Souder Trust in Science SLA 2011
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Souder Trust in Science SLA 2011

on

  • 1,805 views

Lawrence Souder from Drexel University presented on June 14, 2011 at a panel on "International Year of Chemistry: Perils and Promises of Modern Communication in the Sciences" at the Special Libraries ...

Lawrence Souder from Drexel University presented on June 14, 2011 at a panel on "International Year of Chemistry: Perils and Promises of Modern Communication in the Sciences" at the Special Libraries Association meeting. His talk covered Trust in Science and Science by Blogging, using as an example the NASA press release on arsenic in bacteria and subsequent controversy taking place in the blogosphere

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,805
Views on SlideShare
1,805
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
1
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • Neutral definition of rhetoric: Adapting messages to audiences and audiences to messages. My view of Modern Communication in the Sciences is through this lens.
  • Richard Horton, editor of The Lancet , has said: “[W]e know that the system of peer review is biased, unjust, unaccountable, incomplete, easily fixed, often insulting, usually ignorant, occasionally foolish, and frequently wrong.”
  • Typical research paper in 2004
  • A year later: Perhaps the worst outcome of peer review for both the authors and the journal.
  • Another typical research paper
  • Another unfortunate retraction (because it was previously published in Science of the Total Environment 366 (2–3), 729–738.)
  • … but also for the scientific community who still cites it, though here with the retraction.
  • … but still these authors cited it, apparently unaware of its retraction two years earlier.
  • Unfortunately, these are not isolated cases.
  • This problem persists15 years later despite the technological advances that enable journals to link retracted papers to their corresponding retraction notices. This study, in fact, shows affirmative citations to retracted papers in journals with higher impact factors than those citing the case as fraudulent.
  • … and countered by Ian Mitroff.
  • … and countered by Ian Mitroff.
  • … and countered by Ian Mitroff.
  • … and countered by Ian Mitroff.
  • … and countered by Ian Mitroff.
  • Venter spoke at the Academy of Natural Sciences a couple of years ago. I shamelessly approached him after his talk with a photocopy of this paper and asked him to autograph it. He said it was his favorite. It looks ordinary were it not for its content. But it’s extraordinary for its form…
  • Venter spoke at the Academy of Natural Sciences a couple of years ago. I shamelessly approached him after his talk with a photocopy of this paper and asked him to autograph it. He said it was his favorite. It looks ordinary were it not for its content. But it’s extraordinary for its form…
  • “ [M]uch of our knowledge rests on trust in the moral character of testifiers.”
  • … as augmented by John Ziman
  • … and countered by Ian Mitroff.
  • Bentley Glass: “One simply cannot any longer distinguish between what one properly knows, on the basis of published scientific information, and what one has gleaned from privileged documents.”
  • Bentley Glass: “One simply cannot any longer distinguish between what one properly knows, on the basis of published scientific information, and what one has gleaned from privileged documents.”
  • Bentley Glass: “One simply cannot any longer distinguish between what one properly knows, on the basis of published scientific information, and what one has gleaned from privileged documents.”
  • Bentley Glass: “One simply cannot any longer distinguish between what one properly knows, on the basis of published scientific information, and what one has gleaned from privileged documents.”
  • Bentley Glass: “One simply cannot any longer distinguish between what one properly knows, on the basis of published scientific information, and what one has gleaned from privileged documents.”
  • Bentley Glass: “One simply cannot any longer distinguish between what one properly knows, on the basis of published scientific information, and what one has gleaned from privileged documents.”

Souder Trust in Science SLA 2011 Souder Trust in Science SLA 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • International Year of Chemistry: Perils and Promises of Modern Communication in the Sciences Lawrence Souder Drexel University
  • Horton, R. 2000. Genetically modified food: consternation, confusion, and crack-up. Medical Journal of Australia , 172: 148–149.
  • Jianzhong Zhang & Yusheng Zhao, 2004. Formation of zirconium metallic glass, Nature 430, 332–335.
  • Jianzhong Zhang & Yusheng Zhao, 2005. Retraction , Formation of zirconium metallic glass, Nature , 437, 1057.
  • Guor-Cheng Fang , Yuh-Shen Wu, Cheng-Nan Chang, Tse-Tsung Ho, 2006. A study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons concentrations and source identifications by methods of diagnostic ratio and principal component analysis at Taichung chemical Harbor near Taiwan Strait, Chemosphere 64 (7) 1233–1242.
