Alexander The GreatAlexander The Great
Presented by: Jacob, Will, Justin, Brad, Krisha
Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great
 ““There is nothing impossible to him who will try.” (quoteThere is nothing imposs...
BoyhoodBoyhood
 Born on July 26, 356 B.C. inBorn on July 26, 356 B.C. in
Pella, MacedoniaPella, Macedonia
 Alexander was...
BoyhoodBoyhood
 Alexander was more ambitiousAlexander was more ambitious
than his father and wept bitterlythan his father...
BoyhoodBoyhood
 As a Boy Alexander wasAs a Boy Alexander was
fearless and strong.fearless and strong.
 He tamed a beauti...
YouthYouth
 When Alexander was 13 yearsWhen Alexander was 13 years
old, he became the pupil ofold, he became the pupil of...
Rise to PowerRise to Power
 At age 16, Alexander wasAt age 16, Alexander was
given command of Macedoniagiven command of M...
Rise to PowerRise to Power
 After Alexander became king, theAfter Alexander became king, the
surrounding territories revo...
ConquestsConquests
 In May of 334 B.C., Alexander’s Army marched acrossIn May of 334 B.C., Alexander’s Army marched acros...
ConquestConquest
 Quote from Plutarch on the Battle of Granicus:Quote from Plutarch on the Battle of Granicus:
 ““For th...
ConquestConquest
 At the battle of Granicus,At the battle of Granicus,
Alexander’s army lost only 34 menAlexander’s army ...
ConquestsConquests
 Alexander continued to marchAlexander continued to march
throughout the Persian empirethroughout the ...
ConquestsConquests
 During his march across the Persian Empire,During his march across the Persian Empire,
Alexander stop...
ConquestsConquests
 Within the Persian EmpireWithin the Persian Empire
Alexander went on to conquerAlexander went on to c...
ConquestsConquests
 After conquering the territories of the PersianAfter conquering the territories of the Persian
Empire...
ConquestsConquests
 At the river Jhelum, King Porus awaited Alexander with a great armyAt the river Jhelum, King Porus aw...
ConquestsConquests
 History tells us that fifty years laterHistory tells us that fifty years later
two Roman Legions face...
Alexander’s EmpireAlexander’s Empire
Military TacticsMilitary Tactics
 Alexander had a great militaryAlexander had a great military
mind.mind.
 An expert at ...
Alexander’s MarchAlexander’s March
PhalanxPhalanx
 Held vertically the wall of spears wouldHeld vertically the wall of spears would
hide the units behind th...
Military TacticsMilitary Tactics
 One of Alexander’s best known military tactics was that he would fight rightOne of Alex...
Death of AlexanderDeath of Alexander
 Still a Mystery to this day.Still a Mystery to this day.
 In BabylonIn Babylon
 3...
The Death of AlexanderThe Death of Alexander
 In BabylonIn Babylon
 Busy with plans to improve the irrigation of the Eup...
DeathDeath
 They embalmed him and placed his body in aThey embalmed him and placed his body in a
gold sarcophagus which w...
Division of EmpireDivision of Empire
 After the death of Alexander the Great, his generals,After the death of Alexander t...
LegacyLegacy
 Not only is Alexander known for conquering practically the knownNot only is Alexander known for conquering ...
Library of AlexandriaLibrary of Alexandria
ConclusionConclusion
 In conclusion, many historians believeIn conclusion, many historians believe
that Alexander the Gre...
Works CitedWorks Cited
 Mechin, Jacques B.Mechin, Jacques B. Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great. 1st ed.. 1st ed.
New...
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Alexander-the-great

  1. 1. Alexander The GreatAlexander The Great Presented by: Jacob, Will, Justin, Brad, Krisha
  2. 2. Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great  ““There is nothing impossible to him who will try.” (quoteThere is nothing impossible to him who will try.” (quote from Alexander the Great)from Alexander the Great)  Alexander the Great is arguably the greatest militaryAlexander the Great is arguably the greatest military leader in history.leader in history.  By never loosing a battle, by conquering nearly theBy never loosing a battle, by conquering nearly the known world in twelve years, and by spreading hisknown world in twelve years, and by spreading his influence on the known world, Alexander was the firstinfluence on the known world, Alexander was the first person to receive the title “ The Great.”person to receive the title “ The Great.”  Today we hope to inform you about the legendary life ofToday we hope to inform you about the legendary life of Alexander the Great.Alexander the Great.
