Myths and legends


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Myths and legends

  1. 1. Myths and le g e nds o fGre e ce
  2. 2. HERCULESHercules is a hero of ancientGreek mythology. It wasobvious he would beextremely strong since hewas very young. He wasjust an infant when hestrangled two huge snakesin his cradle. He was anexpert at variety oftechnical and other skills.He was … a great coachman, very good at arms training,wrestling, using the bow,music and science as well able to choose the easyway through life, the wayof Malice. However,He preferred the way ofVirtue, the hard one.He was sentenced to serve the kingof Troizina, Eurustheus, fortwelve years by the oracle atDelphi, in order to expiate ahideous crime: he murdered histhree children in a moment ofinsanity that Hera caused to him.She wanted to pay her husband,Zeus, out for cheating on her.White he was servingEurustheus, he achieved twelvelabors, which nobody else could
  3. 3. • He killed Nemea’s lion• He chocked LernaiaHydra• He killed the wild doer ofErymanthos• He cleaned up Augeiasstalls• He caught the deer ofKeryneia• He caught the will bull of• He killed the hens ofStymfalis (actually hechased them out)• He stole Diomidis’ willhorses• He took the belt ofAmazon’s queen,Ippolyti• He broughtGiryonis’oxes toEurustheus• He stole the apples ofEsperides• He went down, toAdis’ and broughtKerberos, Adis dogand guard, to Earth
  4. 4. Ancient Greeks thought and portrayedHercules as a giant man, vigorous andyoung, who wore a lion’s hid and carried acudgel. In addition to his labours, Greeksknow wishes till nowadays, he hasachieved other legendary exploits thatglorified him and robustness. Moreover,he is said to be the founder of the OlympicGames.
  5. 5. Socrates(470 BC-399 BC)Athenian philosopherAt first he was a sculptor, following in hisfather’s footsteps. He met thephilosopher Archelaos when he was itand followed the path of philosophy. Heconsidered his passion with philosophyas a living mandate as he believed thatan inner impulse, a voice didacted hisactions.He discussed a wide range of issuesnamely, social, political andphilosophical in the market andstreets of the city. He had a largecircle of followers most of whichwere young men. He taught in hispeculiar way without a fee incontrast to other philosophers ofhis timeOne o f the m o st influe ntialpe rso n o f the He lle nic civilizatio nand o f we ste rn philo so phy.His lifeSoon he had become acquainted withthe notable intellectuals andpoliticians. He didn’t support anypolitical party despite beinginvolved in politics. He loved hiscountry and has always willing to
  6. 6. WORKSSocrates left no written work. Whatever we know about his work is based onother philosophers, especially Plato.The essence of his philosophy was the meaning of good, virtue and wisdom.He always remained consistent to his beliefs and proved it in his daily life.Σωκράτης ο δημιουργός
  7. 7. S o me o f S o c ra te s’ sayings“Nobody is evil on purpose”“The only fact I know is thatI do not know anything’’“Wise men’sopinionsenrich virtue”“When man is ornatedin education, he is themost divine ofcreatures” “Under nocircumstancesshould anybody beunfair, nor shouldthey be unfair inrevenge”
  8. 8. ALEXANDER THE GREAT(356 B.C. – 323 B.C.)Omiros w as his favor it e poet . In Iliada he found hisabsolut e idol in Achilleas, w hom Alexander w ant ed t oequal and out do.Due t o cer t ain cir cum st ances, Alexander ascendedt he t hr one at a ver y young age.Alexander ’s per sonalit y and achievem ent s hadbecom e a r eal legend ever since he w as st ill alive. He w asbor n dur ing a t er r ible aut um n st or m , in a day w hen ver yim por t ant t hings t ook place. These event s w er e a sign ofhis lat er br illiant car eer .He w as t he king of Macedonia, one of t he gr eat est officer sof t he ancient t im es. He w as gift ed w it h r ar e st am inaand st r engt h and even r ar er spir it . He loved history andpoetry. His t eacher w as Aristotelis, t he philosopher .Alexander with his teacher Aristotelis
  9. 9. LEGENDSAl exander’s personal i ty and ach i evements created a l ot ofl egends, some of wh i ch are th e fol l owi ng:• Wh en h e was sti l l a baby i n h i s cri b h e strangl ed a bi gsnake.• Wh en h e was 12 years ol d h e tamed a wi l d h orse. Th i sh orse h ad a wh i te mark on i ts foreh ead and anoth er onewh i ch l ooked l i ke a bul l and th at’s wh y i t was cal l ed“ bu l l h eaded” . Al exander noti ced th at th i s h orse wasafrai d of i ts own sh adow so h e tu rned i ts h ead towardsth e sun and very swi ftl y h e got on i t and h el d on i tti gh tl y.
