Nefertari

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A simple presentation on the historical and anthropological importance of Neferfari's tomb in the Valley of Queens.

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Nefertari

  1. 1. Nefertari:Great King’s Wife, his beloved<br />
  2. 2. Nefertari (not ‘titi’) was the “Great Royal Wife” or Ramesses II or Ramses the Great.<br />Ramses had over 200 intimate partners, many which concubines and about 20-50 who were wives, 7 whom are named.<br />Nefertari was his favorite wife and the only one considered his Consort.<br />Who is Nefertari?<br />Nefertari<br />
  3. 3. Nefertari was Ramses’ wife for approx. 30 years until her death, he ruled for 60 years.<br />She was not the mother of his heir, Merneptah.<br />She had fours sons and two daughters.<br />Why was she important?<br />Ramses II<br />
  4. 4. Ramses married Nefertari before his reign as sole ruler of Egypt began.<br />Nefertari was important enough in his eyes to join him on Triumphs and hold meetings with allied leaders. <br />Ramses II & Nefertari<br />Statue of<br /> Ramses II & Nefertari <br />in Cairo<br />
  5. 5. Ramses profound love for Nefertari produced some of Ancient Egypt's greatest works of art and architecture. <br />Her love was important…<br />The Temples of Abu Simbel<br />The Tomb of Nefertari<br />
  6. 6. It was not unusual for Pharaohs to create temples in dedication to the Gods (and themselves.)<br />Ramses’ temple in Abu Simbel is considered one of the greatest, featuring four colossus of himself and minor statues to Nefertari, his mother, first two sons, and first six daughters.<br />The Temples of Abu Simbel<br />The Colossus’ of Ramses II,<br />smaller statue of Nefertari <br />
  7. 7. A mere 100 meters from the Temple of Ramses.<br />Dedicated to Nefertari and Hathor, the goddess of love, beauty, joy, and motherhood.<br />Only one other Queen before her in Egypt's history had a temple built for her, Nefertiti.<br />The Temple of Hathor & Nefertari<br />Nefertari’s Temple at Abu Simbel<br />
  8. 8. Inside the Temple<br />
  9. 9. Because of its secluded location in the Valley of Queens, Nefertari’s tomb has only been subject to at least one known ransacking.<br />Many gold artifacts were taken including her sarcophagus were taken.<br />Parts of her Mummy were found in the burial chamber.<br />The Tomb of Nefertari<br />Overview of<br />Nefertari’s tomb<br />Nefertari’s mummy <br />and sarcophagus <br />partially restored<br />
  10. 10. Despite the ransacking, Nefertari’s tomb is home to what are considered to be the best preserved and most eloquent decorations of any Egyptian burial site, found on almost every available surface in the tomb, including stars painted on the ceiling of the burial chamber on a blue background to represent the sky.<br />The Tomb of Nefertari<br />Artwork inside the Tomb<br />
  11. 11. Inside the Tomb<br />

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