  3. 3. BoyhoodBoyhood  Born on July 26, 356 B.C. inBorn on July 26, 356 B.C. in Pella, MacedoniaPella, Macedonia  Alexander was the son ofAlexander was the son of King Philip II of MacedonKing Philip II of Macedon and the Princess Olympiasand the Princess Olympias of Epiroteof Epirote  Philip II was a great militaryPhilip II was a great military leader and organizer andleader and organizer and Olympias was passionateOlympias was passionate and hot-temperedand hot-tempered  Alexander inherited the bestAlexander inherited the best qualities from both of hisqualities from both of his parents, which later prove toparents, which later prove to be assets to his legacybe assets to his legacy
  4. 4. BoyhoodBoyhood  Alexander was more ambitiousAlexander was more ambitious than his father and wept bitterlythan his father and wept bitterly when he heard of Philip’swhen he heard of Philip’s conquests saying “My father willconquests saying “My father will get ahead of me in everything, andget ahead of me in everything, and will leave nothing great for me towill leave nothing great for me to do."do."  Alexander's mother taught himAlexander's mother taught him that Achilles was his ancestor, andthat Achilles was his ancestor, and that his father was descendedthat his father was descended from Herculesfrom Hercules  Alexander was told by an oracleAlexander was told by an oracle that his true father was Zeus andthat his true father was Zeus and not Philip II.not Philip II.  Achilles became Alexander’s roleAchilles became Alexander’s role model.model.  Alexander learned by heart theAlexander learned by heart the Illiad, a story that tells about theIlliad, a story that tells about the deeds of Achilles, and carried adeeds of Achilles, and carried a copy with him wherever he went.copy with him wherever he went.
  5. 5. BoyhoodBoyhood  As a Boy Alexander wasAs a Boy Alexander was fearless and strong.fearless and strong.  He tamed a beautiful andHe tamed a beautiful and spirited horse that no onespirited horse that no one would dare touch or ridewould dare touch or ride and named it Bucephalus.and named it Bucephalus.  This horse would later carryThis horse would later carry him to the far reaches ofhim to the far reaches of India.India.  Philip was so proud ofPhilip was so proud of Alexander's power over theAlexander's power over the horse that he said, "O myhorse that he said, "O my son, seek out a kingdomson, seek out a kingdom worthy of thyself, forworthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little forMacedonia is too little for thee." thee." 
  6. 6. YouthYouth  When Alexander was 13 yearsWhen Alexander was 13 years old, he became the pupil ofold, he became the pupil of Aristotle.Aristotle.  Aristotle is considered one ofAristotle is considered one of the greatest minds in history.the greatest minds in history.  Alexander was eager to learn.Alexander was eager to learn.  Aristotle inspired in AlexanderAristotle inspired in Alexander the love for literature,the love for literature, sciences, rhetoric, philosophy,sciences, rhetoric, philosophy, and sports.and sports.  Alexander was alwaysAlexander was always interested in foreign policy andinterested in foreign policy and would meet with ambassadorswould meet with ambassadors from different countries thatfrom different countries that came to his father’s court.came to his father’s court.
  7. 7. Rise to PowerRise to Power  At age 16, Alexander wasAt age 16, Alexander was given command of Macedoniagiven command of Macedonia while Philip II went to warwhile Philip II went to war against Byzantium.against Byzantium.  When he was only 18, heWhen he was only 18, he commanded part of Philip'scommanded part of Philip's cavalry at the battle ofcavalry at the battle of Chaeronea.Chaeronea.  Alexander also acted as hisAlexander also acted as his father's ambassador to Athens.father's ambassador to Athens.  After his father’s death in 336After his father’s death in 336 B.C., Alexander became kingB.C., Alexander became king at the age of 20.at the age of 20.
