Hunger Free World

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Hunger Free World

  1. 1. http://library.thinkquest.org/C002291/high/index.htmAn incredible 24,000 people die from hunger each and every day.More than 840,000,000 people suffer from hunger. Thats about three times the population of theUSA. No, this isnt some new famine that just occurred. This is chronic, persistent hunger, which kills24,000 people every day, or over 8 million each year. Three of four who die are younger than five.In fact, famine accounts for less than 10% of these deaths. The other 90% are in situations wherepeople live their entire lives without enough food to eat all of the time. They often go hungry not onlyphysically, but due to other factors in their communities are often undernourished mentally.Starting to wonder why famines are featured news stories, while theres never anything about chronichunger? Especially since famines represent such a small part of these deaths? Its because faminesare not part of everyday life. When a plane crashes and kills 240 people, its on the news for days. Butbecause 100 times that many deaths occur from chronic hunger every single day, its not anythingspecial.Whats even worse is that there really is enough food produced globally to feed everyone on theplanet. In many countries, distribution of the food is also working just fine. Sometimes, the problemlies at the simple fact that people dont earn enough money to buy food because they lack theeducation or skills necessary to get a good job.The number of people that die of hunger each day has decreased 58% from 41,000 in 1977 to 24,000in 1997. The solutions to hunger exist and are being implemented even as we speak. There is noreason for this senseless death to continue any longer. We need your help to put this to an end, onceand for all.PastMajor hunger problems have occurred throughout history, leaving millions of people dead or suffering from theeffects of hunger. This area gives information on a number of case-studies that outline the problem, causes andconsequences of major hunger events in different countries over the years. Please choose a case-study from belowto read more about it.Every day around 24,000 people die directly from hunger or hunger related diseases - an unbelievableamount. This area outlines why the problem is occurring, where it is occurring and to what extent. Pleasechoose an article from below to continue.The world hunger problem: Facts, figures and statisticsIn the Asian, African and Latin American countries, well over 500 million people are living in what theWorld Bank has called "absolute poverty" Every year 15 million children die of hunger For the price of one missile, a school full of hungry children could eat lunch every day for 5 years Throughout the 1990s more than 100 million children will die from illness and starvation. Those 100 million deaths could be prevented for the price of ten Stealth bombers, or what the world spends on its military in two days! The World Health Organization estimates that one-third of the world is well-fed, one-third is under-fed one-third is starving- Since youve entered this site at least 200 people have died of starvation. Over 4 million will die this year. One in twelve people worldwide is malnourished, including 160 million children under the age of 5. United Nations Food and Agriculture
  2. 2. The Indian subcontinent has nearly half the worlds hungry people. Africa and the rest of Asia together have approximately 40%, and the remaining hungry people are found in Latin America and other parts of the world. Hunger in Global Economy Nearly one in four people, 1.3 billion - a majority of humanity - live on less than $1 per day, while the worlds 358 billionaires have assets exceeding the combined annual incomes of countries with 45 percent of the worlds people. UNICEF 3 billion people in the world today struggle to survive on US$2/day. In 1994 the Urban Institute in Washington DC estimated that one out of 6 elderly people in the U.S. has an inadequate diet. In the U.S. hunger and race are related. In 1991 46% of African-American children were chronically hungry, and 40% of Latino children were chronically hungry compared to 16% of white children. The infant mortality rate is closely linked to inadequate nutrition among pregnant women. The U.S. ranks 23rd among industrial nations in infant mortality. African-American infants die at nearly twice the rate of white infants. One out of every eight children under the age of twelve in the U.S. goes to bed hungry every night. Half of all children under five years of age in South Asia and one third of those in sub- Saharan Africa are malnourished. In 1997 alone, the lives of at least 300,000 young children were saved by vitamin A supplementation programmes in developing countries. Malnutrition is implicated in more than half of all child deaths worldwide - a proportion unmatched by any infectious disease since the Black Death About 183 million children weigh less than they should for their age To satisfy the worlds sanitation and food requirements would cost only US$13 billion- what the people of the United States and the European Union spend on perfume each year. The assets of the worlds three richest men are more than the combined GNP of all the least developed countries on the planet. Every 3.6 seconds someone dies of hunger It is estimated that some 800 million people in the world suffer from hunger and malnutrition, about 100 times as many as those who actually die from it each year. The world hunger problem: Current campaigns Weve described many issues causing hunger, and you can take a look at different ways hunger can be solved (see solutions to world hunger). There are many different organizations fighting hunger today, but for the most part, they can be classified into two main groups. I frequently see canned-food drives at my school. Students are asked to bring in canned goods and they are accumulated and sent off somewhere. The problem with this method of ending hunger is that providing food is not a long-term solution. It forces the people who receive this food to become reliant on it, instead of on themselves. The other type of organization is that which believes in making a country reliant on itself. Organizations like The Hunger Project believe in "society-wide transformation" led by "indigenous leadership," says Lee Traband on its staff. These organizations work to build infrastructure that will allow a country to be self-sufficient, and not rely on other countries for aid. This is a long-term solution which allows the country to survive without foreign charity.The world hunger problem: Countries affected by hungerThe map below shows the world hunger problem byshowing the prevalence of undernourishment in eachcountry. Prevalence of undernourishment is measured bythe share of a countrys total population that isundernourished. The higher the prevalence, the morewidespread the problem. To help analyse and monitorprogress, five prevalence categroies have been The 5 prevalence categories used in the problem mapestablished and are shown to the right of this text. below.
  3. 3. Afghanistan Germany MozambiqueBangladesh India NigerBrazil Italy North KoreaCanada Jamaica RussiaChina Japan RwandaEritrea Mali UkraineEthiopia Mexico United Kingdom FranceCambodiaLeader: Prime Minister Hun SenNearly one in five Cambodians don’t get enough to eat. Forty per cent of Cambodian children aremalnourishedmore than half of children under the age of five are underweight; 56 per cent are stunteddue to chronic malnutrition and 13 per cent show signs of wasting, from severe and rapid weight loss.ChinaLeader: President Hu JintaoIn recent years, the percentage of undernourished people in China has dropped from 15 to 10 percent. By investing heavily in smallholder and poor farmers, as well as implementing policies ofequitable land distribution, the Chinese government was able to pull 58 million people out of hungerbetween 1990 and 2011.CARE’S VISIONOur VisionWe seek a world of hope, tolerance and social justice, where poverty has been overcome and people live indignity and security. CARE International will be a global force and a partner of choice within a worldwidemovement dedicated to ending poverty. We will be known everywhere for our unshakable commitment to thedignity of people.

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