Peters Map AREA ACCURATE Mercator Map For navigation; “true direction” Why may some people oppose use of the Mercator projection? Peters?
11,668,545 square miles
that’s over 11 billion football fields.
If you were to give each person on earth - that's almost 6 billion people - land in Africa, you could give everyone almost two football fields
Pennsylvania = 46,058 square miles
Approximately 253 PA’s would fit inside Africa!
So that we don’t generalize!!
What is a generalization ?
generalizations bring together a series of observations or experiences relating to an area or group in a simplified way. It's a generalization , therefore, to say that most men like professional sports, but this does not imply that all men do. Stereotypes, on the other hand, ascribe certain characteristics invariably to an entire group.
Some generalizations about Africa have become stereotypes . Can you think of any?
As I sat down at breakfast this morning, I poured myself a bowl of cocoa puffs and thought of what my geography teacher had talked about in class yesterday. Much of the chocolate we eat is from Africa. While eating, I picked up the newspaper and discovered that the President will be traveling to France, China and Africa in upcoming months. My father drove me to school and he, as always, listened to the news on the radio. I heard that in the country of Africa famine and ethnic conflict continue to be a major concern. In geography class today we had an African guest speaker. I asked him why it was always so hot in Africa One of my friends said that when her family traveled to Africa, her mother had worried about tropical diseases in Africa. Later that day, in science class we talked about nuclear energy and learned that Africa has large deposits of uranium used in creating energy. After school, I relaxed in front of the television watching old movies on Nickelodeon and drinking a Coke. I remembered my geography teacher having said that the cola flavor comes from kola nut trees grown in Africa. I watched an old Tarzan movie and wondered about the African jungle. I also thought about what our guest speaker had said today, "Africa is so diverse that it is hard to make generalizations about this continent."
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Cape Town, South Africa
Second largest continent
the Mediterranean Sea in the north, to the Indian Ocean in the South
Cape of Good Hope in the East, to the Atlantic Ocean in the West
Major Geographic Features:
Sahara Desert, the Sahel, the Nile River, the Great Rift Valley
Flat, barren plains
Home to Africa’s greatest civilizations
Gold – brought Arabs
Slaves – brought Europeans
The process of land turning to desert
Desertification could displace up to 50m people over the next decade
9,000 years ago a one degree shift in the Earth’s axis caused the Sahara Desert to form from fertile grasslands (temp. increased, rainfall decreased)
humans remove the natural plant life from the land (farming and grazing)
Land dries, top soil is blown away and little can grow
Poverty, migration, climate change and food security
1/5 of the world’s population could be victims
Possible Solutions – ecotourism, use of solar energy, tree planting
Tree-planting schemes may put pressure on scarce water resources
Tree planting in the Sahara and China
So, why do we care if the deserts disappear? Who’d miss them, anyway?!
While you’re watching the video, pay attention to why deserts are GOOD.
World’s longest river (4,000 mi)
Regular floods deposit rich silt on the banks (fertile soil for crops)
Floods can destroy crops and kill people and animals; Droughts can result in starvation
Aswan High Dam – built in the 1960s, funded by the Soviet Union
Controls floods, provides water for irrigation and hydroelectric power
The Great Rift Valley
Huge “cut” in the Earth’s crust
Extends from Syria to Mozambique
Formed when tectonic plates pulled away from one another – land slid between the plates creating a valley