The world population is the total number of
living humans on Earth.
world population is 7.124 billion by the United
States Census Bureau (USCB). The USCB
estimates that the world population exceeded
7 billion on March 12, 2012.
India's Population 2013
Current Population of India in 2013 1,270,272,105 (1.27 billion)
Total Male Population in India 655,875,026 (655.8 million)
Total Female Population in India 614,397,079 (614.4 million)
Sex Ratio 940 females per 1,000 males
0 to 25 years 50% of India's current population
Currently, there are about 51 births in India in a minute.
India's Population in 2012 1.22 billion
India's Population in 2011 1.21 billion
Some of the reasons for India's rapidly growing
population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid
decline in death rates or mortality rates
EFFECT ON POPULATION GROWTH ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Population growth affects economic development in two
ways Promoting the economic development
Retarding the economic development
PROMOTING THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
Increase the per capita product
Rise in labour productivity
Population growth as a source of capital
FACTORS RETARDING ECONOMIC GROWTH
Per capita income
Over use of
Food supply is a broad range of food production-
Food supply helps to meet the demand of the market.
Proper food supply helps to meet the nutrition of the
population but nowadays due to improper food supply
there is a little unfulfillment of a nutrition to the
This law aims to provide subsidized food grains to
approximately two thirds of India's 1.2 billion people. Under
the provisions of the bill, beneficiaries are to be able to
purchase 5 kilograms per eligible person per month of
Prices of cereals are
Rice - 3 per KG
Wheat - 2 per KG
Millets - 1 per KG
Pregnant women, lactating mothers, and certain categories of
children are eligible for daily free meals.
The bill was highly controversial, and despite introduction into
Parliament in December 2012 was passed only in late August
2013, after initially being promulgated as a presidential
ordinance on July 5.
75% of rural and 50% of the urban population are entitled for
three years from enactment to five kg food grains per month
at 3 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains (millet),
The states are responsible for determining eligibility;
Pregnant women and lactating mothers are entitled to a
nutritious "take home ration" of 600 Calories and a maternity
benefit of at least Rs 6,000 for six months;
Children 6 months to 14 years of age are to receive free hot
meals or "take home rations";
The central government will provide funds to states in case of
short supplies of food grains;
The current food grain allocation of the states will be
protected by the central government for at least six months.
The state governments will provide a food security allowance
to the beneficiaries in case of non-supply of food grains.
The Public Distribution System is to be reformed;
The eldest woman in the household, 18 years or above, is
the head of the household for the issuance of the ration
There will be state- and district-level redress mechanisms.
State Food Commissions will be formed for
implementation and monitoring of the provisions of the
C. RANGARAJAN Is the head of the committee to
examination of the food security bill.
WORLD’S POPULATION AND FOOD SUPPLY
Ninety-seven percent of all population growth is occurring in
the poorest parts of the world.
• By 2015, 23 cities will have more than 10 million
inhabitants; 19 of them will be in developing countries.
World Food Supply
Population and income are the major factors in
determining food consumption.
World food demand is growing at a rate of 2%
per year 1.8% of this because of population
increase and .2% because of rising income
DIFFERENCE IN SPECIFIC COUNTRIES
Poorest countries (Africa, Asia, and Latin America) 2.5%
increase in demand, but only a 1.9% increase in supply.
These countries typically depend on US, Canadian and
Australian grain supplies.
Food production is not the problem is food distribution the problem
Inadequate infrastructure – roads, communication, fuel
lack of access to scientific knowledge (research and
government interference in market forces – wars, political,
changing government structure, corruption.
Food issues around the World
In 75 nations, per capita food production has declined
over the past 15 years.
Among the larger countries where shrinking cropland per
person threatens future food security are Nigeria,
Ethiopia, and Pakistan, all countries with weak family
For example, as Nigeria's population goes from 111
million today to a projected 244 million in 2050, its grain
land per person will shrink from 0.15 hectares to 0.07
More than three-quarters of a billion people suffer from
News of starvation deaths & farmers’ suicides from many
Stagnant agricultural production, and falling food
Unemployment has increased from 4 to 8% in ten years
If population grows more rapidly
and income is stagnant.
Population increases 60%
Income growth is 0%
Food prices increase 90%
In under developed
IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
The population and food supply are equal
If lower population
o 74% increase in food
o 72% price decline
incomes rise more than
HOW TO OVERCOME
Reduce population growth rate
Promote economic prosperity,
health, and education
Invest in agricultural productivity
Research, extension, credit,
Protect soil and water resources
Assign property rights
Gives resource owners a stake
in environmental protection
Encourage economic growth among
competitive markets, human