The Third Reich Adolf Hitler and his Quest for Racial Empire, Part I.
WWI Set the stage for Nazism Treaty of Versailles : Associated democracy with defeat Reduced Germany’s territory. Destroyed the economy Dismantled the Army The Freikorps 1918-1923 Rowdy ex-soldiers formed paramilitary groups to fight Communists, Poles & Czechs. Many later became Nazi SA men.
Nazism Had many sources... Herbert Spencer Social Darwinism De Gobineau Racism Richard Wagner - Germanic myth German Nationalism Militarism Anti-semitism Nietzsche Secret Societies Thule Society
The Nazi Party Anton Drexler Began as a minor far right political party in Bavaria founded by a locksmith. It was transformed by Adolf Hitler into a mass-movement of frightening power. Hitler Nazi SA Nazi SS Gestapo SD
1923 Beer Hall Putsch <ul><li>An attempt to overthrow the Weimar Republic by the Nazi Party </li></ul><ul><li>The Nazi Party was banned, Hitler was convicted of treason and jailed </li></ul><ul><li>Upon his release, Hitler resolved to come to power legally </li></ul>
1933-1934: The Nazi " National Revolution" Reichstag fire President Hindenburg Dies Enabling Act Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor The Reichstag voted Hitler all legislative power for four years All other parties banned Restrictions on speech, press, trial Concentration camps
Hitler constructs a Racial State Reichsfuhrer-SS Himmler SS and Gestapo persecute Jews Concentration Camps “ Racial Elite”---> Eugenics Goebbels-Propaganda Minister “ Kristallnacht” Secret Euthanasia Program Nazi claims on foreign territory