Symbolism in the outsiders for bookmark activity final


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Symbolism in the outsiders for bookmark activity final

  1. 1. Symbolism in The Outsiders
  2. 2. Literary Symbolism <ul><li>“ Without symbolism there can be no literature; indeed, not even language. What are words themselves but symbols” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arthur Symons </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Symbol <ul><li>Something – a person, object, situation or action which operates on two levels: </li></ul><ul><li>the literal and the symbolic </li></ul><ul><li>For instance, an engagement ring is a real object </li></ul><ul><li>But it also stands for the abiding love of the engaged couple </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>All language is symbolizing one thing or another. </li></ul><ul><li>A symbol is a word or object that stands for another word or object. </li></ul><ul><li>The object or word can be seen with the eye or not visible </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>For example, a dove stands </li></ul><ul><li>for Peace </li></ul><ul><li>The dove can be seen and </li></ul><ul><li> peace cannot </li></ul><ul><li>When reading the book </li></ul><ul><li>of Genesis in the bible, </li></ul><ul><li>you will find several symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>In the story of Adam and Eve, </li></ul><ul><li> when Eve ate the apple, </li></ul><ul><li> the apple stood for sin. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>a flag for country (“the flag”) </li></ul><ul><li> Go Hogs! </li></ul><ul><li>Red Razorback for the University of Arkansas </li></ul><ul><li>an X at the end of a letter for a kiss XXX </li></ul><ul><li>(“smack!”) </li></ul><ul><li>“ spring” as the symbol of new beginnings </li></ul><ul><li>a slash line through a sign for NO, </li></ul><ul><li>as in “No Parking” </li></ul>More conventional symbols which may be expressed as words or pictures:
  7. 7. <ul><li>FLAGS – symbolize a nation </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. flag is a symbol of our nation, but it also stands for freedom, liberty, and patriotism </li></ul><ul><li>UNCLE SAM - also a symbol for the U.S. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When we see symbols in literature, they are expected to have significance. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Symbols in literature are expected to have significance <ul><li>What symbols are evident in the novel we are reading, The Outsiders ? </li></ul><ul><li>Have you noticed the following symbols? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Greasers <ul><li>The switchblade represents strength and power. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greasers, the lower class, felt safer when carrying this defense. </li></ul><ul><li>It was their choice of weapon against harm that may come from the opposing social group, the Socs. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Socs <ul><li>The blue Mustang represents the upper class Socs. It stands for money power and authority. </li></ul><ul><li>It was Bob’s rings, symbols of wealth, that were used to cut up Johnny’s face so badly the day he was left for dead. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A symbol of the lower class </li></ul><ul><li>Many Greasers started smoking at an early age </li></ul><ul><li>It made them feel older and helped them to fit into their group. </li></ul><ul><li>Later it became a way of passing time and keeping calm. </li></ul>
  12. 12. The drive in movie theatre was a place where the Greasers and the Socs shared the same turf. Both social groups enjoyed the theatre together. It was a place where they could co-exist.
  13. 13. The horse represents innocence. Soda’s horse, Mickey Mouse, connects the boys to youth. Soda enjoyed the horse as a young boy. When the horse was sold, Soda was devastated. He shared a special bond with the horse that he could not again duplicate.
  14. 14. <ul><li>The church was a safe haven for both Ponyboy and Johnny. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a hideout for them as they were hiding from their crime. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a place that allowed them to be themselves and reflect on their lives. </li></ul><ul><li>Later, it was the burning church that allowed them to show their true colors. </li></ul>
  15. 15. So What? <ul><li>So now that we know about the symbols… SO WHAT? </li></ul><ul><li>Why did S.E. Hinton deliberately (on purpose) use these particular symbols? </li></ul><ul><li>What purpose do they serve in the novel? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Symbolism <ul><li>After discussing the symbols found in the novel, The Outsiders….. </li></ul><ul><li>You are going to demonstrate your understanding of symbolism in literature by completing the following activity about yourself! </li></ul>