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IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
IPSA Conference Madrid
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IPSA Conference Madrid

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  • 1. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or More Participation? IPSA Panel “Investigation into the Relation between Political Trust and Political Engagement”Kavita Heijstek–Ziemann (kziemann@fsw.leidenuniv.nl),Institute of Political Science, Leiden University. Universiteit Leiden The Netherlands Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 2. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?IntroductionTable of Contents 1 | 11What?Why?HypothesesHow?ResultsConclusion Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 3. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?What?Model 2 | 11 empirical legitimacy Satisfaction with Democracy Democratic Reforms Trust in Parliament & Government Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 4. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Linkage 3 | 11Linkage mechanisms betweencitizens and the state have changed • Turnout • Membership • Identification Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 5. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Participation 4 | 11 • New forms of participation are gaining ground • Linkage is effective if possibilities of communication & mechanisms of influence are available Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 6. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Experts 5 | 11 • New forms of non-majoritarian delegation gaining ground • Linkage is effective if governing is seen as a management problem and common interest is served. Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 7. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?HypothesesHypotheses 6 | 11Hypothesis 1: Direct participation and/or expert delegation increases satisfaction with democracyHypothesis 2: Direct participation and/or expert delegation will decrease trust in representative institutionsHypothesis 3: Strengthening the functioning of core representative institutions will increase trust in representative institutions Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 8. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?How?Data and Method 7 | 11 • Dataset of reforms 1990 – 2008 • Time-series cross-sectional analysis Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 9. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or More Participation? How? Variables 8 | 11Participatory Non-Majoritarian Representation• Electoral Reform • Regulatory • Parliamentary• Decentralization Institutions Reform• Directly Elected • Extension of • Party Subsidy Executive Powers to EU• Freedom of • New Courts Information• New Public Management Reforms• New Referendum Laws Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 10. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?ResultsResults 9 | 11 Negative Result Positive Result • Electoral Reform • Decentralization • New Public Managment • New Courts • Referendum • Direct Election Executive • Regulatory Institutions • EU • Party Subsidy Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 11. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?ConclusionMore Expert or More Participation? 10 | 11 • More Decentralization - Size Matters • More Courts - Advocacy Democracy • Often failing attempts to strengthen the relationship between citizens and the state Leiden University. The university to discover.
  • 12. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?ConclusionQuestions? 11 | 11 ? Leiden University. The university to discover.

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