Types of government

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Types of government

  1. 1. Types of Government Democracy Oligarchy Monarchy Dictatorship Anarchy Rule by Many Rule by One Rule by None Rule by a Few
  2. 2. Two Types of Democracy •All citizens participate • No representatives – citizens vote on issues Example – Ancient Athens •All citizens participate • People elect representatives who vote on the issues • Representatives answer to the people and usually must follow a constitution • Example - USA DIRECT REPRESENTATIVE Democracy is any type of government where power is held by all citizens.
  3. 3. Oligarchy An oligarchy is any society ruled by a small group of people. There are several different types of oligarchies, but the two most common are: • rule by a small group of wealthy and well educated citizens • power is usually passed down within certain families Example – Medieval Europe • • rule by a group of religious leaders • religious law is used to govern Example – the Islamic Republic of Iran Aristocracy Theocracy
  4. 4. Autocracy An autocracy is any society ruled by a one person. The two most common forms of autocracy are: • power is taken by force • dictators have total control over the lives of the people • people have few rights Example – Nazi Germany • •rule by kings, queens and other types of royalty • power is passed down, usually from father to son Example – France in the 1600s and 1700s • Dictatorship Monarchy
  5. 5. Anarchy Anarchy is the absence of government. There is no government to make or enforce laws.

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