How to answer the 4 mark inference question

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How to answer the 4 mark inference question

  1. 1. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Answering the ‘Inference’ source question Hodder Education Revision Lessons Click to continue
  2. 2. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Principles Your sister gets on Valentine’s Day – from the same boy: • a dozen red roses • a huge card which says: ‘Hi, funny face’ • a diamond ring inscribed: ‘Sexy lips’. What is he saying to her? Click to continue
  3. 3. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Principles At one level, he seems to be saying that she has sexy lips and a funny face … But those words, and the gifts, are obviously saying so much more … Click to continue
  4. 4. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Principles • • • • ‘Funny face’ shows he finds her cute. ‘Sexy lips’ shows he enjoys kissing her. Red roses are a message of love. The ring indicates that he wants to get engaged. These messages were not explicit, but you INFERRED them from the gifts. Click to continue
  5. 5. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 You answer the ‘Inference’ question in much the same way! Click to continue
  6. 6. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 You are going to get a question which gives you a source and then asks: ‘What does this source suggest about [a topic]?’ Note that you must make an especial note of the ‘topic’ you are being asked about. Click to continue
  7. 7. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 For example: Although the Russian government called up millions of men, they were badly trained and prepared. By 1917, discipline had broken down, and soldiers were deserting or refusing to obey orders. ‘What does this source suggest about the government of Nicholas II in Russia?’ Note that it is asking you to say things about the government of Nicholas II (i.e. not about the war or the army). Click to continue
  8. 8. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 The mark scheme says that this is how you are going to earn the 4 marks for this question: • You get up to 2 marks by extracting surface statements explicit in the source. • You get up to 2 further marks by identifying inferences in the source. Note that you will only get any marks if you identify surface statements and inferences about the stated topic. Click to continue
  9. 9. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 You are advised to spend 7 minutes maximum on this question. Click to continue
  10. 10. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 So, let’s begin … Although the Russian government called up millions of men, they were badly trained and prepared. By 1917, discipline had broken down, and soldiers were deserting or refusing to obey orders. Click to continue
  11. 11. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Start by identifying two ‘surface statements’ about Nicholas II’s government, for example: It called up millions It trained and prepared of men them badly Although the Russian government called up millions of men, they were badly trained and prepared. By 1917, discipline had broken down, and soldiers were deserting or refusing to obey orders. These will give you the basic first 2 marks. Click to continue
  12. 12. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Note … Why is ‘soldiers were deserting’ not a valid answer? It is not about the government of Nicholas II. Although the Russian government called up millions of men, they were badly trained and prepared. By 1917, discipline had broken down, and soldiers were deserting or refusing to obey orders. It will not score you any marks. Click to continue
  13. 13. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Now suggest two ‘inferences’ you can make about the government of Nicholas II: This suggests it was This suggests it was incompetent losing its authority Although the Russian government called up millions of men, they were badly trained and prepared. By 1917, discipline had broken down, and soldiers were deserting or refusing to obey orders. Click to These will earn the 2 marks for making inferences.continue
  14. 14. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Can you suggest any other inferences? This suggests people were becoming fed up with it This suggests it was losing control Although the Russian government called up millions of men, they were badly trained and prepared. By 1917, discipline had broken down, and soldiers were deserting or refusing to obey orders. (Only needed if your inference ideas are weak.) Click to continue
  15. 15. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 So … Write your essay, remembering to: • provide two explicit ‘surface statements’ about the government of Nicholas II and: • add two or three inferences about the government of Nicholas II. Click to continue
  16. 16. AQA (B) GCSE Modern World History Unit 2 Depth Study 1 Lesson 1 Peer-assess each other’s essays. Did they: • provide two examples of explicit, ‘surface statements’ about the government of Nicholas II? • add two or three inferences about the government of Nicholas II? Click to continue
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