didn‘t end his inner demons, and in 1908, hearing voices and suffering paralysis on one side, he checked himself into a private sanitarium, where he drank less and regained some mental composure.
  13. 13. The Scream by Edvard Munch-1893 “Nature is not only all that is visible to the eye… it also includes the inner pictures of the soul.” -Edvard Munch
  14. 14. Four years he had suffered from anxiety, excessive drinking, hallucinations and feelings of persecution. "Illness, insanity, and death were the black angels that kept watch over my cradle and accompanied me all my life," The Scream
  15. 15. Self portrait with cigarette 1895, oil on canvas Self portrait with skeleton arm 1895 Self portrait in hell 1903
  16. 16. Women’s emotional psyche Puberty 1894-5 Oil on canvas Morning 1884 Oil on canvas Madonna 1894 Oil on canvas Weeping nude 1913
  17. 17. The dead mother and child, 1897 The separation 1900 Eye in eye The starry night 1922-24
  18. 18. Franz Marc 1880-1960 o German artist ,painter and printmaker one of key figures in German Expressionist movement and a pioneer in the birth of abstract art o Constant thematic concern is the relationship between animal and human spheres and that through animals he could represent his own spiritual feeling. o 1911 developed a symbolism for his use of color (ascribed spirituality and maleness to blue, femininity and sensuality to yellow ,and terrestrial materiality and violence to red) o 1936-37, the Nazis condemned Marcas a degenerate artist approximately 130 of his works be taken from exhibit in German museums. o 1913 Marc was increasingly organizing his vision with an abstract vocabulary – this abstract mode unified his subject matter while reducing the essence. o In March 1916 he was killed instantly when he was struck in the head by a shell splinter. o establish a critically important step in the transition to Cubism. Expressionism
  19. 19. Franz Marc married a lady called Maria Frank. Maria had a happy personality. The frolicking yellow cow may be a symbol of Maria Frank placed diagonal lines behind the cow to give the picture a more energetic feeling.
  20. 20. Dog Lying in the Snow 1910 The Tiger 1914 animals were pure in nature, not like people who are capable of doing terrible things…..
  21. 21. The Frightened Deer. 1913
  22. 22. Fate of the Animals by Franz Marc-1913
  23. 23. Marc Chagall 1887-1985 o Russian-Jewish artist, created works in virtually every artistic medium, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints. o he painted some of his most famous paintings of his Jewish village. o His style showed strong and bright colors to portray the world in a dream like state. o Fantasy, nostalgia, and religion began to fuse together to create otherworldly images. o Chagalls horror over the Nazi rise to power is expressed in works depicting Jewish martyrs and refugees. o inspired by themes from the Bible ,culminated in a series of over 100 etchings illustrating the Bible, stained glass in temples, etc. many of which incorporate elements from folklore and from religious life in Russia. o He synthesized the art forms of Cubism, Symbolism, and Fauvism, and then gave rise to Surrealism
  24. 24. Chagall’s paintings used rich colors, geometric shapes, symbols, and farm animals to create abstract dreamlike images and daily events Art Before World War I Woman with a Bouqet Adam and Eve
  25. 25. Art During World War I began to use somber and bland hues. The war increased Chagall's interest in reality, it lacked the fanciful quality associated with his artistic style Wounded Soldier “The Praying Jew”
  26. 26. Art After World War I later work was greatly infused with strong religious overtones and regained its unreal style, he also painted his deceased wife many times “Bella with White Collar” “Bella with White “The Rooster
  27. 27. Chagall Windows
  28. 28. I and the Village The Green Violinist Many find it hard to classify Chagall’s artwork but nearly everyone knows their greatness
  29. 29. Other Forms of Expressionism ◦ Literature ◦ Drama -New approach to staging, scene design and directing. -Totally unified stage ◦ Film ◦ Music -Atonal (distorts traditional tonality.) -Unrecognizable melody
  30. 30. The End to Expressionism ◦ Hitler (1933) ◦ The Degenerate Art Exhibition (1937) ◦ Continued to evolve in a variety of ways ◦ Resurfaced in art across the world