FRACTURES Zlatko Zebic
FRACTURES <ul><li>A  bone fracture  is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone. </li><...
FRACTURES <ul><li>X-ray image of femoral fracture </li></ul>
Type of Fractures <ul><li>Closed fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Colles’ fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted fracture </li></...
COLLES’ FRACTURE <ul><li>Fracture of distal radius bone </li></ul><ul><li>The most common cause of this type of fracture i...
COLLES’ FRACTURE <ul><li>Diagnosis- may be evident clinically when the distal radius is deformed but should be confirmed b...
PATHOLOGIC FRACTURE <ul><li>Fractures caused by diseased or weakened bone </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions that are commonly r...
PATHOLOGIC FRACTURES <ul><li>A pathologic fracture usually occurs with normal activities--patients may be doing very routi...
STRESS FRACTURE <ul><li>Type of incomplete fracture in bones.  </li></ul><ul><li>It is caused by &quot;unusual or repeated...
STRESS FRACTURE <ul><li>Sometimes referred to as a  </li></ul><ul><li>“hairline fracture”, very small  </li></ul><ul><li>c...
STRESS FRACTURE <ul><li>Diagnosis- best diagnosed after interview and examination by a physician. X-ray may not show stres...
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Fractures

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Fractures

  1. 1. FRACTURES Zlatko Zebic
  2. 2. FRACTURES <ul><li>A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Many fractures are the result of high force impact or stress . </li></ul><ul><li>Bone fracture can also occur as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such fracture is then termed pathological fracture. </li></ul>
  3. 3. FRACTURES <ul><li>X-ray image of femoral fracture </li></ul>
  4. 4. Type of Fractures <ul><li>Closed fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Colles’ fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Comminuted fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Compound fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Compression fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Greenstick fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Impact fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Oblique fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Pathologic fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Spiral fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Stress fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse fracture </li></ul>
  5. 5. COLLES’ FRACTURE <ul><li>Fracture of distal radius bone </li></ul><ul><li>The most common cause of this type of fracture is a fall on an outstretched hand </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by a fall from a significant height or a motor vehicle accident </li></ul>
  6. 6. COLLES’ FRACTURE <ul><li>Diagnosis- may be evident clinically when the distal radius is deformed but should be confirmed by x-ray </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment - The type of treatment required depends on many factors, including displacement and stability of the fracture fragments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Splint or casting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed reduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. PATHOLOGIC FRACTURE <ul><li>Fractures caused by diseased or weakened bone </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions that are commonly responsible for pathological fractures: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>osteoporosis , osteomalacia , paget's disease , osteitis, osteogenesis imperfecta , benign bone tumours and cysts , secondary malignant bone tumours and primary malignant bone tumours. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. PATHOLOGIC FRACTURES <ul><li>A pathologic fracture usually occurs with normal activities--patients may be doing very routine activities when their bone suddenly fractures. </li></ul><ul><li>The reason is that the underlying disease process weakens the bone to the point where the bone is unable to perform its normal function. </li></ul><ul><li>It can affect any bone in the body </li></ul>
  9. 9. STRESS FRACTURE <ul><li>Type of incomplete fracture in bones. </li></ul><ul><li>It is caused by &quot;unusual or repeated stress“ or low impact force like running. </li></ul><ul><li>It typically occurs in weight-bearing bones, such as the tibia (bone of the lower leg) and metatarsals (bones of the foot). </li></ul><ul><li>It is a common sports injury, and most cases are associated with athletics. </li></ul>
  10. 10. STRESS FRACTURE <ul><li>Sometimes referred to as a </li></ul><ul><li>“hairline fracture”, very small </li></ul><ul><li>crack in the bone </li></ul>
  11. 11. STRESS FRACTURE <ul><li>Diagnosis- best diagnosed after interview and examination by a physician. X-ray may not show stress fractures. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment- rest is the only option for complete healing of a stress fracture. The amount of recovery time varies greatly depending upon the location, severity, and the strength of the body's healing response. Complete rest and a cast or walking boot are usually used for a period of four to eight weeks. </li></ul>

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