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Types of Government


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Types of Government

  1. 1. Types of Government
  2. 2. Direct DemocracyDEFINITION: Form of democracy where all adults take part in decisions. ADVANTAGES: All adults get to participateDISADVANTAGES: - Time Consuming - Decisions made by people who may not be experts EXAMPLE: New England states
  3. 3. Tribal RuleDEFINITION: Communities band together, make group decisions but chief has the final say ADVANTAGES: - Decisions are based on the culture’s customs - Group DecisionsDISADVANTAGES: -Only the chiefs get to make final decisions EXAMPLE: tribes, Native Americans
  4. 4. Absolute MonarchyDEFINITION: Rule by a king or queen who inherits the throne and has total control ADVANTAGES: - passed down through familyDISADVANTAGES: -passed down through family - no power for the people - outsiders can’t gain power EXAMPLE: Saudi Arabia
  5. 5. Dictatorship DEFINITION: Lead by one person (not a king or queen). Dictators seize powerADVANTAGES: none, unless you are the dictator DISADVANTAGES: Dictators use violence against their opponents, and deny their people the right to make their own decisions EXAMPLE: North Korea
  6. 6. OligarchyDEFINITION: Government controlled by small groups of wealthy people; ordinary people have little say ADVANTAGES: Small groups make decisionsDISADVANTAGES: Ordinary people have little to no say EXAMPLES: China, Burma
  7. 7. Constitutional MonarchyDEFINITION: Power of King and Queen are limited by law. Country also has a constitution. ADVANTAGES: Constitution and lows give king and queen less power DISADVANTAGES: King and queen still have power; not enough power for the peopleEXAMPLES: Canada,Kuwait, Spain, UnitedKingdom
  8. 8. Representative DemocracyDEFINITION: Run by representatives that are chosen by thepeople; people indirectly hold the powerADVANTAGES: - power is shared - people hold power indirectly - citizens can work to change laws and elect reps. DISADVANTAGES: People hold power only indirectly EXAMPLE: United States