IPSA Conference Madrid

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IPSA Conference Madrid

  1. 1. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or More Participation? IPSA Panel “Investigation into the Relation between Political Trust and Political Engagement”Kavita Heijstek–Ziemann (kziemann@fsw.leidenuniv.nl),Institute of Political Science, Leiden University. Universiteit Leiden The Netherlands Leiden University. The university to discover.
  2. 2. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?IntroductionTable of Contents 1 | 11What?Why?HypothesesHow?ResultsConclusion Leiden University. The university to discover.
  3. 3. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?What?Model 2 | 11 empirical legitimacy Satisfaction with Democracy Democratic Reforms Trust in Parliament & Government Leiden University. The university to discover.
  4. 4. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Linkage 3 | 11Linkage mechanisms betweencitizens and the state have changed • Turnout • Membership • Identification Leiden University. The university to discover.
  5. 5. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Participation 4 | 11 • New forms of participation are gaining ground • Linkage is effective if possibilities of communication & mechanisms of influence are available Leiden University. The university to discover.
  6. 6. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?Why?Experts 5 | 11 • New forms of non-majoritarian delegation gaining ground • Linkage is effective if governing is seen as a management problem and common interest is served. Leiden University. The university to discover.
  7. 7. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?HypothesesHypotheses 6 | 11Hypothesis 1: Direct participation and/or expert delegation increases satisfaction with democracyHypothesis 2: Direct participation and/or expert delegation will decrease trust in representative institutionsHypothesis 3: Strengthening the functioning of core representative institutions will increase trust in representative institutions Leiden University. The university to discover.
  8. 8. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?How?Data and Method 7 | 11 • Dataset of reforms 1990 – 2008 • Time-series cross-sectional analysis Leiden University. The university to discover.
  9. 9. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or More Participation? How? Variables 8 | 11Participatory Non-Majoritarian Representation• Electoral Reform • Regulatory • Parliamentary• Decentralization Institutions Reform• Directly Elected • Extension of • Party Subsidy Executive Powers to EU• Freedom of • New Courts Information• New Public Management Reforms• New Referendum Laws Leiden University. The university to discover.
  10. 10. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?ResultsResults 9 | 11 Negative Result Positive Result • Electoral Reform • Decentralization • New Public Managment • New Courts • Referendum • Direct Election Executive • Regulatory Institutions • EU • Party Subsidy Leiden University. The university to discover.
  11. 11. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?ConclusionMore Expert or More Participation? 10 | 11 • More Decentralization - Size Matters • More Courts - Advocacy Democracy • Often failing attempts to strengthen the relationship between citizens and the state Leiden University. The university to discover.
  12. 12. The Impact of Reforms on Empirical Legitimacy – More Elites or MoreParticipation?ConclusionQuestions? 11 | 11 ? Leiden University. The university to discover.

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