  8. 8. Rise to PowerRise to Power  After Alexander became king, theAfter Alexander became king, the surrounding territories revolted.surrounding territories revolted.  The city of Thebes in Greece was theThe city of Thebes in Greece was the first to start the revoltfirst to start the revolt  Alexander’s advisors viewed that heAlexander’s advisors viewed that he should give up the Greek territoriesshould give up the Greek territories and not take action.and not take action.  Alexander decided against this andAlexander decided against this and subdued the territories with lightningsubdued the territories with lightning speed starting with Thebes.speed starting with Thebes.  Alexander and his army stormed theAlexander and his army stormed the city of Thebes and destroyed everycity of Thebes and destroyed every building except the temples and thebuilding except the temples and the house of the poet Pindar.house of the poet Pindar.  30,000 inhabitants were sold into30,000 inhabitants were sold into slavery.slavery.  Seeing this, the rest of the territoriesSeeing this, the rest of the territories surrendered and Alexander then hadsurrendered and Alexander then had control of Macedonia and Greece.control of Macedonia and Greece.
  9. 9. ConquestsConquests  In May of 334 B.C., Alexander’s Army marched acrossIn May of 334 B.C., Alexander’s Army marched across the Hellespont to invade the Persians under their Kingthe Hellespont to invade the Persians under their King Darius III.Darius III.  On the way Alexander visited the city of Troy to see theOn the way Alexander visited the city of Troy to see the Tomb of Achilles and garland it.Tomb of Achilles and garland it.  From the Trojan Temple of Athena Alexander took aFrom the Trojan Temple of Athena Alexander took a sacred Shield, said to date back to the Trojan War, tosacred Shield, said to date back to the Trojan War, to guard him on his mission.guard him on his mission.  Soon after visiting Troy, Alexander struck the firstSoon after visiting Troy, Alexander struck the first Persian army to challenge him at the river GranicusPersian army to challenge him at the river Granicus meeting its commanders and their guards head on inmeeting its commanders and their guards head on in person in a clash at the center of the battle line.person in a clash at the center of the battle line.
  10. 10. ConquestConquest  Quote from Plutarch on the Battle of Granicus:Quote from Plutarch on the Battle of Granicus:  ““For the enemy pressed upon him with loud and warlike outcries; andFor the enemy pressed upon him with loud and warlike outcries; and charging horse against horse, with their lances, after they had broken andcharging horse against horse, with their lances, after they had broken and spent these, they fell to it with their swords. And Alexander, being easilyspent these, they fell to it with their swords. And Alexander, being easily known by his buckler, and a large plume of white feathers on each side ofknown by his buckler, and a large plume of white feathers on each side of his helmet, was attacked on all sides, yet escaped wounding, though hishis helmet, was attacked on all sides, yet escaped wounding, though his cuirass was pierced by a javelin in one of the joinings. And Rhoesaces andcuirass was pierced by a javelin in one of the joinings. And Rhoesaces and Spithridates, two Persian commanders, falling upon him at once, he avoidedSpithridates, two Persian commanders, falling upon him at once, he avoided one of them, and struck at Rhoesaces, who had a good cuirass on, withone of them, and struck at Rhoesaces, who had a good cuirass on, with such force that, his spear breaking in his hand, he was glad to betakesuch force that, his spear breaking in his hand, he was glad to betake himself to his dagger. While they were thus engaged, Spithridates came uphimself to his dagger. While they were thus engaged, Spithridates came up on one side of him, and raising himself upon his horse, gave him such aon one side of him, and raising himself upon his horse, gave him such a blow with his battle-ax on the helmet that he cut off the crest of it, with oneblow with his battle-ax on the helmet that he cut off the crest of it, with one of his plumes, and the helmet was only just so far strong enough to saveof his plumes, and the helmet was only just so far strong enough to save him, that the edge of the weapon touched the hair of his head. But as hehim, that the edge of the weapon touched the hair of his head. But as he was about to repeat his stroke,was about to repeat his stroke, ClitusClitus, called the black Clitus, prevented, called the black Clitus, prevented him, by running him through the body with his spear. At the same timehim, by running him through the body with his spear. At the same time Alexander dispatched Rhoesaces with his sword.”Alexander dispatched Rhoesaces with his sword.”
