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Types Of Fractures


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Types Of Fractures

  1. 1. Types of Fractures<br />By: Megan Clay<br />
  2. 2. Causes of Compression Fracture <br />In a compression fracture of the vertebra, the vertebral bone collapses. More than one vertebra may be affected. This condition may be caused by:<br />Osteoporosis<br />Trauma to the back <br />Multiple fractures may lead to kyphosis, a hump-like curvature of the spine (like the Hunchback of Notre Dame).<br />
  3. 3. Symptoms<br />Compression fractures may cause no symptoms and only be discovered when x-rays of the spine are done for other reasons. Over time, the following symptoms may occur:<br />Back pain <br />Loss of height<br />Stooped over posture also called a &quot;dowager’s hump&quot; <br />
  4. 4. Treatment<br />Patients may benefit from some physical therapy to help with movement and building up muscle strength around the spine<br />Surgery is rarely considered<br />
  5. 5. Causes of Colles Fracture<br /> A fall is the primary cause of a colles fracture. The impact of the fall and bodyweight causes the radius to buckle. The young and elderly are particularly susceptible to this fracture as children&apos;s bones are soft and elderly patients bones tend to be brittle.<br />
  6. 6. Symptoms<br />History of a typical fall resulting in wrist injury <br />Wrist pain <br />Swelling just above the wrist <br />Deformity of the arm just above the wrist <br />Unable to hold or lift objects of any significant weight <br />
  7. 7. Causes of Greenstick Fracture<br /> A greenstick fracture can be difficult to diagnose, because it may not cause all the classic signs and symptoms of a broken bone. <br />
  8. 8. Symptoms<br /> A broken bone typically causes pain, swelling and deformity. But these may be absent or minimal in greenstick fractures. Greenstick fractures don&apos;t displace the bone, and in a growing child usually heal very well. Additionally, it can be difficult to tell the difference between a greenstick fracture and a soft-tissue injury, such as a sprain or a bad bruise. <br />
  9. 9. Treatment<br />Broken bones, even greenstick fractures, need to be immobilized so that they can grow back together. Casts are the most common way to keep a bone still, but your doctor may decide that a removable splint could work just as well. The benefit of a splint is that your child might be able to take it off briefly for a bath or shower. <br />Your doctor may want to X-ray the bone again after seven to 10 days to make sure it&apos;s healing properly. <br />
  10. 10. THE END<br />