  • Guor-Cheng Fang , Yuh-Shen Wu, Cheng-Nan Chang, Tse-Tsung Ho, 2008. Retraction notice to ‘‘A study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons concentrations and source identifications by methods of diagnostic ratio and principal component analysis at Taichung chemical Harbor near Taiwan Strait” [ Chemosphere, 64 (7) (2006) 1233–1242], Chemosphere, 72, 1620
  • L. Burakovsky, S. P. Chen,1 D. L. Preston, A. B. Belonoshko, A. Rosengren, A. S. Mikhaylushkin, S. I. Simak, and J. A. Moriarty, 2010. High-Pressure—High-Temperature Polymorphism in Ta: Resolving an Ongoing Experimental Controversy, Physical Review Letters , 104, 255702
  • Fu FF, Tian BY, Lin GS, et al., 2010. Chemical Characterization and Source Identification of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Aerosols Originating from Different Sources, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association , 60(11): 1309-1314.
  • Thomsen, M., & Resnik, D. (1995). The effectiveness of the erratum in avoiding error propagation in physics. Science and Engineering Ethics , 1(3), 231-240.
  • Korpela KM, 2010. How long does it take for scientific literature to purge itself of fraudulent material? The Breuning case revisited. Current Medical Research & Opinion , 26:843-7.
  • von Krogh, Georg & Sebastian Spaeth, 2007. The open source software phenomenon: Characteristics that promote research, Journal of Strategic Information Systems , Volume 16, Issue 3, 236-253.
  • Kelty, C. M., C. Sidney Burrus, and Richard G. BaraniukPeer, (2008). Review Anew: Three Principles and a Case Study in Postpublication Quality Assurance, Proceedings of the IEEE , Vol. 96, No. 6, 1000-1011.
  • Albors, J., J.C. Ramos, J.L. Hervas, (2008). New learning network paradigms: Communities of objectives, crowdsourcing, wikis and open source, International Journal of Information Management , 28 194–202.
  • Huss, Jon W., Pierre Lindenbaum, Michael Martone, Donabel Roberts, Angel Pizarro, Faramarz Valafar, John B. Hogenesch and Andrew I. Su, (2010). The Gene Wiki: community intelligence applied to human gene annotation, Nucleic Acids Research , Vol. 38, Database issue D633–D639.
  • Dickinson, J. L., Benjamin Zuckerberg, and David N. Bonter, (2010). Citizen Science as an Ecological Research Tool: Challenges and Benefits, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics , 41:149–72.
  • Venter, J. Craig, et al., (2001). The Sequence of the Human Genome, Science , 291, 1304-1351.
  • Venter, J. Craig, et , Mark D. Adams , Eugene W. Myers , Peter W. Li, Richard J. Mural, Granger G. Sutton , Hamilton O. Smith, Mark Yandell, Cheryl A. Evans, Robert A. Holt, Jeannine D. Gocayne, Peter Amanatides, Richard M. Ballew, Daniel H. Huson, Jennifer Russo Wortman, Qing Zhang, Chinnappa D. Kodira, Xiangqun H. Zheng, Lin Chen, Marian Skupski, Gangadharan Subramanian, Paul D. Thomas, Jinghui Zhang, George L. Gabor Miklos, Catherine Nelson, Samuel Broder, Andrew G. Clark, Joe Nadeau, Victor A. McKusick, Norton Zinder, Arnold J. Levine, Richard J. Roberts, Mel Simon, Carolyn Slayman, Michael Hunkapiller, Randall Bolanos, Arthur Delcher, Ian Dew, Daniel Fasulo, Michael Flanigan, Liliana Florea, Aaron Halpern, Sridhar Hannenhalli, Saul Kravitz, Samuel Levy, Clark Mobarry, Knut Reinert, Karin Remington, Jane Abu-Threideh, Ellen Beasley, Kendra Biddick, Vivien Bonazzi, Rhonda