  11. 11. ConquestConquest  At the battle of Granicus,At the battle of Granicus, Alexander’s army lost only 34 menAlexander’s army lost only 34 men while the Persian army lostwhile the Persian army lost thousands.thousands.  After the battle of Granicus theAfter the battle of Granicus the Persian army regrouped andPersian army regrouped and struck at Alexander again at thestruck at Alexander again at the battle of Issus.battle of Issus.  Alexander’s army consisted ofAlexander’s army consisted of 47,000 men where as the Persian47,000 men where as the Persian army numbered between 80,000army numbered between 80,000 and 100,000 men.and 100,000 men.  Outmaneuvering his opponentOutmaneuvering his opponent Alexander crushed the PersianAlexander crushed the Persian army again inflicting 10,000 toarmy again inflicting 10,000 to 20,000 casualties. He himself lost20,000 casualties. He himself lost 450 men and 4,000 wounded.450 men and 4,000 wounded.
  12. 12. ConquestsConquests  Alexander continued to marchAlexander continued to march throughout the Persian empirethroughout the Persian empire conquering city after city andconquering city after city and armies that stood in his way.armies that stood in his way.  He conquered the PersianHe conquered the Persian Capital, Persepolis and fromCapital, Persepolis and from there the Persian empire fellthere the Persian empire fell before his feet.before his feet.  The Persian king, Darius IIIThe Persian king, Darius III fled like a coward, but endedfled like a coward, but ended up being assassinated by hisup being assassinated by his own men.own men.  Alexander hunted theAlexander hunted the assassins down and killedassassins down and killed them for committing such athem for committing such a grave act.grave act.
  13. 13. ConquestsConquests  During his march across the Persian Empire,During his march across the Persian Empire, Alexander stopped at the city of Gordium whereAlexander stopped at the city of Gordium where legend says that the famous Gordium Knot waslegend says that the famous Gordium Knot was tied.tied.  Legends says that whoever unties this isLegends says that whoever unties this is reserved the empire of the world.reserved the empire of the world.  Historians mention two different stories on howHistorians mention two different stories on how Alexander untied the Knot.Alexander untied the Knot.  The first story is that Alexander actually figuredThe first story is that Alexander actually figured out how to untie the knot, the second is thatout how to untie the knot, the second is that Alexander just cut the knot to pieces with hisAlexander just cut the knot to pieces with his sword and untied it that way.sword and untied it that way.
  14. 14. ConquestsConquests  Within the Persian EmpireWithin the Persian Empire Alexander went on to conquerAlexander went on to conquer the territories of Mesopotamia,the territories of Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Anatolia, Syria,Phoenicia, Anatolia, Syria, Gaza, Bactria, and Egypt.Gaza, Bactria, and Egypt.  In 331 while conquering EgyptIn 331 while conquering Egypt Alexander established theAlexander established the famous city of Alexandria.famous city of Alexandria.  The priests of EgyptThe priests of Egypt proclaimed Alexander Pharaohproclaimed Alexander Pharaoh of their lands, the son of theof their lands, the son of the sun god Ammon Ra.sun god Ammon Ra.
  15. 15. ConquestsConquests  After conquering the territories of the PersianAfter conquering the territories of the Persian Empire, Alexander turned his eyes toward India.Empire, Alexander turned his eyes toward India.  He had heard many stories of vast riches foundHe had heard many stories of vast riches found there and that beyond India was the end of thethere and that beyond India was the end of the world.world.  The glory of war was drawing Alexander on.The glory of war was drawing Alexander on.  In 326 B.C. Alexander marched his army into theIn 326 B.C. Alexander marched his army into the Indus Valley also called the Punjab.Indus Valley also called the Punjab.  It was here in the Indus Valley that AlexanderIt was here in the Indus Valley that Alexander and his army would face something they haveand his army would face something they have never encountered before in battle, the Indiannever encountered before in battle, the Indian war elephant.war elephant.
