Causes of Compression Fracture In a compression fracture of the vertebra, the vertebral bone collapses. More than one vertebra may be affected. This condition may be caused by: Osteoporosis Trauma to the back Multiple fractures may lead to kyphosis, a hump-like curvature of the spine (like the Hunchback of Notre Dame).
Symptoms Compression fractures may cause no symptoms and only be discovered when x-rays of the spine are done for other reasons. Over time, the following symptoms may occur: Back pain Loss of height Stooped over posture also called a "dowager’s hump"
Treatment Patients may benefit from some physical therapy to help with movement and building up muscle strength around the spine Surgery is rarely considered
Causes of Colles Fracture A fall is the primary cause of a colles fracture. The impact of the fall and bodyweight causes the radius to buckle. The young and elderly are particularly susceptible to this fracture as children's bones are soft and elderly patients bones tend to be brittle.
Symptoms History of a typical fall resulting in wrist injury Wrist pain Swelling just above the wrist Deformity of the arm just above the wrist Unable to hold or lift objects of any significant weight
Causes of Greenstick Fracture A greenstick fracture can be difficult to diagnose, because it may not cause all the classic signs and symptoms of a broken bone.
Symptoms A broken bone typically causes pain, swelling and deformity. But these may be absent or minimal in greenstick fractures. Greenstick fractures don't displace the bone, and in a growing child usually heal very well. Additionally, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a greenstick fracture and a soft-tissue injury, such as a sprain or a bad bruise.
Treatment Broken bones, even greenstick fractures, need to be immobilized so that they can grow back together. Casts are the most common way to keep a bone still, but your doctor may decide that a removable splint could work just as well. The benefit of a splint is that your child might be able to take it off briefly for a bath or shower. Your doctor may want to X-ray the bone again after seven to 10 days to make sure it's healing properly.