Brandon, Michele Cargill, Ishwar Chandramouliswaran, Rosane Charlab, Kabir Chaturvedi, Zuoming Deng, Valentina Di Francesco, Patrick Dunn, Karen Eilbeck, Carlos Evangelista, Andrei E. Gabrielian, Weiniu Gan, Wangmao Ge, Fangcheng Gong, Zhiping Gu, Ping Guan, Thomas J. Heiman, Maureen E. Higgins, Rui-Ru Ji, Zhaoxi Ke, Karen A. Ketchum, Zhongwu Lai, Yiding Lei, Zhenya Li, Jiayin Li, Yong Liang, Xiaoying Lin, Fu Lu, Gennady V. Merkulov, Natalia Milshina, Helen M. Moore, Ashwinikumar K Naik, Vaibhav A. Narayan, Beena Neelam, Deborah Nusskern, Douglas B. Rusch, Steven Salzberg, Wei Shao, Bixiong Shue, Jingtao Sun, Zhen Yuan Wang, Aihui Wang, Xin Wang, Jian Wang, Ming-Hui Wei, Ron Wides, Chunlin Xiao, Chunhua Yan, Alison Yao, Jane Ye, Ming Zhan, Weiqing Zhang, Hongyu Zhang, Qi Zhao, Liansheng Zheng, Fei Zhong, Wenyan Zhong, Shiaoping C. Zhu, Shaying Zhao, Dennis Gilbert, Suzanna Baumhueter, Gene Spier, Christine Carter, Anibal Cravchik, Trevor Woodage, Feroze Ali, Huijin An, Aderonke Awe, Danita Baldwin, Holly Baden, Mary Barnstead, Ian Barrow, Karen Beeson, Dana Busam, Amy Carver, Angela Center, Ming Lai Cheng, Liz Curry, Steve Danaher, Lionel Davenport, Raymond Desilets, Susanne Dietz, Kristina Dodson, Lisa Doup, Steven Ferriera, Neha Garg, Andres Gluecksmann, Brit Hart, Jason Haynes, Charles Haynes, Cheryl Heiner, Suzanne Hladun, Damon Hostin, Jarrett Houck, Timothy Howland, Chinyere Ibegwam, Jeffery Johnson, Francis Kalush, Lesley Kline, Shashi Koduru, Amy Love, Felecia Mann, David May, Steven McCawley, Tina McIntosh, Ivy McMullen, Mee Moy, Linda Moy, Brian Murphy, Keith Nelson, Cynthia Pfannkoch, Eric Pratts, Vinita Puri, Hina Qureshi, Matthew Reardon, Robert Rodriguez, Yu-Hui Rogers, Deanna Romblad, Bob Ruhfel, Richard Scott, Cynthia Sitter, Michelle Smallwood, Erin Stewart, Renee Strong, Ellen Suh, Reginald Thomas, Ni Ni Tint, Sukyee Tse, Claire Vech, Gary Wang, Jeremy Wetter, Sherita Williams, Monica Williams, Sandra Windsor, Emily Winn-Deen, Keriellen Wolfe, Jayshree Zaveri, Karena Zaveri, Josep F. Abril, Roderic Guigo«, Michael J. Campbell, Kimmen V. Sjolander, Brian Karlak, Anish Kejariwal, Huaiyu Mi, Betty Lazareva, Thomas Hatton, Apurva Narechania, Karen Diemer, Anushya Muruganujan, Nan Guo, Shinji Sato, Vineet Bafna, Sorin Istrail, Ross Lippert, Russell Schwartz, Brian Walenz, Shibu Yooseph, David Allen, Anand Basu, James Baxendale, Louis Blick, Marcelo Caminha, John Carnes-Stine, Parris Caulk, Yen-Hui Chiang, My Coyne, Carl Dahlke, Anne Deslattes Mays, Maria Dombroski, Michael Donnelly, Dale Ely, Shiva Esparham, Carl Fosler, Harold Gire, Stephen Glanowski, Kenneth Glasser, Anna Glodek, Mark Gorokhov, Ken Graham, Barry Gropman, Michael Harris, Jeremy Heil, Scott Henderson, Jeffrey Hoover, Donald Jennings, Catherine Jordan, James Jordan, John Kasha, Leonid Kagan, Cheryl Kraft, Alexander Levitsky, Mark Lewis, Xiangjun Liu, John Lopez, Daniel Ma, William Majoros, Joe McDaniel, Sean Murphy, Matthew Newman, Trung Nguyen, Ngoc Nguyen, Marc Nodell, Sue Pan, Jim Peck, Marshall Peterson, William Rowe, Robert Sanders, John Scott, Michael Simpson, Thomas Smith, Arlan Sprague, Timothy Stockwell, Russell Turner, Eli Venter, Mei Wang, Meiyuan Wen, David Wu, Mitchell Wu, Ashley Xia, Ali Zandieh, Xiaohong Zhu
  • Hardwig, J., 1991. The Role of Trust in Knowledge, Journal of Philosophy , Vol. 88, No. 12 pp. 693-708.