  10. 10. Alexander is taming the horse he called“bullheaded”.He looked for the immortal water at the end of theworld. The spring, though, was guarded by abig dragon with a hundred eyes around itshead. When the dragon closed half of them theother half were left wide open to watch around.No one had managed to kill it. Alexanderriding his horse arrived at the spring, quicklypulled his sword and killed the dragon.The Gordian knot. In 333BC Alexander and hisarmy arrived in the Gordian of Asia. In frontof Gordian’s palace there was a chariot whichhad a tight knot made from dry tree bark andhaving no end or beginning. Legend had itthat whoever managed to untie that knot wouldbecome the king of Asia. Alexander managed todo it by removing the part that held the knot.There is also a legend concerning Alexander’s“sisters”. One of them was called “ TheMermaid” It was a beautiful woman who wassitting on a sea beast.the mermaid
  11. 11. Digenis AkritasHis name denotes his doubleorigin. His mother was thedaughter of a Byzantine generalwhile his father was Syrian.He had exhibited amazing abilitiessince he was very young. Forexample when he was 12 hestrangled two bears and killed alion.A whole epic poemhas been written forDigenis Akritas toglorify his strength,his intelligence, hisvirtue and his greatmilitary skills.He was so unique and boldthat his achievements arewell-known all over theworld. Digenis Akritasbecame a legend andpeople thought he hadsupernatural powers.
  12. 12. Before hisdeath hegathered all hiscomrades andtalked to themabout hisachievements.Finally, it isalso said that hewas ambushedby “Death” .Dig e nis is playing withthe tailo f a lio n.His deathcausedpeople’s grief.No one couldbelieve that themost fearlessman on Earthhad died.It is believed that hestrangled his wife justbefore his death sothat no one else couldmarry her.It is alsomentioned thathe didn’t die inhis palace butafter a fight hehad with “Death”.Lots of legendssurroundhisdeath
  13. 13. St GeorgiosHe was born in Cappadociaand he went throught alot of tortures due to hisreligious beliefs. At thesame tim ea lot oflegends and traditionswere written around hisname.St Georgios is one of the most popularGreek saintsSt G e o rg io s is killing thedrag o nOne of the most well-knownlegends is that of the killing ofa dragon for the sake of aqueen. Legend has it that thisdragon guarded a spring ofwater and used to eat all thosegoing there to take water. StGeorgios saved the queen by
  14. 14. Another legend says that awoman wanted to send to Rome acolumn to be used for the buildingof St Georgios church. In her dreamshe saw that St Georgios lifted thecolumn together with her and theydropped it in the sea. The columnwas found in Rome.St Georgios wentthrough a lot ofpersecution andtortures. However, hewas always saved.Once a Romanemperor ordered hissoldiers to dig a bighole with water andand drop inside StGeorgios for 3 daysand nights so that hisbones woulddisintegrate. Threedays later the soldierswere ordered to openthe hole and theyfound St Georgiosstanding and praying.Legend also has it that in Paflagonia St Georgios was greatlyhonored and the families there used to name their sons after him.The name George is very common and every Greek family has got atleast a member with this name.