Ancient american civilizations cliff dwellers mound builders
ANCIENT AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS
WHAT DO ARCHEOLOGISTS KNOW ABOUT THEEARLY NORTH AMERICAN CIVILIZATIONS?
WHAT IS AN ARCHEOLOGIST? Scientist who study the early civilizations by analyzing the artifacts. *Examples: Egyptian Pyramids Macchu Picchu-Peru Mesa Verde -Colorado
WHO WERE SOME EARLY NATIVE AMERICANS? * Cliff Dwellers -Southwest- (dessert) Mound Builders -Midwest and Southeast ( Mississippi River into the Appalachian Mts.) Flourished between 500-1500 Disappeared when European explorers first made contact.
WHAT DO WE KNOW ABOUT THESECIVILIZATIONS? Neither group left written records All information is based on archeological evidence
Cliff Dwellers=Farming cultures -(Mesa Verde) Colorado a. Hokokam b. Anasazi c. Mogollon Built irrigation canals to carry water to their crops Lived in stone houses
MOUND BUILDERS-WEALTHY PEOPLE *Adena Hopewell Mississippian Built large villages Had many resources More than 10,000 people Burial chambers- give artifacts like pearls that prove the people were wealthy Miamisburg Mound (Ohio)
WHAT HAPPENED TO THE CLIFF DWELLERS ANDMOUND BUILDERS? * Both civilizations suddenly disappeared 1. disease- from Europeans 2. shortage of food/water- could not support the population 3. political conflicts -weakened the civilizations (or a combination of all of these)
ARE THESE CIVILIZATIONS RELATED TO LATER NATIVEAMERICAN TRIBES? * Some oral histories do connect them * Art and pottery show a connection These civilizations left some of the most impressive archeological sites in North America