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Types Of Fractures
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Types Of Fractures

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  • 1. Types of Fractures
    By: Megan Clay
  • 2. Causes of Compression Fracture
    In a compression fracture of the vertebra, the vertebral bone collapses. More than one vertebra may be affected. This condition may be caused by:
    Osteoporosis
    Trauma to the back
    Multiple fractures may lead to kyphosis, a hump-like curvature of the spine (like the Hunchback of Notre Dame).
  • 3. Symptoms
    Compression fractures may cause no symptoms and only be discovered when x-rays of the spine are done for other reasons. Over time, the following symptoms may occur:
    Back pain
    Loss of height
    Stooped over posture also called a "dowager’s hump"
  • 4. Treatment
    Patients may benefit from some physical therapy to help with movement and building up muscle strength around the spine
    Surgery is rarely considered
  • 5. Causes of Colles Fracture
    A fall is the primary cause of a colles fracture. The impact of the fall and bodyweight causes the radius to buckle. The young and elderly are particularly susceptible to this fracture as children's bones are soft and elderly patients bones tend to be brittle.
  • 6. Symptoms
    History of a typical fall resulting in wrist injury
    Wrist pain
    Swelling just above the wrist
    Deformity of the arm just above the wrist
    Unable to hold or lift objects of any significant weight
  • 7. Causes of Greenstick Fracture
    A greenstick fracture can be difficult to diagnose, because it may not cause all the classic signs and symptoms of a broken bone.
  • 8. Symptoms
    A broken bone typically causes pain, swelling and deformity. But these may be absent or minimal in greenstick fractures. Greenstick fractures don't displace the bone, and in a growing child usually heal very well. Additionally, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a greenstick fracture and a soft-tissue injury, such as a sprain or a bad bruise.
  • 9. Treatment
    Broken bones, even greenstick fractures, need to be immobilized so that they can grow back together. Casts are the most common way to keep a bone still, but your doctor may decide that a removable splint could work just as well. The benefit of a splint is that your child might be able to take it off briefly for a bath or shower.
    Your doctor may want to X-ray the bone again after seven to 10 days to make sure it's healing properly.
  • 10. THE END

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