Hitler

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Hitler's background, some hyperlinks might not work

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Hitler

  1. 1. Hitler & Nazi Germany
  2. 2. Web activities <ul><li>Review of the Weimar Republic </li></ul><ul><li>Preview information about Hitler </li></ul>
  3. 3. ADOLPH Hitler <ul><li>Born in Austria April, 20 1889 </li></ul><ul><li>Failed secondary school & traveled to Vienna to become artist but was rejected </li></ul><ul><li>Core of Hitler’s ideas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Racism (esp. anti-semitism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme nationalist </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Hitler served on Western Front in WWI (4 yrs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>used his frontline service to prove his authenticity and win authority to speak for the German people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1919 joined German Workers Party – change to NSDAP - 1921 Hitler takes control AKA Nazi party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>within 2 years 55,000 members </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15,000 militia AKA Storm troopers </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Beer Hall Putsch – Munich 1923 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler’s failed attempt to overthrow gov’t </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mein Kampf “My Struggle” written by Hitler in prison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extreme German nationalism, strong anti-Semitism, Anti-communism, Social Darwinism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lebensraum – living space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler’s justification for German expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rise of Nazism – After prision Nazi party grew to 800,000 members & largest in Reichstag </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Enabling Act – March 23, 1923 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave govt power to ignore constitution for 4 years to deal w/ country’s problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made Hitler a dictator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nazi control – all institution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil service purged of Jews & democrats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concentration camps set up for opposition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade union dissolved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only Nazi party allowed in govt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Happens within 7 months </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1934 – Hidenburg died – Hitler is sole ruler </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuhrer – “Leader” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Aryan <ul><li>Hitler’s ideal “pure” race (he was not one) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blonde hair, blue eyes, (man) strong, (woman) beautiful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal – create 3 rd Reich (Empire) </li></ul></ul>Maybe?
  8. 8. Creating totalitarian state <ul><li>Economic policies </li></ul><ul><li>Mass spectacles </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations to further Nazi goals </li></ul><ul><li>Terror </li></ul><ul><li>Schutzstaffeln “Guard Squadron” SS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orginally personal body guard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Heinrich Himmler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Terror – secret & criminal police, concentration camps, death squads… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ideology – further Aryan race </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Economic policies <ul><li>Public works & construction projects to put ppl to work </li></ul><ul><li>Big rearmament program (key to solving unemployment) </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think this was built in Germany??? </li></ul><ul><li>Think again!! </li></ul><ul><li>This is a Navy building in San Diego built in the 60s!!! </li></ul><ul><li>They are in “talks” to have it remodeled. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Infamous quotes <ul><li>&quot;Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer!&quot; (One people, one empire, one leader!) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;A violently active, intrepid, brutal youth - that is what I am after... I will have no intellectual training. Knowledge is ruin for my young men.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Democracy, the deceitful theory that the Jew would insinuate - namely, that theory that all men are created equal.&quot; Adolf Hitler &quot;Mein Kampf&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. Treatment of jews <ul><li>Nuremberg Laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>excluded Jews from German citizenship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forbade marriage btw German & Jew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jews required to wear yellow Star of David </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kristallnacht – November 9, 1938 – “Night of Shattered Glass” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Destruction of Jewish synagogues, businesses, homes, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Jews killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30,000 Jewish males sent to concentration camps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>also barred from public transportation & public buildings (schools, hospitals…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Couldn’t own, manage, work in retail stores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced to clean up Kristallnacht debris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage to leave Germany </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. We will never forget! <ul><li>http:// www.teachertube.com/v.php?viewkey =a336b1fae96066323a6b </li></ul>

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