By Carrie Echols 6/23/09 <ul><li>This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action ite...
<ul><li>Bones are a connective tissue, reinforced with calcium and bone cells. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made. ...
06/22/09
<ul><li>A fracture in which the bone is broken into several pieces.  It is also known as a  </li></ul><ul><li>multi-fragme...
<ul><li>Three separate pieces of bone must be present for a fracture to be classified as comminuted </li></ul><ul><li>Crus...
<ul><li>Tremendous pain at site of fracture </li></ul><ul><li>May pass out at time of break </li></ul><ul><li>Area of brea...
<ul><li>X-Ray </li></ul><ul><li>During the x-ray, doctors can assess: </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation of pieces of bone </li...
<ul><li>Infection </li></ul><ul><li>Compartment syndrome: build up of pressure in the legs, arms, hands, feet or buttocks....
<ul><li>Follow up with orthopedic doctor is suggested to make sure the patient is healing correctly. </li></ul>06/22/09
06/22/09
<ul><li>A mild bone fracture which is most commonly seen in children.  Extreme force causes a bone to bend, breaking partw...
<ul><li>Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Blunt trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Prognosis: </li></ul><ul><li>Good - with healing as little a...
<ul><li>Reducing the fracture by pulling the bone apart slightly and then pushing it into place to straighten it out </li>...
06/22/09
<ul><li>A painful type of bone fracture which is caused by a twisting force.  It is also called a torsion fracture. </li><...
<ul><li>Commonly in the elderly and with persons with poor diet </li></ul><ul><li>It also becoming famous for a sign of ab...
<ul><li>Because fracture is a corkscrew shape, it can be difficult to treat. </li></ul><ul><li>Involves months of being in...
06/22/09
<ul><li>www.wisegeek.com </li></ul><ul><li>Photos: </li></ul><ul><li>www.nucleusinc.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.medscape.com...
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Bone Fractures

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Information on 3 types of bone fractures: Comminuted, greenstick & spiral.

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Bone Fractures

  1. 1. By Carrie Echols 6/23/09 <ul><li>This presentation will probably involve audience discussion, which will create action items. Use PowerPoint to keep track of these action items during your presentation </li></ul><ul><li>In Slide Show, click on the right mouse button </li></ul><ul><li>Select “Meeting Minder” </li></ul><ul><li>Select the “Action Items” tab </li></ul><ul><li>Type in action items as they come up </li></ul><ul><li>Click OK to dismiss this box </li></ul><ul><li>This will automatically create an Action Item slide at the end of your presentation with your points entered. </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Bones are a connective tissue, reinforced with calcium and bone cells. Bone marrow is where blood cells are made. The main functions of the skeleton include support, movement and protection of internal organs. </li></ul><ul><li>A bone fracture occurs when there is a force against a bone is stronger than it can stand. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different types of bone fractures that vary in severity. Common sites for bone fractures include the wrist, ankle and hip. </li></ul>06/22/09
  3. 3. 06/22/09
  4. 4. <ul><li>A fracture in which the bone is broken into several pieces. It is also known as a </li></ul><ul><li>multi-fragmentary fracture. </li></ul>06/22/09
  5. 5. <ul><li>Three separate pieces of bone must be present for a fracture to be classified as comminuted </li></ul><ul><li>Crushing or splintering </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in the elderly or, </li></ul><ul><li>People with conditions which weaken the bones; ie: osteogenesis imperfecta or cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Tremendous force </li></ul>06/22/09
  6. 6. <ul><li>Tremendous pain at site of fracture </li></ul><ul><li>May pass out at time of break </li></ul><ul><li>Area of break will swell </li></ul><ul><li>May become warm to the touch </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot bear any weight </li></ul>06/22/09
  7. 7. <ul><li>X-Ray </li></ul><ul><li>During the x-ray, doctors can assess: </li></ul><ul><li>Orientation of pieces of bone </li></ul><ul><li>Location of fracture to determine best treatment </li></ul><ul><li>May be necessary to pin the fracture with surgery </li></ul>06/22/09
  8. 8. <ul><li>Infection </li></ul><ul><li>Compartment syndrome: build up of pressure in the legs, arms, hands, feet or buttocks. These heavily muscled areas are surrounded by fascia, a supportive tissue which is not very flexible. If pressure builds up, it can cut off nerve and underlying muscle cells causing – </li></ul><ul><li>Vascular necrosis </li></ul><ul><li>Non union: pieces of bone fail to join together </li></ul>06/22/09
  9. 9. <ul><li>Follow up with orthopedic doctor is suggested to make sure the patient is healing correctly. </li></ul>06/22/09
  10. 10. 06/22/09
  11. 11. <ul><li>A mild bone fracture which is most commonly seen in children. Extreme force causes a bone to bend, breaking partway through, like a young green twig when it is bent. </li></ul>06/22/09
  12. 12. <ul><li>Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Blunt trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Prognosis: </li></ul><ul><li>Good - with healing as little as three weeks when they are promptly diagnosed and treated. </li></ul>06/22/09
  13. 13. <ul><li>Reducing the fracture by pulling the bone apart slightly and then pushing it into place to straighten it out </li></ul><ul><li>Casting the affected limb </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce the swelling </li></ul><ul><li>Elevate foot </li></ul><ul><li>Complications: </li></ul><ul><li>Could go undiagnosed and a painful infection and permanent damage may occur </li></ul>06/22/09
  14. 14. 06/22/09
  15. 15. <ul><li>A painful type of bone fracture which is caused by a twisting force. It is also called a torsion fracture. </li></ul>06/22/09
  16. 16. <ul><li>Commonly in the elderly and with persons with poor diet </li></ul><ul><li>It also becoming famous for a sign of abuse, especially in children. A twisting motion could be caused by a parent grabbing and twisting the arm or leg of a child </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosed by X-Ray </li></ul><ul><li>By assessing the x-ray, doctors may recommend surgery to pin a fracture </li></ul><ul><li>It could just be casted to hold the fracture in place </li></ul>06/22/09
  17. 17. <ul><li>Because fracture is a corkscrew shape, it can be difficult to treat. </li></ul><ul><li>Involves months of being in a cast </li></ul><ul><li>Possible surgery </li></ul><ul><li>All is dependent upon general health of the patient and specific circumstances involved in the fracture </li></ul>06/22/09
  18. 18. 06/22/09
  19. 19. <ul><li>www.wisegeek.com </li></ul><ul><li>Photos: </li></ul><ul><li>www.nucleusinc.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.medscape.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.tfd.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.about.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.betterhealth.com </li></ul>06/22/09

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