  16. 16. ConquestsConquests  At the river Jhelum, King Porus awaited Alexander with a great armyAt the river Jhelum, King Porus awaited Alexander with a great army and over 200 war elephants.and over 200 war elephants.  No Greek soldier had ever faced elephants in such sufficientNo Greek soldier had ever faced elephants in such sufficient numbers during battle.numbers during battle.  What followed was a battle unique in the annals of war.What followed was a battle unique in the annals of war.  Alexander found enough boats to ferry 15,000 of his best men 16Alexander found enough boats to ferry 15,000 of his best men 16 miles down river. He then marched back 16 miles and engaged Kingmiles down river. He then marched back 16 miles and engaged King Porus from behind. Alexander drew the Indian cavalry to one flankPorus from behind. Alexander drew the Indian cavalry to one flank away from the protection of their elephants and then surroundedaway from the protection of their elephants and then surrounded them while his foot soldiers came up with spears to attack thethem while his foot soldiers came up with spears to attack the elephants. By wounding the elephants, the animals became wildelephants. By wounding the elephants, the animals became wild and turned on their own men causing chaos for their army. Kingand turned on their own men causing chaos for their army. King Porus was taken captive and the battle was over.Porus was taken captive and the battle was over.  Alexander’s horse Bucephalus died during the battle and in hisAlexander’s horse Bucephalus died during the battle and in his honor Alexander established a city and named it Bucephalus.honor Alexander established a city and named it Bucephalus.
  17. 17. ConquestsConquests  History tells us that fifty years laterHistory tells us that fifty years later two Roman Legions faced atwo Roman Legions faced a similar Indian army with a muchsimilar Indian army with a much smaller amount of war elephantssmaller amount of war elephants and were defeated.and were defeated.  This shows us that Alexander wasThis shows us that Alexander was a more brilliant military leader thana more brilliant military leader than the Romans.the Romans.  After Alexander conquered theAfter Alexander conquered the western half of India, he decidedwestern half of India, he decided to move toward the eastern half,to move toward the eastern half, but his men, tired of fighting,but his men, tired of fighting, decided against this.decided against this.  Alexander was forced to halt hisAlexander was forced to halt his pursuit for ultimate glory.pursuit for ultimate glory.  He then marched back to BabylonHe then marched back to Babylon where he settled till his death.where he settled till his death.
  18. 18. Alexander’s EmpireAlexander’s Empire
  19. 19. Military TacticsMilitary Tactics  Alexander had a great militaryAlexander had a great military mind.mind.  An expert at organizing hisAn expert at organizing his units for complex battleunits for complex battle maneuvers.maneuvers.  Hiding his true numbers andHiding his true numbers and managing his army during themanaging his army during the flow of battle. That was theflow of battle. That was the key.key.  Develop of the PhalanxDevelop of the Phalanx  Box formationBox formation  8 to 36 men deep8 to 36 men deep  Men in front carried spears 4Men in front carried spears 4 to 6 meters (12 to 18 feet)to 6 meters (12 to 18 feet)
  20. 20. Alexander’s MarchAlexander’s March
  21. 21. PhalanxPhalanx  Held vertically the wall of spears wouldHeld vertically the wall of spears would hide the units behind the formation.hide the units behind the formation.  Held horizontally enemies could be killedHeld horizontally enemies could be killed at a safe range from the formation.at a safe range from the formation.  Phalanx was revolutionary for its time andPhalanx was revolutionary for its time and was a very potent weapon.was a very potent weapon.  Spears, bows, cavalry, chariots, and someSpears, bows, cavalry, chariots, and some light and heavy armor.light and heavy armor.
