Emancipation Presentation

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Use this to review the Emancipation Proclamation!

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  • http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/almss/dep001.html
  • President Lincoln issued this first printing of the preliminary version of the Emancipation Proclamation in general orders format, as an order from the Commander-in-Chief to the armed forces. Because he had direct control over the Army, the President thus made it unnecessary to go through Congress to activate the Proclamation. The preliminary version differs from the final version of January 1, 1863, in placing a greater emphasis on the preservation of the Union as a motivating force for the Proclamation.
    http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/alhtml/alrb/step/09221862/001.html
  • http://www.lib.ohio-state.edu/cgaweb/nast/emancipation.htm
  • Emancipation Presentation

    1. 1. THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION The Event The Causes The Document The Response The Effects
    2. 2. The first draft of the Emancipation Proclamation July 22, 1862
    3. 3. September 22, 1862 THE EVENT
    4. 4. The Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation September 22, 1862
    5. 5. January 1, 1863 THE EVENT
    6. 6. Lincoln’s view on slavery
    7. 7. “That sight was a continual torment to me.” 1854
    8. 8. “I have always hated slavery, I think as much as any Abolitionist.” 1858
    9. 9. “I think Slavery is wrong, morally, and politically.” 1859
    10. 10. … we must not interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists, because the constitution forbids it … (1859)
    11. 11. “The Union must be preserved; and hence all indispensable means must be employed.” March, 1862
    12. 12. “Resolved that the United States ought to cooperate with any state which may adopt gradual abolishment of slavery, giving to such state pecuniary aid, to be used by such state in it's discretion, to compensate for the inconveniences public and private, produced by such change of system''
    13. 13. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it …
    14. 14. … and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it
    15. 15. and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that.
    16. 16. If my name ever goes into history, it will be for this act, and my whole soul is in it.
    17. 17. Reasons for Lincoln issuing the EP • Criticism from abolitionists • Changes in public opinion • Hurt the ability of the South to survive • Try to get South to reconcile • Prevent Britain and France from helping the Confederacy • Expand presidential power (instead of Congress) • Antietam THE CAUSES
    18. 18. ANTIETAM
    19. 19. Did Lincoln have the power to issue the EP? Commander in Chief Lincoln thought that the military could free them just like freeing the property of an enemy during war
    20. 20. Why didn't Lincoln free the slaves in the border states? He didn’t have the authority He didn’t want to lose their support
    21. 21. THE DOCUMENT
    22. 22. THE RESPONSE IN THE SOUTH – It’s opposed •Southerners point to the EP as an example of Lincoln being a tyrant •Southerners won’t follow it, as they aren’t part of the Union (in their perspective)
    23. 23. THE IMPACT • Didn’t actually free anyone, because it only applied to the states in rebellion • Encouraged some slaves to run away from their owners/masters • Britain and France more inclined to withhold recognition of the Confederacy
    24. 24. THE RESPONSE IN THE NORTH – It’s mixed •Some felt it was the right thing to do •Some Abolitionists felt it didn’t go far enough •Many were upset that the war was now about slavery •Leads to some opposition of Lincoln
    25. 25. THE IMPACT • Upset some people in the North, who were worried about labor competition, didn’t want to fight a war to free slaves • Opposed entirely by the South, who used it to demonstrate the evils of Lincoln • Led to African American troops in Union • Changed the cause of the war – now tied to slavery

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