  • Merton, R., (1973). The Sociology of Science; Theoretical and Empirical Investigations , Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Ziman, J., 2000. Real Science: What It Is & What It Means , New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Mitroff, I. (1974). Norms and Counter-Norms in a Select Group of the Apollo Moon Scientists: A Case Study of the Ambivalence of Scientists, American Sociological Review , 39(4), 579-595.
  • Glass, B. (1966) Science and Ethical Values , Oxford University Press, London.
  • Meneghini, R., Packer, A.L., and Nassi-Calo, L., 2008. Articles by Latin American authors in prestigious journals have fewer citations . PLoS ONE , 3(11).
  • Budden, A.E., Tregenza, T., Aarssen, L.W., Koricheva, J., Leimu, R., and Lortie, C.J. 2008. Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors. Trends in Ecology & Evolution , 23(1): 4–6.
  • Bosetti, F. and Toscano, C.D. 2008. Is it time to standardize ethics guiding the peer review process? Lipids , 43(2): 107–108.
  • Spielmans, G.I., Biehn, T.L., and Sawrey, D.L. 2010. A case study of salami slicing: pooled analyses of duloxetine for depression. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics , 79(2): 97–106.
  • Shimp, C.P. 2004. Scientific peer review: a case study from local and global analyses, Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior , 82(1): 103–116.
  • Hummels H ; Roosendaal HE, 2001. Trust in Scientific Publishing, Journal of Business Ethics , 34(2): 87-100.
  • Hames, I. (2007). Peer Review and Manuscript Management in Scientific Journals: Guidelines for Good Practice . Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Vande Kopple, William J., 1985. Some Exploratory Discourse on Metadiscourse, College Composition and Communication , Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 82-93.
  • Wolfe-Simon, Felisa, Jodi Switzer Blum, Thomas R. Kulp, Gwyneth W. Gordon, Shelley E. Hoeft, Jennifer Pett-Ridge, John F. Stolz, Samuel M. Webb, Peter K. Weber, Paul C. W. Davies, Ariel D. Anbar and Ronald S. Oremland, 2010. "A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus". Science . 2 December 2010: 1197258.
  • Benner, Steven A., 2011. Comment on “A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus” Science 3 June 2011: 332 (6034), 1149.
  • Cotner, James B. and Edward K. Hall, 2011. Comment on “A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus,” Science, 3 June 2011: 332 (6034), 1149.
  • Borhani, David W., 2011. Comment on “A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus” Science, 3 June 2011: 332 (6034), 1149.
  • Csabai, István and Eörs Szathmáry, 2011. Comment on “ A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus ” Science, 3 June 2011: 332 (6034), 1149.
  • Oehler, Stefan, 2011. Comment on “A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus” Science, 3 June 2011: 332 (6034), 1149.
  • Redfield, Rosemary J., Comment on “A Bacterium That Can Grow by Using Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus,” Science Express, 27 May 2011, p. 1.
  • Alberts, B., Editor ’ s Note, Science, 3 June 2011: 332 (6034), 1149.
  • Redfield, Rosemary J., 2010. RRResearch , http://rrresearch.blogspot.com/2010/12/arsenic-associated-bacteria-nasas.html.
  • RKA, 12:55 pm
  • Anonymous, 7:36 AM
  • AMac, 12:18 PM
  • J. Gralnick, 7:50 AM
  • Larry Moran, 9:14 AM
  • Matt Young, 1:27 pm
  • Pierre Pequebot, 3:41 am
  • Btm, 3:07 PM
  • Jay, 1:46 AM
  • Gary Hurd, 8:31 AM
  • Zimmer, C., 2010. This Paper Should Not Have Been Published, Slate , http://www.slate.com/id/2276919/pagenum/all/#p1, Posted Tuesday, Dec. 7, 2010.
  • Zimmer, C., 2010. This Paper Should Not Have Been Published, Slate , http://www.slate.com/id/2276919/pagenum/all/#p2, Posted Tuesday, Dec. 7, 2010.
  • Zimmer, C., 2010. This Paper Should Not Have Been Published , Slate , http://www.slate.com/id/2276919/pagenum/all/#p2, Posted Tuesday, Dec. 7, 2010.
  •