  22. 22. Military TacticsMilitary Tactics  One of Alexander’s best known military tactics was that he would fight rightOne of Alexander’s best known military tactics was that he would fight right along side his men.along side his men.  By showing courage in the face of death, he would set an example to hisBy showing courage in the face of death, he would set an example to his soldiers.soldiers.  The following passage from Dr. Warren H. Carroll is an example ofThe following passage from Dr. Warren H. Carroll is an example of Alexander’s courage:Alexander’s courage:  ““He prepared to storm its citadel with ladders, but the ladders broke underHe prepared to storm its citadel with ladders, but the ladders broke under the weight of his men. Standing alone on the rampart, Alexander leapedthe weight of his men. Standing alone on the rampart, Alexander leaped down inside the enemy fortress. Just three of his men followed. Alexanderdown inside the enemy fortress. Just three of his men followed. Alexander slew the Mallian chieftain and beat off all his attackers, his back to the wall,slew the Mallian chieftain and beat off all his attackers, his back to the wall, until he fainted from a lack of blood from a severe wound in his chest. Oneuntil he fainted from a lack of blood from a severe wound in his chest. One of his men held the sacred shield of Troy over him saving his life until theof his men held the sacred shield of Troy over him saving his life until the rest of his army broke through the gates and rescued him. Every defenderrest of his army broke through the gates and rescued him. Every defender of the citadel was put to the sword. Alexander’s wound came from a yardof the citadel was put to the sword. Alexander’s wound came from a yard long arrow that pierced his lungs and supposedly he never fully recovered.”long arrow that pierced his lungs and supposedly he never fully recovered.”  Situations like this are the reasons why Alexander’s men respected him andSituations like this are the reasons why Alexander’s men respected him and had a high morale.had a high morale.
  23. 23. Death of AlexanderDeath of Alexander  Still a Mystery to this day.Still a Mystery to this day.  In BabylonIn Babylon  33-year-old man33-year-old man  Some believe it to be conspiracy involving Iollas,Some believe it to be conspiracy involving Iollas, Cassander, and others who were unhappy withCassander, and others who were unhappy with Alexander.Alexander.  Poisoned winePoisoned wine  He succumbed to illness. Thus, on June 10, 323 BC,He succumbed to illness. Thus, on June 10, 323 BC, Alexander the Great die. In the Palace ofAlexander the Great die. In the Palace of NabukodonossorNabukodonossor
  24. 24. The Death of AlexanderThe Death of Alexander  In BabylonIn Babylon  Busy with plans to improve the irrigation of the Euphrates and toBusy with plans to improve the irrigation of the Euphrates and to settle the Arabic coast of the Persian Gulf.settle the Arabic coast of the Persian Gulf.  Splendid entertainment in honor of Nearchus departure for Arabia.Splendid entertainment in honor of Nearchus departure for Arabia. (it was also commemoration of the death of Heracles)(it was also commemoration of the death of Heracles)  Drank much unmixed wineDrank much unmixed wine  His Friends asked:His Friends asked:  "To whom do you leave the kingdom?“"To whom do you leave the kingdom?“  and he replied:and he replied:  "To the best (the strongest).“"To the best (the strongest).“  Historians disagree with the death.Historians disagree with the death.  The Alexander Romances reports 4 th of Pharmouthi as the day of theThe Alexander Romances reports 4 th of Pharmouthi as the day of the death, which corresponds to 13th of June; but according to contemporarydeath, which corresponds to 13th of June; but according to contemporary Babylonian Astronomic Diary, which is most credible and accurate source,Babylonian Astronomic Diary, which is most credible and accurate source, Alexander has died on 29th Aiaru (10th of June)Alexander has died on 29th Aiaru (10th of June)
  25. 25. DeathDeath  They embalmed him and placed his body in aThey embalmed him and placed his body in a gold sarcophagus which was taken to Memphis,gold sarcophagus which was taken to Memphis, Egypt. Later it was transported to it's finalEgypt. Later it was transported to it's final destination, Alexandria. Unfortunately, the tombdestination, Alexandria. Unfortunately, the tomb was not left untouched. In 89 B.C., Ptolemy IXwas not left untouched. In 89 B.C., Ptolemy IX needed money, so he opened the tomb andneeded money, so he opened the tomb and melted down Alexander's sarcophagus to makemelted down Alexander's sarcophagus to make gold coins. People were so enraged thatgold coins. People were so enraged that Ptolemy would do such a thing to a legend, thatPtolemy would do such a thing to a legend, that Ptolemy was killed soon after.Ptolemy was killed soon after.
