Population and food supply


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Population and food supply

  1. 1. POPULATION  The world population is the total number of living humans on Earth.  world population is 7.124 billion by the United States Census Bureau (USCB). The USCB estimates that the world population exceeded 7 billion on March 12, 2012.
  2. 2. India's Population 2013 Current Population of India in 2013 1,270,272,105 (1.27 billion) Total Male Population in India 655,875,026 (655.8 million) Total Female Population in India 614,397,079 (614.4 million) Sex Ratio 940 females per 1,000 males Age structure 0 to 25 years 50% of India's current population Currently, there are about 51 births in India in a minute. India's Population in 2012 1.22 billion India's Population in 2011 1.21 billion Some of the reasons for India's rapidly growing population are poverty, illiteracy, high fertility rate, rapid decline in death rates or mortality rates
  3. 3. EFFECT ON POPULATION GROWTH ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Population growth affects economic development in two ways  Promoting the economic development  Retarding the economic development PROMOTING THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT  Increase the per capita product  Rise in labour productivity  Population growth as a source of capital formation
  4. 4. FACTORS RETARDING ECONOMIC GROWTH Environment Social infrastructure Agriculture development Per capita income Urbanization Over use of resources Investment
  5. 5. FOOD SUPPLY  Food supply is a broad range of food production- distribution.  Food supply helps to meet the demand of the market.  Proper food supply helps to meet the nutrition of the population but nowadays due to improper food supply there is a little unfulfillment of a nutrition to the population.
  6. 6. This law aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's 1.2 billion people. Under the provisions of the bill, beneficiaries are to be able to purchase 5 kilograms per eligible person per month of cereals. Prices of cereals are Rice - 3 per KG Wheat - 2 per KG Millets - 1 per KG Pregnant women, lactating mothers, and certain categories of children are eligible for daily free meals.
  7. 7. The bill was highly controversial, and despite introduction into Parliament in December 2012 was passed only in late August 2013, after initially being promulgated as a presidential ordinance on July 5. 75% of rural and 50% of the urban population are entitled for three years from enactment to five kg food grains per month at 3 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains (millet), respectively. The states are responsible for determining eligibility; Pregnant women and lactating mothers are entitled to a nutritious "take home ration" of 600 Calories and a maternity benefit of at least Rs 6,000 for six months;
  8. 8. Children 6 months to 14 years of age are to receive free hot meals or "take home rations"; The central government will provide funds to states in case of short supplies of food grains; The current food grain allocation of the states will be protected by the central government for at least six months. The state governments will provide a food security allowance to the beneficiaries in case of non-supply of food grains. The Public Distribution System is to be reformed;
  9. 9. The eldest woman in the household, 18 years or above, is the head of the household for the issuance of the ration card. There will be state- and district-level redress mechanisms. State Food Commissions will be formed for implementation and monitoring of the provisions of the Act. C. RANGARAJAN Is the head of the committee to examination of the food security bill.
  10. 10. WORLD’S POPULATION AND FOOD SUPPLY Ninety-seven percent of all population growth is occurring in the poorest parts of the world. • By 2015, 23 cities will have more than 10 million inhabitants; 19 of them will be in developing countries. World Food Supply  Population and income are the major factors in determining food consumption.  World food demand is growing at a rate of 2% per year 1.8% of this because of population increase and .2% because of rising income
  11. 11. DIFFERENCE IN SPECIFIC COUNTRIES Poorest countries (Africa, Asia, and Latin America) 2.5% increase in demand, but only a 1.9% increase in supply. These countries typically depend on US, Canadian and Australian grain supplies. Food production is not the problem is food distribution the problem  Inadequate infrastructure – roads, communication, fuel  lack of access to scientific knowledge (research and extension)  government interference in market forces – wars, political, changing government structure, corruption.
  12. 12. Food issues around the World  In 75 nations, per capita food production has declined over the past 15 years.  Among the larger countries where shrinking cropland per person threatens future food security are Nigeria, Ethiopia, and Pakistan, all countries with weak family planning programs.  For example, as Nigeria's population goes from 111 million today to a projected 244 million in 2050, its grain land per person will shrink from 0.15 hectares to 0.07 hectares.  More than three-quarters of a billion people suffer from malnutrition.
  13. 13. Issues  News of starvation deaths & farmers’ suicides from many states  Stagnant agricultural production, and falling food availability  Unemployment has increased from 4 to 8% in ten years
  14. 14. If population grows more rapidly and income is stagnant.  Population increases 60%  Income growth is 0%  Food prices increase 90% In under developed countries
  15. 15. IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES The population and food supply are equal If lower population growth o 74% increase in food o 72% price decline incomes rise more than prices
  16. 16. HOW TO OVERCOME  Reduce population growth rate  Promote economic prosperity, health, and education  Invest in agricultural productivity  Research, extension, credit, markets  Protect soil and water resources  Assign property rights Gives resource owners a stake in environmental protection  Encourage economic growth among the poorest  Macroeconomic policies, competitive markets, human Farmer, Zambia