  26. 26. Division of EmpireDivision of Empire  After the death of Alexander the Great, his generals,After the death of Alexander the Great, his generals, scrambling to gain power, broke out into civil war againstscrambling to gain power, broke out into civil war against each other.each other.  All of Alexander’s relatives were secretly murdered.All of Alexander’s relatives were secretly murdered.  Battles raged across the empire until finally around 305Battles raged across the empire until finally around 305 B.C. four men emerged each gaining large portions ofB.C. four men emerged each gaining large portions of the empire.the empire.  The empire was split into four sections, Seleucus rulingThe empire was split into four sections, Seleucus ruling the territories of Babylon, Ptolemy ruling the territories ofthe territories of Babylon, Ptolemy ruling the territories of Egypt, Cassander ruling the territories of Macedon, andEgypt, Cassander ruling the territories of Macedon, and Lysimachus ruling the territories of Thrace.Lysimachus ruling the territories of Thrace.
  27. 27. LegacyLegacy  Not only is Alexander known for conquering practically the knownNot only is Alexander known for conquering practically the known civilized world, he is also known for issuing in the Hellenistic age.civilized world, he is also known for issuing in the Hellenistic age.  The Hellenistic age was the age of Greek influence and the spreadThe Hellenistic age was the age of Greek influence and the spread of Greek culture across the world.of Greek culture across the world.  Alexander was known for issuing in this age because he broughtAlexander was known for issuing in this age because he brought together so many different civilizations.together so many different civilizations.  Everywhere he conquered, Alexander would build new cities andEverywhere he conquered, Alexander would build new cities and establish schools, museums, and libraries within these cities.establish schools, museums, and libraries within these cities.  In Alexandria, Egypt Alexander built a famous museum where theIn Alexandria, Egypt Alexander built a famous museum where the works of art and evidence of man’s creativity could be studied andworks of art and evidence of man’s creativity could be studied and collected.collected.  By doing such deeds as these, Greek culture was taught, learned,By doing such deeds as these, Greek culture was taught, learned, and preserved for over a thousand years with the help of Rome andand preserved for over a thousand years with the help of Rome and Christianity.Christianity.
  28. 28. Library of AlexandriaLibrary of Alexandria
  29. 29. ConclusionConclusion  In conclusion, many historians believeIn conclusion, many historians believe that Alexander the Great would havethat Alexander the Great would have conquered the entire world had heconquered the entire world had he lived to a normal old age.lived to a normal old age.  Alexander was able to achieve whatAlexander was able to achieve what no other man dreamed possible.no other man dreamed possible.  Not only did he conquered almost theNot only did he conquered almost the known civilized world in 12 years, butknown civilized world in 12 years, but Alexander also brought about a spreadAlexander also brought about a spread of Greek culture into the vast reachesof Greek culture into the vast reaches of the world.of the world.  Alexander was destined for glory andAlexander was destined for glory and he achieved it.he achieved it.  And we end with a quote fromAnd we end with a quote from Alexander the Great, "I would ratherAlexander the Great, "I would rather live a short life of glory than a long onelive a short life of glory than a long one of obscurity"….or "Its better to burn outof obscurity"….or "Its better to burn out than fade away" .than fade away" .
  30. 30. Works CitedWorks Cited  Mechin, Jacques B.Mechin, Jacques B. Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great. 1st ed.. 1st ed. New York: Hawthorn Books Inc., 1966.New York: Hawthorn Books Inc., 1966.  Robinson, Charles A.Robinson, Charles A. Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great. 1st. 1st ed. New York: Franklin Watts Inc., 1963.ed. New York: Franklin Watts Inc., 1963.  Carroll, Warren H.Carroll, Warren H. The Founding ofThe Founding of ChristendomChristendom. 1st ed. Front Royal: Christendom. 1st ed. Front Royal: Christendom College Press, 1985.College Press, 1985.  Alexander the GreatAlexander the Great. 01 2001. Wikipedia. 8 Nov.. 01 2001. Wikipedia. 8 Nov. 2005 <www.wikipedia.org>.2005 <www.wikipedia.org>.  Ten Horned BeastTen Horned Beast. 01 1996. Livius.org. 8 Nov.. 01 1996. Livius.org. 8 Nov. 2005 <http://www.livius.org/aj-2005 <http://www.livius.org/aj- al/alexander/alexander00a.html>.al/alexander/alexander00a.html>.

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